• Title, Summary, Keyword: Yoga

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The Effects of Vitamin C Supplementation and Yoga on the Improvement of Serum Lipid Peroxidation in Middle-aged Women (비타민 C 보충과 요가가 중년여성의 혈청 지질과산화물가 개선에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Yeong-Soo;Lee, Sang-Ho;Baek, Yeong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of vitamin C supplementation and yoga practice on total antioxidant status (TEAC), lipid peroxidation, and blood lipid profiles of middle-aged women. Thirty two women ($53.34{\pm}5.08$ years old) in B city volunteered and the signed consents were received before the study. Experimental groups were normal (n=8), vitamin C intake group (n=8), yoga group (n=8), and vitamin C intake with yoga group (n=8). Total experimental period was 12 weeks. Yoga group practiced yoga 3 times a week for 12 weeks with intensity of RPE $13{\sim}15$. Each practice was 60 minutes. Vt. C group was instructed to take 1 g of Vt. C every day after dinner meal. Changes in TEAC after 12 weeks were 28.23% for the normal group, 30% for Vt. C group, 26.58% for yoga group, and 43.66% for Vt. C with yoga group; the increases in TEAC among groups were not significantly different. Serum malondialehyde (MDA) concentration of the normal group increased by 10% during 12 weeks of experiment while that for the Vt. C, yoga, and Vt. C with yoga group were significantly decreased by 25%, 32.14%, and 33.87%, respectively (p<0.05) compared with the normal group. Neither yoga, Vt. C supplementation nor combined program for 12 weeks were effective enough to change the serum lipid profiles compared with the normal group. In conclusion, Vitamin C supplementation or regular yoga practice seems to have health promoting effects of retarding the oxidative stress by decreasing lipid peroxidation in middle-aged woman.

Effects of Yoga Exercise on Physical Flexibility and Perception of Posture Management in Adolescents (요가운동이 청소년의 신체 유연성과 자세관리 인지에 미치는 효과)

  • Jung, Hyang-Mi;Kim, Yi-Soon
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.96-103
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was done to evaluate the effects of Yoga exercise on improvements in physical flexibility, posture management behavior, and self-efficacy in adolescents. Method: In this study, the design was a quasi-experimental research design with a one group pretest-posttest design. Participants were 32 students from one high school in Busan Metropolitan City, Korea, who did not engage in regular aerobic exercise and were willing to participate in this study. Yoga exercise was conducted for 70 minutes twice a week for 15 weeks. The data were collected from March 16 to June 22, 2004. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and paired t-test with SPSS Win 12.0. Results: Trunk flexibility, posture management behavior, and self-efficacy significantly increased after the yoga exercise. Conclusion: Yoga exercise is recommended as a useful nursing intervention that could help prevent spinal-curvature-related disorders among adolescents.

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Self-rated ability to follow instructions for four mental states described in yoga texts

  • Ramachandra, Raghavendra Bhat;Telles, Shirley;Hongasandra, Nagendra Rama Rao
    • CELLMED
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.28.1-28.4
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    • 2012
  • There were no studies available measuring the ability to follow instructions for meditation. Hence, the present study was planned to assess the ability to follow instructions for the four mental states viz., cancalata (random thinking), ekagrata (non-meditative concentration), dharana (focused meditation) and dhyana (defocused meditation or effortless meditation) described in yoga texts. Sixty male volunteers with ages ranging from 18 to 31 years (group mean age ${\pm}$ S.D., $22.78{\pm}2.73$) participated in the study. They were assessed using a visual analog scale immediately after each of the four states on four different days. The results showed that following dharana, scores on the visual analog scale were significantly lower compared to those related to cancalata, ekagrata and dhyana. Hence, dharana is the most difficult of the four states.

An Effect of Yoga Therapy on Relieving Dysmenorrhea ; RCTs(Randomized controlled trials) Review (요가 요법이 월경통 증상 완화에 미치는 효과 고찰)

  • Park, Ki-On;Hwang, Eui-Hyoung;Sul, Jae-Uk;Shin, Mi-Suk
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study is to explain the effects of Yoga therapy for relieving dysmenorrhea on the aspect of Oriental Medicine and to identify the therapeutic Yoga asanas applicable to clinic medicine. Methods : We searched papers using Pubmed, CNKI and 7 Korean medical databases. We used "Yoga" and "Dysmenorrhea" as keyword. Limitations were as follows ; the last 20 years of publications and search range only including RCTs. Papers without inclusion criteria were excluded. We classified all the searched RCTs studies into Yoga exercise prescriptions. Results : A total of 47 studies were found. And 38 were excluded during extract screening. Finally 3 RCTs were selected and analyzed out of 9 papers. Blood sampling and survey questionnaires were used in the outcome measure. They reported that Yoga exercise could be used for dysmenorrhea patients, which has a curative effect. Conclusions : Yoga therapy can be explained as Meridian muscle theory in the concept of Oriental Medicine. Also, it may be a favorable choice for dysmenorrhea patients. Further studies to describe the effects of Yoga therapy will be needed more.

The Effect of Yoga Program on Reduced Blood Pressure in Elderly′s Essential Hypertension (요가 프로그램이 본태성 고혈압 노인환자의 혈압하강에 미치는 효과)

  • 박형숙;김윤진;김영희
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.633-642
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a Yoga program on decreasing blood pressure in elderly patients with essential hypertension and to suggest a yoga program effective as a nursing intervention tool to reduced blood pressure with increasing life satisfaction. Method: The subjects of this study were 24 elderly's essential hypertension, who practiced yoga by three times a week for 8 weeks. In order to evaluate the effect of the yoga program, blood pressure, physiological parameters (Total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides) and level of life satisfaction were measured before and after the training. Collected date were analyzed by SPSSWIN program. Result: 1) There were significant reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. 2) There were significant reductions in total cholesterol, LDL, triglycerides but no significant increased in HDL. 3) Blood pressure changes were time specific : Both of systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly reduced after 2weeks. 4) There was a significant increase in life satisfaction. Conclusion: The results proved that a yoga program was an effective nursing intervention to reduce blood pressure and to increased life satisfaction for elderly patients with essential hypertension.

The Effect of a Yoga Program on the Stress Levels of Professionals (요가 프로그램이 전문직 종사자의 스트레스에 미치는 효과)

  • Oh, Heesun;Lee, Insook
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.36-44
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a yoga program on perceived stress, stress response and heart rate variability in professionals. Methods: The research design was a quasi-experimental intervention study. The participants were 47 adults with professional jobs consisting of an experimental group with 23 adults and a control group with 24 adults. The duration of the yoga program was eight weeks from July 4 to August 30, 2012. Results: There were significant decreases in the stress response score after the yoga program. No significant changes in perceived stress and heart rate variability were observed between the experimental group and control group. However, there were significant decreases in perceived stress, stress response scale, and heart rate variability for some participants whose stress levels were high. Conclusion: An eight-week-long yoga program could be considered as an intervention to decrease the stress response of professionals even though it might not reduce their perceived stress and heart rate variability. To further analyze the effects of a yoga program in professionals, changes in intervention strength (such as longer periods and frequency) and the development of physiological measures, which would show the co-relationship between perceived stress and physiological response, are necessary in future studies.

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The Effects of Yoga Low Back Pain Exercise and Lumbar Extensor Muscle Endurance Exercise on Chronic Low Back Pain Patients (요가 요통체조와 요부 신전근 지구력 운동이 만성요통 환자의 통증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Seung-Soo;Goo, Bong-Oh
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: In the present study, the degree of subjective pain in chronic low back pain patients through the course of six week of yoga low back pain exercise and lumbar extensor muscle strengthening training was analyzed, and a systematic and effective home exercise therapy program was proposed. Methods: For this study, we sampled 21 random patients with chronic low back pain who were receiving outpatient treatment at G Hospital Pusan, and conducted experiment for six weeks by applying yoga low back pain exercise+modalities (7) lumbar extensor muscle endurance exercise+ modalities (7) and modalities (7). To measure the degree of pain, the visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Low Back Pain Questionnaire were used. Pain was measured before the experiment and after six weeks. Results: Significant differences were observed between yoga, extensor muscle endurance exercise and modalities (VAS=0.00 Oswestry=0.00). The yoga and extensor endurance muscle exercise reduced low back pain by more than the modalities. Conclusion: This study will be used to develop a preventive and reduction method of LBP. Therefore, Yoga and extensor muscle endurance exercise are appropriate for use as a home program exercise to reduce low back pain in patients.

The Effects of Yoga Program on Idiopathic Scoliosis (요가운동프로그램이 특발성 척추 측만증에 미치는 효과)

  • Eom, Chanil;Seo, Junhwan;Hong, Seonggyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.427-431
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study in the patient suffering from scoliosis analyse the degree of scoliosis, Cobb's angle, by Yoga exercise therapy and then find the effects of Yoga program on idiopathic scoliosis. In this study, yoga program restores flexibility and elasticity by relaxing and contracting muscles around vertebrea. It could help scoliosis from balancing agonistic muscle, antagonistic muscle and synergistic muscle during exercise. so did pelvis movement and vertebral twisting movement. The subject for this experiment was a meddle school girl diagnosed with scoliosis in C hospital in Gwang-ju city. In order to find the effects of yoga program on idiopathic scoliosis, conducted yoga program 60minutes a day, 5days a week for 12weeks. Before and after experiment, measured Cobb's angle by radiation and verified effects. First, master of yoga and chiropractor studied and made movement together. Second, Yoga program-developed about scoliosis was prescribed for the meddle school girl suffering from scoliosis during 12weeks. Third, Feasibility and effect was verified on idiopathic scoliosis by yoga program. As a result, the amount of curvature was reduced about 5degrees than before and improved the idiopathic scoliosis. Lots of Yoga movements help patients of idiopathic scoliosis to be improved. It shows that Yoga program could give adolescent scoliosis a hand.

The Effect of the Exercise Performance of Yoga and Pilates on the Autonomic Nervous System (Yoga와 Pilates 운동 수행이 자율신경계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ji-Sun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.4450-4458
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the exercise performance of yoga and pilates on the autonomic nervous system in an effort to provide some clinical information on exercise prescription. The subjects were 20 selected college students who majored in P.E. A yoga group and a pilates group were organized with 10 students respectively, the autonomic nervous system of the students was measured before the exercise, immediately after that and 30 minutes after recovery. The findings of the study were as follows: First, there were significant differences in the yoga group's stress index and average pulse according to the main effect of the time and interaction effect between the time and group. Second, there were significant differences in the yoga group's sympathetic nervous system activity and autonomic nerve balance according to all the main effect of the time, interaction effect between the time and group and the main effect of group. Third, there were significant differences in HRV(Heart Rate Variability), parasympathetic nervous system activity, SDNN, and RMSSD according to the main effect of the time, and interaction effect between the time and group and the main effect of group produced no statistically significant differences. In conclusion, yoga seemed to be effective at lowering stress index and average pulse. Specifically, yoga exercise seemed to exert a more positive influence on the decrease of sympathetic nervous system activity and autonomic nerve balance than pilates exercise.

Yoga Training Improves Metabolic Parameters in Obese Boys

  • Seo, Dae-Yun;Lee, Sung-Ryul;Figueroa, Arturo;Kim, Hyoung-Kyu;Baek, Yeong-Ho;Kwak, Yi-Sub;Kim, Na-Ri;Choi, Tae-Hoon;Rhee, Byoung-Doo;Ko, Kyung-Soo;Park, Byung-Joo;Park, Song-Young;Han, Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.175-180
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    • 2012
  • Yoga has been known to have stimulatory or inhibitory effects on the metabolic parameters and to be uncomplicated therapy for obesity. The purpose of the present study was to test the effect of an 8-week of yoga-asana training on body composition, lipid profile, and insulin resistance (IR) in obese adolescent boys. Twenty volunteers with body mass index (BMI) greater than the 95th percentile were randomly assigned to yoga (age $14.7{\pm}0.5$ years, n=10) and control groups (age $14.6{\pm}1.0$ years, n=10). The yoga group performed exercises three times per week at 40~60% of heart-rate reserve (HRR) for 8 weeks. IR was determined with the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). After yoga training, body weight, BMI, fat mass (FM), and body fat % (BF %) were significantly decreased, and fat-free mass and basal metabolic rate were significantly increased than baseline values. FM and BF % were significantly improved in the yoga group compared with the control group (p<0.05). Total cholesterol (TC) was significantly decreased in the yoga group (p<0.01). HDL-cholesterol was decreased in both groups (p<0.05). No significant changes were observed between or within groups for triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol, glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR. Our findings show that an 8-week of yoga training improves body composition and TC levels in obese adolescent boys, suggesting that yoga training may be effective in controlling some metabolic syndrome factors in obese adolescent boys.