• Title, Summary, Keyword: anchovy sauce

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Changes of Components in Salt-Fermented Anchovy, Engraulis Japonicus Sauce during Fermentation (숙성기간에 따른 멸치액젓의 성분변화)

  • CHO Young Je;IM Yeong Sun;PARK Hee Yeol;CHOI Young Joon
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2000
  • To investigate changes of components in salt-fermented anchovy, Engraulis japonims sauce during fermentation, various chemical properties were examined at $1.5{\~}3$ months interval during 18 months fermentation. Moisture content and pH were decreased slightly, but the contents of VBN and crude protein, total and amino nitrogen, hydrolytic degree and absorbance at 453 nm were increased gradually during fermentation. On the other hand, ash content and salinity showed almost no change. Hk and uric acid were the most abundant in ATP related compounds, ranging from $80.1{\%}\;to\;92.7{\%}$ in salt-fermented anchovy sauce during the fermentation, After 18 months of fermentation the sauce was rich in free amino acids, such as glutamic acid, leucine, alanine, lysine, isoleucine, valine in that order.

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Isolation of Bacteriophage from Haloarcular sp, EH-1 (Haloarcular sp. EH-1에 의한 bacteriophage의 분리)

  • 정명주
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.505-510
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    • 2003
  • The extremely halophilic archaebacteriurn Haloarcular sp. EH-1 was isolated from solar salts. Halophages found in Haloarcular sp. EH-1 were isolated from fermented anchovy sauce. Halophages were isolated from fermented anchovy sauce using Haloarcular sp. EH-1 as a host bacterium. The isolated halophage produced 0.5∼l.0 mm in diameter clear plaques. The halophage consists of an symmetrical head, measuring 68 nm in diameter, and a contractile tail, 100 nm long and base plates were observed. Total size of phage DNA genome obtained 20 Kbp and its sequence homology was 52.87% with H. Salinarium.

Studies on the changes of main components during the fermentation of Anchvy sauce (멸치젓 발효숙성중 주요성분의 변화)

  • 조영도
    • Journal of the Korean Professional Engineers Association
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.80-90
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    • 1996
  • This research aimed at investigating the changes of volatile basic nitrogen, amino nitrogen and lipids during the fermentation of 6 month Anchovy cured under room temperature with various treatments(20, 30 and 40% salted) and examing the optimum condition of Anchovy sauce. The results are summerized as the V.B.N which increased with the curing period of anchovy from 14 mg% to 90~107mg% in 180 days curing at 20% salt level. Amino nitrogen in minced anchovy was higher than in whole anchovy during fermentation and the content of Extractive Nitrogen in the curing anchovy containing 20% of salt, kept the highest amount in 60 curing days. As a rule, minced anchovy showed more rapidly increased than whole anchovy. The lipid in curing anchovy containing 20% and 30% of salt has already been oxidized in 30 days while the lipid of anchovy cured with 40% salt prolonged the initial stage to 45 days. During fermentation, peroxide value and acid value showed constant increasing, while thiobarbituric acid began to decrease after 120 days curing. Among the non-polar lipids, linolenic acid, linoleic acid and erucic acid was decomposed by 24.5%, 22.2%, and 20.0%, respectively. It was noticed that the decomposition of polar lipid was retarded by higher salt content.

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Effect of Filter Aid Treatment on the Quality Characteristics of Salt-Fermented Anchovy Sauce (멸치액젓의 품질특성에 미치는 여과조제 처리의 효과)

  • JO Jin-Ho;DO Jeong-Ryong
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.770-773
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    • 1999
  • To obtain the basic data for the improvement of flayer and color in salt-fermented anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) sauce and for the inhibition of non-soluble precipitates formation during storage, experiments were carried out on the changes of chemical properties by treatment with 1, 3, 5 and $7\%$ (w/v) of active carbon and filter aids such as active clay, $Al_2O_3$ diatomaceous earth, and celite. Deceleration rate were $32\~33\%$ in case of $5\%$ (w/v) active carbon or $5\%$ (w/v) active clay treatments, but deodoration effect was not expected in all treatments. The inhibition rate of non-soluble precipitates formation in me of $5\%$ (w/v) active clay, diatomaceous earth and $Al_2O_3$ treatments. was shown as $82\%,\;73\%$, and $70\%$, respectively.

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Studies on the Flavor Compounds in Traditional Salt-Fermented Fishes (전통 수산발효식품의 향기성분에 관한 연구)

  • Cha, Yong-Jun;Kim, Jin Hyeon;Sim, Jin Ha;Yu, Daeung
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.259-272
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    • 2020
  • Nowadays, two types, Yumhae and Sikhae methods, remained as traditional seafood fermentation methods in Korea. In this study, flavor compounds in two types of salt-fermented fishes made by Yumhae method such as anchovy Engraulidae sp., shrimp Caridea sp., squid Decapodiformes sp., big eyed herring Clupea sp., gizzard shad Dorosoma sp. and hairtail Trichiurus sp., and made by Sikhae method such as Alaska pollack Gadus Chalcogrammus and squid. Volatile compounds detected in all salt-fermented fishes were composed mainly of aldehydes (45), ketones (39), alcohols (45), acids (12), esters (47), N-containing compounds (43), aromatic hydrocarbons (37), S-containing compounds (26), furans (10), and miscellaneous compounds (40) in salt-fermented fishes made by Yumhae method. Meanwhile, alcohols (47), terpenes (38), S-containing compounds (22), carbonyl compounds (19 aldehydes, 18 ketones), esters (13), and acids (14). Aroma-active compounds were identified by Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry/olfactometry and aroma extract dilution analysis in salt-fermented anchovy, shrimp and tuna (Thunnini sp.) sauce. Ethyl 2-methylbutanoate (candy/sweet) and 2-ethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazine (nutty/baked potato-like) were predominant odorants in salt-fermented anchovy, whereas dimethyl trisulfide (cooked cabbage/soy sauce-like), 2-ethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazine, and (E,E)-2,4-heptadienal (fatty/grainy) in salt-fermented shrimp, and dimethyl trisulfide, 3-methylbutanal (dark chocolate-like), and 3-methylthiopropanal (baked potato-like) in tuna sauce.

Sanitation and Quality Improvement of Salted and Fermented Anchovy Sauce by Gamma Irradiation (멸치액젓의 위생적 품질향상을 위한 감마선 조사기술 이용)

  • 김재현;안현주;김정옥;류기형;육홍선;이영남;변명우
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1035-1041
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    • 2000
  • Gamma irradiation was used to improve sanitation and quality of salted and fermented anchovy sauce. For commercial production, comparison with currently using sterilization methods, such as micro-filtration and heat treatment were also conducted. Control was prepared without irradiation and sterilization process. Microbiological, physiochemical, and sensory qualities were analyzed to observe the Quality changes during the storage. Irradiation at 5 kGy or above and micro-filtration process completely eliminated microorganisms detected in this study As irradiation dose increased, the color appeared brighter and irradiation at 5 kGy or above showed similar color L-value to that of sample treated with microfiltration. The color L, a, b-value of heat-treated sample always showed lower. The pH, salinity, and viscosity were sustained during storage. From the results of sensory evaluation, the samples treated with gamma irradiation and microfiltration obtained better scores than control or heat-sterilized. Gamma irradiation to salted and fermented anchovy sauce presented the best quality products among different sterilizing methods, especially at 5 kGy dose. Therefore, gamma irradiation can be successfully applied to commercial large scale production as a new sanitation technology with improved quality.

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Characterization of Protease Produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens HTP-8 Isolated from Korean Fermented Anchovy Sauce. (멸치 어간장으로부터 분리한 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens HTP-8 이 생산하는 단백질 분해효소의 특성)

  • 임형택;정순경;김기남;하정욱;백현동
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.26-32
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    • 2002
  • For commercial production of Korean fermented anchovy sauce through rapid fermentation, a bacterial strain which showed the high protease activity was isolated from a commercially fermented anchovy sauce. The isolate was Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, and named as B. amyloliquefaciens HTP-8. The incubation temperature, initial pH, and cultivation time for optimal production of protease by B. amyloliquefaciens HTP-8 were $30^{\circ}C$, 7.0, and 3 days, respectively. In jar fermenter, B. amyloliquefaciens HTP-8 showed higher protease activity when grown at pH 7.0. The protease was partially purified by 80% ammonium sulfate precipitation and CM-Sephadex C-50 ion exchange chromatography. The partially purified enzyme had specific activity of 103.3 units/mg, yield of 0.4%, and purification fold of 43.0. The optimal pH and temperature for the protease activity were 10.0 and $50^{\circ}C$, respectively. The protease was relatively stable at the pH range of 7.0~12.0 and at the temperatures below 4$0^{\circ}C$. The activity of the enzyme was inhibited by $Ag^{+}$ /, $Ba^{2+}$ and selectively inhibited by PMSF, suggesting that it is a serine protease.

Color and Texture Properties of Puchukimchi Kimchi Prepared with Different Methods (담금방법을 달리한 부추김치의 색과 조직특성)

  • 박문옥;김나영;장명숙
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.321-327
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    • 2000
  • Puchu (Allium odorum L.) Kimchi was prepared in 5 different conditions and the color(chlorophyll and carotenoids) and textural properties were measured during fermentation up to 43 days at 10$^{\circ}C$. The 5 preparation conditions which varied depending upon the sub-ingredients were as follows: to add salt (treatment A), soybean sauce(treatment B), soybean sauce and perilla seed powder (treatment C), anchovy sauce(treatment D), and anchovy sauce and glutinous rice paste(treatment E). Residual contents of chlorophyll and carotenoid decreased with the lapse of fermentation time, especially in treatments D and E. Value“a”indicating the degree of greenness in Hunter's color value decreased with the lapse of fermentation time, especially in treatment E. The contents of total soluble pectin and total soluble solid increased during fermentation.

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Optimization of Processing Process for Functional Anchovy Fish Sauce in Addition with Raw Sea Tangle (다시마를 첨가한 기능성 멸치액젓 제조조건 확립)

  • Jeong, Min-Hong;Jeong, Woo-Young;Gyu, Hyeon-Jin;Jeong, Sang-Won;Park, Hun-Kyu;Cho, Young-Je;Shim, Kil-Bo
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.1408-1418
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    • 2013
  • To investigate the quality properties of functional anchovy fish sauce added with raw sea tangle, 2%, 5%, and 10% (w/w) of sea tangle was added to 25% (w/w) salted anchovy and then fermented at $20^{\circ}C$. During fermentation period, the amino nitrogen contents were increased at all groups and the highest contents were at 450 days of fermentation with $11.99{\pm}0.08$, $12.51{\pm}0.08$, and $11.95{\pm}0.08mg/mL$ at 2%, 5%, and 10% addition of raw sea tangle, respectively. After later, the contents were keeping at a similar level. VBN contents were continuously increased until 270 days of fermentation with $208.10{\pm}3.50$, $210.00{\pm}4.10$, $215.15{\pm}1.50mg/100ml$ at 2%, 5%, 10% addition of raw sea tangle, respectively. Alginic acid recovery was gradually increased in fermentation duration, showed the highest concentration at 540 days of fermentation with 67.00, 67.25, 67.90% at 2%, 5% and 10% addition of raw sea tangle, respectively. Dietary fiber recovery was rapidly increased at the beginning of fermentation and then decreased slowly as the fermentation is progressed. The highest recovery was at 30 days with 18.7, 18.6, and 17.9%, and the lowest was at 360 days with 8.7 and 11.1% at 2 and 10% addition of raw sea tangle, respectively, and 450 days with 11.4% at 5% sea tangle. The lowest fucoidan contents were exhibited at 30 days of fermentation with 0.07% at both of 2% and 5% addition, and 90 days with 0.10% at 10% addtion of sea tangle. The highest fucoidan contents were 270 days showing 0.24, 0.25, and 0.23% at 2, 5, and 10% addition, respectively. All groups adding different sea tangle concentration were not significantly different at all properties. However, the newly developed products were sufficient to the standard guideline of Korea Food Drug Adminstration. The best processing process of functional anchovy fish sauce in addition with raw sea tangle is 2% addition of raw sea tangle and fermented more than 450 days. The results obtained in this study indicated that the fish sauce added with sea tangle is superior in taste, functions to traditional fish sauce and could be competitive fishery fermented food.

The change of free amino acid composition during radish Kimchi Fermentation (알타리무우김치 숙성과정중 유리아미노산의 변화)

  • 방양선
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 1985
  • This study was carried out to compare the change of free amino acid content in the radish Kimchi added with anchovy pickle sauce with that added with 15% NaCl solution during 30 days fermentation. RESULTS : 1. During the fermentation, the pH of both sample A and B showed the highest values of 7.3 and 7.1, respectively, and then both decreased continually to the lowest value of 4.2 at the 30th day. 2.The salinity in the juice of sample A was higher than that of sample B in all the steps during fermentation, accompanied with a slight decrease of the salinity in both cases with time elapsed. 3. The free amino-type nitrogen content of sample A was nearly duplicated in the final step than in the initial one,while that of sample B showed no significant changes in all the processing period. 4. The free amino acids detected in the both samples were aspartic acid, threonine, serine, proline, glutamic acid, glycine, alanine, tyrosine, cysteine, valine, methinonine, isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine, $\gamma-aminobutyrix acid(\ulcorner), ornithine, lysine, histidine and arginine. 5. The amounts of proline, arginine were the highest in all free amino acids during fermentation, and tasty components of radish Kimchi seemed to relate to glutamic acid, alanine, isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine, more deliciousness of Kimchi A and B seemed to derive from amino acids of anchovy pickle sauce added to Kimci A, such as alanine, valine, phenylalanine, lysine.

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