• 제목, 요약, 키워드: acetic acid fermentation

검색결과 566건 처리시간 0.041초

대추 식초 음료 생산을 위한 대추 추출액 발효 조건 최적화 (Optimization of Acetic Acid Fermentation for Producing Vinegar from Extract of Jujube (Zizyphus jujuba Mill.) Fruits)

  • 조영제;민들레;한정우;이영은;최영진;임석원
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.711-718
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    • 2015
  • 대추 추출물로부터 식초를 생산하기 위한 발효공정의 최적 조건을 연구하였다. 아세트산 세균을 이용한 발효 공정의 조절 변수로 초기 세균수, 에탄올의 농도, 대추 추출물의 농도, 온도, pH를 고려하여 반응 표면 분석법을 통해 분석하였다. FCD 기반의 통계 분석을 통해, 영향이 낮은 것으로 나타난 초기 세균수와 대추 추출물의 농도는 고려요소에서 제거한 다음, 아세트산 생성과 최대 산도를 얻을 수 있는 발효 공정 최적 조건을 탐색하였다. 최대 산도와 최대 아세트산 생성 조건에 대해 각각 $R^2$값이 0.71, 0.78로 나타난 반응 표면 회기식 분석을 통해 7.69% 에탄올을 함유한 25%의 대추 추출물로부터 $21.75^{\circ}C$에서의 아세트산 발효를 통해 52.76 mg/mL의 아세트산을 생산하는 것이 최대 효율 공정으로 예측되었으며 이를 실험을 통해 검증하였다.

Production of lactic acid by Lactobacillus paracasei isolated from button mushroom bed

  • Kim, Sun-Joong;Seo, Hye-Kyung;Kong, Won-Sik;Yoon, Min-Ho
    • 한국버섯학회지
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2013
  • A galactose fermentation bacterium producing lactose from red seaweed, which was known well to compromise the galactose as main reducing sugar, was isolated from button mushroom bed in Buyeo-Gun, Chungchugnamdo province. The lactic acid bacteria MONGB-2 was identified as Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans by analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence. When the production of lactic acid and acetic acid by L. paracasei MONGB-2 was investigated by HPLC analysis with various carbohydrates, the strain MONGB-2 efficiently convert the glucose and galactose to lactic acid with the yield of 18.86 g/L and 18.23 g/L, respectively and the ratio of lactic acid to total organic acids was 1.0 and 0.91 g/g for both substrates. However, in the case of acetic acid fermentation, other carbohydrates besides galactose and red seaweed hydrolysate could not be totally utilized as carbon sources for acetic acid production by the strain. The lactic acid production from glucose and galactose in the fermentation time courses was gradually enhanced upto 60 h fermentation and the maximal concentration reached to be 16-18 g/L from both substrates after 48 h of fermentation. The initial concentration of glucose and galactose were completely consumed within 36 h of fermentation, of which the growth of cell also was maximum level. In addition, the bioconversion of lactic acid from the red seaweed hydrolysate by L. paracasei MONGB-2 appeared to be about 20% levels of the initial substrates concentration and this results were entirely lower than those of galactose and glucose showed about 60% of conversion. The apparent results showed that L. paracasei MONGB-2 could produce the lactic acid with glucose as well as galactose by the homofermentation through EMP pathway.

난지과실을 이용한 식초제조 (Vinegar Production from subtropical Fruits)

  • 김동한;이정성
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.68-75
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    • 2000
  • Optimum processing conditions for vinegar fermentation using fig, pear and persimmon were determined. Alcohol contents in the fermentatio broth of crushed fruits of fig, pear and persimmon were 7.5%, 5.1% and 6.8%, respectively. Alcohol contents increased up to 14.3~15.1% by adding 24% of sugar to the fruit juices. The total acidity of 7.04%, 3.30% and 3.66% were obtained for fig, pear and persimmon, respectively, through acetic acid fermentation of fruit juices containing 8% ethanol. Acetic acid yield increased by shaking during fermentation for pear and persimmon broth. Acetic acid yield increased 1.80~1.92 times by adding 0.5% of yeast extract to the fermentation broth of pear and persimmon. After fermentation, each fruit vinegar was clarified up to 93.1~97.4 of light transmittance by using 0.6% of kaki shibu for 4 days at 1$0^{\circ}C$. After aging for 60 days at 1$0^{\circ}C$, the acidity of fruit vinegar decreased slightly. Tannin content of persimmon vineger was remarkably higher than the other, while light absorbance of pear vinegar was higher than the other vinegars. Acetic acid was identified as the main volatile organic acid in the fruit vinegars, while propionic, isobutyric and isovaleric acids were identified as the minors. The content of non-volatile organic acids in the pear vinegar was higher than that in the persimmon vinegar. Sensory evaluation results indicate that the fig vinegar was preferred to the pear vinegar in the aspects of color, flavor and overall acceptability, but the fig vinegar had a strong background taste. Sensory scores of the persimmon vinegar increased significantly by pasteurization, but those of the fig and pear vinegars did not by pasteurization.

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1단계 유가식 배양에 의한 고산도 식초 생산 (Production of High Acetic Acid Vinegar by Single Stage Fed-Batch Culture)

  • 이영철;박민선;김형찬;박기범;유익제;안인구;손세형
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.511-512
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    • 1993
  • The production of vinegar containing high acetic acid concentration was carried in a single stage fed-batch culture. The initial and residual ethanol concentration were 50.0g/l and 5.0g/l, respectively, and the ethanol concentration was maintained from 5.0g/l to 10.0g/l during fedbatch culture. The fermentation temperature was decreased by 1C for every increase of 2.0% in acidity. The maximum productivity was 2.53g/l-hr and the acidity was 16.08% after 40 hours of acetic acid fermentation.

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Analysis of pH Change and an Automatic pH Control with A New Function:On-Line Estimation of Acetic Acid

  • Jung, Yoon-Keun;Hur, Won
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.69-72
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    • 1997
  • The pH of microbial culture medium was calculated from equations of equilibrium, meterial balances for ionic components and electro-neutrality theory. Ammonium ion consumption and Acetic acid production are found out to be the major contributors for the alteration of the pH as well as the buffer capacity of the medium. By measuring the buffer capacity on-line, levels of acetic acid were estimated by a software sensor using pH signal in a fermentation process of E.coli growing in a minimal medium. The measured values of acetic acid showed good correlation to those of estimated by the software sensor.

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무화과를 이용한 식초 제조에 관한 연구 (Studies on the Production of Vinegar from Fig)

  • 김동한
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 1999
  • Possibility of utilization of fig as a source of vinegar was tested. Alcohol fermentation was conducted by inoculation of Saccharomyces bayanus into fig juice. After 5 days of fermentation at 27oC, fig wine with alcohol content of 13.6%. Then fig vinegar was produced by cultivation of Acetobacter sp. E which was isolated from fig vinegar. Optimum concentration of alcohol, starter content and fermentation temperature for the acid production were 8~9%, 5% and 27~30oC, respectively. More acetic acid was produced by adding 0.5% of yeast extract and 0.01% of Ca pantothenate. Adjustment pH of culture broth with acetic acid and shaking cultivation method were not effective in higher yield of acid production. Addition of sulfite up to 50 ppm did not inhibit for acetic acid fermentation. Addition of 1% bentonite or 1% kakishibu was more effective for the clarification of fig vinegar than any other clarifying agents tested. During aging and racking, acidity, absorbance and tannin content of fig vinegar decreased, while redness and yellowness increased. Aged and racked fig vinegar showed higher sensory score than non aged one in the aspects of color and overall acceptability.

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Development and Metabolite Profiling of Elephant Garlic Vinegar

  • Kim, Jeong-Won;Jeong, Deokyeol;Lee, Youngsuk;Hahn, Dongyup;Nam, Ju-Ock;Lee, Won-Young;Hong, Dong-Hyuck;Kim, Soo Rin;Ha, Yu Shin
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.50-58
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    • 2018
  • Elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum var. ampeloprasum), which belongs to the Alliaceae family along with onion and garlic, has a flavor and shape similar to those of normal garlic but is not true garlic. Additionally, its properties are largely unknown, and its processing and product development have not been reported. In this study, we focused on using elephant garlic to produce a new type of vinegar, for which the market is rapidly growing because of its health benefits. First, we evaluated the effects of elephant garlic addition on acetic acid fermentation of rice wine by Acetobacter pasteurianus. In contrast to normal garlic, for which 2% (w/v) addition completely halted fermentation, addition of elephant garlic enabled slow but successful fermentation of ethanol to acetic acid. Metabolite analysis suggested that sulfur-containing volatile compounds were less abundant in elephant garlic than in normal garlic; these volatile compounds may be responsible for inhibiting acetic acid fermentation. After acetic acid fermentation, vinegar with elephant garlic did not have any sulfur-containing volatile compounds, which could positively contribute to the vinegar flavor. Moreover, the amino acid profile of the vinegar suggested that nutritional and sensory properties were more enhanced following addition of elephant garlic. Thus, elephant garlic may have applications in the development of a new vinegar product with improved flavor and quality and potential health benefits.

발효 과일식초의 대사체 분석 및 향기 특성 (Metabolome Analysis and Aroma Characteristics of Fermented Fruit Vinegar)

  • 최찬영;박은희;류수진;신우창;김명동
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.416-424
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    • 2018
  • 강원도에서 생산된 과일을 사용하여 식초를 제조하여, 초산 발효에 의하여 변화되는 주요 대사체 및 향기 성분을 조사하였다. 머루 복분자 식초에서는 초산 발효에 의하여 ${\text\tiny{L}}$-alanine의 함량 변화가 가장 크게 변화하였으며, 초산은 향기 성분 전체 함량 중 43%로 가장 높은 함량을 나타냈고, 초산 발효 후 ethyl acetate, isoamyl acetate 등의 에스테르 화합물의 함량이 증가하였다. 오미자 막걸리 식초의 경우 초산발효에 의하여 linalool, hexanoic acid 등이 생성되었고 테르펜류 화합물이 41.5%로 대부분을 차지하였다. 머루 복분자 식초의 경우와 유사하게 ${\text\tiny{L}}$-alanine의 함량 변화가 가장 큰 것으로 나타났다. 머루 복분자 식초에서는 ethyl acetate, 오미자 막걸리 식초에서는 감귤향을 내는 terpinel-4-ol, 꽃향기를 내는 ${\alpha}$-terpineol 등 테르펜류의 성분들이 각 식초의 향기 특성에 큰 영향을 나타내는 것으로 확인되었다.

2단계 발효에 의한 감식초의 성분 변화 (II) (Changes in the Components of Persimmon Vinegars by Two Stages Fermentation (II))

  • 정용진;서지형;박난영;신승렬;김광수
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.233-238
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    • 1999
  • 단감과 떫은감의 2단계 발효과정에 의해 제조된 감식초의 품질 평가를 위해 제조중 성분 변화를 검토하였다. 유리당은 단감의 경우 glucose 6.60, fructose 6.12 및 sucrose 1.74%이었으며, 떫은감의 경우에는 각각 5.63, 5.21, 0.62%로, glucose 함량이 가장 높았다. 발효기간이 경과함에 따라 유리당의 함량은 점차 감소하는 경향을 나타내었으며, 특히 glucose의 감소가 급격히 감소하였다. 감식초의 유기산은 단감과 떫은감 모두 acetic acid 함량이 가장 높았고, galacturonic, malic, citric, ascorbic acid도 미량 검출되었다. 감식초의 알콜발효시 알콜성분은 acetaldehyde, methanol, ethanol, iso-propylalcohol, n-propylalcohol, iso-butylalcohol 및 iso-amylalcohol 등 7종이 분석되었고, 알콜발효 4일까지는 모두 증가하는 경향이었으나 5일째에는 ethanol을 제외한 성분들은 다소 감소하는 경향이었다. 유리아미노산의 함량은 단감식초에서 떫은감식초에서보다 약간 높았고, 휘발성 성분은 단감의 경우에 알콜발효 후 7종, 초산발효 후 9종, 떫은감에서는 알콜발효 후 6종, 초산발효 후에는 9종의 성분이 분석되었다.

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Optimization and Evaluation of Organic Acid Recovery from Kraft Black Liquor Using Liquid-Liquid Extraction

  • Kwon, Hee Sun;Um, Byung Hwan
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.753-761
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    • 2016
  • Liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) can be used for the recovery of acetic acid from black liquor prior to bioethanol fermentation. Recovery of value-added chemicals such as acetic-, formic- and lactic acid using LLE from Kraft black liquor was studied. Acetic acid and formic acid have been reported to be strong inhibitors in fermentation. The study elucidates the effect of three reaction parameters: pH (0.5~3.5), temperature ($25{\sim}65^{\circ}C$), and reaction time (24~48 min). Extraction performance using tri-n-octylphosphine oxide as the extractant was evaluated. The maximum acetic acid concentration achieved from hydrolyzates was 69.87% at $25^{\circ}C$, pH= 0.5, and 36 min. Factorial design was used to study the effects of pH, temperature, and reaction time on the maximum inhibitor extraction yield after LLE. The maximum potential extraction yield of acetic acid was 70.4% at $25.8^{\circ}C$, pH=0.6 and 37.2 min residence time.