• Title, Summary, Keyword: amylograph

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Effects of Green Tea Powder on Dough Rheology and Gelatinization Characteristics (녹차가루 첨가에 따른 밀가루 반죽의 물성 및 호화특성 변화)

  • 오유경;김창순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.749-753
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    • 2002
  • The effects of green tea powder (GTP) on the rheological properties of dough and gelatinization characteristics were evaluated by farinograph, extensograph, amylograph and DSC. The flours used were high strength flour (HF: 12.5% protein) and blend of 50% high strength flour and 50% low strength flour (HLF: 10.5% protein). As the amount of GTP increased, water absorption, development time and weakness of the dough decreased for both flours, but dough stability increased only for HLF; the extension of the dough decreased but the resistance to extension increased. The pasting temperature increased and maximum viscosity decreased. On the other hand, with the addition of green tea extract to the wheat starch, transition onset temperature, transition peak temper-ature and enthalpy decreased, demonstrating that catechins in green tea facilitate the starch crystal melting.

A Study on Physicochemical Properties of Taro during the Pretreatment Process of Making Toranbyung (토란병 제조 전처리 과정 중의 토란의 이화학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김은경;정은경;이현옥;염초애
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.255-262
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    • 1995
  • Studies were carried out to investigate physicochemical properties of taro during the pretreatment process of making Toranbyung. Seventeen kinds of amino acids were found in taro. Aspartic acid and glutamic acid were most plentiful among those amino acids. Essential amino acids were about 42.7% of the total amino acids. Sulfur containing amino acids, mehtionine and cystine were about 2.7% The amylograph indicated that the initial temperature triggering gelatinization of both rice flour mixed with taro and glutinous rice flour mixed with taro increased as the amount of taro increased. But the maximum viscosity of rice flour mixed with taro did not increase as the amount of taroincreased while the maximum viscosity of glutinous rice flour mixed with taro increased as the amount of taro increased. And the peak temperature of both rice flour mixed with taro and glutinous rice flour miced with taro increased as the amount of taro increased. The alkali degree of insoluble ash was higher than that of soluble ash. Glutinous rice dough had more total sugar than rice dough. Yellowness of rice dough was higher than that of glutinous rice dough.

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Gelatinization Behaviours and Gel Properties of Hydroxypropylated Corn Starches (하이드록시프로필화 옥수수 전분의 호화 및 겔 특성)

  • Yook, Cheol;Pek, Un-Hua;Park, Kwan-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.317-324
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    • 1991
  • Gelatinization behaviours and gel properties of hydroxypropylated corn starches (HPCS) were investigated with differential scanning calorimeter, amylograph and rheometer. Gelatinization temperature of HPCS decreased as degree of substitution increased. The retrogradation of corn starch was greatly reduced by hydroxypropylation, indicating that the association of starch molecules was sterically hindered by hydroxypropyl groups. In HPCS, gel was formed slowly and gel strength decreased resulting in soft and sticky texture. Texture profiles of HPCS gels were similar to those of tapioca and waxy corn starch. HPCS has shown a remarkable increase of paste transparency compared to native corn starch.

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Quality Characteristics of Shrimp Flour Added Dumpling Shell (새우 분말을 첨가한 만두피의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Park, Bock-Hee;Cho, Young-Ja;Kim, Su-Ryoun;Cho, Hee-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.206-211
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of shrimp flour on quality characteristics of dumpling shell. Dumpling shell samples were prepared with wheat flour along with the addition of different amount of shrimp flour, followed by functional measurements and sensory evaluations. According to amylograph data, the composite shrimp flour/wheat flour samples had increased gelatinization temperature with increasing shrimp flour content, while initial viscosity at $95^{\circ}C$, viscosity at $95^{\circ}C$ after 15 minutes, and maximum viscosity were reduced. In terms of color values, L value decreased, but a and b values increased with increasing shrimp flour content. Furthermore, the addition of shrimp flour increased hardness and decreased chewiness in all samples. Overall, sensory evaluations proved that dumpling shell with 10% added shrimp flour was preferred over the other samples.

Gelatinization Properties of Pigmented Rice Varieties (유색미의 품종별 호화 특성)

  • Ha, Tae-Youl;Park, Sung-Hee;Lee, Sang-Hyo;Kim, Dong-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.564-567
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    • 1999
  • Gelatinization characteristics of pigmented rice varieties were determined in terms of amylose contents, amylograph, gel consistency, water absorption index (WAI) and water soluble index (WSI). Amylose contents of black and red rice were lower than those of brown rice, especially Sanghaehyanghyulla exhibited the lowest amylose contents among the pigmented rice varieties tested. There was no significant difference in WAI among the pigmented rice varieties, but WSI was lower in red rice than the others. Peak viscosity of black rice measured in a Brabender amylograph was lower than those of red and brown rice.

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Effects of Calcium on Textural and Sensory Properties of Ramyon (칼슘의 첨가에 따른 라면의 조직감과 관능적 특성)

  • 정재홍
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.252-257
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    • 1999
  • In an attempt to evaluate the effects of calcium on paste or gelatinization properties by amylograph and mixing properties by farinograph of wheat flour and on viscosity property cooking quality textural and sensory properties of Ramyon were examined. The contents of calcium used were from 1.0% to 3.0% based on flour weight. The viscosity property of wheat flour with calcium was increased the initial past-ing temperature but the amylograph peak viscosity were decreased in vice versa. The farinograph absorp-tion stability and breakdown were increased by calcium. The shear extrusion force and hardness of Ram-yon manufactured with calcium were shown much higher value than those of control. At cooking quality examination of Ramyon manufactured with calcium weight of cooked Ramyon was increased by volume was decreased. Extraction amounts of Ramyon manufactured with calcium during cooking were much smaller than those of control. These changes will provided many advantages in the preparation of Ram-yon. The I2 reaction value of Ramyon manufactured with calcium and control were shown to almost same values. Sensory properties of cooked Ramyon which was manufactured with calcium showed quite acceptable. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test addition of 0.3% calcim to wheat flour may be suitable for processing Ramyon.

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Effects of Ginseng on Textural and Sensory Properties of Long Life Noodles (인삼첨가 Long Life 면의 조직감과 관능적 특성)

  • 심창주
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.523-528
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    • 1999
  • The influence of ginseng on the paste or gelatinization properties by amylograph and mixing properties by farinograph of wheat flour and on quality properties color cooking quality textural and sensory properties and reducing microbial population of LL(Long Life) noodles was studied. The contents of ginseng used were from 5% to 10% based on flour weight. The viscosity property of wheat flour with ginseng was increased the initial pasting temperature but the amylograph peak viscosity were decreased in vice versa. The farinograph absorption stability and breakdown were increased by ginseng. The whiteness of Ll nodles manufactured with ginseng was lower than that of control The shear extrusion force and hardness of LL noodles manufactured with ginseng were shown much higher value than those of control. At cooking quality examination of LL noodles manufactured with ginseng weight of cooked LL noodles was decreased but volum was appeared in ice versa,. Extraction amounts of LL noodles manufactured with ginseng during cooking were much smaller than those of control Total count of microorganism of Ll noodles manufactured with ginseng were decreased during storage at 3$0^{\circ}C$ Sensory properties of cooked LL noodles which was manufactured with ginseng showed quite acceptable. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test addition of 7.0% ginseng to wheat flour may be suitable for processing LL noodles.

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Effect of Starter of Flour Ferment by Lactobacillus acidophilus on Physical Properties of Noodle Dough (Lactobacillus acidophilus로 발효시킨 밀가루 발효물의 첨가가 면 반죽의 물성에 미치는 영향)

  • Cha, Wook-Jin;Lee, Si-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.801-805
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    • 2005
  • Practical use of wheat flour ferment with L. acidophilus during noodlemanufacturing was investigated. Water absorption decreased and overall mechanical tolerance index increased with ferment addition up to 20%. Amylograph of flour with ferment showed initial gelatinization temperatures of control, and 5% ferment-and ferment-added groups were equal. Maximum viscosity decreased by ferment addition. L, b and a values of dough increased proportionally with added ferment. Color of doughs with ferment was generally ligher. Total color difference of doughs added with ferment was higher than that of control group.

Effect of Lipid Constituents on the Amylograph Characteristics of Barley Flour (지방질성분(脂肪質成分)이 보리가루의 Amylograph특성(特性)에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, In-Sook;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 1984
  • Naked barley flour(Baekdong cultivar) was examined with respect to its pasting properties by means of Brabender amylograph after adding barley lipids, fatty acids, vegetable oils and emulsifiers at 1% level. Amylogram of barley flour showed a similar gelatinization temperature but higher paste viscosities at all reference points as compared with wheat flour. Barley flour showed lower amylograph curves by defatting with n-hexane, namely reductions in initial gelatinization point, maximum viscosity and setback value. But re-addition of n-hexane extract to the defatted flour essentially reproduced the curve obtained in the undefatted flour. Addition of polar and nonpolar lipids exhibited different effects on the pasting properties of barley flour. Polar lipids generally increased maximum viscosity a little while non-polar lipids increased the maximum viscosity substantially. Addition of increasing amounts of nonpolar lipids was found to progressively increase the maximum viscosity. Addition of fatty acids increaed th maximum viscosity and delayed the peak time. The maximum viscosity of defatted barley flour impregnated with unsaturated fatty acids was higher than that of defatted barley flour impregnated with saturated fatty acids Increasing amounts of linoleic acid were fount to progressively increase the maximum viscosity and to delay the peak time of defatted barley flour. Addition of six vegetable oils lowered the gelatinization temperature and rasied the maximum viscosity and temperature at maximum viscosity. Addition of increasing amount of peanut oil was found to decrease the maximum viscosity. The effect of emulsifiers was greater in undefatted flour than in defatted flour. The maximum viscosity of defatted flour was slightly affected by Methocel 50, Methocel 1500 and Emulthin, and substantially increased by Methocel 4000, sodium polyacrylate and calcium stearyl lactylate.

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Physico-chemical Properties of Bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) Root Starch - II. Physical Properties- (고사리(Pteridium aquilinum) 뿌리 전분의 이화학적 특성에 관한 연구 -제2보 : 전분의 물리적 특성-)

  • Jo, Jae-Sun;Kim, Sung-Kon;Lee, Ke-Ho;Kwon, Tai-Wan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 1981
  • The gelatinization phenomena of bracken root starch were examined by means of the loss of birefringence, degree of digestibility by amylase and X-ray diffraction. These results indicated that gelatinization temperature of the starch was $55{\sim}60^{\circ}$ and over 95% of starch were gelatinized at the temperature between 60 and $70^{\circ}C$. The swelling power of the bracken root starch was much less steeper than that of potato or tapioca starch. Amylograph data on the various starch concentrations showed the pasting temperature of $62{\sim}68^{\circ}$, peak height of $80{\sim}840$ Brabender unit (BU) and peak after cooling to $50^{\circ}C$ of $110{\sim}555\;BU.$. According to the information obtained from amylograph data, the bracken root starch showed low set back. The rate of retrogradation of the starch as tested by Texturometer was slower and faster than that of potato and tapioca starches, respectively.

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