• Title, Summary, Keyword: Zinc nanorods

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Effects of Boron Concentration in ZnO:Al Seed Films on the Growth and Properties of ZnO Nanorods (ZnO:Al 시드 막의 보론 농도가 ZnO 나노로드의 성장 및 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Ma, Tae-Young;Park, Ki-Cheol
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.66 no.10
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    • pp.1488-1493
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    • 2017
  • Boron-doped ZnO:Al films were deposited by rf magnetron sputtering. The structural and optical property variations of the films with the boron amounts were studied. ZnO nanorods were grown on $SiO_2/Si$ wafers and glass by a hydrothermal method. ~50 nm-thick boron-doped ZnO:Al films were deposited on the substrates as seed layers. The mixed solution of zinc nitrate hexahydrate and hexamethylenetetramine in DI water was used as a precursor for ZnO nanorods. The concentration of zinc nitrate hexahydrate and that of hexamethylenetetramine were 0.05 mol, respectively. ZnO nanorods were grown at $90^{\circ}C$ for 2 hours. X-ray diffraction was conducted to observe the crystallinity of ZnO nanorods. A field emission scanning electron microscope was employed to study the morphology of nanorods. Optical transmittance was measured by a UV-Vis spectrophotometer, and photoluminescence was carried out with 266 nm light. The ZnO nanorods grown on the 0.5 wt% boron-doped ZnO seed layer showed the best crystallinity.

Effects of Precursor Concentration on the Growth of ZnO Nanorods (ZnO 나노로드 성장에 미치는 전구체 농도의 영향)

  • Ma, Tae-Young
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.65 no.11
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    • pp.1835-1839
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    • 2016
  • In this study, ZnO nanorods were grown by a hydrothermal method. $SiO_2/Si$ wafers and glass were used as substrates. ~20 nm-thick ZnO thin films were rf magnetron sputtered for seed layers. The precursor was prepared by mixing zinc nitrate hexahydrate and hexamethylenetetramine (hexamine) in DI water. The concentration of zinc nitrate hexahydrate was fixed at 0.05 mol, and that of hexamine was varied between 0 mol to 0.1 mol. The reactor containing substrates and precursor was put in an oven maintained at $90^{\circ}C$ for 1 h. X-ray diffraction was carried out to analyze the crystallinity of ZnO nanorods, and a field emission scanning electron microscope was employed to observe the morphology of nanorods. Transmittance and absorbance were measured by a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Photoluminescence measurements were conducted using 266 nm light.

Annealing Effects of Seed Layers on the Properties of ZnO Nanorods (ZnO 나노로드 특성에 미치는 시드 막 열처리 영향)

  • Ma, Tae-Young;Park, Ki-Cheol
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.67 no.6
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    • pp.753-758
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    • 2018
  • We investigated annealing effects of seed layers on the properties of ZnO nanorods grown on the seed layers. ZnO nanorods were grown by a hydrothermal method. ~100 nm-thick ZnO films were sputtered on oxidized Si wafers and quartz as seed layers. The ZnO films were annealed at $400^{\circ}C$, $600^{\circ}C$, and $800^{\circ}C$, respectively. ZnO nanorods were grown at $90^{\circ}C$ for 3 hours in the mixed solution of zinc nitrate hexahydrate and hexamethylenetetramine. X-ray diffraction was carried out to estimate the crystallinity and strain of ZnO films and nanorods. A field emission scanning electron microscope was employed to observe the morphology of the films and nanorods. PL(photoluminescence) measurements were conducted with 266 nm light. It was found that the annealing of seed layers increase the growth rate of nanorods, and change compressive strain of nanorods to tensile strain. The intensity of PL in the UV region reduced by using the annealed seed layers.

Variation of Structural and Optical Properties of ZnO Nanorods with Growing Time (성장시간에 따른 ZnO 나노로드의 구조적 및 광학적 특성 변화)

  • Ma, Tae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.29 no.12
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    • pp.841-846
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    • 2016
  • ZnO nanorods were grown on $SiO_2$ coated Si wafers and glass by the hydrothermal method. The structural and optical properties variation of ZnO nanorods as a function of growing time was studied. ~10 nm-thick ZnO thin films deposited on substrates by rf magnetron sputtering were employed as seed layers. Zinc nitrate hexahydrate (0.05 M) and hexamethylenetetramine (0.05 M) mixed in DI water were used as a reaction solution. ZnO nanorods were respectively grown for 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h, and 4 h by maintaining the reactor at $90^{\circ}C$. Crystallinity of ZnO nanorods was analyzed by X-ray diffraction, and the morphology of nanorods was observed by a field emission scanning electron microscope. Transmittance and absorbance were measured by a UV-Vis spectrophotometer, and energy band gap and urbach energy were obtained from the data. Photoluminescence measurements were carried out using Nd-Yag laser (266 nm).

Synthesis of Zinc Oxide Nano Rods, Sheet and Flower at $80^{\circ}C$ by the Sol-gel Method

  • Wahab, Rizwan;Ansari, S.G.;Kim, Y.S.;Dar, M.A.;Shin, H.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.676-677
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    • 2006
  • Synthesis of zinc oxide nanorods, sheets and flower like structure were done by the sol-gel method using zinc acetate dihydrate and sodium hydroxide at $80^{\circ}C$ with 12 hours refluxing time nanorods, in case of as synthesized powder, with diameter of 20-60nm. Annealing at higher temperature (300 and $500^{\circ}C$,) in air ambient changes the morphology to sheet and flower like structure. The standard peak of zinc oxide was observed in IR at $523cm^{-1}$. The UV-VIS spectroscopy of zinc oxide shows a characteristic peak at 375nm.

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High aspect ratio Zinc Oxide nanorods for amorphous silicon thin film solar cells

  • Kim, Yongjun;Kang, Junyoung;Jeon, Minhan;Kang, Jiyoon;Hussain, Shahzada Qamar;Khan, Shahbaz;Yi, Junsin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.235.2-235.2
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    • 2015
  • The front transparent conductive oxide (TCO) films must exhibit good transparency, low resistivity and excellent light scattering properties for high efficiency amorphous silicon (a-Si) thin film solar cells. The light trapping phenomenon is limited due to non-uniform and low aspect ratio of the textured glass [1]. We present the low cost electrochemically deposited uniform zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods with various aspect ratios for a-Si thin film solar cells. Since the major drawback of the electrochemically deposited ZnO nanorods was the high sheet resistance and low transmittance that was overcome by depositing the RF magnetron sputtered AZO films as a seed layer with various thicknesses [2]. The length and diameters of the ZnO nanorods was controlled by varying the deposition conditions. The length of ZnO nanorods were varied from 400 nm to $2{\mu}m$ while diameter was kept higher than 200 nm to obtain different aspect ratios. The uniform ZnO nanorods showed higher haze ratio as compared to the commercially available FTO films. We also observed that the scattering in the longer wavelength region was favored for the high aspect ratio of ZnO nanorods and much higher aspect ratios degraded the light scattering phenomenon. Therefore, we proposed our low cost and uniform ZnO nanorods for the high efficiency of thin film solar cells.

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Surface Modification of Zinc Oxide Nanorods with Zn-Porphyrin via Metal-Ligand Coordination for Photovoltaic Applications

  • Koo, Jae-Hong;Cho, Jin-Ju;Yang, Jin-Ho;Yoo, Pil-J.;Oh, Kyung-Wha;Park, Ju-Hyun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.636-640
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    • 2012
  • We modify ZnO nanorods with Zn-porphyrin to obtain the improved characteristics of energy transfer, which is further investigated for the applicability to photovoltaic devices. A nitrogen heterocyclic ligand containing a thiol group is covalently grafted onto the surface of finely structured ZnO nanorods with a length of 50-250 nm and a diameter of 15-20 nm. Zn-porphyrin is then attached to the ligand molecules by the mechanism of metalligand axial coordination. The resulting energy band diagram suggests that the porphyrin-modified ZnO nanorods might provide an efficient pathway for energy transfer upon being applied to photovoltaic devices.

Influence of RTA treatments on optical properties of ZnO nanorods synthesized by wet chemical method

  • Shan, Qi;Ko, Y.H.;Lee, H.K.;Yu, J.S.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.190-190
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    • 2010
  • Zinc oxide is the most attractive material due to the large direct band gap (3.37 eV), excellent chemical and thermal stability, and large exciton binding energy (60 meV). Recently, ZnO nanorods were used as the high efficient antireflection coating layer of solar cells based on silicon (Si). In this reports, we studied the effects of rapid thermal annealing (RTA) treatment on optical properties of ZnO nanorods. For fabrication of ZnO nanorods, there are many methods such as hydrothermal method, sol-gel method, and metal organic chemical vapor deposition method. Among of them, we used the conventional wet chemical method which is simple and low temperature growth. In order to synthesize the ZnO nanorods, the ZnO films were deposited on Si substrate by RF magnetron sputtering at room temperature and the samples were dipped to aqua solution containing the zinc nitrate and hexamethylentetramines (HMT). The synthesis process was achieved in keeping with temperature of $90-95^{\circ}C$ and under constant stirring. The morphology of ZnO nanorods on glass and Si was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. For the analysis of antireflection performance, the reflectance and transmittance were measured by spectrophotometer. And for analyzing the effects of RTA treatment on ZnO nanorods, crystalline properties were investigated by X-ray diffraction measurements and optical properties was estimated by photoluminescence spectra.

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Influence of Sn Doping on Structural and Optical Properties of Zinc Oxide Nanorods Prepared Via Hydrothermal Process

  • Park, Hyunggil;Kim, Younggyu;Ji, Iksoo;Kim, Soaram;Kim, Jin Soo;Son, Jeong-Sik;Leem, Jae-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.203.2-203.2
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    • 2013
  • Hydrothermally grown ZnO nanorods were synthesized with various Sn contents on quartz substrates, ranging from 0 to 2.5 at% in increment 0.5 at%. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ultraviolet (UV)- visible spectroscopy were used to determine the effect of Sn doping on the structural and optical properties. In the SEM images, the nanorods have hexagonal wurzite structure and the diameter of the nanorods increase with increase in the Sn contents. The optical parameters of the Sn-doped ZnO nanorods such as the absorption coefficients, optical bandgaps, Urbach energies, refractive indices, dispersion parameters, dielectric constants, and optical conductivities were gained from the transmittance and reflectance results. In the PL spectra, the NBE peaks in the UV region decrease and blue-shift with increase in the Sn contents. In addition, the DLE peaks in the visible region of the nanorods shift toward low-energy region when the ZnO nanorods doped with various Sn contents.

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Fabrication of Double-layered ZnO Nanostructures by an Aqueous Solution Growth (수용액 합성법에 의한 ZnO 이중 나노구조물의 합성)

  • Chae, Ki-Woong;Kim, Jeong-Seog;Cao, Guozhong
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.596-601
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    • 2009
  • Double-layered ZnO nanostructures have been synthesized by aqueous solution method on (001) plane of ZnO nanorod. A stepwise changing of aqueous solution concentration gave rise to a new nano-structured layer consisting of either multiple of nanorods or nanowires with much smaller radii than that of the ZnO nanorod on which the new layer was grown. As the first step the ZnO nanorods have been grown to have the (001) preferential orientation in the aqueous solution consisting of 0.1M zinc nitrate and 0.1 M HMT. This preferentially aligned ZnO nanorods have been regrown in either a less diluted solution of 0.01M zinc nitrate and 0.01 M HMT or a more diluted solution of 0.005M zinc nitrate and 0.01 M HMT. A new nano-layer consisting of numerous aligned nanorods or nanowires has been produced on the (001) planes of ZnO nanorods. The growth mechanism for this double layered ZnO nanostructure is ascribed to the (001) polar surface energy instability and inhibition of (001) plane growth due to the step-wise change of aqueous solution concentration; ZnO nuclei formed on the (001) plane grow preferentially in (010) plane instead of (001) plane to reduce the total surface energy. Surface area of ZnO nanostructure can be increased in orders of magnitudes by forming a new layer consisting of smaller nanorods/nanowires on (001) plane of ZnO nanorods.