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A Study on the Factors Causing the Female Adolescent Sexual Activity -Focused on the Peer Group's Sexual Experiences, Social Support and Coping- (여자청소년의 성관계에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구 -또래집단의 성관련 경험, 사회적지지, 그리고 대처를 중심으로 -)

  • 김만지
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.63-74
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to examine factors causing the female adolescent sexual activity. 201 female adolescents participated in this study. Each participant was classified into the sexual activity experience or non-sexual activity experience group on the basis of survey. In total, 87 female adolescents have sexual activity experience, and 114 female adolescents have non-sexual activity experience. Analysis reported that sexual activity experience group was more positive on the adolescent sexual activity than non-sexual activity experience group. Also sexual activity experience group has more peers having sexual activity and pregnancy experience than non-sexual activity experience group. And, sexual activity experience group was more coping level and lower father social support than non-sexual activity experience group. Logistic regression analysis was conducted in order to determine the extent to which the attitude on the adolescent sexual activity, peer group's sexual experiences, social support, and coping factors affected on female adolescent sexual activity. As a results, peer's sexual activity and peer's pregnancy factors were significantly associated with it. Finally based on the results, the intervention strategies were suggested.

An Activity-Centric Quality Model of Software

  • Koh, Seokha
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.111-123
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, software activity, software activity instance, and the quality of the activity instance are defined as the 'activity which is performed on the software product by a person or a group of persons,' the 'distinctive and individual performance of software activity,' and the 'performer's evaluation on how good or bad his/her own activity instance is,' respectively. The representative values of the instance quality population associated with a product and its sub-population are defined as the (software) activity quality and activity quality characteristic of the product, respectively. The activity quality model in this paper classifies activity quality characteristics according to the classification hierarchy of software activity by the goal. In the model, a quality characteristic can have two types of sub-characteristics : Special sub-characteristic and component sub-characteristic, where the former is its super-characteristic too simultaneously and the latter is not its super-characteristic but a part of its super-characteristic. The activity quality model is parsimonious, coherent, and easy to understand and use. The activity quality model can serve as a corner stone on which a software quality body of knowledge, which constituted with a set of models parsimonious, coherent, and easy to understand and use and the theories explaining the cause-and-relationships among the models, can be built. The body of knowledge can be called the (grand) activity-centric quality model of software.

Physical Activity and Obesity in Male and Female Middle and High School Students (남녀 중.고등학교 학생의 신체활동과 비만)

  • Park, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Adolescent obesity is a growing problem. This study examined the relationships between different types of physical activity and obesity in male and female middle and high school students. Methods: This study used the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data of 2007. The study included 282 male and female middle and high school students who completed health survey questionnaires regarding physical activity. Physical activity was measured with vigorous and moderate activity and walking. BMI was used as an obesity indicator. Analyses were done using descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and chi-square test. In addition, multiple logistic regression were conducted to investigate the relationship between physical activity and obesity when adjusting for covariates. SAS/WIN 9.1 was used. Results: Boys spent more days in vigorous and moderate physical activity than girls (p for vigorous activity: <.001, for moderate activity: <.001). There was no significant difference in walking activity between boys and girls and between middle and high school students. Only days spent in vigorous activity was significantly higher in middle school student compared with high school students (p=.013). According to the relationship between physical activity and obesity, moderate physical activity was significantly related to BMI for high school boys (p=.041). However, when adjusting for age, sex, school, parental income, daily caloric intake, physical activity was not significantly related to obesity. Conclusions: The results showed that male and female middle and high school students spent not enough days in doing low moderate and vigorous physical activity. Thus, this strengthens the need to increase physical activity level in these populations. In spite of non-significant relationship between physical activity and obesity from multivariate analysis, increasing moderate physical activity for high school boy could be effective to prevent and manage obesity, since significant difference between moderate activity and obesity in this population.

Factors Affecting the Relationship Between Renal Renin Activity and Plasma Renin Activity -I. Experiments in the Two Kidney one Clip Goldblatt Hypertensive Rats- (신장내(腎臟內) Renin Activity와 Plasma Renin Activity에 영향(影響)을 미치는 요인(要因) -I. 실험적(實驗的)인 신성고혈압(腎性高血壓)에 있어서의 영향-)

  • Cho, Kyung-W.;Kim, Sun-H.
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 1982
  • The change of plasma renin activity is one of the most important parameters explaining the pathological physiology of the hypertension. The relation between renal renin activity and plasma renin activity has not well been documented since last decades. In an attempt to clarify the relationship a series of experiments have been done in rats. The following results were observed. 1) Renal renin activity of clamped kidney increased after silver clipping and the increments were maintained until four to five weeks of operation. 2) Renal renin activity of the untouched contralateral kidney was vulnerable to be suppressed just after clamping, and the activity disappered almost below the limitation of the radioimmunoassay sensitivity up to four weeks. 3) Plasma lenin activity was changed by the renal renin activity, but the regression coefficient from the two kidney one clip Goldblatt hypertensive rats was different from the sham-operated, or age-matched control rats. 4) Plasma renin activity of all the groups tested has the exponential curve in terms of renal renin activity. These data suggest that the renal renin activity is important to control the plasma renin activity in certain experimental condition, especially in chronic status.

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Analysis of Physical Activity Measured by International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Actigraph Accelerometer, and Participation Intention for Physical Activity of Breast Cancer Survivors (국제신체활동설문지(IPAQ)와 액티그래프 가속도계를 이용한 유방암 생존자들의 신체활동량과 신체활동 프로그램 참여 의도)

  • Park, Jee Yeon;Kim, Nahyun;Kang, Sun Hee
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.104-113
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study aimed to analyze physical activity as measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and an actigraph in breast cancer survivors, as well as to identify their intention to participate in a physical activity program. Methods: Breast cancer patients who had been diagnosed for more than six months (N=135) at a university hospital participated from June 2012 to May 2013. Physical activity was measured using the Korean version of the IPAQ-Short Form and Actigraph GT3X plus an accelerator for seven consecutive days. Data analyses were conducted using the SPSS WIN 19.0 program. Results: Mean total physical activity was 2298.21 metabolic equivalent task (MET)-min/week as assessed by IPAQ and 150,140.57 counts/day as measured by an actigraph. There were statistically significant correlations between moderate physical activity from IPAQ and light intensity of physical activity from the actigraph (r=.735, p<.001), vigorous physical activity from IPAQ and vigorous intensity of physical activity from the actigraph (r=.871, p<.001), total physical activity from IPAQ and light intensity of physical activity from the actigraph (r=.825, p<.001), respectively. Most (80.7%) cancer survivors reported a positive attitude toward physical activity and 57.8% expressed a willingness to participate in a physical activity program. More than half (60%) of the subjects preferred walking, 80.6% preferred more than 30 minutes of exercise, and 57.1% wanted to engage in physical activity three times a week and preferred home-based activities. Perceived barriers included fatigue, lack of strength and pain. Conclusion: It is necessary to consider intensity, personal preferences, and patient-perceived barriers when developing physical activity programs for breast cancer survivors.

An Analysis of Mathematics Textbook's Contents Based on Davydov's Activity Theory (Davydov의 활동이론에 기반한 초등학교 수학교과서의 내용 분석)

  • Han, Inki
    • East Asian mathematical journal
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.137-168
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    • 2013
  • In this paper we study activity theory and Davydov's learning activity theory. We analyze brief history of activity theory in Russia, structure of human activity, and Davydov's studies in activity theory. Especially we analyze Davydov's 1st grade mathematics textbook, and try to investigate embodiment of Davydov's learning activity theory in his mathematics textbook.

Pathogenic Vibrio spp. Isolated from the Gwangan Beach of Busan, 2002

  • Park Mi-Yeon;Kim Hyun-Jin;Chang Dong-Suck
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.105-109
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    • 2003
  • Fifty four strains of pathogenic vibrios were isolated from the Gwangan Beach from May to October, 2002. The isolated vibrios were composed of 7 different species: Vibrio parahaemolyticus, V. cholerae non-O1, V. alginolyticus, V. vulnificus, V. hollisae, V. fluvialis, ane V. mimicus. In the detection rate, V. parahaemolyticus was most predominant as $46\%$(25/54). From the isolated strains, only 25 strains have hemolytic activity or 25 strains only proteolytic activity on agar plates. Eleven strains showed both hemolytic and proteolytic activity. No strains showed urease activity. All strains of V parahaemolyticus did not show hemolytic activity, while V. cholerae non-O1 strains showed $\beta$ hemolytic activity. Kanagawa phenomena of pathogenic vibrios did not accord with hemolytic activity of the culture supernatant at the late log phase. Some strains showed high hemolytic activity despite having proteolytic activity, but some weak hemolytic activities despite having no proteolytic activity.

Antioxidant Activity of Hawthorn Fruit in vitro

  • Li, Chunmei;Han, Woong;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 2010
  • The antioxidant activity of hawthorn fruit (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge var. typica Schneider) extracts was investigated by several in vitro antioxidants properties, including DPPH free radical scavenging activity, total phenolic and flavonoid contents, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, reducing power activity, iron-chelating capacity and nitrite scavenging activity. Among the extracts in this study, the 70% EtOH extract showed higher antioxidant activity than the others. The $IC_{50}$ value of DPPH free radical scavenging activity was $99.26\;{\mu}g/mL$. Furthermore, the 70% EtOH extract also showed significantly high total phenolic and flavonoids contents and reducing power activity. However, the MeOH extract exhibited stronger effects on hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, iron-chelating capacity and nitrite scavenging activity. All the results implicated that, the hawthorn fruit may has the available potential to be utilize as a potential source of natural antioxidant.

Activity Data Modeling and Visualization Method for Human Life Activity Recognition (인간의 일상동작 인식을 위한 동작 데이터 모델링과 가시화 기법)

  • Choi, Jung-In;Yong, Hwan-Seung
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.1059-1066
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    • 2012
  • With the development of Smartphone, Smartphone contains diverse functions including many sensors that can describe users' state. So there has been increased studies rapidly about activity recognition and life pattern recognition with Smartphone sensors. This research suggest modeling of the activity data to classify extracted data in existing activity recognition study. Activity data is divided into two parts: Physical activity and Logical Activity. In this paper, activity data modeling is theoretical analysis. We classified the basic activity(walking, standing, sitting, lying) as physical activity and the other activities including object, target and place as logical activity. After that we suggested a method of visualizing modeling data for users. Our approach will contribute to generalize human's life by modeling activity data. Also it can contribute to visualize user's activity data for existing activity recognition study.

Fear of Falling, Depression, Physical Fitness and Physical Activity among Community Dwelling Elders (지역사회 노인의 신체활동도와 낙상 두려움, 우울, 신체기능)

  • Lee, Young-Hee;Choi, Mi-Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.351-362
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was designed to examine fear of falling, depression, physical fitness, and physical activity and further to identify the factors that predict physical activity among community dwelling elders. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey. Participants were 153 community dwelling elders from G city. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2$-test, t-test, ANOVA, and multinominal logistic regression analysis. Results: Activity levers were coded as inactive, minimal activity and enhancing physical active. Thirty-three point three percent reported inactivity, forty-seven point seven percent reported minimal activity and nineteen percent reported health enhancing physical activity. There were significant differences in physical activity relative to gender, age, falling experience, perceived health, and living situation. Further, there was significant difference in fear of falling, depression, and physical fitness by physical activity. For instance, Fear of falling (OR=1.04, p=.014) was a significant predicting factor for physical activity, In contrast for the enhancing physical active the variables of gender (OR=0.28, p=.046), age (OR=0.86, p=.021), perceived health (fair: OR=13.61, p=.006), fear of falling (OR=1.04, p=.026), and two-minute step (OR=1.04, p=.049) were significant. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that physical activity intervention programs are needed to increase physical activity for community dwelling elders. Physical activity intervention programs should be developed and evaluated.