• Title, Summary, Keyword: analytical solution

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AN APPROXIMATE ANALYTICAL SOLUTION OF A NONLINEAR HYDRO-THERMO COUPLED DIFFUSION EQUATION

  • Lee, Jeong-woo;Cho, Won-cheol
    • Water Engineering Research
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.187-196
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    • 2001
  • An approximate analytical solution of a nonlinear hydro-thermo coupled diffusion equation is derived using the dimensionless form of the equation and transformation method. To derive an analytical solution, it is drastically assumed that the product of first order derivatives in the non-dimensionalized governing equation has little influence on the solution of heat and moisture behavior problem. The validity of this drastic assumption is demonstrated. Some numerical simulation is performed to investigate the applicability of a derived approximate analytical solution. The results show a good agreement between analytical and numerical solutions. The proposed solution may provide a useful tool in the verification process of the numerical models. Also, the solution can be used for the analysis of one-dimensional coupled heat and moisture movements in unsaturated porous media.

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Analytical Solution for Transient Temperature Distribution in Fillet Arc Welding (필릿 용접 공정에서 온도 분포 예측을 위한 해석적 모델)

  • 정선국;조형석
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.68-81
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    • 1995
  • This paper presents an analytical solution to predict the transient temperature distribution in fillet arc welding. The analytical solution is obtained by solving a transient three -dimensional heat conduction equation with convection boundary conditions on the surfaces of an infinite plate with finite thicknesses, and mapping an infinite plate onto the fillet weld geometry with energy equation. The electric arc heat input on fillet weld and on infinite plate is assumed to have a traveling bivariate Gaussian distribution. To check the validity of the solution, GTA and FCA welding experiments were performed under various welding conditions. The actual isotherms of the weldment cross - sections at various distances from the arc start point are compared with those of simulation result. As the result shows a satisfactory accuracy, this analytical solution can be used to predict the transient temperature distribution in the fiIIet weld of finite thickness under a moving bivariate Gaussian distributed heat source. The simplicity and short calculation time of the analytical solution provides rationales to use the analytical solution for modeling the welding control systems or for an optimization tool of welding process parameters.

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Accurate buckling analysis of rectangular thin plates by double finite sine integral transform method

  • Ullah, Salamat;Zhang, Jinghui;Zhong, Yang
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.72 no.4
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    • pp.491-502
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    • 2019
  • This paper explores the analytical buckling solution of rectangular thin plates by the finite integral transform method. Although several analytical and numerical developments have been made, a benchmark analytical solution is still very few due to the mathematical complexity of solving high order partial differential equations. In solution procedure, the governing high order partial differential equation with specified boundary conditions is converted into a system of linear algebraic equations and the analytical solution is obtained classically. The primary advantage of the present method is its simplicity and generality and does not need to pre-determine the deflection function which makes the solving procedure much reasonable. Another advantage of the method is that the analytical solutions obtained converge rapidly due to utilization of the sum functions. The application of the method is extensive and can also handle moderately thick and thick elastic plates as well as bending and vibration problems. The present results are validated by extensive numerical comparison with the FEA using (ABAQUS) software and the existing analytical solutions which show satisfactory agreement.

Review on Analytical Solutions for Slump Flow of Cement Paste (시멘트 페이스트의 슬럼프 유동 모사를 위한 분석적 해의 검토)

  • Yun, Taeyoung
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSES : In this paper, the analytical solutions suggested to simulate the behavior of rheological fluids were rigorously re-derived and investigated for fixed conditions to evaluate the applicability for the solutions on a mini-cone slump test of cement paste. The selected solutions with proper boundary conditions can be used as reference solutions to evaluate the performance of numerical simulation approaches, such as the discrete element method. METHODS : The slump, height, and spread radius for the given boundary and yield stress conditions that are determined by five different analytical solutions are compared. RESULTS : The analytical solution based on fluid mechanics for pure shear flow shows similar results to that for intermediate flow at low yield stresses. The fluid mechanics-based analytical solution resulted in a very similar trend to the geometry-based analytical solution. However, it showed a higher slump at high yield stress and lower slump at low yield stress ranges than the geometry-based analytical model. The analytical solution based on the mini-cone geometry was not significantly affected by the yield criteria, such as von Mises and Tresca. CONCLUSIONS : Even though differences among the analytical solutions in terms of slump and spread radius existed, the difference can be considered insignificant when the solutions were used as reference to evaluate the appropriateness of numerical approaches, such as the discrete element method.

A Theoretical Study on the Analytical Solutions for Laterally Loaded Pile (횡방향 하중을 받는 말뚝의 해석해에 대한 이론적 고찰)

  • Lee, Seung-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2011
  • Analytical solutions for laterally loaded piles were derived. Critical pile length which can be considered as the length for behaving as long pile was investigated varying with densities of sandy soils. Lateral behaviors obtained from analytical solution and numerical solution were also investigated. Non-dimensional critical pile lengths obtained from analytical solutions for three types of pile head boundary conditions were 2.3~3.2. By comparing analytical solutions with numerical solutions, distribution of pile deflection and that of moment were similar and it can be seen that pile head deflection obtained by analytical method is conservative. And the values of moments were not too different between analytical solution and numerical solution.

유선 시뮬레이션 기법과 준해석해를 이용한 용질 거동 분석

  • 정대인;최종근;박광원
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2004
  • Streamline simulation researches have been extensively accomplished due to the swiftness of computation and the reduction of numerical dispersion. In this study, we developed a streamline simulation model using a semianalytical solution of ID transport equation. To validate accuracy of the developed model, we compared simulation results of contaminant transport, which were acquired by streamline simulation models using an analytical solution, a numerical solution, and a semianalytical solution. The developed model using the semianalytical solution matched well with the model using an analytical solution. However, streamline simulation model using a numerical solution showed numerical dispersion. For an advection-dominant flow, there was little difference in the simulation results between the developed model and tile analytical model, but the differences between the analytical model and the numerical model were cleary shown. From the comparison of computing time we know that the streamline simulation using the semianalytical solution is 2-60 times as fast as the streamline simulation using the numerical solution.

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Impact response analysis of delaminated composite laminates using analytical solution (이론 해를 이용한 층간 분리된 적층판의 충격거동 해석)

  • Kim, Sung-Joon;Shin, Jeong-Woo;Chae, Dong-Chul
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.315-320
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    • 2007
  • An analytical solution has been developed for the impact response of delaminated composite plates. The analysis is based on an expansion of loads, displacements, and rotations in a Fourier series which satisfies the end boundary conditions of simply-supported. The analytical formulation adopts the Laplace transformation technique, requiring a linearization of contact deformation. In this paper, the nonlinear contact stiffness is replaced by a linearized stiffness, to provide an estimate of the additional compliance due to contact area deformation effects. It has been shown that defects such as delaminations may be modeled as spring stiffness. The change in the impact characteristics as this spring stiffness has been investigated theoretically. Predicted impact responses using analytical solution are compared with the numerical ones from the 3-D non-linear finite element model. From the results, it is shown that analytical solution was found to be reliable for predicting the impact response.

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Eddy Current Loss Analysis of Slotless Double-sided Cored Type Permanent Magnet Generator by using Analytical Method (해석적 방법을 이용한 슬롯리스 양측식 코어드 타입 영구자석 발전기의 와전류 손실 해석)

  • Jang, Gang-Hyeon;Jung, Kyoung-Hun;Hong, Keyyong;Kim, Kyong-Hwan;Choi, Jang-Young
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.65 no.10
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    • pp.1639-1647
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    • 2016
  • This paper deals with eddy current loss analysis of Slotless Double sided Cored type permanent magnet linear generator by using analytical method, space harmonic method. In order to calculate eddy current, this paper derives analytical solution by the Maxwell equation, magnetic vector potential, Faraday's law and a two-dimensional(2-D) cartesian coordinate system. First, we derived the armature reaction field distribution produced by armature wingding current. Second, by using derived armature reaction field solution, the analytical solution for eddy current density distribution are also obtained. Finally, the analytical solution for eddy current loss induced in permanent magnets(PMs) are derived by using equivalent, electrical resistance calculated from PMs volume and eddy current density distribution solution. The analytical result from space harmonic method are validated extensively by comparing with finite element method(FEM).

Comparison of Two Methods for Analyzing Stress-Strain Behavior of Soil Beam (지반보의 응력-변형률 거동에 대한 해석법 비교)

  • Lee, Seung-Hyun;Han, Jin-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.294-302
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    • 2018
  • To analyze the behavior of a soil beam under pore water pressure, the results of analytical solutions and finite element analysis (FEM) were compared quantitatively. In contrast to the results of the analytical solution, the horizontal stress obtained from the FEM did not show a symmetrical distribution. On the other hand, the horizontal stress became closer to symmetrical distribution as the number of elements of the soil beam were increased. A comparison of the horizontal stresses from the analytic solution with those obtained from Gaussian points of FEM showed that the magnitude of the tensile stress from the FEM using 3 elements was 6% of the maximum value of the analytical solution and the compressive stress from the FEM using the same elements was 37% of the maximum value of the analytical solution. The magnitude of the tensile stress from the FEM using 6 elements was 61% of the maximum value of the analytical solution and the magnitude of the compressive stress from the FEM using the elements was 83% of the maximum value of the analytical solution. Vertical stresses, which were obtained from the analytical solution, showed a continuous distribution with the depth of the soil beam, whereas the vertical stresses from the FEM showed a discrete distribution corresponding to each element. The results also showed that the average value of the vertical stresses of each element was close to that of the pore water pressure. A comparison of the vertical displacements computed at the near vertical center line of the soil beam from the FEM with those of the analytical solution showed that the magnitude of the vertical displacement from FEM using 3 elements was 35% of the value of the analytical solution and the magnitude of the vertical displacement from FEM using 6 elements was 57% of the value of the analytical solution.

An analytical solution for finitely long hollow cylinder subjected to torsional impact

  • Wang, X.;Wang, X.Y.;Hao, W.H.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.281-295
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    • 2005
  • An analytical method is presented to solve the elastodynamic problem of finitely long hollow cylinder subjected to torsional impact often occurs in engineering mechanics. The analytical solution is composed of a solution of quasi-static equation satisfied with the non-homogeneous boundary condition and a solution of dynamic equation satisfied with homogeneous boundary condition. The quasi-static solution is obtained directly by solving the quasi-static equation satisfied with the non-homogeneous boundary condition. The solution of the non-homogeneous dynamic equation is obtained by means of finite Hankel transform on the radial variable, r, Laplace transform on time variable, t, and finite Fourier transform on axial variable, z. Thus, the solution for finitely long, hollow cylinder subjected to torsion impact is obtained. In the calculating examples, the response histories and distributions of shear stress in the finitely long hollow cylinder subjected to an exponential decay torsion load are obtained, and the results have been analyzed and discussed. Finally, a dynamic finite element for the same problem is carried out by using ABAQUS finite element analysis. Comparing the analytical solution with the finite element solution, it can be found that two kinds of results obtained by means of two different methods agree well. Therefore, it is further concluded that the analytical method and computing process presented in the paper are effective and accurate.