• 제목, 요약, 키워드: abuse experiences

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노인의 노인학대 경험 (A Study about Elder Abuse Experiences of Elderly People)

  • 소희영;김현리;정미연
    • 재활간호학회지
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.120-129
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to explore elderly people's elder abuse experiences, and the relations between the abuse experiences (direct and indirect) and their level of activities of daily living, family relations and self-integrity. Method: A descriptive survey was conducted, and the participants were 108 elderly people. Data were analyzed using SPSS by descriptive statistics and t-test. Result: It was that indirect abuse experiences of the elder was higher than direct abuse experiences. In this research, the most common kind of direct elder abuse was 'psychological abuse and negligence', and the severity was low. The largest portion of indirect abuse experiences belonged to 'physical abuse and negligence', and the severity was high. The older people who had direct abuse experiences showed lowered self-integrity and serious family problems and stress. Conclusion: The experiences of elder abuse showed differences in family relations and self integrity. Hence, there should be a nursing intervention improving psycho-social factors such as self integrity and family relations, and systematic and easily available supporting organizations for victims of elder abuse.

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학대피해경험이 자아탄력성에 미치는 영향 -사회적 지지의 조절효과를 중심으로- (Impacts of Abuse Damage Experiences on Ego-Resilience -Moderating Effects of Social Support-)

  • 이조경;백순희
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.102-115
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 중학생 청소년의 학대피해경험이 자아탄력성에 미치는 영향과 사회적 지지의 조절효과를 살펴보았다. 이를 위하여 부산시내 중학생 1, 2, 3학년 568명을 대상으로 조사하여 분석하였다. 먼저 청소년의 피학대경험은 자아탄력성에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 구체적으로 학년이 낮을수록 그리고 학대피해 경험이 없을수록 자아탄력성은 증가하였다. 두 번째, 청소년의 피학대경험이 자아탄력성에 미치는 영향에서 사회적 지지는 조절효과를 가는 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 결과를 중심으로 학대피해 청소년의 부정적 경험에도 불구하고 자신의 환경과 상황을 이겨낼 수 있는 힘이라고 할 수 있는 자아탄력성을 높이기 위하여 가정, 학교, 지역사회와 국가의 사회적 지지 방안을 제언하였다.

남편살해 여성의 아내학대 경험에 대한 분석 (Analysis of Wife Abuse Experiences of Women Who Killed their Husbands)

  • 김영희;변수정
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.44 no.9
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    • pp.61-76
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the abuse experience from husbands among women who killed their husbands and the husbands' characteristics, and the women's own characteristics consisting of the emotional climate in the family of origin, self-esteem and social support. The major findings were as follow. First, the subjects were divided into two groups according to the level of wife abuse experience: non-abuse group and abuse group. Second, in terms of the husbands' characteristics which consisted of economic capacity and alcohol problem, there were statistically significant group differences between non-abuse and abuse groups. Third, the women in the abuse group, compared to those in the non-abuse group, had a tendency to perceive that they received maltreatment, physical punishment, and indifference and rejection from their family of origin. However, there was no significant difference between the non-abuse and abuse groups in emotional support the women received from their family. Fourth, as for the women's characteristics consisting of self-esteem and social support, the women of both groups showed no significant difference in self-esteem, while the women in the abuse group perceived that they received a level of social support relatively lower than those in the non-abuse group.

청소년의 행동 및 어머니의 양육태도와 아동학대와의 관계 (A Correlational Study of Adolescents Behavior and Mothers Childrearing Attitude with Child Abuse Experience of the Adolescents)

  • 이꽃메;안혜영
    • 지역사회간호학회지
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.786-794
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate how adolescents' behavior is correlated with child abuse they experience, and how childrearing attitude of mothers perceived by the adolescents is correlated with child abuse experience by the adolescents. Method: A convenient sampling strategy was used. A total of 160 adolescents participated in this study. Of the 160 responses, 116 were used for final analysis. The data were analyzed using K-YSR program and SPSSWIN. Result: The results were as follows. Mild child abuse experiences reported by the subjects were Throwing the object at me (12.9%, N = 15), Clutching and pushing (12.9%, N = 15), and Slapping on the cheek (14.7%, N = 17)'. Severe child abuse experiences reported by the subjects were Kicking, pounding and biting (10.3%, N = 10), Rod, stick, belt, broom beating using various objects (41.4%, N = 38), and Beating all over the body (6.7%, N = 8). Very severe child abuse experiences reported by the subjects were Burning with cigarette (0.4%, N = 1), Threatening me with objects such as a knife, a hammer, an axe, or a gimlet (0.8%, N = 2). Injuring me with the objects (0.4%, N = 1), and Hospitalized by belting (0.4%, N = 1). In terms of correlations among the main study variables, physical child abuse had significant positive correlations with externalizing problem (r=.271, p=.001) and total behavioral problem (r=.288, p=.002). Physical child abuse also had a significant positive correlation with authoritarian childrearing attitude of mother (r=.363, p=.000). Physical child abuse had significant negative correlations with mothers affectionate childrearing attitude (r=-.191, p=.050) and active participative childrearing attitude (r=-.101, p=.035). Conclusion: Mothers childrearing attitude is a salient factor for preventing child abuse. In addition, child abuse is an important factor for preventing adolescent's behavioral problem.

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아내학대 피해자의 경험에 관한 연구 (Victims' Experiences of Wife-Abuse)

  • 이은주
    • 여성건강간호학회지
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.250-267
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    • 1997
  • The wife-abuse is a seriously threatening factor with victim's wellbeing and health. This study was performed to analyze the victims' experiences of wife-abuse to prepare the basis of nursing intervention for them. The participants of study were 96 women who counseled with W counselling center for wife-abuse from January 1996 to August 1997 in Cheju. Data were gathered through the unstructured interviews(telephone, face-to-face and letter) by trained 3 members of the center. The collected data were analyzed to reveal the characteristics of wives and husbands, the modes of wife-abuse, the influences of abuse to wives and the coping styles of wives. The modes of wife-abuse were analyzed and classified using the power and control wheel model of Pence et al. The results of study unveiled that the wife-abuse behaviors were used to control the wife physically, sexually, economically, and psychologically and to maintain the abuse situation. We have to understand the dominant regime of our society, ie the patriarchy that controls the women's labor power, production power and personality, to approach the victims' of wife-abuse and to provide the proper nursing interventions for them.

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아동기 학대경험과 청소년의 자살생각 간의 관계 : 수치심과 친구관계의 매개효과를 중심으로 (Effects of Abusive Experiences on Adolescent's Suicidal Ideation : Focusing on Mediating Effects of Shame-proneness and Friendships)

  • 김은경;이정숙
    • 한국가정관리학회지
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2008
  • This study aimed to assess the roll of various abusive factors on suicide thoughts. In particular, the effects of negligence, physical and emotional abuse, as the subordinate variables of abuse, were examined on suicide ideation. In addition, the mediation effects of shame-proneness and friendships were also investigated. To achieve these specific objectives, subordinate dimensions of abuse such as negligence, physical abuse and emotional abuse were measured for 277 male and 275 female students from Seoul middle schools using a measurement tool. Specifically, experiences of being abused and neglected, the level of suicide thoughts using scale for suicidal ideation (SSI), the level of shame-proneness and friendships using personal feelings questionnaire-2(PFQ-2), and schoolmate relationships were measured using a questionnaire. Analysis of collected data revealed that while suicide thoughts showed significant positive relationship with abuse and shame-proneness, there was a significant negative relationship between suicide thoughts and friendships. In particular, negligence, physical abuse and emotional abuse had significant effects on suicide ideation, while emotional abuse had the greatest effect on suicide ideation. Shame-proneness and friendships partially mediated abuse and suicide thoughts. The findings of this study have contributed to understanding of factors related to suicide thoughts. In particular, the mediation effects of shame-proneness and friendships have been highlighted.

의과대학 교육 과정에서 아동학대 교육의 요구도 (Requests for Child Abuse Education in Medical School Curricula)

  • 양수진;김선영;김웅장;김향화;김재민;김성완;신일선;윤진상
    • 소아청소년정신의학
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.38-42
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : This study aimed to examine current educational experiences, knowledge, intention to report, and requests for child abuse education in medical interns. Methods : A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2006 and 2007. The study sample consisted of 193 medical interns who served their internships at the university hospital. They answered 11 self-administered questionnaires related to child abuse. Results : Although respondents indicated a strong will to assist in eradicating abuse of children, about 90% had no educational experiences and knowledge of child abuse. Ignorance was a major factor for low reported cases of abused children. The preferred nominated reporting agency for child abuse was the National Child Protection Agency in 47.9% of female respondents, while 48.3% of males nominated Police Stations as their preferred option. In relation to sexual abuse, Police Stations were the preferred reporting agency by 49.2% of males and 37.0% of females. Medical school curricula were chosen by the majority of interns as the most appropriate stage where child abuse education should be introduced. Conclusion : This study found that medical graduates had limited experience and knowledge related to child abuse. The medical school curricula for child abuse needs to be further developed, implemented, and evaluated when appropriate.

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청소년의 학대경험이 자살생각에 미치는 영향: 자아존중감에 의해 조절된 우울 및 불안의 매개효과 분석 (Effect of Adolescents' Abuse Experience on Suicidal Ideation: Focused on Moderated Mediation Effect of Self-esteem on Depression and Anxiety)

  • 김지영;이경희
    • 대한간호학회지
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.752-760
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating mediation effect of self-esteem on the relations among adolescents' abuse experiences, depression and anxiety, and suicidal ideation. Methods: The participants were selected using secondary data from a population in the 2012 Korea Welfare Panel Survey (KOWEPS). Data were analyzed using SPSS 15.0 and SPSS Macro, and bootstrapping and hierarchical regression analysis were performed to analyze multilevel models. Results: First, analysis of the mediating effect of the adolescents' abuse showed that there was significant mediating influence between suicidal ideation and depression and anxiety. Second, hierarchical regression analysis showed that self-esteem had significant mediation effect on depression and anxiety in adolescents' suicidal ideation. Third, SPSS Macro showed that self-esteem also significantly moderated the mediating effect of adolescents' abuse experiences on suicidal ideation through depression and anxiety. Conclusion: The study results suggest that in future research on adolescent's abuse experience, the risk of suicide in depression and anxiety scores should be selected through evaluation of each individual's self-esteem scale. Coping strategies with immediate early intervention should be suggested.

아동성학대의 실태와 관련변인 -지방대도시 청년기여성의 경험을 중심으로- (A study on the child sexual abuse and related variables -focused on experiences of female adolescents in metropolitan areas-)

  • 유가효
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.221-239
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    • 1995
  • Using a nonclinical sample of 566 female students, this study examines the frequency and the severity of child sexual abuse in Taegu area. It also analyzes the factors that determine the probability of experiencing both contact and noncontact forms of the abuse. The results show that children from low socio-economic status tend to experience severe types of contact abuse while children from higher socio-economic status ten to experience severe types of contact abuse while children from higher socio-economic status are likely to be exposed to noncontact abuse. The growing place in the childhood also affects the victimization to noncontact and contact abuse differently. The absence of the biological parents significantly contributes to the occurrence of contact abuse, but have no impact on the noncontact abuse. However, the closeness of the family members and frequent communication reduce the rates of both contact and noncontact abuse substantially.

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노인의 존엄성에 대한 노인요양시설 간호사의 인식과 경험 (The Nurses' Perceptions and Experiences on the Older Adult's Dignity in Nursing Homes)

  • 김기경
    • 간호행정학회지
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify nurses' perceptions on the older adult's dignity, and identify the risk factors that threaten older adult dignity and nurses' experiences of ethically difficult care in nursing homes. Method: Qualitative content analysis was done using an analysis scheme developed by the investigators. The data were collected from 51 nurses in 10 different nursing homes, who have agreed this study. Using a self-completion questionnaire was developed by the authors. The questionnaire which consisted of 3 items about dignity definitions, risk factors, and experiences on ethical dilemma. Results: The scheme consisted of 14 categories and 33 subcategories of the 261 significant statements. The categories of the dignity perception analyzed were respect, social right and equality. The categories of risk factors analyzed were loss of control, abuse, physical restraint, invasion of privacy, decision limitation and staff qualification. The categories of dignity experiences were abuse, physical restraint, invasion of privacy, staff qualification and decision limitation. Conclusions: This study may suggests interpretation for compromised older adult's dignity and provides data to use in the development of the useful guidelines and educational programs for the nurses in nursing homes.

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