• Title, Summary, Keyword: Welfare Consciousness

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The Current State and Determinants of Korean Baby-Boomers' Welfare Consciousness

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.193-200
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted in order to assess the effect of variables influencing Korean baby-boomers' welfare consciousness. For this purpose, data from the $8^{th}$ supplementary survey of the Korea Welfare Panel in 2013 were analyzed. The subjects of analysis were 2,035 people who were born between 1955 and 1965 whose welfare panel data did not have missing values for the variables of the research model. According to the results of analysis, first, when the descriptive statistics of the major variables were analyzed, those showing a relatively high mean score among the sub-factors of the baby-boomers' welfare consciousness were 'expansion of expenditure for public assistance' (mean 3.65, SD .557), 'expansion of expenditure for social insurance' (mean 3.53, SD .646), and 'expansion of expenditure for social services' (mean 3.26, SD .424). The mean score of the baby-boomers' overall welfare consciousness was relatively high as 3.45 (SD .428), advocating the expansion of welfare expenditure. Second, the independent variables influencing the baby-boomers' welfare consciousness was found to have explanatory power of 12.9%. In the results of regression analysis, variables found to have a significant effect were gender (B=.100, t=2.573, p<.01), personal responsibility for poverty (B=-.151, t=-3.635, p<.01), social responsibility for poverty (B=.149, t=3.437, p<.001), and recipient's laziness (B=.251, t=6.578, p<.001). Based on these results were discussed major relevant policies.

Familism and Welfare Consciousness in Korea (가족주의 가치관에 따른 한국인의 복지의식 연구 : 서울지역 기혼자를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Ok-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.51
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    • pp.229-256
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    • 2002
  • This study is about the relationship between traditional familism and welfare consciousness in Korea. Traditional familism is known as the value that most Koreans share with, and the impeding value for welfare program development. Strong family solidarity and family-centered perception among Koreans influences other social values and ideology. Especially, care of the family members is understood as a family duty and responsibility. And this inhibits Koreans to develop welfare consciousness and further to develop welfare programs at the governmental level. Thus, this study purposes to explore the relationship between the two. The sample of 1,131 men and women was selected in Seoul area. As a result, traditional familism is found to be quite influential to welfare consciousness among Koreans. First, perception of welfare institution is strongly related with welfare consciousness. The respondents in high familism group showed low welfare consciousness. Second, state-friendly welfare responsibility was shown low in the group of high familism for the aged and youth. In the same context, for the disabled and the unemployed, state-friendly welfare responsibility was shown high in the group of low familism. Lastly, the relationship between familism and the welfare need was not apparent. Such results make possible to conclude that traditional familism among Korean is still influential to welfare consciousness and welfare ideology. However, although this conclusion should not be used for an excuse to avoid state responsibility but used as a tool to develop a welfare model to strengthen family function as one solid family.

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A Longitudinal Study on Adolescent's Community Consciousness and Life Satisfaction using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Model

  • Kim, Hyun-Joo;Park, Hyun-Sun;Park, Hwie-Seo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to identify causal variables by examining the mutual influences of community consciousness and life satisfaction. We used some data of KCYPS. A longitudinal study of 1952 adolescents selected as a sample was conducted using the Aautoregressive crossover delay model. The results of this study are as follows: First, it showed that life satisfaction is consistently affecting the later life satisfaction with the passage of time. Second, community consciousness showed that the previous community consciousness has a constant influence on the subsequent community consciousness as time passes. Third, the effect of previous life satisfaction on community consciousness was significant. Therefore, the cross-delay effect of life satisfaction on community awareness was stable with time. In other words, life satisfaction level was a causal variable that takes precedence over community consciousness, and the higher the life satisfaction of the previous time, the higher the level of community consciousness in the future. Fourth, the cross-delay effect of community consciousness on life satisfaction was not significant because community consciousness at previous time had no meaningful effect on life satisfaction at later time, so consciousness of community at previous time affects life satisfaction. This study provided some implications basing on this results.

A Study on The Determinants of Koreans' Welfare Consciousness: Focusing on State's Responsibilities upon Public Agenda (한국인의 복지의식 결정요인 연구: 국가의 공적책임에 대한 태도를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Shin-Young
    • Survey Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.87-105
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    • 2010
  • This study purports to empirically examine the potential effect of the level of social trust on their welfare consciousness level. Although previous studies in the field have focused on socio-economic or class-oriented variables, the accumulated results have shown that the effects were inconsistent at best in Korean context. In order to overcome the limits of theoretical assumptions from mainstream Marxists and institutionalists, this study suggests the relative autonomy of social consciousness and its independent effect on welfare consciousness. The analysis shows that both foundational variables, income levels and labor market participation, and the level of social trust have significant impacts upon the respondents' level of welfare consciousness.

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Consumer consciousness toward well-being and well-being oriented consumer behaviors according to the dietary life -Focused on purchasing, using, and disposal behavior of married women- (웰빙식생활에 대한 소비자인식과 웰빙지향 소비자행동 -기혼여성 소비자의 구매, 사용, 처분행동을 중심으로)

  • Jeon, Hyang-Ran;Jae, Mie-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.957-967
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    • 2007
  • The purposes of this study were to find the sub-factors of consumer consciousness toward well-being and to identify the variables influencing their well-being oriented consumer behaviors in the area of dietary life of married women. 579 married women were surveyed by internet portal site azoomma.com. The collected data were treated with the SPSS Windows 12.0 program and analyzed in terms of frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, oneway ANOVA, factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The findings were summarized as follow: 1. Consumer consciousness toward well-being has four sub-factors; pro-environmental attitude, personal and family health, means of business, and consciousness regarding others. 2. In the multiple regression analysis, concerns of information, price level, consciousness of personal and family health, health status, educational level explained the purchasing behavior about 25.7%. On the other hand, health status, pro-environmental attitude, consciousness of personal and family health, consciousness regarding others, and concerns of information explanined the using behaviors about 17.0%. Pro-environmental attitude, health status, consciousness of personal and family health, consciousness regarding others, and status of employment were effective variables, and explained the disposal behavior about 19.5%.

Path analysis on child abuse and neglect, self-esteem, and consciousness of human rights among children at community children centers (지역아동센터 아동이 인식한 방임과 학대, 자아존중감, 그리고 인권의식의 경로분석연구)

  • Kim, Yong Hoi;Han, Chang-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.58
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    • pp.141-170
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    • 2017
  • As child neglect and abuse have emerged as social problems deteriorating human rights of children, this study aimed to examine the impacts of child neglect and abuse at community children centers on consciousness of human rights. In addition, this study examined whether self-esteem mediated the relationship between child neglect and abuse and consciousness of human rights. From the community children center panel data, 630 fifth-year children at elementary schools were included as a sample. Key findings of structural equation modeling can be summarized as follows: (1) Child neglect and abuse were found to have negative impacts on children's self-esteem and consciousness of human rights, respectively; (2) self-esteem was positively related to consciousness; (3) self-esteem partially mediated the relationship between child neglect and consciousness; (4) the impact of child abuse on consciousness of human rights was found to be perfectly mediated by self-esteem. We conclude by suggesting policy and practice implications to promote human right-friendly environments.

The Relations of Children's Self Esteem and Gender Equality Consciousness of Their Father by Children's Perceptions (청소년 자녀가 지각한 아버지의 양성평등의식과 자녀의 자아존중감과의 관계)

  • Hong, Dal-Ah-Gi;Lee, Nam-Ju;Chae, Ock-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.699-712
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the gender relation of children's self esteem and gender equality consciousness of their father by children's perceptions. The data for this study were collected from 805 middle school girls in Jeonbuk province. Respondents answered by self-reported questionnaires. The major findings were as follows : 1) The gender equality consciousness were influenced by all the factors like the educational background and occupation of parent, the type of marriage, living level and grade of children except the type of family. 2) Children's self-esteem level was found to be above average. Parent-child related variables affected on children's self-esteem but children's self-esteem in school was not affected by the parent's education level. 3) The self-esteem and the gender equality consciousness showed a strong correlation, but on the other hand, the whole self-esteem and the self-esteem in school were mainly affected by the gender equality consciousness of fathers.

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Is a social enterprise academy program correlated with changes in social entrepreneurship? A case study of S social enterprise academy (사회적기업 교육과 사회적기업가 정신과의 상관관계 연구 : S 사회적기업 아카데미를 중심으로)

  • Han, Chang-Keun;Park, Eun-Young;Oh, Danny
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.33-60
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to examine the extent to which a social enterprise academy program influences social entrepreneurship. This study also examined changes in self-concept, civic consciousness, and welfare attitudes as key covariates of social entrepreneurship. This paper used a case study of a social enterprise academy program which was held for two months in S social enterprise academy in 2012. Survey questionnaire with socio-economic characteristics of participants, social entrepreneurship, self-concept, civic consciousness, and welfare attitudes was developed and implemented at the first and last weeks of the program. In total, 55 respondents participated in the two surveys. Key findings suggest that program participants have no positive changes in social entrepreneurship, self-concept, civic consciousness, and welfare attitudes. In particular, interests in new market as a measure of social entrepreneurship have decreased significantly during the study period. In addition, welfare attitudes have been changed in a negative way. This paper concludes by discussing future directions of social enterprise academy program.

The Consciousness of Values and Enactments toward the Etiquette among University Students (대학생의 생활예절에 대한 가치의식과 수행)

  • Kim, Hee-Kyung;Chong, Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.387-398
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the general trends, to determine the factors of influencing the consciousness of values and enactments in the etiquette among university students, and eventually to provide the useful information for etiquette education of university students. Four-hundred and forty university students from four different universities in Cheongju city were selected, and questionnaire survey method was utilized. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, stepwise regression analysis, and Pearson's correlation analysis using SAS program. The results and the conclusions of this study were as follows; 1) The level of value consciousness and enactments in the etiquette were found to be 3.92 and 3.42 respectively(mean 3.00). 2) There were significant differences in the value consciousness according to major, parents' age, fathers' job, family types, and the experience of etiquette education, and there were significant differences in enactments according to sex, religion, having girl/boy friends, growth place, parents' age, and the experience of etiquette education. 3) It was found that main educator of etiquette was most highly influencing factor on consciousness of value, and sex, age were most highly influencing factors on enactments in the etiquette. 4) There were positive strong relationships between value consciousness and enactments in the etiquette.

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