• Title, Summary, Keyword: allotment

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A Factor-cluster Benefit Segmentation of Potential Users on Allotment Garden with Log House (농촌지역사회 활성화를 위한 체재형 가족농원 육성방안 : 시장세분화 접근)

  • Lee, Min-Soo;Park, Duk-Byeong;Chae, Jong-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.93-105
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    • 2007
  • Allotment gardens with log house in rural area as a rural growth tool are able to adapt to current market mechanisms by communication and promotion techniques. It is important to know what and how allotment garden's users seek their benefits to market segmentations. The primary purpose of this study was to segment and profile the benefits of allotment garden's potential users so as to provide a better understanding of allotment garden in Korea. A self-administered survey was obtained from 298 allotment gardens users in the study area. Four distinct segments were identified based on the benefits; relaxer(23.7%), educator(21.9%), want-it-all gardener(42.3%), and grower(12.2%), and these were profiled with respect to socio-demographics and civic garden-related features. We suggest that the relaxers are target market of allotment gardens with log house because they have willingly intented to pay a higher rent.

Exploring the Allotment Gardens and Its Implication - Case Study on Kleingarten in German, Dacha in Russia and Civic Garden in Japan - (외국 가족농원의 비교 분석을 통한 정책적 시사점 - 일본, 독일, 러시아 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Duk-Byeong;Lee, Sang-Duk;Lee, Hye-Hyun;Lee, Min-Soo;Jang, Myun-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2006
  • The study aims to explore the situation of allotment garden and its implication from case study on the Kleingarten in German the Dacha in Russia and the Civic Garden in Japan. It has shown that the allotment gardens have gradually been an important for urban people to have recreation and health from agricultural activities. The results suggest that whereas most of kind of allotment gardens in three countries was perspectively enhanced according to their historic and social contexts, the basic rationales initiated were to provide recreation areas for supporting people health and preserving green areas in urban areas. To expand these kind of allotment gardens, we conclude that the establishment and amendment of the related law are needed to activate and enhance the allotment garden in Korea.

Tolerance allotment with Design Centering considering Assembly Yield (조립수율을 고려한 공차할당 및 가공중심 결정)

  • 이진구
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this research was developing an integrated way to solve two typical tolerance optimization problem i.e. optimal tolerance allotment and design centering. A new problem definition design centering-tolerance allotment problem (DCTA) was proposed here for the first time and solved. Genetic algorithm and coarse Monte Carlo simulation were used to solve the stochastic optimization problem. Optimal costs were compared with the costs from the previous optimization strategies Significant cost reductions were achieved by DCTA scheme.

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Finanial evaluation of shell oil company

  • Pak, Ee-Tong
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.139-145
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    • 1976
  • To evaluate the composite composed of Shell-Oil Co. itself and its sub-sidiary companies, the account data for 10 years from 1964 to 1973 was analyzed. Before analyzing, the formula needed to it was deduced and by synthesizing the deduced formula, the price earning ratio (R) was computed as the trial and error method. Resultantly the earning power (ic) was less than 5% ie. R=17.03. So this company showed the normal company earnings and allotment from 1964 to 1968. From 1968 to 1970, the allotment was increased but the earnings was decreased. And in spite of the successive increase of the allotment from 1970 to 1973, the company showed that it was the stable and profitable one with stable increase of earnings. In conclusion, this company showed the stable trend of increase in the allotment of earnings and earnings itself.

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Effect of General Investors' Allotment Ratio on Underpricing in KOSDAQ IPO Market: 20% rule (코스닥 IPO시장에서 일반투자자 배정비율이 저평가에 미치는 영향: 20% rule)

  • Kim, Daeseok;Kim, Changki;Kim, So-Yeun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.557-567
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    • 2018
  • This paper studies the relationship between general investors' allotment ratio and underpricing for the companies that were newly listed in KOSDAQ market after the 20% rule, from March 2004 to December 2013, by empirical analysis. It is shown that the excess allotment ratio over 20% has a strong explanatory power for underpricing ratio under the 1% significance level. Furthermore, the general investors' allotment ratio is a significant explanatory variable of underpricing ratio under the 5% significance level. There are many hypotheses about underpricing, however, if underpricing is evident with high allocation ratio for general investors, it can be regarded as a signal of company's confidence in earnings after listing. In conclusion, this study reveals that general investors' allotment ratio can be used as a major explanatory variable that has a significant effect on the degree of undervaluation in the IPO market.

A Study on the Appropriate Allotment Methodology of Middle School District According to Urban Growth - Focusing on the Middle School District in Sejong City - (도시성장에 따른 효율적인 중학교군 설정 방법 연구 - 세종특별자치시의 중학교군을 중심으로 -)

  • Cho, Chang-Hee;Lee, Hwa-Ryong;Dong, Jae-Uk
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2016
  • This study aims at proposing the efficient settlement of middle school district and the appropriate allotment of middle school student. It focuses on the middle school district in Sejong city where has recently been developed. Firstly this study analyzes the long-term plans of school establishment, the current state of the student accommodation and the number of increasing students according to the continuing developments. To set up the efficient school district, it investigates the number of students per school district, school location and the commuting condition to each school. Throughout a question investigation to school parents, it analyzes the school choice factors - distant to school, school environment, school facilities, teacher's passion, the school curriculum, and so on. Furthermore it carries out focus group interview(FGI) targeting parents and teachers. It proposes a short-distance allotment method as an appropriate disposition of middle school student in Sejong city, which conducts a process of the first-application and the later-draw with a community as a unit.

The Study of Efficient Rekey Interval Allotment for Minimum Cost on Secure Multicast (보안 멀티캐스트 환경에서 최소비용을 위한 효과적인 Rekey Interval 할당에 관한 연구)

  • Baag, Jin-Young;Lee, Goo-Yeon;Lee, Yong
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.21 no.A
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    • pp.123-127
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    • 2001
  • This paper proposed for allotment of group key's rekey interval required from secure multicast environment. New group key distribution occurs in two cases: one is periodical update and the other is permitted or unpermitted withdrawal of group member. In later case, the group controller distributes new group key to member except withdrawal member because it can't predict precisely. In former case, the group member who cheated the group can adjust the rekey interval. Using relation between security level, overhead and cost from rekey interval, this paper suggests effective rekey interval allotment through probable performance analysis in large dynamic group.

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An Evaluation of the Space Planning of Medical Welfare Facilities for the Aged in Ulsan according to the Standards of the ${\ulcorner}$The Elderly Welfare Act${\lrcorner}$ (노인복지법 시설기준에 따른 울산시 노인의료복지시설 평가연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Joong;Ryu, Hyun-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.9
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    • pp.103-117
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    • 2006
  • There is no compulsory administration on the facility status for silver medical welfare facilities under the current legal regulations based on the welfare law of the aged nor is there standardized space allotment conditions that considered the physical psychological and pathological characteristics of the aged. Hence, welfare facilities are presently being constructed under general architectural laws. (Ed- paragraphs combined here) Therefore, standardized space allotment conditions should be planned soon for the aged in welfare facilities. (Ed- paragraphs combined here) In this study we examined the situation of space allotment through both blueprint analysis and interview with building supervisors. However, in future studies, we will focus on space insufficiency situations and the needs of the aged residents in welfare facilities.

Analysis of the Degree in Demand for Diverse Cultivation Species by Current Status of Allotment Garden Participants (주말농원 참여자의 현황 및 재배작목 다양화에 대한 요구도 분석)

  • Kim, Young;Kim, Eun-Ja;Rhee, Sang-Young;Lee, Seung-Joo
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.659-672
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    • 2008
  • There is a need to develop diverse cultivation species with reference to the favorites and farming experiences of allotment garden participants, in addition to the crops being cultivated in the gardens. In this study, therefore, a survey on the status of cultivation and the demand for herb crops for the garden participants was conducted. Current trend of the programmes related to allotment garden for city dwellers, executed by various relevant organizations was analyzed. A questionnaire was accomplished by adult participants experiencing farming in allotments. Likewise, interview with farm proprietors was conducted. The results showed that the number of crop species cultivated in allotments was about ten species. The purchase of seeds and nursery plants was mainly dependent on the farmland proprietors. The selection of the crops was made by both wife and husband. The status of herb utilization indicated that 5.7% of participants were cultivating or had cultivated herb plants. Sixty-two percent of participants were not cultivating herb plants because they did not know how. The purposes of using herbs were for medicine and beauty (22.0%), for spices (22.0%) and for enjoyment (29.0%). Thirty-four percent (34.0%) of participants were interested or would like to use the herbs in the future for medicine and beauty, 39.0% for spices and 31.7% for enjoyment. It is expected that the demand for herbs would increase. Also, 78.3% of participants had the intension or had taken into consideration to cultivate the herb plants, if the farmland proprietors would provide the plants. And, they had interest in planting, management and post harvest utilization and if a reference material would be provided as well. An approach to plant new crops might be possible to those who have more than four years of farming experience and possess relatively high level of cultivation techniques. In conclusion, the favorable crop cultivation strategy corresponding to the participants' abilities; and rental process were essential for the sustainable operation of allotment gardens and expanded number of participants. Moreover, there is a need to pay attention to the city dwellers who have a lot of farming experiences in allotment gardens to maintain agriculture and rural community. This is so, because they are interested in agriculture and rural community and most of them replied that they had intentions to move to rural areas in the future.

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A Study on the perceptions of teachers and students on the implementation of the intensive course completion system in mathematics courses (수학교과에서 집중이수제 시행에 관한 교사와 학생들의 인식 조사)

  • Han, Hyesook;Hong, In Suk;Lee, Soon Yong;Yoo, Gi Jong;Kim, Ji Yeon
    • The Mathematical Education
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.317-335
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    • 2012
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the perceptions of teachers and students on the implementation of the intensive course completion system in mathematics courses and to provide suggestions for the improvement of the system. Five high school mathematics teachers and 338 10th graders and 87 11th graders in 2 high schools located in Gyeonggi-do participated in this study. The results of this study indicated that the intensive course completion system is more appropriate to the subjects which require less time allotment or practical exercise than mathematics courses. For better implementation of the intensive course completion system in mathematics courses, first of all, enough time allotment for teaching and learning mathematics should be guaranteed. Otherwise, the system can make students feel more burden of learning due to increase in learning volume of mathematics courses.