• Title, Summary, Keyword: abuse experiences

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The Relation among Experience of Verbal Abuse, Emotional Labor, Emotional Intelligence, Social Support and Turnover Intention of Hospital Nurses. (병원간호사의 언어폭력 경험, 감정노동, 감성지능 및 사회적 지지와 이직의도와의 관계)

  • Park, An-Na
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.29-46
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the relation among experience of verbal abuse, emotional labor, emotional intelligence, social support and turnover intention of hospital nurses. The survey was conducted with 189 hospital nurses working at general hospital in the city of S. The data was collected by using structured questionnaires as research tools from November 17, 2015 to November 27, 2015. The collected data was analyzed by using SPSS ver. 18.0 program. As a result of the correlation analysis between the nurse 's experience of verbal abuse, emotional labor, emotional intelligence, social support and turnover intention, the turnover intention of the nurse was a significantly positive correlation between the experiences of verbal abuse from the doctor, nurses, patients, and the caregiver and the emotional labor. Also, There is a significantly negative correlation between emotional intelligence and social support. In order to identify the factors influencing the turnover intention of the subjects, multiple regression analysis was performed. The statistically significant variables were emotional labor & the ER in the working department.

The Impact of Domestic-Violence Exposure Experience on Mental Health among Male and Female College Students: - Focused on the Moderating Effects of Social Support Resources - (가정폭력 노출 경험이 남녀 대학생의 정신건강에 미치는 영향 - 사회적 지지 자원의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Ju-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.131-149
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    • 2016
  • The aims of this study are to investigate the impact of the experience of exposure to domestic violence(witnessed interparental conjugal violence and child abuse) on mental health among college students, and to explore whether social support acts as a moderator between domestic violence and mental health. Through this process, I intended to provide a reference base to suggest substantial interventions for family welfare by helping students to overcome negative domestic violence exposure experiences and adapt as healthy members of society. To achieve this goal, the study established a conceptual framework by considering the mental health of adolescents with domestic-violence exposure experience as a dependent variable, domestic violence exposure experience (witnessed interparental conjugal violence and child abuse) as an independent variable, and social support as a moderator of the relationship between these two variables. The subjects composed 747 college students in 8 colleges in Seoul. The main summary of this study is as follows: First, according to the analysis of domestic-violence exposure experience, all the subjects of this study had substantial experience of violence at home and witnessed interparental conjugal violence. These students scored 3.83 points in social support, higher than the median of 3, implying that these students had a higher awareness of social support. Moreover, their mental health score was 3.50 points, which is higher than the median of 3, indicating a somewhat positive tendency toward mental health. Second, to explore the moderating effects of social support between child violence experience and mental health, gender, age, financial status, academic-performance, child abuse and social support were input in the first step, and then buffering effects were examined by entering an interaction term to the first step in the second step. There was a significant interaction between social support and mental health. Therefore, social support was identified as having moderating effects on the relationship between child violence and mental health. Third, the analysis of moderating effects of social support between witnessed interparental conjugal violence and mental health revealed that social support had a positive influence on mental health in the first step. By contrast, the interaction term of witnessed interparental conjugal violence and social support showed no significance, indicating no moderating effect of social support in the second step. To sum up, social support served as a moderator for mental health among college students with child abuse experience, but had no moderating effect on witnessed interparental conjugal violence experience.

Experiencing Coercive Control in Female Victims of Dating Violence (데이트 폭력 여성피해자의 강압적 통제 경험)

  • Kwon, Jinsook;Park, Sihyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.46-58
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    • 2019
  • Background: Dating violence refers to violence occurring between people in an intimate relationship. Forms of dating violence are often categorized into physical, psychological, and sexual violence, and most existing literature has followed this frame. However, few studies have focused on the phenomenon of living under the perpetrator's coercive control in victims of dating violence, although those experiences are known to be signs of severe forms of violence later on. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of being coercively controlled in female victims who had experienced dating violence. Method: For this study, in-depth interviews were conducted with a total of 14 female victims, and all interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. The data were analyzed using the phenomenological analysis method suggested by Colaizzi. Results: Three themes were derived in chronological order: idealizing the relationship (period of potential control), facing severer tyranny (period of coercive control), and escaping from the unending trap (period of post-control). The results showed that the victims experienced perpetrators' control with specific patterns. The perpetrators' controlling behaviors were invisible, literally benevolent, at the beginning; however, severe forms of violence seemed to appear as their relationship deepened and the perpetrators failed to control the victims. Conclusion: Findings from this study presented vivid experiences of female victims who needed help and care. Hopefully, the results can benefit in terms of developing evidence-based prevention strategies for victims as well as assessing the risks of severe forms of dating violence, such as physical attack or murder.

Youth and Their Parents' Experiences of Young Consumers' Problem in Mobile Phone Service and Related Variables (청소년과 부모가 경험한 청소년의 이동전화 서비스 소비자문제와 관련요인)

  • Yang, Deok-Soon;Song, In-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.325-341
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    • 2010
  • A study on what kind of problems young consumers experience in buying and using mobile phone services with a comprehensive and consumers oriented perspective is needed. Through this acknowledgement, we investigated (i) the degree of consumer problems that young consumers experience in purchasing and using mobile phone services, and (ii) the related variables that affect experiences of this consumer problem. The parents of the teenagers were also included in the survey because they experience the same problems young consumers' experience in buying and using mobile phone services. Data were gathered through an internet survey (www.embrain.com) and a total of 699 samples from 350 parents and 349 youths using mobile phone services were analysed. The results are as follows. First, the teenagers and parents' experience level of young consumers' problems were generally high experiencing similar kinds of problems. Second, parents experienced more young consumers' problems than the teenagers in buying and using mobile phone services, especially in misuse and abuse of the phones. Third, among the teenagers, the monthly usage fee music or game usage, the number of changes in mobile phone service operators, the number of replacement mobile phones and the gender had a significant effect on consumers' problems of mobile phone services. Among the parents, the monthly usage fee, music or game usage, confirmation of the bill, and the gender of their child were significant consumer problems. Based on results of our survey the direction of consumer policy and education was suggested for teenagers and their parents.

The Trends and Reality of Korean National Information Policy (한국정보정책의 방향과 실제)

  • 김영삼
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.23-36
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    • 1998
  • The 1995 Informatization Promotion Act was passed to advance the national quality of life and to develop national economy by promoting informatization, forming the ground of telecommunication industry, and realizing the advancement of telecommunication infrastructure. This article was written to review whether this act's purpose was being achieved by Korean government. Even if Korean informatization policy implemetation structure is strongly centralized around the Ministry of Information and Communication, Information policies are formulated and implemented among agencies. To explain this phenomenon, I suggested the following factors : (1) The Korean government's lack of informatization experiences, (2) The political abuse of information policy, (3) the conceptual rigidity on the structure of information superhighway, (4) the absence of the basic principles for electronic government, (5) the uniformed regional informatization.

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How Do Battered Women Survive with Their Children? : Phenomenology on Battered Women's Experiences (자녀를 양육하고 있는 매맞는 여성의 생존(survival)에 관한 연구)

  • Chong, Hye-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.237-263
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    • 2006
  • The recent domestic violence research has emphasized an integrated approach to wife battering and child abuse to overcome separated understanding and problem-solving alternatives of the two phenomena in the past. This phenomenological study is designed to understand struggles and dilemmas of battered women and their children related to their surviving and coping with domestic violence in a mother-child relationship. In-depth interviews were conducted with ten battered women who have children and reside in shelters in Seoul and Anyang, and were analyzed by Atlas.ti(a qualitative software program) to maximize the efficiency of data analysis. Domestic violence can be transformed into and integrated with child abuse anytime, so battered women and their children share their crises and challenges related to motherliness and filial love. However, the mutual, existential meaning embedded in the mother-child relationship can be the most important sources to mobilize their life energy and resilience in their copping efforts. The social work interventions for battered women and their children should be integrated with a premise of deep understanding of the complex realities of domestic violence victims.

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A Qualitative Study on the Sexual Violence Victims of Childhood and Adolescence (아동·청소년기에 성폭력을 경험한 피해생존자에 대한 질적연구)

  • Ju, So-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.32
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    • pp.33-68
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    • 2010
  • The aim of the present study is to understand the lived experiences of sexual violence in childhood and adolescence. Qualitative methodology, which allows us to directly meet individuals who experienced sexual violence, see their experience, and qualitatively analyze their experience was employed. More specifically, I conducted in-depth interviews with 6 woman who experienced sex abuse in their childhood and adolescence, and analyzed their experience using categorization and theme analysis methods. The key themes that were derived from the qualitative data include, 'On the day out of the ordinary; Unspeakable terror', 'Why did this kind of thing happen to me', 'Trying not to loss my senses; Unspeakable suffering, unable to speak', 'I hate myself', 'Forgetting wasn't the end; Would it be okay if I speak out' 'Becoming conscious creates more confusion', 'I know that it is not my fault', 'Internalized social norms', 'Denial of feminity', 'Confusion and recovery'. Based on these findings, I propose a practice guideline to help woman who experienced sexual abuse during childhood and adolescence, and implications for future studies.

Influences of Knowledge of Medicine on Medicine Utilization Behavior (의약품 관련 지식과 사용행태 연구)

  • 임상규;남철현
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.131-154
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to provide basic data for development of public information program and public policy which could prevent the medicine abuse in Korea, examining the level of knowledge of medicine and its related factors. Data were collected from the 2,011 residents who live in mtropolitan cities, large-sized cities, small and medium cities, and small towns The results of this study are summarized as follows. 1) In case of purchasing of medicines in pharmacy, 67.3% of the respondents chose the medicines through recommendations of the professionals such as pharmacists and doctors, while 32.7% of the respondents chose the medicine through self-judgement, advertizing, or recommendation of relative. 2) 64.7% of the respondents obtained the information on medicines through TV. It appeared to be higher in the groups of female of the twenties, the unmarred, a brother and sister threesome, highschool graduates, housewives, residents in small and medium cities, atheists, and the middle class, displaying the significant difference from the other groups. 3) 40.5% of the respondents recognized the side effect of the medicine when they took the medicine, while 34.4% did not recognize it. The rate of experience in the side effect was 39.7%. The informations on the medicine abuse and the risk of addiction were obtained through broadcast media (47.9%), publications (12.1%), and health professionals (11.6%). 4) 81.1% of the respondents experienced taking of the fatigue relieving medicine. The experience in taking of the fatigue relieving medicine appeared to be higher in the groups of the forties. the married. a brother and sister threesome. highschool graduates. persons engaging in farming, livestock raising, and forestry, the residents in small towns, and Christians. Each group displayed the significant difference from the other groups. 5) According to the level of knowledge of medicines, the respondents marked average 11.7 ± 3.76 points on the base of 24 points. It appeared to be higher in the groups of female of the twenties, a brother and sister foursome, college graduates, teachers, Catholics, and the middle class, displays the significant difference from the other groups. 6) According to the experience in taking of health medicine and health food, 81.1% of respondents had the experience in taking ‘the fatigue relieving medicine’; 72.4% ‘carrot or vegetable juice’; 69.5% ‘ginseng’; 63.0% ‘mushroom’; 42.5% ‘dog meat’; 38.0% ‘aloe’; 36.4 ‘deer antlers’; 11.4% ‘snake’; 2.0% ‘the penis of a fur seal’. 7) The factors influencing the level of knowledge of medicine include experiences in taking of the tonic, the fatigue relieving medicine, and the nutritive medicine, economic status, the number of brothers and sisters, education level, marital status, father's education level, and age. The factors influencing the experience in side effect of medicine are experiences in taking of the fatigue relieving medicine, the nutritive medicine, and the tonic, sex, age, education level, father's education level, marital status, economic status, religion, and the number of brothers and sisters. In conclusion, it is estimated that the level of knowledge of medicines is significantly low in Korea. Especially, it is found out that workmen, students, the upper class, the class of low education level, and persons engaging in farming, livestock raising, and forestry neglect importance of knowledge of medicine. Therefore, it is necessary for public authority, associations related, and health professionals to develop programs for public information and education to help people obtain basic knowledge of medicine.

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The Experiences of Sexually Abused Women with Intellectual Disability in the Ecosystems Perspective: Focused on Disabled Women Living in Residential Care Facilities (생태체계 관점에서 본 성폭력 피해 지적장애여성의 성폭력 이후의 경험에 대한 연구: 시설거주 장애인을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Ji-Hye;Kim, HeeJoo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.382-395
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    • 2017
  • This study attempted to examine how sexually abused women with intellectual disability living in residential care facilities interact with their environment, such as personal life, family and communities, and to identify contextual characteristics and needs of these women. Qualitative case study method was adopted, and data was collected through individual and intake interviews, participant observation and a survey with 11 participants residing in a residential care facility for sexually abused women with intellectual disability. The results showed that participants struggled with stresses and emotional instability affected by traumatic experiences of sexual abuse. Family was a system that sexual abused took place, while the systems of residential facilities protected them from potential dangers and violence. Work and school systems also provided them opportunities of learning and having dreams in the future. However, the community system which participants would live after discharging from the facility, had risk factors vulnerable to sexual violence against participants. In conclusion, this study suggested diverse services and programs, such as professional psychotherapy programs, integrated support programs for victim and their families and provision of professional care facilities.

Pain and Stress (통증과 스트레스)

  • Sihn, Woo-Yong;Yu, Bum-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 2007
  • Pain is subjective and greatly influenced by prior experiences, but it is real. Pain associated with an organic(objective) pathology is more easily explained and treated. However, atypical or unexplainable pain is usually a source of greater confusion and frustration. Pain may be divided into four general diagnostic categories. 1) pain with anatomic features and objective findings 2) pain with anatomic features and without objective findings 3) pain with non-anatomic features associated with stress and somatization 4) pain with non-anatomic features associated with perceived physical injury. There is a well-established relationship between emotional, physical and/or sexual abuse history and development of chronic pain. It has been suggested that the link between somatization and abuse involves a paradoxical pattern of hiding feelings and reality, while seeking acknowledgment of suffering. History of abuse may physiologically and developmentally increase a person's susceptability to pain and organic changes can be associated with psychogenic disease. Patients with chronic pain should be treated with multidisciplinary approaches including exercise, meditation, cognitive therapy, medications, and biofeedback. Cognitive therapy alters patient's cognition and management of pain and alleviates pain, especially associated with stress. Antidepressants are the most commonly used medications and pain control effects have no relation with mood changes. Biofeedback with relaxation training, exercise and meditation may also be effective in pain control.

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