• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wheel unloading Ratio

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Evaluation of Curving Performance and Running Safety of New High-Power Electric Locomotive (신형 고출력 전기기관차의 곡선추종성 및 주행안전성 평가)

  • Ham, Young Sam
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.827-832
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    • 2013
  • In this study, curve responsiveness was assessed based on the lateral force and running safety was evaluated based on the wheel unloading ratio and derailment coefficient, which is the ratio of the wheel load and the lateral force. The evaluation of the curving performance and running safety of the new high-power electric locomotive showed that the derailment coefficient appeared higher when the wheel-set was set to the front of the train instead of being placed backward, and the maximum value of the derailment coefficient was recorded as 0.572 on the Gyeongbu line. Furthermore, the lateral force increased in curved sections, and it appeared to be proportional to the curve radius. Meanwhile, a maximum axis lateral force of 77.6 kN was recorded on the Taebaek line, and the wheel unloading ratio was 47.6% on the Yeongdong line. Finally, the running safety at the maximum speed as well as the through-curve performance of the curve radius satisfied the required standards.

Evaluation of Running Safety for Depressed Center Flat Car of 3-axle Bogie (3-축 대차 곡형평판차량의 주행안전성 평가)

  • Ham, Young-Sam;Seo, Jung-Won;Kwon, Seok-Jin;Lee, Dong-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.559-564
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    • 2011
  • For the safety of railway, it should be evaluated for the running safety by measuring the derailment coefficient. Although railway has run the fixed and maintained rail, some of railway is derailed. This report shows the results that performed the static load test, main line running test on the basis of the derailment theory and experience. It is executed main line test into more than 90km/h for estimating the curving performance and running safety of depressed center flat car of 3-axle bogie. As the test results, could confirm the curving performance and running safety of depressed center fiat car of 3-axle bogie from the results of the wheel unloading, lateral force, derailment coefficient etc. Derailment coefficient was less than 0.6, and lateral force allowance limit and wheel load reduction ratio were enough safe.

Estimation of Curving Performance and Running Safety of Gwangju Electric Multiple Unit for City Subway (광주도시철도 전동차의 곡선추종성 및 주행안전성 평가)

  • Ham, Young-Sam;Oh, Taek-Yul
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.745-750
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    • 2004
  • For the safety of railway, it should be evaluated for the running safety by measuring the derailment coefficient. Although railway has run the fixed and maintained rail, some of railway is derailed. This report shows the results that performed the static load test, wheelset manufacturing for test, main line running test on the basis of the derailment theory and experience. It is executed main line test into more than 80km/h for estimating the curving performance and running safety of Gwangju EMU. As the test results, could confirm the curving performance and running safety of Gwangju EMU from the results of the wheel unloading, lateral force, derailment coefficient etc. Derailment coefficient was less than 0.8, and lateral force allowance limit and wheel load reduction ratio were enough safe.

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A Study on Dynamic Characteristics of the 200km1h Chinese First Class Passenger Car (최고속도 200km/h급 중국 1등 객차의 동특성 해석연구)

  • 이강운
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.321-328
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    • 1998
  • In this study we have studied running stability, safety and passenger comfort of the Chinese first class passenger car made by our company and CCRW. A fine analysis model of 72 d.o.f. was constructed for simulating dynamic behavior of the car on straight and curved tracks having irregularity configurations. We have calculated the various characteristic values such as critical speed, lateral force, derailment ratio, wheel unloading ratio and passenger comfort index, then evaluated them by comparing with reference values.

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Technologies for improving the running safety of a tram operating on the concrete embedded track (콘크리트 매립형 궤도를 운행하는 트램의 주행안전성 향상 기술)

  • Seo, Sung-il;Mun, Hyung-Suk;Kim, Sun-Chun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.717-724
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    • 2017
  • To improve the running safety of a tram operating on a concrete embedded track, a bogie, the core system of the tram, was developed and fabricated. After it was integrated with the prototype car body, a short distance track with a sharp curve and steep gradient was constructed for the test operation. A formula to check the interference of the wheel flange with the track during running was proposed. Based on the results provided by the formula, the track was designed. Another simple formula was derived to estimate the derailment quotient and the wheel unloading ratio. During running on the track, the acceleration of the car body was measured and the interface status between the wheel and the track was monitored by a video system. According to the results calculated by these simple formulas, the derailment quotient and wheel unloading ratio were estimated to be within the safety criteria. In the actual test, no derailment occurred and the measured acceleration satisfied the criteria. Also, there was no interference between the wheel and track. The video monitoring results showed no signs of derailment, such as the climbing of the wheel. The pinion in the center showed good running safety, contacting smoothly with the rack. The measurements of environmental noise proved that the criteria were satisfied.

Running Safety Analysis of Railway Vehicle depending on Rail Inclination Change on Actual Track of Subway Line No.3 in Seoul (3호선 실제선로 조건에서의 레일경좌 변화에 따른 철도차량 주행안전성 해석)

  • Kim, Tae Geon;Lee, Hi Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.130-135
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    • 2016
  • It is very hard to analyze the train derailment safety quantitatively at the curved section because of the diversified affect parameters including the complex interaction between wheel and rail, the train conditions such as the shape of wheel, suspension system, the track conditions such as the radius of curve, cant, transition curve, and the operation conditions, etc. Two major factors related to the running safety of railway vehicle are classified as the railway vehicle and the track condition. In this study, when the railway vehicle passing through curves of actual track condition of subway line NO.3 in seoul ($Yeonsinnae{\leftrightarrow}Gupabal$), the effect that has influence on running safety depending on rail inclination. The analysis result of 1/40 rail inclination condition is more favorable on running safety than other rail inclination conditions because derailment coefficient and wheel unloading ratio are the lowest.

Evaluation of Train Running Safety During Construction of Temporary Bridge on Existing Railway (기존선에서 가설교량 시공에 따른 열차의 주행안전성 평가)

  • Eum, Ki-Young;Bae, Jae-Hyoung;Choi, Chan-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.234-239
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    • 2011
  • Installing the temporary bridge after excavating the railway requires installing movable cross beam, but as it doesn't requires isolating the catenary or cutting the rail, it's applicable to double-track with frequent operation. In this study, a displacement meter was placed on temporary bridge to monitor the displacement pattern in curve section (R400) completed using temporary bridge method, and wheel load, lateral pressure and derailment coefficient were measured to evaluate the load imposed on track and the stability in curve section (R400) for quantitative evaluation of training running safety. As a result of the measurement, when trains passing over a temporary bridge, the maximum value of Wheel load and Lateral Force is analyzed as the 51% and 81% of standard level according to foreign country's performance tests, There is no trouble with stability analysis in Wheel load and Lateral Force occurring. Additionally, Wheel load and Lateral Force considered as the safety standard are tested 49% of limiting value regardless of trains, which the norm value quite well, there is no problem with train running.

Estimation of Running Safety of Electric Multiple Unit for Commute use in Incheon International Airport Railway (인천국제공항철도 통근형 차량의 주행안전성 평가)

  • Seo, Jung-Won;Hur, Hyun-Moo;Kwon, Seok-Jin;Lee, Dong-Hyung;Kwon, Sung-Tae;Hong, Yong-Ki;Park, Ok-Jeoung;Ham, Young-Sam
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.56-61
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    • 2006
  • For the safety of railway, it should be evaluated for the running safety by measuring the derailment coefficient. Although railway has run the fixed and maintained rail, some of railway is derailed. This report shows the results that performed the static load test, wheelset manufacturing for test, main line running test on the basis of the derailment theory and experience. It is executed main line test into more than 110km/h for estimating the running safety of Incheon Int'l Airport EMU. As the test results, could confirm the curving performance and running safety of Incheon Int'l Airport EMU from the results of the wheel unloading, lateral force, derailment coefficient etc. Derailment coefficient was less than 0.8, and lateral force allowance limit and wheel load reduction ratio were enough safe.

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Estimation of Running Safety of Electric Multiple Unit for Express Train in Incheon International Airport Railway (인천국제공항철도 직통형 차량의 주행안전성 평가)

  • Ham, Young-Sam;Seo, Jung-Won;Hur, Hyun-Moo;Lee, Dong-Hyung;Kwon, Seok-Jin;Kwon, Sung-Tae;Hong, Yong-Ki;Park, Ok-Jeoung
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 2007
  • For the safety of railway, it should be evaluated for the running safety by measuring the derailment coefficient. Although railway has run the fixed and maintained rail, some of railway is derailed. This report shows the results that performed the static load test, wheelset manufacturing for test, main line running test on the basis of the derailment theory and experience. It is executed main line test to 120 km/h for estimating the running safety of express train in Incheon International Airport. As the test results, could confirm the curving performance and running safety of Incheon International Airport EMU from the results of the wheel unloading, lateral force, derailment coefficient etc. Derailment coefficient was less than 0.8, and lateral force allowance limit and wheel load reduction ratio were enough safe.

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Running Safety Analysis of Railway Vehicle Depending on Railway Inclination Change Under Actual Track Conditions (실제 선로조건에서의 레일 경좌 변화에 따른 철도차량의 주행안전성 해석)

  • Kim, Moon Ki;Eom, Beom Gyu;Lee, Hi Sung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.11
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    • pp.1437-1443
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    • 2013
  • Railways are currently subject to the enforcement of speed limits for each curve as prescribed by the Railway Operating Rules in Korea. However, research is required to determine the maximum speed of trains passing through each curve that allows them to run without the risk of derailment in relation to the speed enhancement of existing railway tracks. In addition, factors affecting the running safety of railway vehicles can be classified into those in terms of vehicle aspects and those in terms of track aspects. This study sought to analyze the running safety of railway vehicles according to changes in the inclination of the rail from among the factors affecting the enhancement of safety against derailment. To increase the speed of trains passing through curves that have high derailment risk, this study also analyzed the running safety of railway vehicles according to the inclination of the rail and changes in running speed while a vehicle passes through each curve section in both the up and the down train line sections between Namsunghyun and Chungdo, which represent the actual conditions of railway tracks.