• Title, Summary, Keyword: alkaline sizing

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Compatibility of the Recycled Linerboard Made in Acid Sizing System under Neutral or Alkaline Papermaking Conditions (산성 사이징된 재활용 섬유와 중성 사이징의 상용성)

  • Seo, Man Seok;Lee, Kyong Ho;Lee, Hak Lae
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.56-60
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    • 2016
  • Neutral or alkaline papermaking provides many advantages in paper strength and processing conditions. It also provides the opportunity of using calcium carbonate fillers in papermaking. These diverse advantages have made almost all paper machines of printing and writing papers run under neutral and alkaline conditions. On the other hand, linerboard machines, which use recycled papers as a raw material, are running under acid conditions using a rosin sizing system. Because the recycled raw materials used by the linerboard industry contain significant amounts of alkaline papers, the linerboard industry has an interest in the possibility of using the neutral or alkaline papermaking opportunity. In this study, the compatibility of the recycled linerboards under neutral or alkaline papermaking conditions was examined by recycling them under various pH conditions. The sizing degree of the papers recycled under neutral or alkaline was significantly lower than that of acid formed papers indicating that during the neutral or alkaline recycling process the rosin sized papers lost their sizing efficiency. Recycling of acid formed linerboards under neutral or alkaline conditions increased the amount of foam, and the foam contained substantial amount of solid materials derived from the acid sizing systems. Use of cationic polyelectrolytes including PEI and poly-DADMAC improved the sizing degree of the recycled papers under neutral and alkaline conditions. PEI decreased the foam generation as well while poly-DADMAC did not show any reducing effect of the foam. These results suggest that PEI forms coordinate bonds with rosin acid and precipitate them onto the surface of recycled fibers, while the reaction products between poly-DADMAC and rosin acid ions still remain water soluble under neutral or alkaline conditions.

Alkaline Sizing of TMP with AKD (AKD에 의한 TMP의 중성사이징)

  • 김봉용
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2002
  • Alkaline sizing characteristics of TMP (thermomechanical pulp) handsheets with AKD (alkylketene dimer) were studied under various conditions. The sizing degree of TMP handsheet was much lower than that of chemical pulp. Especially, the sized TMP handsheet dried at $20^{\circ}C$ showed no sizing features, but sizing degree of TMP handsheet was clearly Increased by heat treatment at $105^{\circ}C$. The sizing effect of TMP was also improved by addition of $CaCO_3$, but it was not affected by pH. Therefore, sizing effect of TMP with AKD can be improved to some extent by controlling stock condition and heat treatment of handsheet.

Characteristics of Alkaline Sizing Associated with Pulp and Size Fixing Agent (펄프와 정착제에 따른 중성사이징 특성)

  • 이현철;김봉용
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2001
  • AKD sizing behavior of handsheets, which were prepared from the different pulps with various AKD fixing agents, was studied in this investigation. AKD sizing performance could be improved by removal of fines in the stock, minimizing damage of fiber, using a suitable fixing agent and heat treatment. Fillers with low surface energy, like calcium carbonate and talc, showed quite positive effect in AKD sizing. When PAM was added to the DIP stock as fixing agent, it showed lower sizing degree than polyamine did. But in case of NBKP system, PAM was more effective than polymine.

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Alkaline Sizing of Mechanical Pulp

  • Kim, Bong-Yong;Akira Isogai
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2000
  • Alkaline Sizing behavior and mechanism of handsheets, which were prepared from thermomechanical pulp (TMP) with alkylketene dimer (AKD), were studied in terms of the conditions of the handsheet-making. AKD content in the TMP handsheets was increased with increasing of AKD addition level and the addition of a polyamideamine-epichlorohydrin resin (PAE) clearly enhanced AKD retention as well as the resultant sizing performance of TMP handsheets. Although drying of the AKD sized TMP webs at $20^{\circ}C$ led to no or quite low sizing level, but TMP handsheets sized with AKD had higher sizing degrees with increasing of the temperature of heat treatment. Scanning electron microscopic observations of the AKD-sized TMP handsheets showed that AKD emulsion particles were present on pulp fiber surfaces independently without coagulation in the TMP handsheets dried at $20^{\circ}C$. Heat treatment of the AKD-sized handsheets resulted in disappearance of the AKD emulsion particles because of their melting and spreading. The addition of calcium carbonate filler to the TMP suspensions did not influence on AKD content in the TMP handsheets. Nevertheless, their sizing degrees clearly increased by the addition of $CaCO_3$filler. Probably, AKD molecules adsorbed on the $CaCO_3$filler particles contribute to the enhancement of sizing performance. Thus, AKD can give sizing features effectively to the TMP handsheets, when they are made under suitable conditions.

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The Surface Sizing Effect of Oxidized Starch on the Printability of Newspaper (국산 신문 용지에서 산화전분에 의한 표면 사이징 처리가 인쇄적성에 미치는 영향)

  • 하영백
    • Journal of the Korean Printing Society
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.25-40
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    • 1997
  • This research was carried out to investigated the effect of base paper and latex binder on printability and obtical properties of coated paper. Especially, it examined the effect of th pH of vase paper surface and functional groups of latices on the interactions between coating color components and on the structure of coated layer. It was found that the behavior of coating color containing amphoeric latex depends on the pH in the boundary region between coating color and base paper. Thus, the coating color formulated with amphoteric latex formed bulky coating layer by inducing stronger interaction between paper surface and coating components than the coating color with anionic latex. The coated paper with amphoteric latex showed better optical properties (i.e.gloss and optical) and printability (i.e. ink receptivity, wet ink receptivity, and ink set off) than the conventional anionic latex in the acidic and alkaline paper. However, dry pick strength of the coated paper was less decreased. This result indicated that amphoteric latex could also be applied practically to the alkaline paper.

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REACTION OF PAPER PULP AND ALKYL KETENE DIMER BY AGING TREATMENT DURING PAPERMAKIN PROCESS

  • Shin, Young-Doo;Seo, Won-Sung;Cho, Nam-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Conference
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    • pp.83-83
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    • 2000
  • Alkylketene dimer was known as a cellulose reactive or alkaline size because it does not require to fix to the fiber as do the traditional rosin sizes. A proposed sizing mechanism of AKD was the formation of P -ketoester bond between AKD and cellulose which provides the permanent attachment and the orientation of the hydrophobic alkylchains outward. However, some questions about the reaction had arisen and thus, the sizing mechanism of AKD has been a subject of controversy for several decades. The major concern of the controversy is that AKD is really reactive with cellulose or not in the papermaking conditions. In this study, reaction between AKD and pulp fiber was investigated, in order to find out whether AKD forms P-ketoester with pulp fiber during aging under no catalyzed neutral condition with obvious spectroscopic evidence. In addition, effect of aging treatment on the sizing development was studied. It has been disclosed that, in absence of water, AKD reacted with cellulose to form P -ketoester linkage under no catalyzed neutral condition, while, in presence of water, most of AKD was hydrolyzed to a dialkyl ketone or P -ketoacid. In addition, during the aging treatment of AKD-sized paper, its typical IR spectra bands gradually were reduced, completely disappeared after 6hr aging, and formed new absorption bands at 1707cm-' and shoulder peak at 1700cm-' which refer to the typical dialkylketone absorption bands. Therefore, the formation of P -ketoester between AKD and pulp fiber is impossible in the practical papermaking process. It could be suggested that the sizing development of AKD-sized paper is obtained by next two mechanism: 1) formation of a thin-layer of AKD on the fiber surface through melting and spreading of AKD emulsion particles by heat and 2) the hydrolysis of AKD to dialkyl ketone which has higher melting point, during drying and storage of AKD sized papers.

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Studies on the Coated Broke Recycling in the Papermaking(II)-Effect of Sulfuric acid Treatment on Coated Broke Recycling - (도공파지의 재생에 관한 연구(제 2보)-황산처리가 도공파지 재생공정에 미치는 영향)

  • 이용규;김창근
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 1999
  • The effect of dilute sulfuric acid treatment was examined to improve recyclability of coated brokes. Turbidity , electric conductivity , and cationic demand of the white water from coated broke prepared from an alkaline base paper was determined. Sulfuric acid treatment was found to be effective in dissolving undisintegrated substances such as binders, pigments, and fibers. The properties of papers prepared by adding the broke to pulp stock up to 30% dry weight were examined . With the increase of broke addition, retention, sizing degree and smoothness were improved ; on the other hand, formation uniformness, air permeability and internal bonding strength were decreased. The extent of improvement by broke addition was greater for the surfuric acid-treated broke than the control broke. It was concluded that the use of coated broke should be limited within 10-15% weight of the product for either type of broke.

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Trends in papermaking minerals used in the Asia-Pacific region

  • Lines, M.G.;Park, S.B.
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Conference
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    • pp.56-65
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    • 2004
  • The Asia Pacific papermaking giants are China, Japan and Korea followed by Indonesia. The strong trends in recent years have been the move to alkaline/neutral sizing which has assisted the move from kaolin and talc as the major filler minerals to ground calcium carbonate and precipitated calcium carbonate. Kaolin remains important as a constituent in many coating formulations and Chinese-sourced talc, due to its brightness and price will remain important especially in paper filler minerals. The need for ever increasing printing surface quality and continuing efforts by the paper manufacturers to keep costs under control will ensure minerals in papermaking will continue to be a dynamic subject in the years ahead.

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A Presevatived Study On Accelerated Aging Of The System Of Mass-Deacidification In Domestic (인공열화에 의한 국산 대량탈산시스템의 보존성 연구)

  • Shin, Jong-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.177-200
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    • 2001
  • The causes which affects the deterioation of paper arc paper structure, papermaking process, temperature and rative humidity, light and biological agents. Paper made from cllulose fibers by the wood and the nonwood, This paper structure is further hydrolyzed by acidic additive such as the sizing agents during the manufacturing process. These additives leave residual acids in the paper, which break the cellulose clown to simper molecules. The results is weak paper and bas caused most of the damage to book. This study was carried out to investigate the presevation and the deacidification for the permanenece by the book. The deacidification and the chemical agents aims to nutralized the aicd in paper and add alkaline to it as a buffer to withstand future acid attacks. By applying the system to the acid paper with a pH of 4.5 neutralized a pH of 8.5. The expected of alkaline reserved paper extend about 2times and 3times than acidic paper.

Recirculating Integrated System for the Treatment of Authentic Integrated-textile-dyeing Wastewater from Dyeing Industrial Complex (염색산업단지 종합폐수처리용 재순환 통합시스템)

  • Lee, Eun Ju;Lim, Kwang-Hee
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.837-845
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    • 2017
  • A recirculating integrated system composed of a fluidized biofilter filled with waste-tire crumb media fixed with return sludge from wastewater treatment facility of D dyeing industrial center, and a UV/photocatalytic reactor packed with calcined $TiO_2$ coated-glass beads as photocatalyst-support, was constructed and was run to treat authentic textile-dyeing wastewater from D-dyeing industrial center, which was mixed with an alkaline polyester-weight-reducing wastewater and a wastewater from sizing process. As a result, its total removal efficiency(RE(tot)) of $COD_{cr}$ and colors were ca. 81% and 55%, respectively. The synergy effect of the recirculating integrated system to enhance total removal efficiency(RE(tot)) of $COD_{cr}$ and colors were evaluated at most ca. 7% and 3%, respectively. The fluidized biofilter and the UV/photocatalytic reactor were responsible for ca. 94% and 6% of the total $COD_{cr}$ removal efficiency, respectively, and were also responsible for ca. 86% and 14% of the total color-removal efficiency, respectively. Thus, the degree of the UV/photocatalytic reactor-unit process's contribution to RE(tot) of color, was about 2.4 times of that to RE(tot) of $COD_{cr}$. Therefore, the UV/photocatalytic reactor facilitated the more effective elimination of colors by breaking down the chemical bonds oriented from colors of dyes such as azo-bond, than $COD_{cr}$. In addition, the effect of the removal efficiency of each unit process(i.e., the fluidized biofilter or the UV/photocatalytic reactor) of the recirculating integrated system on RE(tot) of $COD_{cr}$ and colors, was analysed by establishing its model equation with an analytic correlation.