• Title, Summary, Keyword: adductor muscle

Search Result 106, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

Seasonal Changes in Biochemical Components of the Adductor Muscle, Digestive Diverticula and the Ovary in Female Chlamys farreri in Relation to the Ovarian Developmental Phases

  • Kim, Hyun-Jin;Chung, Ee-Yung;Park, Ki-Yeol;Kim, Eun-Jong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Developmental Biology Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.51-51
    • /
    • 2005
  • We inestigated the reproductive cycle with ovarian development of Chlamys farreri by histological observations, and seasonal changes in biochemical components of the adductor muscle, digestive diverticula and ovary were studied by biochemical analysis. The reproductive cycle of this species can be classified into five successive stages: early active stage (January to March), late active stage (March to April), ripe stage (April to August), partially spawned stage (June to August) and spent/inactive stage (August to January). According to ANOVA test, there were significant differences (p<0.05) in total protein, total lipid and glycogen contents among months for all of the adductor muscle, digestive diverticula and ovary. Total protein contents in ovary and digestive diverticula showed significant changes(ANOVA, p<0.05) during the study period, while that in the adductor muscle did not. Total protein content was highest in the adductor muscle, followed by ovary, and lowest in digestive diverticula. There was no correlation in total protein content between the adductor muscle and digestive diverticula (p=0.220). But strong positive correlation was found between adductor muscle and ovary (r=0.450, p=0.013). ANOVA showed that there were significant differences in total lipid and glycogen contents among months for all of the adductor muscle, ovary, and digestive diverticula (p<0.05). The monthly changes in total lipid content were highly variable in ovary and digestive gland. High contents of total lipid were foung during April and May-June in ovary, while March and June-July in digestive diverticula. There was a strong negative correlation in total lipid content between ovary and digestive diverticula (r=- 0.397, p=0.030). Unlike total protein of total lipid, glycogen content in the adductor muscle was most dynamic. It showed more than 36-fold changes in the adductor muscle (at most 3-fold change in ovary) during the study period. Glycogen content was higher during May-July in the adductor muscle, While it was higher in March and august in digestive diverticula. There was a strong negative correlation in glycogen content between the adductor muscle and digestive diverticula (r=-0.584, p=0.001).

  • PDF

Seasonal Changes in Biochemical Components of the Adductor Muscle, Digestive Diverticula and the Ovary in Chlamys farreri in Relation to the Ovarian Developmental Phases (비단가리비, Chlamys farreri의 난소 발달단계에 따른 폐각근, 난소 및 소화맹낭의 생화학적 성분의 계절적 변화)

  • Chung, Ee-Yung;Koo, Jae-Geun;Park, Ki-Yeol;Lee, Chang-Hoon
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.71-80
    • /
    • 2005
  • We investigated the reproductive cycle with ovarian development of Chlamys farreri by histological observations, and seasonal changes in biochemical components of the adductor muscle, digestive diverticula and ovary were studied by biochemical analysis. The reproductive cycle of this species can be classified into five successive stages: early active stage (January to March), late active stage (March to April), ripe stage (April to August), partially spawned stage (June to August) and spent/inactive stage (August to January). According to ANOVA test, there were significant differences (p < 0.05) in total protein, total lipid and glycogen contents among months for all of the adductor muscle, digestive diverticula and ovary. Total protein contents in ovary and digestive diverticula showed significant changes (ANOVA, p < 0.05) during the study period, while that in the adductor muscle did not. Total protein content was highest in the adductor muscle, followed by ovary, and lowest in digestive diverticula. There was no correlation in total protein content between the adductor muscle and digestive diverticula (p = 0.220). But strong positive correlation was found between adductor muscle and ovary (r = 0.450, p = 0.013). ANOVA showed that there were significant differences in total lipid and glycogen contents among months for all of the adductor muscle, ovary, and digestive diverticula (p < 0.05). The monthly changes in total lipid content were highly variable in ovary and digestive gland. High contents of total lipid were found during April and May-June in ovary, while March and June-July in digestive diverticula. There was a strong negative correlation in total lipid content between ovary and digestive diverticula (r = -0.397, p = 0.030). Unlike total protein or total lipid, glycogen content in the adductor muscle was most dynamic. It showed more than 36-fold changes in the adductor muscle (at most 3-fold change in ovary) during the study period. Glycogen content was higher during May-July in the adductor muscle, while it was higher in March and August in digestive diverticula. There was a strong negative correlation in glycogen content between the adductor muscle and digestive diverticula (r = -0.584, p = 0.001).

  • PDF

The Effects of the Contraction Degree of Hip Joint Adductor on Abdominal Muscle Activity during Bilateral Lower Extremity Raising

  • Kim, Min-Kyu;Cho, Yong-Ho;Park, Ji-Won;Choi, Jin-Ho;Ko, Yu-Min
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.28 no.3
    • /
    • pp.217-220
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate the differences abdominal muscles activities of according to hip adductor contraction levels 20% (mild), 50% (moderate), and 70% (strong) of MVIC on during bilateral lower extremity raising exercise on supine. Methods: The subjects of the study were a total of 39 persons including 23 healthy males and 16 females, who performed bilateral lower extremity raising exercise in 20%, 50%, 70% MVIC hip contraction. Muscle activities were measured by using S-EMG in RA (rectus abdominis), IO (internal oblique), and EO (external oblique). Results: Muscle activity of the internal oblique abdominal muscle and external oblique abdominal muscle, their activities were also greatest with the adductor contraction size at 70% and there was statistically significant difference when compared with the adductor contraction size at 20% and 50% (p<0.05). As for the rectus abdominis muscle according to the size of contraction of the adductor was greatest at 70%, without statistically significant difference (p>0.05). Conclusion: bilateral lower extremity raising with strong hip joint adductor contraction was effective exercise to strengthen abdominal muscles. If subjects could not perform strong hip adductor contraction, moderate contraction is effective abdominal muscle contraction exercise. The contraction size of the adductor is small, weak contraction may trigger middle level contraction and therefore appropriate application of the exercise program of bilateral leg raising may result in great effect as a lumbar stabilization exercise.

Seasonal Changes in Biochemical Component of the Adductor Muscle, Visceral Mass and Foot Muscle of Corbicula japonica, in Relation to Gonad Developmental Phases (한국 기수산 일본재첩 (Corbicula japonica)의 생식소 발달단계에 따른 폐각근, 내장낭 및 족부 근육의 생화학적 성분의 계절적 변화)

  • Chung, Ee-Yung;Kim, Jong-Bae;Kwak, Oh-Yeol;Lee, Chang-Hoon
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.111-120
    • /
    • 2004
  • We investigated the reproductive cycle of Corbicula japonica with its gonadal development by histological observations, and the seasonal changes in biochemical mass and foot muscle of the adductor muscle, visceral mass and foot muscle of the clam by biochemical analysis, from January to December, 2003. The reproductive cycle of this species can be classified into five successive stages: early active stage (February to April), late active stage (April to July), ripe stage (June to August), partially spawned stage (July to September) and spent/inactive stage (September to March). According to ANOVA test, there were significant differences (p < 0.05) in total protein, total lipid and glycogen contents among months for all of the visceral mass, adductor muscle and foot muscle. Total protein content was highest in adductor muscle, while lowest in visceral mass. There was no correlation in total protein content between visceral mass and adductor muscle (p = 0.208). However, strong positive correlation was found between adductor muscle and foot muscle (r = 0.769, p < 0.001). In visceral mass, total lipid content was the highest; it was 2 or 3-fold higher than in adductor muscle or foot muscle. The monthly change was also most dynamic in visceral mass. It decreased from January to March (early active stage), and reached maximum in April (late active stage). From May to August (ripe and partially spawned stage), it dradually decreased and then increased again until October (spent/inactive stage). Multiple comparisons showed that total lipid content in visceral mass between all of the adjacent two months was significaltly different (p < 0.05). There were strong negative correlations in total lipid content between visceral mass and adductor muscle (r = 0.687, p < 0.001), and between visceral mass and foot muscle (r = 0.473, p = 0.008). Changes of glycogen content were more or less similar to the changes of lipid contents in visceral mass, adductor muscle and foot muscle, except for April. In April, glycogen content in visceral mass was over four times higher than that in adductor muscle or foot muscle. There was a positive correlation in glycogen content between adductor muscle and foot muscle (r = 0.686, p < 0.001). Especially, total lipid content showed a negative correlation between the adductor muscle and visceral mass. Therefore, these results indicate that the nutrient content of the adductor muscle, visceral muscle and foot muscle changed in response to gonadal energy needs.

  • PDF

A Comparison of Aerodynamic Characteristics in Muscle Tension Dysphonia and Adductor Spasmodic Dysphonia (근긴장성 발성장애와 내전형 연축성 발성장애의 공기역학적 특성 비교)

  • Heo, Jeonghwa;Song, Kibum;Choi, Yanggyu
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
    • /
    • v.5 no.4
    • /
    • pp.63-70
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to show the aerodynamic characteristics and differences in muscle tension dysphonia and adductor spasmodic dysphonia to predict factors which will provide additional information while preparing for the objective examination standard to distinguish the two dysphonias. Forty-eight individuals diagnosed with muscle tension dysphonia and adductor spasmodic dysphonia participated in this study. PAS was used in order to find the aerodynamic characteristics for the two dysphonias. The outcomes of this study show that the airflow variation and glottal resistance of the two groups showed noticeable differences. This study concludes that the aerodynamic characteristics may be used as additional information on diverse evaluations to classify muscle tension dysphonia and adductor spasmodic dysphonia.

Regulation of adductor muscle growth by the IGF-1/AKT pathway in the triploid Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas

  • Kim, Eun-Young;Choi, Youn Hee
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
    • /
    • v.22 no.9
    • /
    • pp.19.1-19.10
    • /
    • 2019
  • We investigated the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)/AKT signaling pathway involved in muscle formation, growth, and movement in the adductor muscle of triploid Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas. Large and small triploid oysters (LTs and STs) cultured under identical conditions were screened, and the signaling pathways of individuals with superior growth were compared and analyzed. mRNA and protein expression levels of actin, troponin, tropomyosin, and myosin, proteins important in muscle formation, were higher in LTs compared with STs. Expression levels of IGF-1, IGF binding protein (IGFBP), and IGFBP complex acid-labile subunit were also higher in LTs compared with STs. Phosphorylation of the IGF receptor as well as that of AKT was high in LTs. In addition, the expression of phosphomammalian target of rapamycin and phospho-glycogen synthase kinase $3{\beta}$ was increased and the expression of Forkhead box O3 was decreased in LTs. Therefore, we suggested that the IGF-1/AKT signaling pathway affects the formation, growth, and movement of the adductor muscle in triploid oysters.

Effect of Hip Adductor Co-contraction on Trunk Muscle Activation during Bridge Exercise in Healthy Young Individuals (젊은 성인의 교각운동 시 고관절 내전근 동시수축이 체간근육의 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Na, Sun-Wang;Oh, Duck-Won;Park, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.275-282
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose : Bridge exercise has been commonly used in clinical rehabilitation settings to improve trunk control, and hip adductor muscles were a related muscle that may affect trunk muscle activation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the co-contraction of hip adductor muscles may affect trunk muscle activation during bridge exercises. Methods : Thirty-eight healthy young subjects (19 men and 19 women) performed bridge exercises (with and without hip adduction movement). Surface electromyography (EMG) data were collected from the dominant-side internal oblique (IO), rectus abdominis (RA), multifidus (MF) and erect spine (ES) during bridge exercises to compare trunk muscles activation patterns. Result : The EMG activities of IO and RA appeared to be significantly higher during bridge exercise with hip adductor co-contraction than during bridge exercise alone (p<.01), but there were no significant differences in those of MF and ES. Furthermore, there were significant differences in the IO:RA EMG ratio during bridge exercise with hip adductor co-contraction (p<.05). Conclusion : These findings suggest that integration of hip adduction during bridge exercise may be beneficial in increasing deep muscles' activity for trunk stabilization.

Seasonal Variations in Biochemical Components of the Visceral Mass and Adductor Muscle in the Pen Shell, Atrina pectinata

  • Baik Sung-Hyun;Kim Kang-Jeon;Chung Ee-Yung;Choo Jong-Jae;Park Kwan Ha
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.18-24
    • /
    • 2001
  • Seasonal content changes of the three key nutrients for organisms, protein, lipid and glycogen, were analyzed for a whole year to delineate the seasonal energy strategy in pen shells, Atrina pectinata. Two metabolically important organs, the visceral mass and the posterior adductor muscle, were examined. Protein in the visceral mass rose in April and stayed at the level until June followed by the constant minimum value between August and November. The protein contents in the posterior adductor muscle increased sharply in April and again in July, followed by a gradual decline thereafter. Total lipid contents in the visceral mass gradually increased between January and May, and then slowly decreased until September since which a new weak increase was noticed. Lipid levels in the adductor muscle rapidly dropped in June and July. Glycogen contents in the visceral mass rapidly increased between February and June, followed by a drastic drop in July. This reduced visceral glycogen level was maintained up to September, and a gradual reduction ensued. Glycogen contents in the adductor muscle steadily but markedly increased from April reaching the maximum in August, and then slowly declined thereafter. These results suggest that an accelerated protein and lipid synthesis occurs in the gonad when the pen shell undergoes the ripe stage of gametogenesis, but the levels of these two nutrients decrease on spawning. With this gonadal process, regular protein synthesis and lipid storage in the posterior adductor muscle are temporarily arrested. The most important nutrient reserves that support gonad developmental cycles in a long term seem to be glycogen of the posterior adductor muscle.

  • PDF

Seasonal Changes in Biochemical Components of the Adductor Muscle and Visceral Mass Tissues in the Female Cyclina sinensis, in Relation to Gonad Developmental Phases (암컷 가무락조개, Cyclina sinensis의 난소 발달단계에 따른 폐각근 조직과 내장낭 조직의 생화학적 성분의 계절적 변화)

  • Chung, Ee-Yung;Park, Kwan-Ha;Kim, Jong-Bae;Lee, Chang-Hoon
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.85-92
    • /
    • 2004
  • We investigated the reproductive cycle with gonadal development of the female Cyclina sinensis by histological observations and seasonal changes in biochemical components of the adductor muscle and visceral mass tissues were studied by biochemical analysis, from January to December, 2001. The reproductive cycle of this species can be classified into five successive stages: early active stage (February to April), late active stage (March to June), ripe stage (May to August), partially spawned stage (July to October) and spent/inactive stage (September to February). Total protein contents in the adductor muscle tissues reached the maximum in February (early active stage) and appeared the minimum in June (ripe stage), while their contents in the visceral mass tissues reached the maximum in the late active and ripe stages (June) and gradually decreased from July (partially spawned stage) to November (spent/inactive stage). Changes in total protein contents showed a negative correlationship between the adductor muscle and visceral mass tissues (r = -0.499, p = 0.099). Total lipid contents in the adductor muscle tissues reached the maximum in January (the inactive stages) and their contents gradually decreased from February. Their contents in the visceral mass tissues, however, reached the maximum in June (late active and ripe stage) and gradually decreased from July (the partially spawned stage). On the whole, total lipid contents showed a negative correlationship between the adductor muscle and visceral mass tissues (r = -0.631, p < 0.05). Therefore, These results indicate that the nutrient contents of the adductor muscle and visceral muscle tissues change in response to gonadal energy needs. Glycogen contents in the adductor muscle tissue reached the maximum in March (early and late active stages) and decreased from July to September (partially spawned stage). while their contents in the visceral mass tissues reached the maximum in June (late active and ripe stages) and gradually decreased from July (partially spawned stage). Thereafter, their levels gradually increased in November (spent/inactive stage). On the whole, changes in glycogen contents appeared negative correlationship between the adductor muscle and visceral mass tissues. However, they showed no significant different (r = -0.307, p = 0.331).

  • PDF

The Effect of Change in Transversus Abdominis Thickness Using Ultrasound Image during a Hip Adductor Contraction (고관절 내전근 수축이 복횡근의 두께변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Moon, Hyun-Ju;Goo, Bong-Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
    • /
    • v.6 no.3
    • /
    • pp.287-292
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose :The present study invesigated the effect of changes in transversus abdominis thickness using ultrasonography during a hip adductor contraction. Methods : This study was carred out in a volunteer sample of adults (N=30) without a history of low back pain or injury. In standing position, muscle thickness measurements of transversus abdominis(TrA) were measured using ultrasonography at rest and during a hip adducor contraction. Results : TrA thickness were influenced a hip adductor during a voluntary contraction in people without LBP. TrA showed significantly greater thickness changes on a hip adductor contraction.(p=0.000) Conclusion : The results from this study showed that the hip adductor contraction improves the ability to increase change in TrA thickness. These results can be a good evidence to prevent low back pain due to hip adductor weakness or genu varum deformity of knee osteoarthritis.