• Title, Summary, Keyword: acceleration response

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Seismic Response Analysis of Freestanding Model of a Spent Fuel Storage Cask (사용후연료 저장용기 자유입상 모델의 지진응답해석)

  • 이재한;서기석;구경회;이홍영;최병일;정성환
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.58-65
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    • 2003
  • The seismic response analysis of a freestanding spent fuel storage cask model are performed for an artificial time history acceleration generated by the basis on the US NRC RG1.60 response acceleration spectrum. This paper focuses on the structural stability by seismic loads to check the overturing possibility of storage cask and the slipping displacement on bed. Parametric analyses of a simplified cask model are performed to take into account the variations in seismic load magnitude and cask/bed interface friction. The analyses results show that the storage cask has a large marginal integrity in the response acceleration and slipping distance for both design seismic and beyond design seismic loads.

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Dynamic response on tunnel with flexible segment

  • Kwak, Changwon;Jang, Dongin;You, Kwangho;Park, Innjoon
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.833-839
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    • 2018
  • Dynamic behaviour of a tunnel is one of the most important issues for the safety and it is generally subjected to the seismic response of the surrounding soil. Relative displacement occurred in tunnel lining during earthquake produces severe damage. Generally, it concentrates at the connecting area when two tunnels are connected in the ground. A flexible segment is a useful device for the mitigation of seismic loads on tunnel lining. In this study, 1-g shaking table tests are performed to investigate the acceleration response for the verification of the effect of flexible segment and to determine the optimum location of the flexible segment for connected tunnels. Four different seismic waves are considered; as a result, peak acceleration is reduced to 49% in case that flexible segment is implemented adjacent to connecting area. It also exhibited that the mitigation of acceleration response is verified in all seismic waves. Additionally, 3-dimensional numerical analysis is performed to compare and verify the results. And the numerical results show good agreement to those of the experimental study.

Extraction of bridge information based on the double-pass double-vehicle technique

  • Zhan, Y.;Au, F.T.K.;Yang, D.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.679-691
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    • 2020
  • To identify the bridge information from the response of test vehicles passing on it (also known as the indirect approach) has aroused the interest of many researchers thanks to its economy, easy implementation and less disruption to traffic. The surface roughness of bridge remains an obstacle for such method as it contaminates the vehicle response severely and thereby renders many vehicle-response-based bridge identification methods ineffective. This study aims to eliminate such effect with the responses of two different test vehicles. The proposed method can estimate the surface profile of a bridge based on the acceleration data of the vehicles running on the bridge successively, and obtain the normalized contact point response, which proves to be relatively immune to surface roughness. The frequencies and mode shapes of bridge can be further extracted from the normalized contact point acceleration with spectral analysis and Hilbert transform. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified numerically with a three-span continuous bridge. The influence of measurement noise is also examined.

A semi-active acceleration-based control for seismically excited civil structures including control input impulses

  • Chase, J. Geoffrey;Barroso, Luciana R.;Hunt, Stephen
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.287-301
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    • 2004
  • Structural acceleration regulation is a means of managing structural response energy and enhancing the performance of civil structures undergoing large seismic events. A quadratic output regulator that minimizes a measure including the total structural acceleration energy is developed and tested on a realistic non-linear, semi-active structural control case study. Suites of large scaled earthquakes are used to statistically quantify the impact of this type of control in terms of changes in the statistical distribution of controlled structural response. This approach includes the impulses due to control inputs and is shown to be more effective than a typical displacement focused control approach, by providing equivalent or better performance in terms of displacement and hysteretic energy reductions, while also significantly reducing peak story accelerations and the associated damage and occupant injury. For earthquake engineers faced with the dilemma of balancing displacement and acceleration demands this control approach can significantly reduce that concern, reducing structural damage and improving occupant safety.

Estimation of Acceleration Response of Freefall Lifeboat using FSI Analysis Technique of LS-DYNA Code (LS-DYNA 코드의 유체-구조 연성해석 기법을 이용한 자유낙하식 구명정의 가속도 응답 추정)

  • Bae, Dong-Myung;Zakki, A.F.;Kim, Hag-Soo;Kim, Joo-Gon
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.47 no.5
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    • pp.681-688
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    • 2010
  • During certification of freefall lifeboats, it is necessary to estimate the injury potential of the impact loads exerted on the occupants during water entry. This paper focused on the numerical simulation to predict the acceleration response during the impact of freefall lifeboats on the water using FSI(Fluid-Structure Interaction) analysis technique of LS-DYNA code. FSI problems could be conveniently simulated by the overlapping capability using Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian(ALE) formulation and Euler-Lagrange coupling algorithm of LS-DYNA code. Through this study, it could be found that simulation results were in relatively good agreement with experimental ones in the acceleration peak values, and that the loading conditions were very sensitive to the acceleration responses by the experimental and simulation results.

An Experimental Study on the Improvement of Turbocharger Lag by Means of Air Injection in a Turbocharged Diesel Engine

  • Choi, Nag-Jung;Oh, Seong-Mo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.951-962
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    • 2010
  • An experimental study was performed to investigate the improvement of response performance of a turbocharged diesel engine under the operating conditions of low speed and fast acceleration. In this study, the experiment for improving the low speed and acceleration performance is performed by means of injecting air into the intake manifold of compressor exit during the period of low speed and application of a fast acceleration from low speed. The effects of air injection into the intake manifold on the response performance were investigated at various applicant parameters such as air injection pressure, accelerating rate, accelerating time, engine speed and load. The experimental results show that air injection into the intake manifold at compressor exit is closely related to the improvement of turbocharger lag under low speed and accelerating conditions of a turbocharged diesel engine. During the rapid acceleration period, the air injection into the intake manifold of turbocharged diesel engine indicates the improvement of the combustion characteristics and gas pressure in the cylinder. At low speed range of the engine, the effect of air injection shows the improvement of the pressure distribution of turbocharger and combustion pressure during the period of gas exchange pressure.

Comparisons of Multi Material ALE and Single Material ALE in LS-DYNA for Estimation of Acceleration Response of Free-fall Lifeboat (자유낙하식 구명정의 가속도 응답 추정을 위한 LS-DYNA 에서의 다중물질 ALE 와 단일물질 ALE의 비교)

  • Bae, Dong-Myung;Zakki, Ahmad Fauzan
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.552-559
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    • 2011
  • An interest in Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) finite element methods has been increased due to more accurate responses in Fluid-Structure Interaction(FSI) problems. The multi-material ALE approach was applied to the prediction of the acceleration response of free-fall lifeboat, and its responses were compared to those of the single-material ALE one. It could be found that even though there was no big difference in the simulation responses of two methods, the single-material and multi-material ALE ones, the latter multi-material ALE method showed a little bit more close response to those of experimental results compared to the former single-material ALE one, especially in the x- and z-direction acceleration responses. Through this study, it could be found that several parameters in the ALE algorithms have to be examined more carefully for a good structural safety assessment of FSI problems.

A Study on the Solution of Excessive Accelerations on the Bridge for Gyeongbu High-speed Railway (경부고속철도 교량의 과도한 가속도의 저감방안에 대한 연구)

  • Kwark, Jong-Won;Chin, Won-Jong;Choi, Eun-Suk;Cho, Jeong-Rae;Lee, Jung-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.477-485
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    • 2007
  • When Korean High Speed Train (KTX) runs over a high-speed railway bridge, the high-speed railway bridge gives quite large acceleration response. Local vibration at the large cross section, the impact from equally spaced sleepers, the vibration due to elastomeric bearings, and the vibration from the train itself are the causes of this acceleration response. Maximum peaks of the accelerations measured at the bridges are sometimes going over the limit value. Although it is smaller than 0.35G, the limit from the Korean Bridge Design Manual(BRDM), this acceleration response should be reduced for the safety of running trains with high speed. In this paper, to reduce the acceleration response by controlling excessive local vibration at the large cross section, vibration reduction method is studied. The result shows that the effect of elastomeric bearings on the vibration of the bridge is very large and that the vibration reduction device is effective against wing mode local vibration PSC box girder bridge for the high-speed railway, which usually has very large cross section, although it has little effect on global vibration modes such as flexural and twisting modes. The test of the vibration reduction device on the bridge in service has been performed in this study.

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Effects of diaphragm flexibility on the seismic design acceleration of precast concrete diaphragms

  • Zhang, Dichuan;Fleischman, Robert B.;Lee, Deuckhang
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.273-282
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    • 2020
  • A new seismic design methodology for precast concrete diaphragms has been developed and incorporated into the current American seismic design code. This design methodology recognizes that diaphragm inertial forces during earthquakes are highly influenced by higher dynamic vibration modes and incorporates the higher mode effect into the diaphragm seismic design acceleration determination using a first mode reduced method, which applies the response modification coefficient only to the first mode response but keeps the higher mode response unreduced. However the first mode reduced method does not consider effects of diaphragm flexibility, which plays an important role on the diaphragm seismic response especially for the precast concrete diaphragm. Therefore this paper investigated the effect of diaphragm flexibility on the diaphragm seismic design acceleration for precast concrete shear wall structures through parametric studies. Several design parameters were considered including number of stories, diaphragm geometries and stiffness. It was found that the diaphragm flexibility can change the structural dynamic properties and amplify the diaphragm acceleration during earthquakes. Design equations for mode contribution factors considering the diaphragm flexibility were first established through modal analyses to modify the first mode reduced method in the current code. The modified first mode reduced method has then been verified through nonlinear time history analyses.

Determination of seismic hazard and soil response of a critical region in Turkey considering far-field and near-field earthquake effect

  • Sonmezer, Yetis Bulent;Celiker, Murat
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.131-146
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    • 2020
  • Evaluation of earthquake impacts in settlements with a high risk of earthquake occurrence is important for the determination of site-specific dynamic soil parameters and earthquake-resistant structural planning. In this study, dynamic soil properties of Karliova (Bingol) city center, located near to the intersection point of the North Anatolian Fault Zone and the East Anatolian Fault Zone and therefore having a high earthquake risk, were investigated by one-dimensional equivalent linear site response analysis. From ground response analyses, peak ground acceleration, predominant site period, 0.2-sec and 1-sec spectral accelerations and soil amplification maps of the study area were obtained for both near-field and far-field earthquake effects. The average acceleration spectrum obtained from analysis, for a near-field earthquake scenario, was found to exceed the design spectra of the Turkish Earthquake Code and Eurocode 8. Yet, the average acceleration spectrum was found to remain below the respective design spectra of the two codes for the far-field earthquake scenario. According to both near- and far-field earthquake scenarios in the study area, the low-rise buildings with low modal vibration durations are expected to be exposed to high spectral acceleration values and high-rise buildings with high modal vibration durations will be exposed to lower spectral accelerations. While high amplification ratios are observed in the north of the study area for the near-distance earthquake scenario, high amplification ratios are observed in the south of the study area for the long-distance earthquake scenario.