• Title, Summary, Keyword: acid

Search Result 46,348, Processing Time 0.111 seconds

Effects of α-Linolenic, Eicosapentaenoic and Docosahexaenoic Acids on the Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Brain Phospholipid in Rats

  • Cha, Jae-Young;Cho, Young-Su
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
    • /
    • v.42 no.2
    • /
    • pp.75-80
    • /
    • 1999
  • The effects of dietary n-3 fatty acids, ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid (18:3), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6), on brain phospholipid content and fatty acid composition were compared in rats fed with a diet containing constant ratios of saturated fatty acid/monounsaturated fatty acid/polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and n-3/n-6. The dietary fat in each diet was added at the level of 10%. In each diet, n-3 PUFA comprised two-thirds of the PUFA and the remaining one-third was linoleic acid (18:2). Dietary fat containing linoleic acid as the sole source of PUFA was also given to the control group. The content of brain phospholipid in the three n-3 PUFA groups was significantly lower than that of the linoleic acid group. This reduction was greater in the EPA and DHA groups than in the ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid group. The decrease in phospholipid content in rats fed n-3 fatty acid-rich diets was largely due to the decrease in the phosphatidylethanolamine fraction. Each dietary n-3 PUFA was found to affect the fatty acid composition of brain phospholipids; the most pronounced alteration was observed in phosphatidylethanolamine fraction. Furthermore, the proportion of DHA in the phosphatidylethanolamine fraction tended to be higher in the DHA group than in other PUFA groups. In conclusion, dietary ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid, EPA and DHA can influence the phospholipid content, phospholipid subclass, and fatty acid composition in rat brain.

  • PDF

Lipid Composition of Purple Shell and Abalone (피뿔고둥과 전복의 지질조성에 관한 연구)

  • YOON Ho-Dong;BYUN Han-Seok;KIM Seon-Bong;PARK Young-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.19 no.5
    • /
    • pp.446-452
    • /
    • 1986
  • This paper presents the composition of neutral and polar lipids obtained from puple shell, Rapana venosa and the abalone, Haliotis discus hannai. The fatty acid composition and the classification of neutral lipids from two species were determined by gas chromatography (GLC) and thin layer chromatography (TLC). Total lipid contents of samples were $0.5\%$ in purple shell and $0.4\%$ in the abalone. The predominant fatty acids of total lipids were eicosapentaenoic acid ($19.30\%$). eicosenoic acid ($12.10\%$) and palmitic acid ($11.77\%$) in the purple shell, and palmitic acid ($21.29\%$), oleic acid ($14.55\%$) and linoleic acid ($14.21\%$) in the abalone. The lipid composition of non-polar lipid fractions in purple shell and abalone was separated and identified as free sterol, free fatty acid, triglyceride and hydrocarbon & esterified sterol by TLC. The contents of triglyceride from both neutral lipids were shown more abundant than any other subclasses. The main fatty acids of neutral lipids were eicosapentaenoic acid ($18.6\%$), palmitic acid ($14.90\%$) and eicosenoic acid ($14.76\%$) in the purple shell, and palmitic acid ($28.12\%$), oleic acid($20.5\%$) and myristic acid ($12.5\%$) in the abalone. Eicosapentaenoic acid ($17.57\%$), stearic acid ($13.26\%$) and eicosatetraenoic acid ($11.24\%$) were important fatty acids of glycolipid in the purple shell, and myristic acid ($12.75\%$), stearic acid ($12.10\%$) and eicosatetraenoic acid ($10.64\%$) in the abalone. The major fatty acids of phospholipids were eicosapentaenoic acid ($20.18\%$), palmitic acid ($11.26\%$) and eicosenoic acid ($10.90\%$) in the purple shell, and palmitic acid ($21.10\%$), eicosapentaenoic acid ($12.90\%$) and oleic acid($11.13\%$) in the abalone.

  • PDF

Isolation and Identification of 3-Methoxy-4-hydroxybenzoic acid and 3-Methoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid from Hot Water Extracts of Hovenia dulcis Thunb and Confirmation of Their Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activity (헛개나무 열수추출물로부터 항산화 및 항미생물 활성을 갖는 3-methoxy-4-hydroxybenzoic acid 와 3-methyoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid의 분리 및 동정)

  • Cho, Jeong-Yong;Moon, Jae-Hak;Park, Keun-Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.32 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1403-1408
    • /
    • 2000
  • The methanol soluble fraction of the hot water extracts from Hovenia dulcis Thunb showed antioxidative and antimicrobial activity. The methanol fraction was successively purified with solvent fractionation, silica gel adsorption column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and octadecylsilane column chromatography. The purified active substances were isolated by high performance liquid chromatography. The isolated substances were identified as 3-methoxy-4-hydroxybenzoic acid (vanillic acid) and 3-methoxy- 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (ferulic acid) by LC-MS and GC-MS. Vanillic acid and ferulic acid showed antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria and yeast. The DPPH-radical scavenging activity of ferulic acid appeared more active than that of vanillic acid. DPPH-radical scavenging concentration of ferulic acid and vanillic acid were $14\;{\mu}g/mL\;(SC_{50})$, $100\;{\mu}g/mL\;(SC_{10})$, respectively.

  • PDF

A Study on the Changes of Fatty Acid Composition in Seeds of Mung Bean during the Ripening Process (한국산녹두(韓國産綠豆)의 성숙중(成熟中) 지방산함량변화(脂肪酸含量變化)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Ko, Mu-Suk;Park, Bock-Hee;Rhee, Hang-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.11 no.3
    • /
    • pp.75-79
    • /
    • 1982
  • For the purposes of clarifying the changes of fatty acid content in seeds of korean mung bean during the ripening process, samples ranging in five stages-10.15,20,25 and 30 days after blooming were collected and analyzed by gas liquid chromatography (GLC). The results obtained were as follows; The content of crude fat increased as ripening. Fatty acids detected in all stages were myristic acid palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Myristic acid and palmitic acid were not almost detected above the 3rd stage. Linoleic acid was the largest and the content of oleic acid and linolenic acids was similar. The saturated and unsaturated fatty acid ratio during the ripening process was 16-19/81-84%.

  • PDF

The Changes in Organic Acids and Fatty Acids in Kochujang Prepared with Different Mashing Methods (담금방법을 달리한 고추장의 유기산 및 지방산의 변화)

  • Chun, Myung-Sook;Lee, Taik-Soo;Noh, Bong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.25-29
    • /
    • 1995
  • Organic acids and fatty acids of four different Kochujang prepared with different mashing methods were determined by HPLC and GC. Citrate, malate, lactate, succinate, formate, oxalate and acetate were identified. Citrate was found as a major organic acid ($450{\sim}565$ mg%) followed in decreasing order by lactate and malate. Total organic acid content of Meju Kochujang was the highest at the initial fermentation time, while that of koji Kochujang was higher than any other one after 90 days of fermentation. There was a little change of total acid among the treatments. Oleic acid was a major fatty acid ($68.59{\sim}75.38%$) during the fermentation of Kochujang. There was no significant change of fatty acids during the fermentation and among the treatments.

  • PDF

Changes of Fatty Acid Composition in Shank During Heating Time and Frozen Storage (사태의 가열시간 및 냉동저장에 따른 지방산 조성 변화)

  • Kim, Kyung-Ae
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.8-15
    • /
    • 1986
  • This study was carried out to investigate changes of the lipid contents and the fatty acid composition in shank during heating time and frozen storage. 1. The total lipid contents of raw shank were about 3.57% and decreased stepwise during heating time 30, 60, 90 min and frozen storage(24hrs) The contents of neutral lipid, glycolipid and phospholipid were 70.71%, 6.36%, and 22.93% in raw shank, and neutral lipid contents were decreased, whereas Phospholipid contents were increased according to heating tide. In frozen storage, neutral lipid and glycolipid contents were increased, while phospholipid contents were decreased. 2. Lipids of shank possessed about 8 kinds of fatty acid as the constituent by gas-liquid chromatography analysis. The main fatty acids were oleic acid, palmitic acistearic acid and linoleic acid: the fatty acids of total lipids in raw shank were 43.48% of oleic acid, 23.13% of palmitic acid,12.00% of stearic acid and 6.75% of linoleic acid. Also the fatty acids were 43.32% of oleic acid, 23.26% of palmitic acid, 9.30% of stearic acid 2.15% of linoleic acid in neutral lipid, 22.63% of oleic acid, 8.44% of palmitic acid, 11.98% of stearic acid, 27.01% of linoleic acidin glycolipid, 39.38% of oleic acid, 15.89% of palmitic acid, 15.55% of stearic acid, 17.49% of linoleic acid in phospholipid. 3. The fatty acid pattern of total lipid, neutral lipid, glycolipid and phospholipid was not any changes, whereas there was a difference in the fatty acid contents: palmitic acid and stearic acid of total lipid were decreased in the 30 min and 60 min heating but increased in 90min heating, and linoleic acid of neutral lipid was increased stepwise during heating time and frozen storage. Also palmiict acid of glycolipid was increased gradually and linoleic acid in heating time 30, 60 min was higher than 90 min and frozen storage. Among fatty acids in phoapholipid, oleic acid was increased during heating time, while decreased in frozen storage, and linoleic acid was not any change but linolanic acid was increased. UFA/SFA of phospholipid was the highest when heating time was 60 min. From above results, it was found that when heating time was 60 min beneficial nutritionally, comparing with changes of fatty acid composition according to the heating time aid frozen storage.

  • PDF

Composition of Fatty Acid and Phenolic Acid in Rice with the Different Milling Fractions (제분 분획(Milling Fraction)을 달리한 쌀의 지방산 및 페놀산 함량 비교)

  • 김인호;전향숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.25 no.5
    • /
    • pp.721-726
    • /
    • 1996
  • Fatty acid composition and phenolic acid content of rice with different milling fractions were analyzed to provide basic data for nutrition, processing and storage of rice. Major fatty acids of rice were palmitic, oleic and linoleic acids and their respective contents were 20.0%, 33.3% and 43.0% of embryo, 17.3%, 45.1% and 34.5% of rice bran and 23.4%, 26.2% and 46.1% of milled rice. Outer fraction had a high content of oleic acid but a low content of linoleic acid in rice bran. As milling yields increased in milled rice, oleic acid content increased, but palmitic acid, linoleic acid, stearic acid and linolenic acid contents decreased. Contents of free, esterified and insoluble bound phenolic acid extracts from bran were 321.0mg%, 299.7mg% and 212.4mg%, respectively. Milled rice contained 118.0mg% of free phenolic acids, 56.0mg% of insoluble bound phenolic acids and no esterified phenolic acids. Rice bran contained 86.2% of ferulic acid as a principal phenolic acid. It also contained 35.7~36.6% of sinapic and syringic acids, 16.7% of p-coumaric acid and 0.13% of vanillic acid as minor component. Contents of total phenolic acid, expressed in terms of tannic acid, among rice with different milling fractions was highest in embryo. It was higher in outer fraction in bran, but rarely detected as fractionation of the component with milling in milled rice.

  • PDF

Regulation of 3-Deoxy-D-arabinoheptulosonate-7-phosphate (DAHP) Synthase of Bacillus sp. B-6 Producing Phenazine-1-carboxylic acid

  • Kim, Kyoung-Ja
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.34 no.4
    • /
    • pp.299-304
    • /
    • 2001
  • The 3-Deoxy-D-arabinoheptulosonate 7-phosphate (DAHP) synthase is the first enzyme of aromatic amino acid-, folic acid-, and phenazine-1-carboxylic acid biosynthetic pathways. DAHP synthase of Bacillus sp. B-6 that produces phenazine-1-carboxylic acid was feedback inhibited by two intermediary metabolites of aromatic amino acid biosynthetic pathways, prephenate and chorismate, but not by other metabolites, such as anthranilic acid, shikimic acid, p-aminobenzoic acid, and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid. DAHP synthase of Bacillus sp. B-6 was not inhibited by end products, such as aromatic amino acids, folic acid, and phenazine-1-carboxylic acid. The inhibition of DAHP synthase by prephenate and chorismate was non-competitive with respect to erythrose 4-phosphate and phosphoenolpyruvate. Prephenate and chorismate inhibited 50% of the DAHP synthase activity at concentrations of $2{\times}10^{-5}\;M$ and $1.2{\times}10^{-4}\;M$, respectively The synthesis of DAHP synthase of Bacillus sp. B-6 was not repressed by exogenous aromatic amino acids, folic acid, and phenazine 1-carboxylic acid, single or in combinations.

  • PDF

Effect of Magnesium and Calcium on the Interconversion of ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid to Eicosapentaenoic acid and Docosahexaenoic acid ((${\alpha}$-linolenic acid가 Eicosapentaenoic acid와 Docosahexaenoic acid로 전환되는데 미치는 마그네슘과 칼슘의 영향)

  • Nam, Hyun-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.129-138
    • /
    • 1994
  • In order to investigate of the Influence of $Mg^{2+}$, $Ca^{2+}$ on ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid converted into the eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) forming in plasma lipid and in liver microsomes of rabbit, the animals were fed on the perila oil rich ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid or sardine oil rich EPA and DBA diet for 4 weeks were examined. In plasma, liver lipid, $Mg^{2+}$ was influenced on arachidonic acid(AA), EPA, DHA formative from ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid in perilla oil, but stearic acid was increased, $Ca^{2+}$ was Influenced on stearic acid increased and DHA was decreased. In phospholipid, $Mg^{2+}$, $Ca^{2+}$ was influenced on stearic acid increased and DHA was decreased in perilla oil.

Extractives from Wood of Euonymus japonica (사철나무(Euonymus japonica) 목부의 추출성분)

  • Kim, Woo-Jin;Lee, Kyoung-Tae;Lee, Hak-Ju;Cho, Sung-Taig
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.103 no.1
    • /
    • pp.113-121
    • /
    • 2014
  • From the bark of Euonymus japonica, ten compounds were isolated by column chromatography and identified as follows. The structures were determined as : (-)-epicatechin, (-)-epigallocatechin, vanillic acid, 2,4-dimethoxyphenol-1-glucoside, 2, 4, 6-trimethoxyphenol-glucoside, 5-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-caffeoyuinic acid, 3, 4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3, 5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, and 1, 5-dicaffeoylquinic acid.