• Title, Summary, Keyword: Zoning

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From Progressiveness to Exclusiveness - Appearance and Evolution of the U.S. Zoning System - (혁신에서 배제로 - 미국 용도지역제의 등장과 진화 -)

  • Kim, Heungsoon
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 2018
  • This study discusses that the US zoning system came from "progressive movement" in the early 20th century. The US progressive movement was closely related with the scientific management movement in terms of efficiency. In that context, the ontological significance of zoning is found in realizing public interests by blocking external effects based on the value-neutral expertise. Another aspect of the US zoning system is the political one. It is closely related to progressive movement in common with efficiency. The zoning system was introduced as a measure to prevent the racial and class mixture resulting from the influx of immigrants. Today, the racial aspect of zoning is succeeded to exclusionary zoning. This study examines the fact that exclusive interests of US mainstream society have served as more important background than the fundamental aspect preventing external effects in the introduction and evolution of the zoning system.

Mineralogical Characteristics and Formation Processes of Zonal Textures in Hydrothermal Epidote from the Bobae Sericite Deposit (보배 견문모 광상에서 산출하는 녹염석의 누대구조의 특징과 발달과정)

  • 추창오
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.437-446
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    • 2001
  • Zoned epidotes formed by the propylitic alteration of the Bobae sericite deposit in western Pusan show complex compositional zoning patterns, such as multiple growth zoning, oscillatory zoning, patchy zoning and irregular zoning. The complex zoned epidote, in general, shows AI-rich cores and Fe-rich rims. Pistacite component (Ps) in the epidote ranges from 18.5 to 74.3 mot.%. Remnant textures in multiple growth zoning indicate that the earlier zone was partially resorbed prior to growth of later one. Multiple growth zoning and oscillatory zoning suggest that hydrothermal system underwent rapid changes and fluctuations in fluid chemistry, redox condition, or temperature.

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A Study on the Guideline of Zoning Classification (용도지역 세분화의 기준에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Won-Geun;Moon, Suk;Eo, In-Jun
    • Journal of The Korean Digital Architecture Interior Association
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.26-35
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    • 2004
  • The study is to provide the guidelines for the classification of residential zoning System in Seoul which reflect district characteristics. To this end, we first identify the problems the residential areas of Seoul are facing, and set up the policy goals and guidelines for refinding the zoning system for residential areas. Also, this study reviewed density control in he classification of residential zoning system, based on the guidelines of density, which included height, ratio of total floor to ground area, and land distribution.

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A data modelling for the inconsistency resolving on zoning data (용도지역. 지구 자료간 불부합 해결을 위한 데이터모델링에 관한 연구)

  • 최병남;김대종;이권한
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2000
  • Zoning data such as national land use planning map, urban land use planning map, agricultural promotion zoning ap, forest land zoning map has a relationship each other in law and spatial context. But difficulties in data share and the lack of accuracy of manual work makes serious inconsistence son zoning data relationship. This causes many trial and error in land use. For resolving this problem the data modellingmethod is presented as a technical solution.

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Establishment and Application of Computer-Assisted Environmental Information System for Land Use Zoning and Environmental Analysis of Natural Park (자연공원의 환경분석 및 용도지역설정을 위한 전산환경정보체계의 수립과 적용)

  • Lee, Myung-Woo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.39-55
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    • 1993
  • The importance of urban and regional natural park increases because of the needs for preserving the natural resources and providing with natural recreation space in nature. This planning of natural park management should be established based on the research of the various natural resources in the park. But for the lack of effective data synthesizing methods and concepts, only some restricted factors for zoning plan are considered even though GIS computer system for large complex simulation is used. Therefore, in this study three ecological zoning models such as Basic Factor Model (BFM), Visual Landscape Model (VLM) and Comprehensive Ecological Model (CEM) are proposed and applied to Byounsan Peninsula Nature Park(BPNP) for comparison with the current natural park zoning. The BFM has three components -elevation, slope and vegetation. The VLM has applied with six components -elevation, slope, vegetation, road type, and the visual distance. Finally the CEM's modelling factors have included all of BFM, VLM components are added with the land use type, nature and historic resource factors. The zoning concept of BPNP was based on "Minimization" focused on the specific factors. But introduced modelling concept is "Optimization" based on the total ecological environment. So the result of the modelling has larger area for preservation and development zoning compared with the current zoning whose characteristics are ambiguous which allows the environmental destruction. The future study issues will be the determination of the weighting factor, component reconsideration based on the ground truth data and the agriculture residential area zoning.

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A Study on the Phenomenon of Natural Zoning under COL Storage Policy

  • Lim, Sang-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.127-134
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    • 1992
  • In this paper, we first examine the stochastic behavior associated with storage/retrieval process under COL policy, and give analytical results such as the limiting distributions of the number of items in the system and the expected travel distance. We also investigate the phenomenon of natural zoning, that is, the tendency of similar items to group themselves together, when two types of items with different turnover rates are stored and retrieved. Natural zoning refers to this grouping occurring under the seemingly unbiased policy COL. We show that zoning can occur naturally with batch arrivals to the storage system.

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A Case Study on the Rural Zoning System of Local Government in Japan (일본 장야현 송천촌(長野縣 松川村)의 농촌토지이용조정제도)

  • Yoon, Won-Keun
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.341-355
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to introduce the case of advancement of rural zoning system in a local government of Japan. The Matzgawa county, one of the local governments in Japan, sets up a new zoning system which advanced in using rural resources. In order to develop and revitalize rural region, it is necessary to use all kinds of rural resources, including agricultural as well as non-agricultural resources comprehensively. Also, the classification of agricultural land use should be reformed. The zoning on rural land should be changed to include not only agricultural use but also non-agricultural use, so as to manage comprehensively agricultural land use and its conversions. Furthermore, the land use regulation should be applied to each zone of the agricultural land.

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The Economic Effects and Operating Characteristics of the Outdoor Unit in Accordance with Zoning Plan of Gas Engine Driven Heat Pump Installed in the University Building (대학 건물에 설치된 가스엔진구동 히트펌프(GHP) 실외기의 조닝 계획에 따른 운전 특성과 경제적 효과)

  • Park, Kang-Hyun;Kim, Su-Min
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.70-76
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze of the operating characteristics of the Gas engine driven Heat Pump(GHP) and to reduce maintenance costs through the most Economical plan. As the zoning modifications that have economic effects were confirmed. Applications should be made with a similar purpose of the space. The combination of a modified space has led to reduced operating hours of the outdoor unit. The reduction of the outdoor unit operating hours, reducing maintenance costs accordingly. When analyzed at six years have elapsed, the amount of savings through zoning modifications is more than an additional construction cost. During the design phase, cost-effective operation of the GHP is required for the proper zoning plan.

Historical Review on the Characteristics of Specialized and Mixed Land Uses of Korean Zoning System - From Chosun Planning Ordinace of 1934 to City Planning Law of 1962 (우리나라 용도지역제의 용도순화 및 용도혼합 특성에 관한 역사적 고찰 - 조선시가지계획령에서 도시계획법에 이르기까지 -)

  • Jun, Chae-Eun;Choi, Mack Joong
    • Journal of the Korea Planners Association
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    • v.53 no.6
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    • pp.5-18
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    • 2018
  • While the zoning system has been developed based on the rationale of separated and specialized land uses to prevent negative externalities in the modern industrial era, the emergence of office-based new industries in the post-industrial era rather encourages mixed land uses to create agglomeration economies. This study aims to find historical basis to justify the reform of zoning system to promote both specialized and mixed land uses. When the zoning system was first introduced in Japanese colonial period by Chosun Planning Ordinance enacted in 1934, Special District within Manufacturing Area, and later within Residential, Commercial, and Mixed Areas respectively was institutionalized for specialized land uses, though it was not actually designated. When City Planning Law was enacted in 1962, Special District was substituted by Exclusive Areas (Exclusive Residential Area, Exclusive Manufacturing Area). Meanwhile Undesignated Area was designated for mixed land uses by Chosun Planning Ordinance, and later it was converted mostly into Mixed Area and partially into Green Area. Finally Mixed Area was substituted by Semi-Areas (Semi-Residential Area, Semi-Manufacturing Area) by City Planning Law in 1962. These demonstrate that Korean zoning system needs to revive the tradition that clearly promoted both specialized and mixed land uses.

A Study on the Applied Zoning System for the Preventing Reckless Developments due to Industrial Facility Construction -A Case Study on Hwasung- (공장 및 제조장 난개발 방지를 위한 지구제 적용방안에 관한 연구 -화성시를 사례로-)

  • Kim, Chul-Hong;Lee, Won-Young;Choi, Hyung-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.45-57
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    • 2002
  • This study aims to suggest the applied zoning system for preventing reckless developments due to individual industrial facility construction. According to the types of reckless developments which has been found in Hwasung, the applied zoning system including 4 kinds of districts can be proposed. Collective Inducement District can be designated to where many industrial facilities have already existed with poor infrastructure, and the other districts such as Residential Area Protection District, Reservoir-Around and Agricultural Area Protection District, or Landscape Protection District may be designated to the sites where reckless developments due to individual industrial facility construction may happen. This zoning system seems to be used as a guideline of new zoning of revised NLUPL(National Land Use and Plan Law) after the execution.