• Title, Summary, Keyword: Workplace Bullying

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A Grounded Theory Approach on Nurses' Experience with Workplace Bullying (간호사의 직장 내 괴롭힘 경험에 관한 근거이론 연구)

  • Kang, Jiyeon;Yun, Seonyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.226-237
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the workplace bullying experience of Korean nurses. Methods: Participants were twenty current or former hospital nurses who had experienced workplace bullying. Data were collected through focus group and individual in-depth interviews from February to May, 2015. Theoretical sampling method was applied to the point of theoretical saturation. Transcribed interview contents were analyzed using Corbin and Strauss's grounded theory method. Results: A total of 110 concepts, 48 sub-categories, and 17 categories were identified through the open coding process. As a result of axial coding based on the paradigm model, the central phenomenon of nurses' workplace bullying experience was revealed as 'teaching that has become bullying', and the core category was extracted as 'surviving in love-hate teaching' consisting of a four-step process: confronting reality, trial and error, relationship formation, and settlement. The relationship formation was considered to be the key phase to proceed to the positive settlement phase, and the participants utilized various strategies such as having an open mind, developing human relationships, understanding each other in this phase. Conclusion: The in-depth understanding of the workplace bullying experience has highlighted the importance of effective communication for cultivating desirable human relationships between nurses.

Social Network Services Addiction in the Workplace

  • Choi, Youngkeun;Chu, Kyounghee;Choi, Eun-Jung
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.249-259
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    • 2019
  • Studies looking at many aspects of SNS addiction have dramatically increased in recent years. Most of the SNS addiction research has focused on individual behaviors. There is little academic research about SNS addiction in the workplace. This study, therefore, plans to examine the organizational behaviors related to SNS addiction in the workplace. We investigate whether negative behaviors in the workplace induce SNS addiction, and how SNS addiction influences the organizational or social attitudes of employees. We also explore the possible mediating effect of SNS addiction. We use an online survey and collected 285 responses from office workers in South Korea. The results tested by a structural equation modeling indicate, first, that both abusive supervision and workplace bullying have aroused SNS addiction among employees; second, employees' SNS addiction increases both from work-to-family-conflicts and family-to-work-conflicts; and third, SNS addiction fully mediates the relationship between abusive supervision and workplace bullying, as well as the relationship among abusive supervision, workplace bullying, and work-family conflicts. The study finds that abusive supervision and workplace bullying are important antecedents of SNS addiction, and that SNS addiction affects conflicts in both work-to-family and family-to-work situations. Therefore, companies should be cognizant of potential mediating influences in monitoring employees' SNS usage in order to improve their work environments.

Relationships among Bullying in Workplace, Burnout, and Emotional Intelligence of Korean Physician Assistant (PA) Nurses (전담간호사의 직장 내 괴롭힘과 소진, 감성지능간의 관계)

  • Im, Young Soon;Kim, Jae Hee;Kwon, Hye-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.703-713
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    • 2016
  • The intention of this study was to investigate relationship of PA (Physician Assistant) nurses' workplace bullying, burnout and emotional intelligence. Research respondents were 150 PA nurses who are working at 19 different hospitals from 5 cities and provinces and the collected data were analyzed with SPSS 21.0 program. This study discovered that 20.7% of PA nurses had experienced workplace bullying and 54.7% had witnessed workplace bullying. The workplace bullying scored 2.14 (on a 4-point scale), emotional intelligence scored 4.88 (on a 7-point scale), and burnout scored 3.22 (on a 7-point scale). As a result of correlation analysis, as workplace bullying was higher, the level of burnout was greater, while as the emotional intelligence was higher, the level of burnout was lower. Thus, there is a need for improvement plan for bullying in workplace to alleviate PA nurses' burnout and strategy to improve emotional intelligence and develop education and program.

Influence of Workplace Bullying and Resilience on the Organizational Commitment in General Hospital Nurses (병원간호사의 직장내 괴롭힘과 회복탄력성이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Kyeong Jin;Kang, Kyeong Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the impact of workplace bullying experience and resilience on organizational commitment in general hospital nurses. Methods: Participants were 250 nurses of a general hospital in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do and Gangwoen-do. Data were collected using the structured questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. Results: As a result of multiple regression analysis, workplace bullying, resilience, clinical career, and work unit turned out to be variables that explained general hospital nurses' organizational commitment (Adj. $R^2=0.17$, p<.001). Conclusion: These findings suggest that bullying and resilience were defined as the influential variables on organizational commitment of nurses. Therefore strategies and programs about workplace bullying and resilience are needed to be developed.

A Research of Workplace Bullying and Burnout on Turnover Intention in Hospital Nurses (병원간호사의 직장 내 괴롭힘, 소진 및 이직의도에 관한 연구)

  • Yeun, Young-Ran
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.8343-8349
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    • 2015
  • This study was done to identify the relation among workplace bullying, burnout and turnover intention among nurses. The participants were 270 nurses from four general hospitals. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, pearson's correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression with the SPSS/PC 18.0 program. Workplace bullying (r=.35, p=.000) and burnout (r=.64, p=.000) had positive correlation with turnover intention. The predictors of turnover intention were person-related workplace bullying, work-related workplace bullying, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. The results of the study could be used to develop a program for reducing nurses' turnover intention.

The Related Factors to Workplace Bullying in Nursing: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (간호사간 직장 내 괴롭힘 관련변인에 대한 체계적 문헌고찰과 메타분석)

  • Kang, Jiyeon;Lee, Minju
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.399-414
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review and identify factors relevant to workplace bullying in nursing. Methods: Twenty-three studies that met the criteria were selected from a sample of twenty-six studies. These articles were retrieved from a central literature databases (N=13,241). The total correlational effect size (ESr) for each related factor was calculated from Fisher's Zr. A funnel plot inspection (similar to scatter plot) with a trim-and-fill method was used to assess the publication bias of the meta-analyzed studies. Results: From the systematic review, fifty-one factors were identified as having an influencing effect. Fourteen factors (five individual and nine organizational factors) were eligible for meta-analysis. The individual factors included, self-esteem (ESr=-.31), psychological capital (ESr=-.26), and marital status (ESr=-.06) which were significantly correlated with workplace bullying. Organizational factors included, organizational tolerance (ESr=.48), supervisor incivility (ESr=.47), job stress (ESr=.46), group morale (ESr=-.36), group support (ESr=-.35), supervisor leadership (ESr=-.35), group identity (ESr=-.33), and structural empowerment (ESr=-.27). These factors were significantly correlated with workplace bullying. There were no publication biases except for both individual and organizational factors. Conclusion: Organizational factors have more of an greater impact than individual factors on workplace bullying. The results of this study support the need for intervention at the organizational level.

The effects of workplace bullying on turnover intention in hospital nurses (간호사의 직장 내 괴롭힘이 이직의도에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jung;Park, Dahye
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.241-252
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of workplace bullying of turnover intention in hospital nurses. The subjects were 500 nurses in general hospitals. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires which were gathered March 1 to 20 in 2014. and analyzed by hierarchical multiple regression. In conclusion, turnover intention shows the positive correlation with workplace bullying while indicating the negative correlation with nurses' work environment, emotional intelligence and job satisfaction. Also, the workplace bullying had a significantly positive effect on turnover intention. The nurses' work environment, emotional intelligence and job satisfaction had negative effects on turnover intention. The job satisfaction was the mediating effect on the workplace bullying in turnover intention. The results of the study showed the importance of workplace bullying, nurses' work environment, emotional intelligence and job satisfaction in explaining turnover intention of nurses. The convergence programs to prevent workplace bullying should be developed and implemented to the nursing organization.

A Study on the Influence of Workplace Violence on Employees' Internet Pornography Addiction

  • Choi, Young-Keun
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate if workplace bullying and abusive supervision was a correlation as two kinds of workplace violence arouse internet pornography addiction, which influences employees' organizational commitment and work-family conflict. This study explores if perceived organizational support can be an interpersonal factor moderating the relationship between workplace violence and internet pornography addiction. Research design, data, and methodology - Using a survey method, this study distributed the survey to 319 employees working at Korean companies. This study used a series of multiple regression analyses. Result - In the results, the more job-related bullying or abusive supervision people perceive in the workplace, the stronger their internet pornography addiction are Second, the stronger internet pornography addiction people have, the weaker their organizational commitment and the stronger work-family conflict are. Finally, when people have higher POS in workplace, workplace bullying and abusive supervision have weaker impact on their internet pornography addiction. Conclusions - For research contributions, this study introduces internet pornography addiction in the context of workplace and investigate workplace violence as the antecedents of internet pornography. Second, this study suggests and empirically verify that perceived organizational support is an organizational factor moderating the relationship between workplace violence and internet pornography addiction. Practically, corporate executives need to recognize the appearance of workplace violence by monitoring the phenomena of employees' internet pornography addiction. Future studies need to be investigated for other types of addiction.

The Structural Equation Model of Organizational Culture, Authentic Leadership, Self-Esteem, and Bullying in Nurses at Critical Care Units (중환자실 간호사의 간호조직문화, 진정성 리더십, 자아존중감이 직장 내 괴롭힘에 미치는 영향에 대한 구조모형)

  • Shim, Mi Young;Yoo, Hye Jin;Kim, Jung Yeon;Kim, Se Ra;Song, Yu Gil;Kang, Jiyeon
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.314-322
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study were to identify the influential factors of bullying of intensive care nurses and to suggest a final structural model based on identified relationships between nursing organizational culture, authentic leadership, self-esteem, and bullying in the workplace. Methods: Data were collected from 221 nurses at intensive care units in eight general hospitals using structured questionnaires and analyzed by structural equation modeling. Results: In this study, the average of bullying in the workplace was 1.34±0.40, nursing organizational culture was 3.31±0.47, self-esteem was 2.79±0.44, and authentic leadership was 3.61±0.60. The factors affecting nursing organizational culture were authentic leadership (β=.54, p<.001) and self-esteem (β=.24, p=.002) that had direct positive effects on the nursing organizational culture. The nursing organizational culture had also a direct effect on reducing workplace bullying (β=-.45, p<.001). Authentic leadership (β=-.24, p=.004) and self-esteem (β=-.11, p=.004) had indirect effects on workplace bullying, which was mediated by the nursing organizational culture. Conclusion: To understand and reduce workplace bullying, evaluating a nursing organizational culture should be preceded. Based on the finding of this study, an intervention for increasing authentic leadership and self-esteem of nurses can positively help to create the nursing organizational culture and then reduce workplace bullying.

The Relationship among Workplace Bullying, Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intention of the Nurses Working in Public Medical Institutions (공공의료기관에 근무하는 간호사가 경험하는 근무지 약자 괴롭힘과 조직몰입, 이직의도간의 관계)

  • Kang, Hei Young;Kim, Sanghee;Han, Kihye
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.178-187
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among workplace bullying, organizational commitment, and turnover intention of nurses. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from nurses at five public hospitals (N=190). Results: The experience of bullying was 31.29 points (range 16-64) on average: Work-related bullying was the highest, followed by verbal/non verbal bullying and external threats. The consequences of bullying were 30.54 points (range 13-52) on average: The physical/psychological withdrawal was the highest, followed by increasing distrust and the poor quality of patient care. The experiences of bullying had positive correlations with the consequences of bullying (r=.55, p<.001) and the turnover intention (r=.27, p<.001), and had a negative correlation with organizational commitment (r=-.28, p<.001). The consequences of bullying had a positive correlation with the turnover intention (r=.52, p<.001), and had a negative correlation with organizational commitment (r=-.49, p<.001). Organizational commitment showed a negative correlation with the turnover intention (r=.63, p<.001). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggests the needs of a regular monitoring system and organizational management for workplace bullying, which helps nurses to commit to their organization and to be retained in a workplace.