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Seed Protein Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Soybeans collected from Southwestern Islands in Korea

  • Kwon, Byung-Sun;Shin, Jeong-Sik;Choi, Seong-Kyu
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 2002
  • The 129 soybean genotypes were collected in 43 island locations from January to May 2001. Seeds of 129 genotypes collected were analyzed for crude protein and fatty acid composition contents. The crude protein content was averaged to 41.1 % and ranged from 37.4% to 44.4%. The average palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid content were 12.0%, 4.0%, 23.2%, 55.5%, and 7.9%, and the ranges of those were 10.0% to 15.0%, 3.0% to 4.8%, 21.7% to 25.5%, 50.2% to 58.3% and 7.0% to 12.0%, respectively. Heritabiliries of palmitic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and crude protein were higher, but that of stearic acid and linolenic acid were relatively lower. The genotypic correlation coefficients between crude protein and oleic acid showed highly positive correlation, but that of linoleic acid showed highly opsitive correlation, but that of linoleic acid showed highly negative correlation and also palmitic acid, stearic acid and linolenic acid showed negative correlation.

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Synthesis of Dipeptides Containing Aminobenzylphosphonic Acid (Aminobenzylphosphonic Acid 를 포함하는 Peptide의 합성에 관한 연구)

  • Rho Man Khyun;Hong Suck In;Kim Yong Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.169-173
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    • 1975
  • Ten previously unreported dipeptides ontaining aminobenzylphosphonic acid were prepared by carbodiimide method. These are; Glycyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid, alanyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid, L-alanyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid, N-phthalyl-L-phenylalanyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid diethyl ester, N-carbobenzoxyglycyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid diethyl ester, N-carbobenzoxyalanyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid diethyl ester, N-carbobenzoxy-L-alanyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid diethyl ester, glycyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid diethyl ester hydrobromide, alanyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid diethyl ester hydrobromide and L-alanyl-dl-1-aminobenzylphosphonic acid diethyl ester hydrobromide. The first six compounds were characterized, and the last four compounds were obtained in the crude state.

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Studies on the Components of Vegetables (야채류(野菜類)의 성분(成分)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Cho, Soo-Yeul;Kim, Seuk-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.61-64
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    • 1976
  • A survey of the free amino acids and organic acids in the shoot of Phyllostachys edulis was made by means of amino acid autoanalyzer and gas chromatograph. The results of the survey are summerized as follows. 1. Eighteen amino acids found in bamboo shoot were lysine, histidine, arginine, tryptophan, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, threonine, serine, proline, glycine, alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, methionine, tyrosine and phenylalanine, and an unknown was found. Serine showed the highest amount and more than about 44% of total free amino acids. 2. Oxalic acid was the major organic acid, and formic acid, acetic acid, maleic acid, succinic acid, fumaric acid, citric acid, tartaric acid and sorbic acid were determined, and two unknown were found.

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Seed Protein Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Black Seeded Soybeans Collected From Southwestern Islands (서남해안 검정콩들의 단백질과 지방산 조성변이)

  • 권병선;신정식
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.240-243
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    • 2002
  • A total of 135 black seeded soybeans genotypes were collected in 45 island locations from January to May 2001. Seeds of 135 genotypes collected were analyzed for crude protein and fatty acid compositions. The crude protein content was averaged to be 40.75%, and was ranged from 34.70% to 44.20%. The average palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid content were 11.41%, 3.93%, 22.75%, 53.55%, and 8.35%, and the ranges of those were 9.00% to 14.40%, 2.90% to 5.00%, 22.75% to 26.50%, 50.30% to 57.20% and 6.7% to 11.20%, respectively. Heritabilities of palmitic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and crude protein were higher, but that of stearic acid and linolenic acid were relatively lower, Crude protein content was correlated positively with oleic acid content, whereas it was correlated negatively with linoleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, and linolenic acid contents.

Studies on the Fatty Acid Composition of Egg Yolk Oil. (난황유의 지방산 조성에 관한 연구)

  • 고무석;김종숙;최옥자;김용두
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.87-91
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    • 1997
  • Egg yolk oil was obtained by roasting and Pressing egg yolks of hen's egg breeding on the open bin system and the cage system, respectively. Lipids in egg yolk oil were extracted with a mixture of chloroform and methanol (2 : 1, V/V), and fractionated into neutral lipid, glycolipid, and phospholipid by silicic aicd column chromatography. Fatty acid composition of each fraction was determined by gas chromatography. The major fatty acids of total lipids and neutral lipids are in sequence of oleic acid, palmitic acid, and linoleic acid. The major fatty acids of the glycolipids are palmitic acid, oleic acid, stearic acid, and lauric acid successively. The major fatty acids of phospholipids are oleic acid, lauric acid, and Palmitic acid consecutively. About the fatty acids composition of egg yolk oil in the open barn system, the contents of saturated fatty acid are lower and the contents of unsaturated fatty acid are higher than that of the case system. The contents of unsaturated fatty acid in egg yolk oil is higher than that of saturated fatty acid in total lipids and nutral lipids. Unsaturated fatty acid/saturated fatty acid of e99 yolk oil in the open barn system is higher than that of the cage system in glycolipids and phospholipids.

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The Contents of Organic Acid and Fatty Acid in Traditional Soy Sauce Prepared from Meju under Different Formations (형상이 다른 메주로 제조한 재래식 간장 중의 유기산과 지방산 조성)

  • 서정숙;이택수
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.206-211
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    • 1995
  • Three kinds of soy sauce were prepared using the brick type of conventional menu(A), the brick type of meju of Aspergillus oryzae (B) and the grain type of menu Aspergillus oryzae (C). Organic acid and fatty acid were analyzed In accordance to aging time of those products Citric acid, lactic acid, acetic acid, malonic acid, butyric acid, oxalic acid, and propionic acid were dejected in all kinds of soy sauce. The content of lactic acid was shown higher than those of any other organic acids. The content of lactic acid was much higher at beginning of preparation and at 180 days in soy sauce B than any other conditions. The content of acetic acid was much higher at beginning of preparation, at 120 days in soy sauce C and at 180 days in soy sauce B than any other conditions. The content of citric acid was highest at beginning preparation in soy sauce C, and that was highest in soy sauce B except beginning preparation to 120 days. Myristic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoliic, linolenic, arachidonic acid were detected in all kinds of soy sauce after 180 days. The content of oleic acid were shown 32.59∼53.79% in soy sauce B and in soy sauce C. The content of stearic acid was shown 49.7oA In soy sauce A. Linolinec acid and arachidonic acid were detected in only soy sauce C.

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A Study on the Changes of Fatty Acid Composition of Phospholipid and Glycolipid during Storage Period of Kaesojoo (저장기간에 따른 개소주의 Phospholipid 및 Glycolipid의 지방산 변화에 관한 연구)

  • 박창일;김영직;김영길
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.332-338
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    • 1998
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the changes in phospholipid and glycolipid of Kaesojoo and Kaesojoo added medicinal herbs during storage(30 days) at 4$^{\circ}C$and -18$^{\circ}C$. Two dogs with 12kg live weight(♀, The Korean Jindo dog Hy-breed, 11∼12 month) were slaughtered to obtain samples. The result obtained were as follows: The saturated fatty acids found in phospholipid of Kaesojoo were palmitic acid, stearic acid, myristic acid, while the unsaturated fatty acid found in phospholipid of Kaesojoo with medicinal herbs were palmitic acid, stearic acid, arachidonic acid, while the unsaturated fatty acid were mostly oleic acid, increased during the period of storage. The saturated fatty acid found in glycolipid obtained from Kaesojoo were mostly oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid. The saturated fatty acid obtained from Kaesojoo with medicinal herbs were palmitic acid, stearic acid, while the unsaturated fatty acid were mostly oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid. The rates of changes in unsaturated and saturated fatty acid were higher at 4$^{\circ}C$ than that of -18$^{\circ}C$ during storage.

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Antioxidative Activity of Phenolic Acids Isolated from Jindalrae Flower (Rhododendron mucronulatum Turzaninow) (진달래꽃으로부터 분리된 페놀산 화합물의 항산화성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Ae;Jones, A. Daniel;Chung, Tae-Yung
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.506-511
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    • 1996
  • Six phenolic acids were isolated from Jindalrae flowers (Rhododendron mucronulatum Turcz.), an edible plant in Korea. These compounds were identified as chlorogenic acid, 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, and p-coumaric acid on the basis of IR, UV, $^{1}H$ and $^{13}C$ NMR, FAB-MS, ES-MS and/or El-MS data. Chlorogenic acid (0.2 g) present in both ethyl acetate and ethyl ether fractions comprised up to 38.5% of the total phenolic acid amount (0.52 g) finally recovered by means of polyamide C-200 column chromatography, preparative TLC, recrystallization, and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography The antioxidant activities were measured in an ethanol solution of linoleic acid in the presence of ferric thiocyanate. The antioxidant efficiency increased in the order of p-coumaric acid<${\alpha}-tocopherol$

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A Study on the Composition of Fatty Acids of Hempseed (대마(Carnnabis sativa L.)씨의 지방산 조성에 관한 연구)

  • 고대희
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 1990
  • This investigation on the composition of fatty acids of hempseed through gas -chromatography analysis found the follwing results. Myristic acid and other ten materials were detected. And there was mainly composed of myristic acid 29.4%, Palmitoleic acid 16.2%, linoleic acid 14.9%, oleic acid 12.4%. It also showed that heptadecanoic acid 10.8%, erucic acid 0.5%, docosahexaenoic acid 0.3% and essential fatty acid were contained 11.9% between them. As stearic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, linoleic acid and arachidonic acid made lower cholesterol level in body, they will help prevention of senile disease with the oil d hemp seed.

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Lipid Composition of Oyster, Arkshell and Sea-mussel (굴, 피조개 및 진주담치의 지질조성에 관한 연구)

  • YOON Ho-Dong;BYUN Han-Seok;CHUN Seok-Jo;KIM Seon-Bong;PARK Yeung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.321-326
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    • 1986
  • Oyster (Crassostrea gigas), arkshell (Anadare(Scapharce) broughtonii) and sea-mussel (Mytilus edulis) were investigated as to their lipid classes. Lipid extracts from shellfishes were fractionated into neutral lipid (NL), glycolipid (GL) and phospho-lipid (PL) by column chromatography with silicic acid. The fatty acid compositions of their lipid classes and lipid fractions were determined by gas liquid chromatography (GLC). Total lipid contents of shellfishes were $3.5\%$ in the oyster, $1.4\%$ in the arkshell, $1.0\%$ in the sea-mussel. The major fatty acids of total lipids were palmitic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in the oyster and the sea-mussel, palmitic acid, oleic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid in the arkshell. The lipid composition of neutral lipid fractions in shellfishes was separated and identified as free sterol, free fatty acid, triglyceride, hydrocarbon and esterified sterol by TLC. Of these classes, triglyceride fraction was most abundant, amounting to 55.6, 77.7 and $60.4\%$ in the three samples mentioned above, respectively. The main fatty acids of glycolipid were palmitic acid, eicosaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in oyster, myristic acid, palmitic acid and palmitoleic acid in the arkshell, docosahexaenoic acid, linolenic acid and palmitic acid in the sea-mussel. The major fatty acids of phospholipid were palmitic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid in the oyster and sea-mussel, palmitic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid and erucic acid in the arkshell.

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