• Title/Summary/Keyword: Wound healing

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Structure-Activity Relationship Study of Asiatic Acid Derivatives for New Wound Healing Agent

  • Jeong, Byeong-Seon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.556-562
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    • 2006
  • Ten semi-synthetic derivatives of asiatic acid were prepared and their wound healing effects were evaluated by employing a tensile strength assay and a wound area assay. Among them, ethoxymethyl 2-oxo-3,23-isopropylidene-asiatate (12) showed the strongest and the fastest wound healing activity. Furthermore, it left the smallest scar after healing.

Oral Wound Healing Effects of Acai Berry Water Extracts in Rat Oral Mucosa

  • Kang, Mi Hyun;Kim, Bae-Hwan
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to determine the oral wound healing effects of acai berry water extracts (ABWE) in rat oral mucosa. To estimate the anti-oxidative effects of ABWE, the contents of phenolic compounds, and DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl) and ABTS (2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) abilities were evaluated. Wound healing effects of ABWE were tested following 6-day exposure after induction of wound by applying 50% acetic acid to oral mucosa of Sprague-Dawley rats. Macroscopic and histopathological analyses were performed to determine wound healing effects of ABWE. Sodium fusidate (20 mg/g) was used as positive control. ABWE showed significantly high antioxidant effects in all assays, although its potency was weaker than the positive control. From day 3 after treatment, wound healing effects of ABWE were observed in oral mucosa. These wound healing effects were also consistent with histopathological evaluation results. Taken together, these results indicate that ABWE might have potential as an oral wound healing agent in the future.

Regulation of Wound Healing and Fibrosis by Hypoxia and Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1

  • Ruthenborg, Robin J.;Ban, Jae-Jun;Wazir, Anum;Takeda, Norihiko;Kim, Jung-Whan
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.37 no.9
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    • pp.637-643
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    • 2014
  • Wound healing is a complex multi-step process that requires spatial and temporal orchestration of cellular and non-cellular components. Hypoxia is one of the prominent microenvironmental factors in tissue injury and wound healing. Hypoxic responses, mainly mediated by a master transcription factor of oxygen homeostasis, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), have been shown to be critically involved in virtually all processes of wound healing and remodeling. Yet, mechanisms underlying hypoxic regulation of wound healing are still poorly understood. Better understanding of how the wound healing process is regulated by the hypoxic microenvironment and HIF-1 signaling pathway will provide insight into the development of a novel therapeutic strategy for impaired wound healing conditions such as diabetic wound and fibrosis. In this review, we will discuss recent studies illuminating the roles of HIF-1 in physiologic and pathologic wound repair and further, the therapeutic potentials of HIF-1 stabilization or inhibition.

Proliferation of Keratinocytes Induced by Adipose-Derived Stem Cells on a Chitosan Scaffold and Its Role in Wound Healing, a Review

  • Gomathysankar, Sankaralakshmi;Halim, Ahmad Sukari;Yaacob, Nik Soriani
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.452-457
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    • 2014
  • In the field of tissue engineering and reconstruction, the development of efficient biomaterial is in high demand to achieve uncomplicated wound healing. Chronic wounds and excessive scarring are the major complications of tissue repair and, as this inadequate healing continues to increase, novel therapies and treatments for dysfunctional skin repair and reconstruction are important. This paper reviews the various aspects of the complications related to wound healing and focuses on chitosan because of its unique function in accelerating wound healing. The proliferation of keratinocytes is essential for wound closure, and adipose-derived stem cells play a significant role in wound healing. Thus, chitosan in combination with keratinocytes and adipose-derived stem cells may act as a vehicle for delivering cells, which would increase the proliferation of keratinocytes and help complete recovery from injuries.

Skin Wound Healing Effects and Action Mechanism of Acai Berry Water Extracts

  • Kang, Mi Hyun;Choi, Seunghye;Kim, Bae-Hwan
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.149-156
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the wound healing effect of acai berry water extracts (ABWE) and a possible underlying mechanism involved in its action using various in vitro and in vivo models. The wound healing effect of ABWE was evaluated by migration assay using HS68 fibroblast cells. In addition, its effect on mRNA expression of procollagen, fibronectin, and MMP-1 was determined. Moreover, the wound healing effect of ABWE was evaluated in in vivo wound models through macroscopic and microscopic observation. In addition, mRNA expression levels of wound related genes were determined. Results revealed that ABWE was not cytotoxic. It increased migration of HS68 fibroblast cells. ABWE increased mRNA expression levels of fibronectin but decreased the mRNA expression levels of MMP-1. ABWE also showed significantly potent wound healing effect in vivo based on macroscopic and histopathological observation and mRNA expression evaluation for wound related genes. Taken together, our results indicated that ABWE might have potential as a wound healing agent.

Wound Healing Effect of Novel Asiaticoside Mimetics Simplified the Sugar Moiety by Tetrahydropyrans (당이 THP로 단순화된 새로운 아시아티코사이드 유도체의 상처치유효과)

  • Chang, Min-Sun;Park, Eun-Hee;Kim, Hee-Doo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.435-439
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    • 2007
  • Novel asiaticoside mimetics simplified the sugar moiety by tetrahydropyrans (THP) were designed, synthesized and tested their wound healing effects by tensile strength measurement. From this study, it is speculated that the sugar moiety of asiaticoside could be simplified to tetrahydropyrans without a significant loss of wound healing effect.

The Effect of Microcurrent Stimulation on Wound Healing in Rat (미세전류전기자극이 흰쥐의 창상치유에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Hye-Jin;Kim, Jung-Woo;Park, Jang-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of microcurrent stimulation intensity($50{\mu}A,\;100{\mu}A,\;300{\mu}A$ - 5 pps pulse frequency was same) on wound healing in rat. Sixty male Korean rats were randomly divided into 4 groups of 15 for 4 different treatment protocols(none-control group, $50{\mu}A,\;100{\mu}A,\;300{\mu}A$ experimental groups). Experimental 20 mm linear wound were made and all animals in the experimental groups were received microcurrent stimulation once a day for 20 minutes until sacrifice days(1st day, 3rd day, 6th day). A vernier caliper was used to measure a wound healing length and an optical microscope was used to determine any histological changes. The repeated measures two-way ANOVA was used for statistical differences in wound healing length. Experimental results were as follows: 1. In the examination with the naked eye, all groups showed similar changes until 1st day. But from 3rd day, a little intercellular fluid soaked through wound region in control group. In experimental groups, little intercellular fluid soaked through wound region, and swelling and redness did not appear. 2. Wound length of experimental $50{\mu}A$ group was significantly decreased than control group(p<0.001). And in the aspect of application period, wound length was significantly decreased in 3th, 6th day than 1st day and 6th day than 3th day (p<0.001). In conclusion, it has been found that the microcurrent stimulation had a positive effect on wound healing. And $50{\mu}A$ stimulation intensity was more effective than other intensities($100{\mu}A,\;300{\mu}A$) in wound healing. Also, low-intensity microcurrent stimulation was more effective on the purpose of wound healing.

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Effects of Ultra High Molecular Weight Poly-${\gamma}$-glutamic Acid from Bacillus subtilis (chungkookjang) on Corneal Wound Healing

  • Bae, Sun-Ryang;Park, Chung;Choi, Jae-Chul;Poo, Ha-Ryoung;Kim, Chul-Joong;Sung, Moon-Hee
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.803-808
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    • 2010
  • Poly-${\gamma}$-glutamic acid (${\gamma}$-PGA) is a natural edible polypeptide in which glutamate is polymerized via ${\gamma}$-amide linkages. First, we assessed the eye irritancy potential of ${\gamma}$-PGA in rabbits. Additionally, we studied the effects of ${\gamma}$-PGA on corneal wound healing, due to the anti-inflammatory properties and water retaining abilities of ${\gamma}$-PGA. In this study, the effects of ${\gamma}$-PGA on corneal wound healing after an alkali burn were evaluated. Thirty eyes wounded by alkali burning in 30 white rabbits were divided into three groups: group A was treated with 0.1% 5,000 kDa ${\gamma}$-PGA for 2 days; group B was treated with 0.1% hyaluronic acid; and group C was not treated, as a control. The area of corneal epithelial defect was examined at 12, 24, 30, 36, 42, and 48 h after corneal alkali wounding to determine initial wound healing. We found that ${\gamma}$-PGA promoted corneal wound healing, compared with controls, and showed similar effects to hyaluronic acid. These results indicate that ${\gamma}$-PGA stimulates corneal wound healing by an anti-inflammatory effect and enhancing cell migration and cell proliferation. ${\gamma}$-PGA is a promising biomaterial that may be a substitute for hyaluronic acid in corneal wound healing treatment.

Clinical effectiveness of omental transposition in facilitating perineal wound healing after abdominoperineal resection: a systematic review

  • Kim, Sungjin;Kang, Sung Il;Kim, Sohyun;Kim, Jae Hwang
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 2021
  • Background: Omental transposition has been used to facilitate perineal wound healing in patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection (APR). However, there is no high-level evidence supporting the effectiveness of omental transposition in this regard. This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of omental transposition in facilitating perineal wound healing after APR. Methods: In this systematic review, we systematically searched the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases for literature regarding the topic of our study. Studies published since the inception of each database were considered for review. The outcomes of interest were the perineal wound healing rate at 1 and 3 months postoperatively, perineal wound infection rate, and perineal wound healing period. Results: Of the 1,923 studies identified, four articles representing 819 patients (omental transposition patients, n=295) were included in the final analysis. The wound healing rates at 1 and 3 months postoperatively in the omental transposition group (68.5% and 79.7%, respectively) did not significantly differ from those in the control group (57.4% and 78.7%, respectively) (p=0.759 and p=0.731, respectively). Perineal wound infection and chronic wound complication rates, including sinus, dehiscence, and fistula rates, also did not significantly differ between the omental transposition (8% and 7%, respectively) and control (11% and 7%, respectively) groups (p=0.221 and p=0.790, respectively). Conclusion: Our results suggest that omental transposition does not affect perineal wound healing in patients who undergo APR.

630 nm-OLED Accelerates Wound Healing in Mice Via Regulation of Cytokine Release and Genes Expression of Growth Factors

  • Mo, SangJoon;Chung, Phil-Sang;Ahn, Jin Chul
    • Current Optics and Photonics
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    • v.3 no.6
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    • pp.485-495
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    • 2019
  • Photobiomodulation (PBM) using organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) surface light sources have recently been claimed to be the next generation of PBM light sources. However, the differences between light emitting diodes (LEDs) and OLED mechanisms in vitro and in vivo have not been well studied. In vivo mouse models were used to investigate the effects of OLED irradiation on cellular function and cutaneous wound healing compared to LED irradiation. Mice in the LED- and OLED-irradiated groups were subjected to irradiation with 6 J/㎠ LED and OLED (630 nm), respectively, for 14 days after wounding, and some mice were sacrificed for the experiments on days 3, 7, 10, and 14. To evaluate wound healing, we performed hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome staining and quantified collagen density by computerized image analysis. The results showed that the size of the wound, collagen density, neo-epidermis thickness, number of new blood vessels, and number of fibroblasts and neutrophils was significantly influenced by LED and OLED irradiation. The tissue levels of interleukin (IL)-β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were investigated by immunohistochemical staining. LED and OLED irradiation resulted in a significant increase in the tissue IL-β and IL-6 levels at the early stage of wound healing (P < 0.01), and a decrease in the tissue TNF-α level at all stages of wound healing (P < 0.05), compared to the no-treatment group. The expression levels of the genes encoding vascular endothelial growth factor and transforming growth factor-beta 1 were significantly increased in LED and OLED-irradiated wound tissue at the early stage of wound healing (P < 0.01) compared to the no-treatment group. Thus, OLED as well as LED irradiation accelerated wound healing by modulating the synthesis of anti-inflammatory cytokines and the expression levels of genes encoding growth factors, promoting collagen regeneration and reducing scarring. In conclusion, this suggests the possibility of OLED as a new light source to overcome the limitations of existing PBMs.