• Title, Summary, Keyword: abuse experiences

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The Relationships between Damage Factors of Elder Abuse and Symptom Factors of Mental Health Problems using Multi-Variable Analysis

  • Park, Hwieseo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 2015
  • This study is to suggest the theoretical and practical implications by analysing the relationships between damage types of elder abuse experience and symptom types of mental health. For this study, I sampled 270 of the elders who has been abused and received council services for the aged. The results of this study showed that the relationships between damage types of elder abuse experiences and symptom types of mental health are significant. This study suggested some theoretical and practical implications on the base of the analytical results.

A Study of Developing the Policies Addressing the Elder Abuse : Focus on the Laws and Programs Addressing Elder Abuse in the United States (노인학대 관련 정책 개발을 위한 일 고찰 : 미국의 노인학대 관련법과 서비스 정책을 중심으로)

  • Woo, Kug-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.44
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    • pp.209-231
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    • 2001
  • Recently, child abuse is mentioned in revised Child Welfare Law, on the other hand, elder abuse is not yet recognized as a social problem and little addressed in the field of social service. Like this, elder abuse has gotten less public and professional attention than other areas within the family abuse field. Despite the lack of attention to elder abuse, the number of elder abuse reports and incidents is likely to increase in the future. Based on the recognition that current effort and approach to elder abuse is not appropriate, this study attemped to briefly review laws and programs addressing elder abuse in the United States which have shaped in other contries. In the United States where various laws and programs that address elder abuse exit, there are incresing arguments that addressing elder abuse in the area of social service rather than in the criminal justice systems is more desirable. Because the most common form of elder abuse is not physical abuse but neglect including self-neglect. Self-neglect and neglect caused by caregivers' burden can not be addressed through criminal justice systems appropriately. From these experiences of the United States, the implications for policy, programs, and practice aimed at intervening elder abuse were discussed.

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Self-respect Moderating Effects on Adolescents with Emotional Problems due to Neglect and Abusive Experiences (방임 및 학대경험이 청소년의 정서문제에 미치는 영향에 대한 자아존중감 조절효과)

  • Kim, Sug-Hyang;Kim, Hyung-Mo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.26-36
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the self-respect moderating effect on adolescents with emotional problems because of neglect and abusive experiences. The results are as follows: First, the level of abusive experiences was higher than that of neglect in adolescents. General characteristics including genders and individual family situations were found to be the influences causing emotional problems in adolescents. Second, adolescents with high levels of neglect and abuse experienced high levels of depression, social anxiety, aggression and physical symptoms. Third, even though self-respect did not have a strong moderating effect on the emotional problems of adolescents who suffered neglect and abuse, there was a difference between the abuse experience and the emotional problem in the inclination test results for the high and low group based on the average of the self-respect of the respondents. The results of this study suggest that the need for a stronger variable to reduce the negative emotional state among adolescents experiencing neglect and abuse is related to emotional problems.

Narratives of Innocent Child Care Teachers' Experiences of Being Suspected of Abusing Children (아동학대 의심자로서 보육교사의 경험에 대한 이야기)

  • Yun, Juyeon;Jahng, Kyung Eun;Park, Jihyun
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study is to explore and understand the experiences of innocent child care teachers who had been suspected of abusing children at child care centers. Methods: Ten innocent child care teachers who had been suspected of child abuse participated in the study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect data. Data were analyzed using Creswell's analytical framework. Results: The findings of the study are as follows. First, teachers' perceptions of CCTV were positive, while parents' mistrust in CCTV formed the teachers' negative perception of it. Second, the teachers were also withdrawn from their relationships with parents, children, and other employees in child care centers. Finally, they suffered from psychological burnout after they were suspected of child abuse. Conclusion/Implications: This study suggests that it is necessary to provide legal and institutional support to protect teachers' human rights and to prevent relationship dissolution and burnout in traumatic situations.

Nursing Students' Perceptions of Child Abuse and Factors Influencing Those Perceptions (간호대학생의 아동학대 인식 정도와 영향요인)

  • Ha, Young Ok
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.178-185
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate perceptions of child abuse and factors influencing those perceptions among nursing students. Methods: A descriptive research design was used with a convenience sample of 669 nursing students. Data was collected from September 1 to 25, 2016 using self-report questionnaires and analyzed with descriptive statistics, the t-test, analysis of variance, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis in SPSS for Windows version 21.0. Results: The mean score for perceptions of child abuse was $3.52{\pm}0.41$, and the scores by subcategory were as follows: physical abuse, $3.61{\pm}0.39$; emotional abuse, $3.54{\pm}0.53$; neglect, $3.17{\pm}0.69$; sexual abuse, $3.85{\pm}0.35$. A significant correlation was found between perceptions of child abuse and parental acceptance-rejection attitude (warmth/affection, indifference/neglect, undifferentiated rejection). The factors influencing perceptions of child abuse were gender, experiences of child abuse, and perceived parental attitudes of warmth/affection and undifferentiated rejection, which explained 5.1% of the variances. Conclusion: Based on the finding of this study, educational programs and guidelines should be developed to help nursing students improve their perceptions of child abuse.

A Literature Review on the Adolescent Substance Abuse (청소년 물질남용과 관련된 문헌 고찰)

  • Kim, Kwuy-Bun;Lee, Kyung-Ho
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.44-56
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    • 1999
  • Substance abuse, which leads to juvenile delinquency and other troubles, is one of the most serious problems for the adolescents today. The frequency of the adolescent substance abuse has been growing every year, but the effective methods to cope with the problem have not been well developed yet. The purpose of this study is to investigate into the more favorable ways by review the literature on substance abuse systematically. This study is a research based on the overview of the literature so that we may identify the present conditions of the adolescent substance abuse, its types, its problems and the nursing intervention. This literature review results in the following suggestions. Substance abuse is prevalent among the adolescents enough to be considered as one of our society's major problems. So policy makers as well as government and private agencies should recognize the seriousness of substance abuse and associated problem behaviors. Moreover, it is necessary that the adolescents should remind themselves of the seriousness of substance abuse. Once the health professionals notice the adolescents' involvement in substance abuse, they need to approach them with the parental concern in order to establish rapport with them by using tactful questions that can assess their feelings, behaviors, and experiences. The exploratory study is prerequisite to the solution of that problem. The development of the wholesome recreational programs and culture for the adolescents is also essential to prevent them from being involved in substance abuse.

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A Study of Family Relation Experiences of the Behavioral Problems of Adolescents (문제행동청소년의 가족관계경험에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Sung Bong;Hong, Dal Ah Gi;Jung, Eun Mi
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.1155-1170
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to understand the structure of family experiences of adolescent behavior problems by analyzing and integrating family experiences in the family relationships. This study intends to discover in-depth family experience by analyzing the individual meaning of family experiences from client's wording. This study was performed in phenomenological method through analyzing the actual counselling cases. The results indicated that 9 units of meaning were derived on family relationships. In the family relationship domain, desire to die or kill others, guilt and resentment, not receiving the respect, mother's ignorance and verbal abuse to father were derived as primary components. Parents-children relationships-Not understanding about his father's drunkenness and disgust, getting exhausted, untrusted parents, unidirectional attitude without communication. Sibling Relationships-younger brother or sister to work off frustration.

Childhood Emotional, Physical, and Sexual Abuse and Associations With Mental Health and Health-Risk Behaviors Among University Students in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

  • Thang, Nguyen Huu;Anh, Le Viet;Peltzer, Karl;Pengpid, Supa;Low, Wah Yun;Win, Hla Hla
    • Child Studies in Asia-Pacific Contexts
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study was to retrospectively estimate the prevalence of childhood emotional abuse (CEA), childhood physical abuse (CPA), and childhood contact sexual abuse (CCSA) in relation to adult poor mental health, addictive behavior, and other health-risk behaviors among university students in five ASEAN countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam). In a cross-sectional survey, 3,240 undergraduate university students were randomly selected (M age = 20.5 years, SD = 1.6 years) to respond to a questionnaire including the Abuse section of the World Health Organization (WHO) Version 1 "Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire" (ACE-IQ) and other measures. The students reported 17.9% CEA, 28.2% CPA, and 22.4% CCSA, with the highest prevalence of CEA in Myanmar (30.9%) and CPA and CCSA in Vietnam (55.8% and 41.6%, respectively). In logistic regression models, adjusting for sociodemographic and social variables, the separate and cumulative effects of three types of child abuse (emotional, physical, and sexual) were found to increase the risks for poor adult mental health, addictive, and other health-risk behaviors.

The Effects of Adolescents' Experiences of Abuse Damage on Aggressiveness in the Convergence Era: Focused on the Mediation Effects of Resilience (청소년의 학대피해경험이 공격성에 미치는 영향: 자아탄력성의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Sug-Hyang;Kim, Hyung-Mo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.331-340
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to verify resilience's mediation effects in the effects of adolescents' experience of abuse damage on aggressiveness in the convergence era. Towards this end, this study used the 7th year data (2016) (4th grade to the first year of high school) of Korea Children & Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS). The findings of this study are as follows: First, the correlations between experience of abuse damage, aggressiveness, and resilience variables were confirmed using multicollinearity VIF values. Second, adolescent's abuse experiences significantly affected their aggressiveness. Third, the partial mediation effects of resilience were shown in the effects of adolescents' experience of abuse damage on their aggressiveness. For the verification of mediation effects' significance, the Sobel test was carried out. The findings of this study are meaningful, as this study provides empirical data. Based on the findings, this study proposed the need of resilience consolidation programs for adolescents in the practice of social welfare.

Experiences of Medication Misuse and Abuse Behaviors in Elderly People with Chronic Disease in Community (지역사회에 거주하는 만성질환 노인의 약물 오·남용행위 경험)

  • Kim, Jeong Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.791-805
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to understand the essential meanings in experiences of medication misuse and abuse behavior in elderly people with chronic disease in community. The participants were 10 patients with chronic disease over 65 ages who were selected by convenience sampling. Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews from February to May 2014, and were analyzed using Colaizzi (1978)'s phenomenological analysis method. As a results, the essential meanings and structure of medication misuse and abuse behavior experience in elderly people with chronic disease were derived into five clusters of themes as follows: 'Burden on the medications', 'Anxiety about the side effect of the medications or the disease exacerbation', 'There is no alternative other than the medications', 'Expectations of the medications effect for my criteria', 'Lack of understanding on the correct medication use'. The results of this study contributed to promoting a deeper understanding of medication misuse and abuse behaviors in elderly people with chronic disease, and provided for the basic data of strategic development for the prevention of medication misuse and abuse behaviors from the perspective of elderly people with chronic disease in community.