• Title, Summary, Keyword: achievement motives

Search Result 25, Processing Time 0.026 seconds

Correlates of Adolescent Achievement Motivation : Socioeconomic Status, Maternal Expectations and Emotional Support, and Adolescent Self-Esteem (청소년의 성취동기와 관련된 변인들 : 가정의 사회경제적 지위, 어머니의 기대 및 정서적 지지와 청소년의 자아존중감)

  • Lee, Woon-Kyung;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.43-59
    • /
    • 2005
  • A sample of 578 adolescents responded to self-report questionnaires. Results showed that parental education levels and occupation and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to maternal expectations. Adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were related to maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem. Adolescent achievement motives were positively related to parental education levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status. Maternal expectations/emotional support and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to adolescent achievement motivation. Maternal expectations played a mediating role between parental educational levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and adolescent achievement motives. Maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem played mediating roles between adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and achievement motives.

  • PDF

An Analysis of the Academic Achivement of Study Based on NCS-based Education and Learning Motives (NCS 기반 교육과 학습동기에 따른 학업성과 결정요인분석)

  • Kang, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.8 no.6
    • /
    • pp.353-359
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study analyzes the academic achievement of students how much they are related to both NCS(national competency standards)-based education from university and the learning motives(internal motive, external motive) of the students based on current university students. For this study, a survey was conducted among 200 employees and are summarized as follow. First, that both internal and external motives to study were significant to have a good effect on academic achievement of students. Second, NCS-based education to have positive effect on academic achievement.

A Study on Conspicuous Consumption and Clothing Shopping Motives according to Life Style (라이프스타일에 따른 과시소비성향 및 의류쇼핑동기에 관한 연구)

  • 이승희
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
    • /
    • v.8 no.6
    • /
    • pp.842-852
    • /
    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to classify consumer groups according to the life style dimensions and to analyze conspicuous consumption, clothing shopping motives among consumer groups, and also to clarify relationships between demographic variables and the life style, conspicuous consumption, clothing shopping motives. The subjects were 329 women in their twenties living in Seoul. For data analysis, mean, factor analysis, cluster analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test were conducted. The results were as follows ; First, consumer groups were classified into the following five subdivisions : passive group, appearance consideration/self-realization group, appearance indifference group, family oriented/economic group, achievement oriented/active group. Second, the significant differences among the classified life style groups were found in conspicuous consumption and clothing shopping motives. Third, there were significant differences in life style, conspicuous consumption, clothing shopping motives according to demographic variables like age, occupation.

  • PDF

The Effect on Academic Achievement and Science-Related Affective Domain of Elementary Students through Science Journal Writing (과학일지 쓰기가 초등학생의 과학 학업성취도와 정의적 영역에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwak, Min-Sook;Lee, Yong-Seob;Han, Young-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-12
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the effect on academic achievement and science-related affective domain of elementary students though science journal writing about the units of Science textbook of the first semester of the sixth grade. The results indicate that science-journal writing has influenced the students positively in the academic achievement of a lower group's academic achievements, in science related attitudes, 'voluntariness' and 'cooperation', in science learning motives, 'self-satisfaction for science', 'superficial strategies for science', and 'expectation for science', in fear level for science subjects, its lower fear class, 'experiment performance'. A middle group was revealed to have more positive improvement in 'cooperation' and 'perseverance', both of which were lower categories of science related attitudes, and as subgrade of science learning motives, 'self-efficiency for science' and 'expectation for science' stood out. For fear level for science subjects, the lower group gained distinctive results from 'science evaluation'.

  • PDF

The lifestyle and Clothing Purchase Behavior of Adolescents -Focused on Adolescents in Daegu- (청소년들의 라이프스타일과 의복구매행동 -대구지역을 중심으로-)

  • Park, Kwang-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
    • /
    • v.9 no.6
    • /
    • pp.637-644
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purposes of this study were to classify adolescents by their lifestyles and to investigate the differences in clothing purchase behavior among lifestyle groups. The data were obtained from questionnaire completed 341 adolescents in Daegu area. The SPSS package was used for data analysis which included frequency, factor analysis, cluster analysis, ${\chi}^2$ test, ANOVA, and Scheffe test. Lifestyles of adolescents were categorized into five factors such as clothing hedonic shopping orientation, positive activity, material orientation, frugality, digital orientation. Three clusters (achievement orientation group, ordinary group, economic orientation group) were developed by five factors of lifestyles. While the achievement orientation group had the highest purchase motives and used the most information sources, the economic orientation group had the lowest purchasing motives and used the least information sources. There were significant differences in clothing purchase frequency and average clothing expenditure among three clusters.

The Effects of Science Teaching Using ARCS Strategies on Elementary Pupils' Learning Motivation and Academic Achievement -Focused on the electric circuit unit in the 5th grade science textbook- (ARCS 전략을 적용한 과학수업이 초등학생의 학습동기와 학업성취도에 미치는 영향 - 5학년 전기회로 꾸미기 단원을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Hyeong-Cheol;Oh, Jung, Im
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
    • /
    • v.24 no.5
    • /
    • pp.539-545
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of science teaching using ARCS strategies on elementary pupils' teaming motivation and academic achievement. For this purpose, 67 children of 2 classes in the 5th grade of an elementary school were involved, and each class was assigned to experimental and comparison group. The experimental group, consisting of 33 children, were applied with the teaching method using ARCS strategies, while the comparison group, 34 children, were applied with traditional-type teaching method. The instruction effects were analyzed through pre/post-test's results using the questionnaires of loaming motivation and academic achievement. The results of this study are summarized as follows. After science lessons, it was found that the teaching method using ARCS strategies was more effective in improving learners' motives of teaming science and academic achievements than traditional instructions. And the instruction using ARCS strategies was effective to the children who were in low and middle level in academic achievement compared to those in high level.

  • PDF

Investigation on the Consciousness in Business Foundation Motives for Small Business Enterprisers in Korean Multi-Cultural Families

  • Kim, Jong-Jin;Jung, Myung-Hee
    • Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.14 no.12
    • /
    • pp.53-59
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose - The concept of lifetime job has disappeared, and men are interested in business foundation to work continuously with similar jobs. The value of business foundation is thought to be important in accordance with the viewpoint of society, government, individuals and family. Research design, data, and methodology - The economic exchange between South Korea and China has been expanded, and they are likely to play an important role in entry into China by business foundation in accordance with economic exchange between the two countries. As Korean residents inflow overseas, small businessmen business foundation shall be given attention scientifically and Korean Chinese business foundation shall be given attention as well. Results - The study investigated the effects on psychological characteristics and small business foundation motives upon business foundation will by using models. Self-efficacy and self achievement had positive influence upon small business foundation of Korean Chinese. The use of control variable had explanatory power (29.6%). Conclusions - The findings would help the government's small business foundation system to promote small business foundation and to be a guide for expansion in Korean Chinese's small business markets. An education program should be developed to strengthen Korean Chinese's self efficacy considering psychological characteristics.

Measuring Sport Tourist Motivation: Implications for Sport Tourism Distribution

  • Seo, Won-Jae;Lewin, Lyle A.;Han, Seungjin;Park, Seong-Hee;Moon, Bo-Young;Kim, Min-Soo;Moon, Bora
    • Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.49-55
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose - The purpose of this study was to develop a motivation scale for participation sport tourism and to produce implications of potential use of MSPST for sport tourism distribution emphasizing the needs of sport tourists and the functions required to satisfy those needs. Research design, data, and methodology - The Motivation Scale for Participation Sport Tourism (MSPST) was developed in three stages. A literature review generated 8 dimensions with 42-items in the first stage. Second, an expert review phase refined the initial item pool, which resulted in 35 items. Result - Exploratory factor analysis was employed to produce an 8-factor, 28 item pool. The reduced version was confirmed via structural equation modeling, indicating an acceptable model of fit. The final MSPST consisted of 8 dimensions of motivation, including friendship, family, solitude, challenges, intrinsic, achievement, nature, and competition. Conclusions - The MSPST is a valid and reliable scale of tourists' motives for participating in sports. The results supported the suggested measures of motives associated with participation sport tourism regarding construct, convergent and discriminant validity. A body of knowledge about motives provides insights for policy-makers seeking to support distributional industries for sport tourism and finally to promote economy on both regional and national levels.

The Operating Structure of Multiple Incentive Contracts : Emphasis on Structuring with the Performance Incentives (다차원 유인부 계약의 운영구조 -성과유인의 구조화를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Chung-Bon
    • Journal of the military operations research society of Korea
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.79-92
    • /
    • 1980
  • In cost-only incentive contract the emphasis is the attainment of efficient and effective cost control. In contrast multiple incentives contract correlates contractor's profit motives with the generalized government objective function, the decision variables of which are performance or quality (technical progress), time or schedule (timely development and delivery) and the cost (efficient and effective cost control) Under multiple incentive structure, it is essential to formulate the trade-off curves between cost and performance, which are called iso-fee curves. Trade-off curves depict the combination of cost and performance achievement for which the contractor will be rewarded with the same fee. The basic function of trade-off curves is to show he the contractor will be motivated by incentive arragement to trade off or sacrifice the achievement in one incentive element for the acnievment in another.

  • PDF

Factors of Korean Students' Achievement in Scientific Literacy

  • Shin, Dong-Hee;Ro, Koog-Hyang
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.21 no.5
    • /
    • pp.893-905
    • /
    • 2001
  • Korean students ranked the 3rd out of 32 participating countries in the first cycle of PISA(Programme for International Student Assessment) science field, which assessed 15-years-old students' scientific literacy. PISA developed several variables such as parents' socio-economic status, parents' educational attainment, family wealth, and cultural possession, to investigate the effects of background variables on scientific literacy. On the other hand, motivation and engagement in science study were not given much attention, partly because science was the minor area in the first cycle of PISA. Therefore, PISA Korea developed a series of variables to collect data on students' learning motives and out-of-school activities in science as a national option. The results are as followings. First, Korea was found to be one of the PISA participating countries with the scientific literacy achievement least influenced by parents' socio-economic status, family wealth, and parents' cultural possession. Second, the degree of achievement in scientific literacy according to parents' educational attainment was in a positive correlation, similar to the overall tendency of PISA. Third, the most crucial learning motive for Korean students was their desire to develop scientific thinking abilities or obtain science knowledge. On the other hand, choosing jobs in the field of science or parental expectation was the least important learning motive. In particular, the motive for scientific learning was found to have a positive relationship with the degree of scientific literacy achievement. Therefore, the higher the students achievement, the stronger the motive for scientific learning in order to develop their ability to think scientifically or acquire science knowledge. Fourth, Korean students were shown to participate very little in out-of-school scientific activities other than watching TV programs related to science. Whatever the activities may be, the more actively involved students are in out-of-school scientific activities, the higher their scientific literacy achievement. Fifth, Korean girls were rather passive compared to boys in all areas, including science learning motive and out-of-school scientific activities. The gender difference was especially more pronounced in out-of-school scientific activities with wider gaps in such activities as reading scientific books or articles and visiting science-related web sites.

  • PDF