• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wear Resistance

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A Study on Wear Characteristics of Machine Structural Steel by Surface Modification (표면개질에 의한 기계구조용강의 마멸특성에 관한 연구)

  • Park Heung-Sik;Woo Kyu-Sung
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 2006
  • The surface modification of automobile parts is of great technological importance for the improvement of corrosion resistance, wear resistance, fatigue strength and so on. Recently, research on the development of the technology of surface modification substituting 6-balance chrome process has progressively been achieved in automobile parts. Although the innovation technology for the improvement of the corrosion-resisting and wear resistant properties through post oxidation after nitrocarburising process had attracted a great attention. For this, anodically potentiodynamic polarisation testing was carried out to corrosion resistance and friction and wear experiment according to applied load and sliding distance was carried out to evaluate the wear resistance of machine structural steel with nitrocarburising and non-nitrocarburising SM45C. The presumed wear volume was calculated with the image processing far evaluation of wear resistance of two materials. The results show that the nitrocarburising had a distinguished corrosion resistance and wear resistance than non-nitrocarburising.

The Variation of the Slip Resistance with Wear of Floor (바닥재 마모에 따른 미끄럼 저항 변화)

  • Kim, Jung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.14-20
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    • 2013
  • All most of floors can become less slip resistant with wear. The deterioration of slip resistance can often occur rapidly. So relatively new products can become hazardous within a short period of time. The main objective of this study was the comparison of slip resistance variations caused by traffic wear and accelerative wear. The second objective was to ascertain the effect of wear, and to find out the causes of slip resistance change. Although statistical differences were observed between results of traffic wear and accelerative wear, the trend of the variations of slip resistance caused by traffic wear and accelerative wear was very similar. The measured slip resistance of tested floor changed up to 29%(and 26.5%) after 100,000 steps(and 750 cycles). As the traffic wear and accelerative wear were progressed, the surface roughness of the tested floor became smoother, and so the floor became more slippery under the wet condition. The abraded(worn out) floor surface tended to become hydrophilic surface, while the new floor surface tended to show hydrophobic nature. This phenomenon would change the wettability of floor surface, and the wettability would affect the variation of slip resistance.

A Comparative Study on the Evaluation of the Wear Resistance in Zr-xNb-xSn Alloys

  • Lee, Young-Ho;Kim, Hyung-Kyu;Jung, Youn-Ho
    • KSTLE International Journal
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2003
  • Sliding wear tests have been carried out in room temperature air and water in order to compare the wear resistance of Zr-xNb-xSn alloys of various alloying elements (Nb and Sn). The main focus was to quantitatively compare the wear properties of the recently developed Zr-xNb-xSn alloys with the commercial ones using the evaluation parameters of the wear resistance with the consideration of the worn area. As a result, the recently developed alloys had a similar wear resistance compared with the commercial ones. The dominant factor governing the wear resistance was the protruded volume of the wear debris that was formed on the worn area in the air condition, but the accommodation of the plastic deformation on the contact area in water. In addition, the worn area size appeared to be very different depending on the tested alloys. To evaluate the wear resistance of each test specimen, the ratio of the wear volume or the protruded volume to the worn area ($D_e$ or $D_p$) is investigated and proposed as the evaluation parameters of the wear resistance.

COMPARISON OF WEAR RESISTANCE AMONG RESIN DENTURE TEETH OPPOSING VAR10US RESTORATIVE MATERIALS (수복재료에 대합되는 의치용 레진치의 마모저항성 비교)

  • Lee, Chul-Young;Chung, Moon-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.313-327
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    • 1999
  • The aim of this study was to compare wear resistance of resin denture teeth opposing various restorative materials. The wear resistance of conventional acrylic resin teeth(Trubyte Biotone) and three high-strength resin teeth(Bioform IPN, Endura, SR-Orthosit-PE) opposing different restorative materials(gold alloys, dental porcelain, composite resin) was compared. Wear tests were conducted with a sliding-induced wear testing apparatus which applied 100,000 strokes to the specimen in a mesio-distal direction under conditions of 100 stroke/min and constant loading of 1Kgf/tooth. Wear resistance of the resin denture teeth was evaluated by the following criteria : 1) wear depth, 2) weight loss, and 3) SEM observation. Results were as follows. 1. When opposed to gold alloys and composite resin, high-strength resin teeth showed superior wear resistance compared to acrylic resin teeth. But, in cases opposing dental porcelain, differences between the wear of the high-strength and acrylic resin teeth were not statistically significant (p<0.05). 2. When comparing wear resistance among high-strength resin teeth, opposing gold alloys, Endura was slightly more resistant and while in cases opposing dental porcelain, SR-Orthosit-PE was showed to be slightly resistant(p<0.05). 3. The wear of high-strength resin teeth was greater by 5 to 7 times when opposing porcelain and 2 to 3 times when opposing composite resin compared to gold alloys(p<0.05). 4. SEM observations of the wear surface showed that wear of resin teeth opposing gold alloys is a fatigue type of wear and wear of resin teeth opposing dental porcelain is fatigue and abrasion type of wear. Trubyte Biotone showed more severe fatigue type of wear than high-strength resin teeth. In conclusion, the use of dental porcelain should seriously be considered as restorative material in cases opposing resin denture teeth and improvement seems to be needed on resin teeth in the areas of wear resistance.

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Effects of Mechanical Properties on Wear Resistance of 0.27C-0.70Ni-1.42Cr-0.20Mo Steel (0.27C-0.70Ni-1.42Cr-0.20Mo 내마모강의 기계적 성질에 따른 마모특성)

  • Lee Y. H.;Han C. H.;Shin J. H.;Jang B. L.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.260-263
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    • 2001
  • Mechanical properties have been accepted to be major factor to improve wear resistance. The effect of mechanical properties on wear resistance of 0.27C-0.70Ni-1.42Cr-0.20Mo steel was studied under various test conditions. It is clear that yield strength, tensile strength, impact value, and hardness are strongly related each other. Wear resistance tests as pin on plate type and dry sand / rubber wheel type proved to be that wear depends on mechanical properties. Microstructures were also observed to make clear the wear properties. At quenching and low temperature tempering, the specimen has a good wear resistance.

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Effects of Corrosion Resistance Characteristics of Opponent Materials in relative Motion on Sliding Wear Behavior of Mild Carbon Steel (상대재 내식성이 철강재료의 미끄럼마모 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Han-Young
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 2019
  • This study investigates the effects of corrosion resistance characteristics of opponent materials in relative motion on the sliding wear behavior of mild carbon steel. Pin specimens made of mild carbon steel are tested at several sliding speeds against mating discs made of two types of alloyed steels, such as type D2 tool steel (STD11) and type 420 stainless steel (STS420J2), with different corrosion resistance characteristics in a pin-on-disc type sliding wear test machine. The results clearly show that the sliding wear behavior of mild carbon steel is influenced by the corrosion resistance characteristics of the mating disc materials at low sliding speeds. However, the sliding wear behavior at high sliding speeds is irrelevant to the characteristics because of the rising temperature. During the steady state wear period, the sliding wear rate of mild carbon steel against the type 420 stainless steel at a sliding speed of 0.5 m/s increases considerably unlike against the type D2 tool steel. This may be because the better corrosion resistance characteristics achieve a worse tribochemical reactivity. However, during the running-in wear period at low sliding speeds, the wear behavior of mild carbon steel is influenced by the microstructure after heat treatment of the mating disc materials rather than by their corrosion resistance characteristics.

Comparison Study of Wear Resistance Among Several Denture Teeth Opposing Various Restorative Materials (대합되는 재료에 따른 합성수지 인공치의 마모저항성에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Park, Young-Bae
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 2009
  • Partial or complete prosthesis is needed when teeth are lost due to various kinds of reason. Artificial teeth recover occlusion instead of natural teeth. Artificial teeth are required of esthetics, fragile resistance and abrasive resistance. Artificial tooth is made of acrylic resin or porcelain. Nowadays, acrylic resin artificial teeth are mainly used. Acrylic resin teeth are occluded with natural teeth, gold alloy, Ni-Cr alloy or porcelain etc. Acrylic resin teeth have similar translucency, gloss of natural teeth. And it has good chemical bond with denture base material, but it has low wear resistance. The aim of this study is to compare wear resistance among several denture teeth(Endura, SR-orthosit-PE, Planustar) and between artificial resin denture teeth and opposing 3 restorative materials(gold, Ni-Cr alloy, porcelain). Wear tests were conducted with a rotating wear testing apparatus(pin-on-disk type wear tester) under conditions of rpm 180, 75 minutes and constant loading of 50N. The upper part was the cusp of maxillary first molar and the lower part was a disk type restorative materials. To make similar oral environment, water was supplied continually. The acrylic resin teeth wear was determined by weighing the cusp each 5 minutes during 75 minutes test. Vicker's hardness tester was used to evaluate the surface hardness of test specimens. The SEM was used to evaluate the wear surfaces. The results were as follows: 1. Wear rates of acrylic resin teeth opposing to the restorative materials were high in order of Porcelain, Gold, Ni-Cr alloy (p<.05). 2. Wear resistance rate opposing to the Porcelain disk, was shown in order of Endura, SR-orthosit-PE, Planustar. The wear rate of opposing to porcelain disk was above two times more than that of other groups (p<.05). 3. Wear resistance rates opposing to the Gold, Ni-Cr alloy disk, was shown in order of Endura, SR-orthosit-PE, Planustar (p<.05). 4. A degree of the surface hardness is directly proportional to the degree of wear resistance. There are statistically significant differences between each groups (p<.05).

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Wear Behavior of Saffil/SiCp reinforced Metal Matrix Composites at the room temperature (Saffil/SiCp을 이용한 금속 복합재료의 상온 마모 거동)

  • 조종인;한경섭
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.46-49
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    • 2003
  • Aluminum based metal matrix composites(MMCs) are well known for their high specific strength, stiffness and hardness. They are gaining further importance because of their high wear resistance. In this study, Al/Saffil-20%, Al/Saffil-5%/Al2O3(particle type)-15% and Al/Saffil-5%/SiC(particle type)-15% hybird MMCs' wear behavior were characterized by the pin-on-disk test under various normal load The superior wear resistance was exhibited at Al/Saffil-5%/SiC(particle type)-15% MMCs. And this MMCs' predominant wear mechanism is subsurface cracking in the low load wear regime. Others(Al/Saffil-20%, Al/Saffil-5%/Al2O3(particle type)-15%) showed the similar wear resistance with each other at the same test condition. In the low load & room temperature condition, the wear resistance was improved due to the high hardness of the ceramic reinforcements. As the test load increased, the wear properties were governed by the wear properties of matrix.

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A Study on the Improvement of the Wear Resistance of P-bronze (인청동의 내마모성향상에 대한 연구)

  • Song, Kun;Kwun, Sook-In;Cha, Young-Hyun
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.56-68
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    • 1988
  • The wear resistance of P-bronze which is widely used as worm gear material was investigated. In order 1o study the effect of additional elements on the wear resistance of Pbronze, the applied load and sliding time were selected as variables, and SCM4, were used as against metal. The addition of Fe improve wear resistance, for it precipities hard Fe$_3$ P phase and the work hardening coefficients are lowered due to decreasing solubility of P. When Fe is added in conventional P-bronze, the alloy is rather sliding than forming wear debris by frictional force during wear test. Experimental results indicated that the wear mechanisms for P-bronze are mainly consisted of abrasive wear due to Beilby layer forming mechanism and adhesive wear due to thermally activated wear mechanism. Moreover, the weight loss is decreased in accordance with increasing load and time. However the rate of wear loss is decreased as the sliding time is increased.

Development of Higher Wear Resistance WC Roll for Finishing Stands of Wire Rod Mill (선재 사상압연용 고내마모 텅스템카비아드롤 개발)

  • 이영민;조용근
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.272-278
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    • 1999
  • Tungsten Carbide(WC) Roll is widely used in finishing stands of wire rod mill. This report is about the manufacturing method of WC roll with excellent wear resistance. To enhance wear resistance, WC content has been increased to the maximum extent while binder content such as Co, Ni, Cr has been minimized. Part of WC is replaced with TiC having more wear resistant than WC. WTiC powder has been used to prevent weight unbalance resulting from the difference of specific weight when adding TiC. The roll manufactured by this method, is having more wear resistance than the existing rolls when applying to the final stand of the finishing mill. This report shows that WC is the critical factor of wear resistance in WC rolls and an approprite amount of TiC effects wear resistance and when adding TiC, using WTiC powder is better.

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