• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wooden neck pillow

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The Study of Effectiveness of Wooden Pillow and Comparison Evaluation of diagnosis method on Straightening of Cervical Curvature Patient (교통사고 후 한방병원에 입원한 일자목증후군 환자를 대상으로 한 진단방법의 비교 평가 및 경침사용의 유효성 연구)

  • Lee, Chiho;Jeon, Donghwi;Lee, Eunjung;Oh, Minseok
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : This study was designed to evaluate various tools including C-spine X-ray for estimating cervical curvature and identify the effect of wooden pillow on patients diagnosed with straightening of cervical curvature. Methods : This study was carried out on 51 subjects who were encountered traffic accident suffering cervical pain and diagnosed with straightening of cervical curvature by X-ray. 51 subjects were divided into wooden pillow(experimental) group and conservative therapy(control) group. Visual analogue scale, neck disability index and lateral pictures were used and compared after treatment. C-spine AP., Lat. X-ray were used on admission day to calculate cervical curvature and scoliosis by various ways. Results : 4 different measurements of cervical curvature didn't show common results. Both wooden pillow(experimental) group and conservative therapy(control) group showed significant improvement in the visual analogue scale(VAS) and neck disability index(NDI) after hospital treatment. Comparison between center line pictured by lateral view and C-spine Lat. pictured by X-ray showed significant difference in cervical curvature. Lateral deviation of cervical vertebra showed lengthened distance between mastoid process and spinous process of C7. Conclusion : As a result of this research, I found out that various tools for calculating cervical lordosis could derive different results and C-spine AP., Lat X-ray could cause artificial cervical lordosis. According to visual analogue scale(VAS) and neck disability index(NDI) wooden pillow was not effective to reduce pain & disability caused by straightening of cervical curvature. Futhermore, correction effect of straightening of cervical curvature and scoliosis by wooden pillow was weak.

Two Cases Report of Chronic Neck Pain Patients with Kyphotic Cervical Curvature Measured by Radiography (방사선 사진상 경추 후만을 보인 만성 경항통 환자의 만곡 이상 치험 2례)

  • Park, Jae-Won;Lee, Jong-Ha;Kwon, Jeong-Gook;Keum, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2015
  • We researched two patients complaining about chronic neck pain with kyphotic cervical curvature. We assumed that the patients' symptom was caused by weakened deep neck flexor and activated superficial muscles around neck. So, acupuncture therapy, SCENAR therapy and self exercise with wooden neck pillow were used to treat the patients. We measured their pain by numerical rating scale (NRS) and neck disability index (NDI) before and after treatment. And cervical curvature was evaluated by Cobb method (C1-C7) and Ishihara Index. As a result, NRS and NDI significantly reduced and cervical curvature was also improved. Therefore, we conclude that acupuncture therapy with SCENAR therapy and self exercise using wooden neck pillow is an effective treatment to reduce chronic neck pain with kyphotic cervical curvature. But there is a limit on this study due to insufficient number of cases and absence of control group. Further studies will be needed.

Effect of Acupuncture Combined with Wooden Neck Pillow Self-exercise Program on Cervical Curvature Measurement Methods and Deep Flexor Muscle Strength (경침 자가 운동 프로그램을 병행한 침 치료가 경추 만곡도와 심부 굴곡근 근력 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Jeonggook;Keum, Dongho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 2017
  • Objectives This study was designed to identify the effect of acupuncture combined with wooden neck pillow self-exercise program (WSP). Methods 25 eligible subjects with chronic neck pain were recruited from September 2015 to August 2016. Subjects were treated by acupuncture twice a week for 4 weeks, also were educated WSP and exercised every day for 4 weeks. They were assessed using PI-NRS, NDI and the maximum muscle strength of deep cervical flexor muscles (DCF) before and after treatment. Also the Cobb's angle (C1-C7), Ishihara index, Park method were assessed for evaluating the radiographical changes. Variables were compared using paired t-test. And correlates analysis was used for analyzing relationship between differentials in the maximum muscle strength of DCF and differentials in cervical spine curvature measurement methods. Results Among the 25 subjects, 4 subjects were lost to follow-up or excluded in accordance with the criteria. Significant differences on NRS, NDI and the maximum muscle strength of DCF were seen after treatment (p<0.001). In radiological finding, cervical spine curvature measurement methods were significantly increased (p<0.001, p<0.05, p<0.05). Differentials in the maximum muscle strength of DCF significantly correlates to differentials in Ishihara index (R=0.479, p<0.05). Conclusions Acupuncture combined with WSP may decrease neck pain intensity and associated disability, and also increase the muscle strength of DCF and cervical lordosis, in patients with chronic neck pain. Especially, Improving the muscle strength of DCF has a relationship with improving Ishihara index. However, due to the design of this study, this treatment can not be compared with other treatments. Future randomized project should be needed.

The Effects of the Band Type Foot Drop Device (밴드형 첨족예방기구의 효과와 유용성)

  • Kang Hyun-Sook;Kim Won-Ock;Lee Hya-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.391-400
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    • 2000
  • A long-term bed rest results in an inevitable foot drop. Yet preventive device such as a foot board and high-neck tennis shoes, are not widely used. This study was conducted to compare the effects of a pillow-type foot board with that of the band-type device. The band-type device of a resonable price is designed for an effective prevention of foot drop, and the convenience for it use. Among the non-equivalent control group design, foot drop preventive effects, usefulness of the device, as well as its cost effectiveness were examined. The study was carried out for four months from December 1999, and its subject had been patients and nurses of two intensive care units at K medical center in Seoul. According to the study purpose, the data collected were analyzed by $x^2-test$ and t-test. The results are as follow : 1. The ROM of ankle joint is promoted in the experimental group with a band-type device comparing the control group with a pillow type one. Dorsiflexion is particularly increased in the experimental group as compared with the control group, while planterflexion hardly shows any change. 2. The usefulness score of the experimental group nurses using the band-type device (23.97) is higher than that of the control group nurses (18.88). 3. In an aspect of the unit production cost, band-type devices are low-priced compare with pillow-type or other foot board (wooden) or high-neck tennis shoes. In summary, the newly developed band-type device is both useful and preventive for a foot drop. It is also desirable regarding to the production cost and the cost effectiveness. This fact proves that the new anti-foot drop device could be practical both for clinical care and home care. Yet the results were obtained by some subjects, it should be used after a further examination. More effective nursing intervention could be observed throughout general studies, including proper positioning and foot and ankle exercises which are the important variables of the foot drop prevention.

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