• Title, Summary, Keyword: Yakju

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Studies on the Change of Minerals during Yakju Brewing(I) (Aspergillus kawachii를 이용한 약주 양조법에 따른 무기물의 변화 I)

  • 이상영;임형식;박계인
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.116-122
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    • 1975
  • Calcium and magnesium in polished rice, polished barley, what flour, and corn which were used for Yakju fermentation were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and their quantitative changes in the filtrates of mashes were checked at 24 hours intervals dueing the whole brewing period. The results obtained were as follows. 1) Mineral contens of raw materials(mg% of each anhydrous materials). Ca : polished rice 8.21, polished barley 26.11, wheat flour 66.10, corn 86.63 2) Mineral contents of kojies made from raw materials (mg %of each anhydrous materials). Ca : rice koji 26.36, barley koji 97.61, what flour koji 87.69, corn koji 16.13, seeding koji 28.76 Mg: rice koji 29.29, barley koji 39.84, what flour koji 244.50, corn koji 102.64, seeding koji 143.79 3) Quantitative changes of minerals in the fitrates of mashes. Calcium contents in the filtrates of mashes were increased gradually after mashing in the first stage but unchanged till the mashes were ripened after mashing in the second stage. On the other hand, magnesium cotents were decreased gradually after increase in the the other hand, magnesium contens were decreased gradually after increase in the first stage but showed a tendency to increase gradually in the second stage. 4)Mineral contents of Yakjues produced, marketing Yakju, and natural water for brewing (g/ml). Ca : rice Yakju 72.38, barley Yakju 84.08, what flour Yakju 105.32, corn Yakju 71.26, marketing Yakju 71.50, natural water for brewing 51.25 Mg :rice Yakju 93.67, barley Yakju 62.39, wheat flour Yakju 273.34, corn Yakju 321,60, marketing Yakju 90.00, natrual water for brewing 20.00 5) Mineral contents of Yakju residues (mg% of each anhydrous matrials). Ca : rice Yakju residues 209.70, barley Yakju residues 62.83, what flour Yakju residues 133.92, corn Yakju residues 60.64 Mg : rice Yakju residues 15.62, barley Yakju residuet 13.22, wheat flour Yakju residues 59.10, corn Yakju residues 67.38

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Quality Characteristics of Yakju fermented with Paddy Rice (Byeo) Nuruk Yakju (벼누룩으로 제조한 약주의 품질 특성)

  • Jeon, Jin-Ah;Kim, Min-Seong;Ko, Jae-Yoon;Jeong, Seok-Tae
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 2017
  • In this study, quality characteristics of yakju fermented with byeo-nuruk prepared using rice, wheat, and water were investigated. Five different mixture ratios were considered for byeo-nuruk preparation. A comparative analysis of commercial yakju and byeo-nuruk yakju was also performed. The results showed no significant differences in pH, total acidity, and total soluble solids of byeo-nuruk yakju immediately following fermentation. The byeo-nuruk yakju alcohol content increased with increasing wheat proportion. Lactic and succinic acid were the major organic acids of byeo-nuruk yakju, and the major volatile components were isoamyl alcohol and linalool. Yakju prepared using material D had the highest volatile component content and high preference evaluation scores for taste and overall acceptability. Compared to commercial yakju, byeo-nuruk yakju had less total acidity, soluble solids, and volatile acids, whereas its pH level and amino acid content were higher. No significant differences were observed between commercial yakju and byeo-nuruk yakju in terms of sensory evaluation.

Fermentation and Quality Characteristics of Yakju According to Different Rice Varieties (쌀 품종에 따른 약주의 발효 및 품질 특성)

  • Huh, Chang-Ki;Lee, Jung-Won;Kim, Yong-Doo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.925-932
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to improve quality of traditional Yakju and compares quality of Yakju according to different rice cultivars. The pHs of Ilmi Yakju and Hanarum Yakju showed 4.14 and 4.07, respectively and the other Yakju's pHs were ranged from 3.92 to 3.98. The content of total acid of Yakju using Indica rice imported from Thailand was the highest among the samples. The major components of free sugar was glucose and the highest content of total free sugars was found in Indica Yakju. The content of reducing sugars in Yakju using Indica rice was the higher than other samples. The ethanol content of Hanarum Yakju showed higher than those Yakju's and the lowest ethanol content found for the indica Yakju. The volatile compounds from the rice Yakju were identified by GC-MS. Twenty-one volatile compounds were found in rice Yakju. And the major volatile compounds were ethanol, acetic acid, 1-methyl-1-propanol, 2-methyl-butane, 3-methyl-1-butanol, iso-amylalcohol and 1-hexanol from Yakju. As the result of sensory test, higher scores for smell and color were found for the Yakju used Hanarum Yakju. The highest score sweat and acid were found for the Anda rice Yakju in sensory test. The result of sensory evaluation indicated that Hanarum Yakju and Anda Yakju were better than the other samples, and the value of bitterness was no significant in this test.

Quality Characteristics and Ginsenosides Composition of Ginseng-Yakju According to the Particle Size of Ginseng Powder

  • Lee, Je-Hyuk;Choi, Kang Hyun;Sohn, Eun-Hwa;Jang, Ki-Hyo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.234-241
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    • 2013
  • The aim of this study was to develop rice wine (Yakju) containing various amounts and particle sizes of ginseng powder and to analyze the physicochemical characteristics and content of ginsenosides in ginseng-Yakju. Soluble solid content, pH, ethanol concentration, acidity, amino acid content, and evaluation of preference showed no difference between four kinds of Yakju groups, regardless of ginseng supplementation and particle size of the ginseng powder. During fermentation of Yakju containing ginseng, the contents of ginsenosides Rb1, Rb2, Rb3, and Rc were decreased. Otherwise, the content of ginsenoside Rh1 was increased highly by brewing microorganisms in Yakju. Recovery ratios of ginsenosides in ginseng-Yakju were approximately 25.4% (coarse ginseng power) and 23.8% (fine ginseng powder), which were superior to the recovery ratio of ginsenosides in Yakju containing ginseng slices (5%).

The Influence of Adding Buckwheat Sprouts on the Fermentation Characteristics of Yakju (메밀싹 첨가가 약주 발효특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jin-Ok;Kim, Chul-Jai
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.72-79
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the fermentation characteristics of Yakju using fresh sprouts from common buckwheat, a Daisan cultivar, and a tartary buckwheat Daikwan 3-3 cultivar to develop a functional Yakju, which is a traditional Korean liquor. As fermentation time increased, alcohol concentration and total sugar content (expressed as Brix degrees) increased, whereas reducing sugar content decreased. In particular, alcohol formation capability was maximized from the fourth to the seventh days of the second mashing stage during the fermentation procedure, which corresponded to the abrupt rise in mashing body temperature. The pH increased slightly when the titratable acidity was kept from increasing as fermentation proceeded. Quercetin and rutin were not present in the control group but their presence in Yakju with added buckwheat sprouts continuously increased with an increase in the fermentation period. Quercetin and rutin contents were higher in the Yakju with added Daikwan3-3 buckwheat sprouts than Yakju with added Daisan buckwheat sprouts. In conclusion, adding buckwheat sprouts improved Yakju quality during fermentation. Particularly, Yakju with added Daikwan3-3 buckwheat sprouts had superior fermentation characteristics and quality.

Quality Assessment of Yakju Brewed with Conventional Nuruk (전통누룩으로 빚은 발효주의 품질 평가)

  • 이미경;이성우;윤태현
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.78-89
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    • 1994
  • To evaluate of quality of Yakju brewed with different types of fermenters(Nuruk) and brewed by a method described in Sallymkyungjae, blucoamylase and protease and protease activities of Nuruk were measured, and proximate composition , coloring degree, acetaldehyde , alcohol , , fusel oils , amino acid content , mineral content and sugar composition of Yakju samples were also determined. It was foung that the lower the pH, the lower the glucoamylase acitvity in Nuruk samples A to E . In A, B, D and H, protease activity washigher at ph 5.5 than at pH 5.0 . Yakju sampels 1 to 5 during fermentation , total acidity and amino acid content were high at the first step and were getting lower gradually at the second step. In Yakju samples 6 to 11 , ethanol content was high in 6b, 7b, 8a, 8b and 11b. At the second step, residual sugar content was getting higher gradually in 7 a, 11 a and 11b. The coloring degree of Yakju wasinfluenced by not only color of Nuruk but also Fe content in Yakju . Of the Yakju examined , only 9a and 9b contained acetaldehyde in trace amounts. Thanol content was the highest in 8a and 8b. Fusel oil content was high in 8a and 8b. In samples 6 to 9 , aspartic acid content was higher in treatment a than treatment a than treatment b, but tyrosine , histidine and proline contents were higher in treatment a than treatment b. The levels of frucose, melibiose, sorbitol, and arabinose in Yakju brewed from unsteamed rice were higher than in Yakju brewed from steamed rice. K content was the lowest in 9a and 9b. Na content was higher in treatment a than in treatment a than in treatment b. In only 6a, Ca/P ratio was more than one.

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Characterization of Yakju Prepared with Yeasts from Fruits 1. Volatile Components in Yakju during Fermentation (효모에 따른 약주의 품질특성 1. 분리균주의 동정 및 휘발성 향기성분)

  • 양지영;신귀례;김병철;김용두
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.794-800
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to obtain the basic information for improving the flavor quality of yakju. Three kinds of yakju were prepared with different yeast strains to investigate the effects of those strains on flavor components. A total of 23 strains were isolated from fruits such as apple, pear, persimmon and citron and two strains were excellent in producing ethanol and flavors. They were identified as Saccharomyces cerevisiae S 2 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae S 6 from morphological cultural test and physiological quality. Yakju A, B and C were prepared with S 2, S 6 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae IFO 1950, respectively. Flavor components of yakju were analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectr ometry. A total of 57 peaks were detected and 13 compound were identified. They were 4 alcohol, 2 esters, 7 acids and miscellaneous compounds.

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Effect of the addition of protein and lipid on the quality characteristics of Yakju (단백질과 지방첨가가 약주의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Ji-Eun;Kim, Jae-Woon;Choi, Han-Seok;Kim, Chan-Woo;Yeo, Soo-Hwan;Jeong, Seok-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.361-368
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the fermentation characteristics of Yakju were investigated by addition of protein and lipid. These are classified according to raw material (rice, glucose) and inducing substance (rice protein, rice lipid). Alcoholic fermentation occurred at $25^{\circ}C$, after 14 days. The results of this study were as follows: Alcohol content of Yakju with rice protein was higher than those of other samples. The pH and glucose of rice Yakju were detemied to be 4.86~5.13 and 4.17~4.86, respectively. Titratable acid and the total amino acid content of the Yakju with rice protein were the highest among other samples. The optical density contents of the rice Yakju and glucose Yakju were 0.52~0.653 and 0.27~0.61, respectively. The concentration of organic acids in rice Yakju (433.98~519.31 mg%) was higher than that of glucose Yakju (303.76~387.50 mg%). The major organic acid components of the Yakju were succinic, citric, acetic and lactic acids. The nitrogen compound concentrations of rice Yakju (4377.38~10208.06 ppm) was higher than that of glucose Yakju (671.20~9368.93 ppm). The protein odor correlation coefficient was 0.98 (p<0.001) showing a very high correlation coefficient, while lipid odor coefficient showed a negative correlation with -0.038 (p<0.458).

Characteristics of Gouda Cheese Supplemented with Korean Traditional Yakju

  • Choi, Hee-Young;Yang, Chul-Ju;Choi, Kap-Seong;Kim, Hoi-Kyung;Chambers, Delores H.;Bae, In-Hyu
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.872-878
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    • 2011
  • The quality properties of Gouda cheese supplemented with Korean traditional Yakju (Acanthopanax senticosus or Pueraria thunbergiana wines) were investigated. Yakju was added in the process of Gouda cheese preparation, and proximate composition, lactic acid bacterial population, pH, water-soluble nitrogen, sensory characteristics and proteolysis were determined. The electrophoretic patterns of cheese proteins, the target functional components and thiobarbituric acid values of the cheeses also were analyzed. The sensory characteristics including appearance of the cheeses were not affected by supplementing Yakju. Significantly higher amounts of crude ash, minerals and polyphenols were observed in the cheese supplemented with Yakju compared to the control cheese. The results suggest that the Gouda cheese prepared with Yankju has functional and additional nutrient values without changing cheese characteristics.

Quality Characteristics of Yakju (a Traditional Korean Beverage) after Addition of Different Tissues of Opuntia ficus indica from Shinan, Korea (신안산 손바닥선인장의 첨가비율 및 부위별에 따른 약주의 품질특성)

  • Cho, In-Kyung;Huh, Chang-Ki;Kim, Yong-Doo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 2010
  • Fermentation characteristics of yakju prepared with addition of Opuntia ficus indica were examined, with respect to the nature and concentration of additional added materials. The pH level began to decrease after the secondary brewing stage and the total acid content increased during fermentation. The level of reducing sugars in yakju prepared with Opuntia ficus indica increased at the first brewing stage and then slowly decreased after 4 days of fermentation. The ethanol content of supplemented yakju rapidly increased during the initial 6 days of fermentation, to a maximum content of 17.1% after 14 days. The free sugar content was higher in yakju fermented with Opuntia ficus indica stem compared with fruit. The level of organic acids increased as the amount of Opuntia ficus indica material increased. Organic acid level increased during fermentation and lactic acid was the main organic acid in yakju fermented with Opuntia ficus indica. Sixteen volatile compounds were found by GC-MS in supplemented yakju. The most prominent volatile component was iso-amyl alcohol, followed by butyl alcohol and methyl esters. The DPPH radical-scavenging activity of yakju fermented with Opuntia ficus indica stem was higher than when yakju was prepared with fruit. Sensory scores of yakju fermented with 20% (w/v) fruit and 10% (w/v) stem were greater than those of yakju prepared by other treatments.