• Title, Summary, Keyword: Workplace Bullying

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Relationships among Self-esteem, Social Support, Nursing Organizational Culture, Experience of Workplace Bullying, and Consequence of Workplace Bullying in Hospital Nurses (병원간호사의 자아존중감, 사회적 지지, 간호조직문화, 직장 내 괴롭힘 행위와 직장 내 괴롭힘 결과의 관계)

  • Han, Eun-Hye;Ha, Yeongmi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.303-312
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify relationships among self-esteem, social support, nursing organizational culture, experience of workplace bullying, and the consequences of workplace bullying in hospital nurses, and then to provide basic information for developing workplace bullying prevention programs. Methods: Participants were 122 hospital nurses from three general hospitals. Data collection was done during April and May 2015. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires which were used to identify participants' characteristics, self-esteem, social support, nursing organizational culture, and workplace bullying. Results: Approximately one quarter of the nurses had experienced workplace bullying in the past six months. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that experience of workplace bullying (${\beta}=.45$) and self-esteem (${\beta}=-.31$) explained 53.3% of the variance in consequences of workplace bullying. Conclusion: Based on the findings that experiencing workplace bullying and having a low self-esteem were likely to increase workplace bullying in hospital nurses, there is a need to develop prevention and intervention programs on avoiding or dealing with workplace bullying.

The Effects of Nursing Organizational Culture, Work Performance and Workplace Bullying Type on Workplace Bullying Consequence of Nurses (간호조직문화, 업무수행능력, 직장 내 괴롭힘 유형이 간호사의 직장 내 괴롭힘 결과에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Ga Yeon;Jang, Hyun Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.424-435
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among nursing organizational culture, work performance, and workplace bullying of nurses, and to identify the factors that affect workplace bullying. Methods: The design of this study was descriptive research, and the data were collected from October 26 to November 5, 2018. The research participants were 210 nurses in six general hospitals in G province. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, a t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheff? post-hoc test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and a stepwise multiple regression using SPSS 22.0. Results: The workplace bullying type showed negative correlations with innovation-oriented culture, relation-oriented culture, and work performance. The workplace bullying consequence showed negative correlations with the innovation-oriented culture, relation-oriented culture, and work performance, and showed positive correlations with the workplace bullying type. The factors influencing the results of the workplace bullying consequence were workplace bullying type followed by relation-oriented culture, and unmarried status. Conclusion: Workplace bullying among nurses was related to the nursing organizational culture and work performance. Therefore, in order to reduce the turnover rate of nurses and to help them adapt well to the nursing organizational culture, a bullying prevention and intervention program is necessary.

Conceptual Development of Workplace Bullying: Focusing on Hospital Nurses (직장 내 괴롭힘 개념 개발: 병원간호사를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Younju;Lee, Eun Jin
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.57-70
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to build a conceptual framework of bullying in nursing workplace. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted to identify concepts in relation to bullying in nursing workplace by searching research articles published between 1995 and 2013. In-depth interviews were performed with 14 nurses who experienced bullying at work. The Hybrid Model was applied for concept analysis which led to identify attributes of bullying in nursing workplace. Results: The antecedents of bullying in nursing workplace were offenders, victims, and administrators. They create negative effects on organizational culture and imbalance of power between authority and subordinate workers in the organization. Bullying in nursing workplace that occurred in the forms of inefficient organizational culture, imbalance of power, and the vulnerability of individual or individuals and groups of individuals formed an unstable dynamic. It is expressed as verbal and nonverbal bullying, work-related bullying, and external threats. Consequently, workplace bullying causes physical and psychological withdrawal and increased negative energy in an organization. Conclusions: Workplace bullying consisted of verbal abuse, alienation, unreasonable work processes, restriction on work-related rights, and external threat.

Factors Affecting Workplace Bullying in Korean Hospital Nurses (병원 간호사 간 약자 괴롭힘 경험의 영향요인)

  • Yun, Seonyoung;Kang, Jiyeon
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.553-562
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing workplace bullying among Korean hospital nurses. Methods: Subjects in this study included 178 hospital nurses who attended two nationwide nursing educational conferences in 2013. The data was collected using self-report questionnaires which were used to identify the subjects' characteristics, self-esteem, perception of nursing organizational culture, and workplace bullying experience. Results: The results showed that 19.1% of study subjects reported being victims of workplace bullying and mostly experienced person-related and work-related bullying. Multiple regression analysis was done to identify factors affecting workplace bullying. The perception of relation-oriented culture, task-oriented culture and self-esteem turned out to be variables that explained nurses' workplace bullying, and these factors accounted for 32.0% of the variance. Conclusion: The findings suggest that nurses experience more workplace bullying in task-oriented cultures. However, they experience less bullying and report higher self-esteem and awareness in relation-oriented cultures. Interventions focused on the characteristics of the organization need to be developed to prevent workplace bullying in hospital nurses.

Hospital Nurses' Experience of Bullying in the Workplace and Burnout, Organizational Commitment, Turnover Intention and Nursing Productivity (간호사의 근무지 약자 괴롭힘 경험과 소진, 조직몰입, 이직의도 및 간호생산성)

  • Park, Kwang Ok;Kim, Se Young;Kim, Jong Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.169-180
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was performed to investigate nurses' experience of bullying in clinical fields. Methods: Participants were 309 nurses working in general hospitals. Data were collected using self- report questionnaires which were evaluated in terms of workplace bullying, burnout, organizational commitment, turnover intention and nursing productivity. Results: Of the participants 17.2% reported being victims of workplace bullying of nurses in general hospital, based on the operational definition of bullying. Coping response to workplace bullying was mainly passive such as enduring, ignoring, and evading. Experience of workplace bullying was positively correlated with burnout and turnover intention and negatively correlated with organizational commitment and productivity. Conclusion: The findings suggest that there is a need for assessment of the reality of workplace bullying of nurses in clinical areas as well carefully reviewing the problem and impact. A supportive system, education programs and improved workplace climate are recommended to reduce workplace bullying in clinical fields.

Relationships of Nurses' Character for Care and Workplace Bullying in Early Stage Nurses

  • Choi, Yong Jun;Noh, Gie Ok
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.184-191
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    • 2020
  • This study is conducted to find out the nurses' character for care and the workplace bullying for the early stage nurses working in the clinical field and their relation in order to understand the factors which would affect the consequence of the workplace bullying. Data collected from 131 early stage nurses working at one general hospital for 7 months was used for this study. The data was analyzed with descriptive statistics, Independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, Hierarchical multiple regression by using SPSS/WIN 21.0. It was found that high the nurses' character for care was related to the lower workplace bullying (type and consequence) (r=-.31, p<.001; r=-.26, p=.003) and that the worse the score in the type of bullying wasthe higher consequence (r=.54, p<.001). The multiple regression analysis showed that the factors affecting the consequence of the workplace bullying were the type of bullying (β=.48), dissatisfaction with nursing (β=.22), and moderate satisfaction with nursing (β=.19) and that the explanation of the model by variables was 32.5%. Based on the results of the study, it is suggested that the effort of lowering the occurrence of the type of bullying and the strategy of enhancing the satisfaction with nursing such as improvement in the quality of nursing education be made in order to improve the consequence of workplace bullying at the workplace for the early stage nurses.

The Effect of Workplace Bullying Perception on Psychological Symptoms: A Structural Equation Approach

  • Duru, Pinar;Ocaktan, Mine Esin;Celen, Umit;Orsal, Ozlem
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.210-215
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    • 2018
  • Background: The aims of this study were to determine the extent of workplace bullying perceptions among the employees of a Faculty of Medicine, evaluating the variables considered to be associated, and determining the effect of workplace bullying perceptions on their psychological symptoms evaluated by the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed involving 355 (88.75%) employees. Results: Levels of perceived workplace bullying were found to increase with the increasing scores for BSI and BSI sub-dimensions of anxiety, depression, negative self, somatization, and hostility (all p < 0.001). One point increase in the workplace bullying perception score was associated with a 0.47 point increase in psychological symptoms evaluated by BSI. Moreover, the workplace bullying perception scores were most strongly affected by the scores of anxiety, negative self, depression, hostility, and somatization (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: The present results revealed that young individuals, divorced individuals, faculty members, and individuals with a chronic disease had the greatest workplace bullying perceptions with our study population. Additionally, the BSI, anxiety, depression, negative self, somatization, and hostility scores of the individuals with high levels of workplace bullying perceptions were also high.

Relationships of Workplace Bullying to Self-esteem and Turnover Intention among Clinical Nurses at Small and Medium-sized Hospitals (중소병원 간호사의 직장 내 약자 괴롭힘과 자아존중감 및 이직의도와의 관계)

  • Choi, So Eun;Lee, Sam Sun;Kim, Sang Dol
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.267-274
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was to assess the prevalence of workplace bullying and the relationship workplace bullying to self-esteem and turnover intention among clinical nurses. Methods: The subjects were 223 clinical nurses at 3 small and medium-sized hospitals in K and B cities. The data were collected from February 1st throughout 28th, 2013. The collected data were analyzed using the SAS program through the frequency, percentage, mean, and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: The rate of self-reported bullying in the nursing workplace was 24.6% of respondents. There was a negative correlation between workplace bullying and self-esteem (r=-.39, p<.001). Also there was a positive correlation between workplace bullying and turnover intention (r=.14, p=.031). Conclusion: Prevalence of self-reported bullying is high among small and medium-sized hospitals and is clearly associated with lower levels of self-esteem and higher levels of turnover intention. Therefore, an organizational nursing management program as a monitoring regularly the psychosocial work environment and policies and procedures to prevent and manage workplace bullying is strongly recommended for the promotion of self-esteem and reducing the nurse's intention to leave the organization.

Effects of Workplace Face to Face Bullying, Cyber Bullying and Self-esteem on Turnover Intention in Hospital Nurses (병원간호사의 직장 내 대면불링, 사이버불링, 자아존중감이 이직의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Kyung Sook
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.218-229
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate relationships among workplace face to face bullying, cyber bullying, self-esteem, and turnover intention of hospital nurses, and to identify affecting factors for turnover intention through their relationships. Methods: Data were collected from 178 hospital nurses by self-reported questionnaire. The relationship among variables were analyzed with Pearson's coefficient correlation and affecting factors for turnover intention were identified by using multiple linear regression. Results: The mean score of turnover intention was $3.55{\pm}0.94$. Turnover intention was significantly different by age, marriage status, educational background, total experience as a nurse, designation, health status, bullying experience, and bullied experience. Turnover intention had positive relationships with workplace face to face bullying and hospital size, but negative relationships with self-esteem and health status. Workplace face to face bullying, health status and hospital size were identified as influencing factors in turnover intention. Conclusion: It is necessary to nursing community's efforts to decrease face to face bullying in order to lower the turnover intention of nurses. In this regard workplace bullying among nurses should be addressed using a comprehensive strategy that considers both individual and organizational factors. It is also necessary to nurse 's efforts to increase self-esteem.