• Title, Summary, Keyword: anti-complementary activity

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Effect of Solvent Extraction on the Anti-complementary Activities of Green and Ripe Cucurbita moschata Duch

  • Yang, Jin-Ok;Kim, Chang-Jin;Song, Kyung-Bin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.133-135
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    • 2001
  • The edible part of cucurbita moschata Duch, which is commonly used as a Korean traditional medicine as well as a popular food source, was studied to isolate anti-complementary substance. Extracts of Cucurbita moschata Duch showed significant anti-complementary activities on the classical pathway of the complement system. Especially, the ripe Cucurbita moschata Duch had more activity than that of the complement system. Especially, the ripe Cucurbita moschata Duch had more activity than that of the green one in terms of the overall anti-complementary activity. Among the extracts of various organic solvents of the ripe Cucurbita moschata Duch, chloroform and ethyl-acetate extracts, which are non-polar solvent extracts, showed the strongest activities. These results suggest that the major difference in the solvent extraction for the anti-complementary substances depends on the change in the chemical composition such as the fatty acid with the degree of ripening.

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Anti-Complementary Properties of Polysaccharides Isolated from Fruit Bodies of Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus

  • Kweon, Mee-Hyang;Jang, Hyo;Lim, Wang-Jin;Chang, Hyo-Ihl;Kim, Chan-Wha;Yang, Han-Chul;Hwang, Han-Joon;Sung, Ha-Chin
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.450-456
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    • 1999
  • A high molecular-weight water-soluble fraction(PO) obtained by the ethanol precipitation of 0.1 N NaOH extracts of the mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus showed 82% anti-complementary activity for complement consumption hemolysis. The PO consisted of 42% carbohydrate (w/w), 50% protein (w/w), and 3% uronic acid (w/w). Fifty-eight percent of the anti-complementary activity decreased by periodate oxidation and 22% by protease digestion, suggesting that the sugar and protein moieties are essential for this activity. Two polysaccharide fractions, PO-IIIa-1 and PO-IIIa-2, with anti-complementary activity were isolated from the PO using DEAE-Sepharose FF followed by Sephadex G-75 and Sepharose CL-6B gel permeation chromatographies. The PO-IIIa-2 was found by HPLC to be nearly homogeneous, with the molecular mass of 531 kDa, and showed 96% $ITCH_{50}$ (inhibition against the total complement hemolysis of deionized water as the control) at a concentration of 1 mg/ml. This fraction contained galactose, mannose, fucose, and glucose with molar ratios of 1.75:1:0.65 and 0.59, respectively. The majority of galactose and mannose units in the PO-IIIa-2 were composed of TGalp1 ->, ->6Galp1->, ->2,6Galp1->, and ->Manp1->. The PO-IIIa-1 (molecular mass of 2000 kDa), exhibiting higher activity than the PO-IIIa-2, was further purified into two fractions, unbound proteoglycan (PO-IIIa-1A) and bound glucomannan (PO-IIIa-lB), by affinity chromatography using ConA-Sepharose CL-4B. The anti-complementary activity of each affinity purified fraction decreased as compared to that of the native PO-IIIa-1 fraction, indicating that the formation of complex between both polysaccharide fractions was necessary for full anti-complementary activity.

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The Anti-complementary Activity of Exo-polymers Produced from Submerged Mycelial Cultures of Higher Fungi with Particular Reference to Cordyceps militaris

  • Song, Chi-Hyun;Jeon, Young-Jae;Yang, Byung-Keun;Ra, Kyung-Soo;Sung, Jae-Mo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.536-539
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    • 1998
  • The anti-complementary activity (immuno-stimulating activity) was tested for the exo-polymers (extra-cellular polymer) produced from submerged mycelial cultures of 21 types of higher fungi. Anti-complementary activity of the exo-polymer from Cordyceps militaris showed the highest (69.0%) followed by Pleurotus ostreatus (63.7%) and Trametes suaveolens (61.4%). The mycelial growth rate and biomass doubling time of C. militaris in a 5 I air-lift fermenter were 0.0255 $h^{-1}$ and 27.2 h, respectively. The yield of the exo-polymer produced from the culture broth of C. militaris was 2.95 mg of dry weight/ml of culture broth. Sugar and amino acid compositions of this exo-polymer were analyzed.

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Purification and Characterization of Complement System Activating Polysaccharide from the Bark of Kalopanax pictus N. (음나무 수피로부터 보체계 활성화 다당의 정제 및 특성)

  • Shin, Keum;Ra, Kyung-Soo;Paik, Ki-Hyon
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 1992
  • It was observed that the hot-water extract of the bark of Kalopanax pictus N. had the highest anti-complementary activity among the 11 kinds of forest materials. Methanol-and ethanol-soluble portions had low anti-complementary activities, but crude polysaccharide. HKP-0 had a high activity of 80%. HKP-0 contained 54.8% of total sugar and 27.9% of protein. The neutral sugars of HKP-0 consisted of mainly arabinose, galactose and glucose. HKP-4 fraction obtained by cetavlon treatment of HKP-0 showed the highest anti-complementary activity of 90%. The activity was not changed by pronase digestion bu decreased greatly by periodate oxidation. HKP-4 consisted of mainly arabinose and glucose with molar ratio of 1.0 : 22.4, HKP-4-I, an unabsorbed fraction from HKP-4 on DEAE Sepharose CL-6B column showed higher yield and activity than those of absorbed fractions. HKP-4-I was homogeneous, and its molecular weight was about 25,000. HKP-4-I contained 84.0% of neutral sugar and consisted of arabinose and glucose with molar ratio of 1.0 : 11.2. The anti-complementary activity of HKP-4-I was not decreased by the treatment of polymyxin B, and the polysaccharide activated both classical and alternative pathway in complement system. Void volume fraction obtained from HKP-4-I hydrolyzed with ${\alpha}$-amylase on Sephadex G-25 column only had a high anti-complementary activity.

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Chemical Analysis of Acidic Proteo-heteroglycans with Anti-complementary Activity from the Hot-Water Extract of Fomitella fraxinea (장수버섯 자실체로부터 분리한 항보체 활성 단백다당체의 화학적 분석)

  • Yoon, Sang-Hong
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.502-510
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    • 1998
  • The hot-water extract of fruiting bodies in Fomitella fraxinea had potent anti-complementary activities. After fractionation of water-soluble polysaccharides by DEAE-Sephadex A-25 column chromatography, major anti-complementary activity was concentrated into the FF-AP1 among three polysaccharides (FF-NP, FF-AP1, FF-AP2). FF-AP1 was fractionated into $FF-AP1{\alpha}$ and $FF-AP1{\beta}$ obtained from the adsorbed fraction and unadsorbed fraction by affinity chromatography using a ConA-sepharose 4B column, respectively. $FF-AP1{\beta}$, which exihibited the highest anti-complementary activities had an IR absorption peak of $890cm^{-1}$, and a M.W. of about 15,000 (gel filtration). Anti-complementary activity of FF-AP1 decreased greatly by pronase treatment and periodate oxidation. $FF-AP1{\beta}$ responsible for potent anti-complemenary activities of Fomitella fraxinea was an acidic protein-containing heteroglycan consisted of 48% glucose, 13% mannose, and 12% galactose as major component sugars, 9.6% protein, 6% uronic acids.

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Biological Activities of Sarcodon aspratus (Berk.) S. Ito (능이 자실체의 생리활성)

  • Woo, Eun-Rhan;Park, Young-Jun;Moon, Young-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.305-310
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    • 2005
  • Sarcodon aspratus (Thelepholaceae), a native mushroom, is distributed in Korea and Japan, and has been widely used in traditional food and fork medicines. To confirm the biological activities of Sarcodon aspratus, the liver protecting activity, anti-clotting activity, and anti-complementary activity of the water extract, EtOH extract, and the water soluble proteoglycan part of S. aspratus were investigated. The EtOH, and water extract of S. aspratus decreased the GOT and GPT releases induced by $CCl_4$ in a dose-dependant manner. On the other hand, the water soluble proteoglycan part of S. aspratus showed weak inhibitory activity. In addition, the EtOH and water extract of S. aspratus prevented $CCl_4-induced$ hepatotoxicity, as described by a liver histopathologic study. To confirm the anti-clotting activity, the APTT and PT assay were carried out. As a result, only the crude proteoglycan part of S. aspratus showed the anti-coagulating activity, and this result might be due to the inhibition of intrinsic clotting system. Also, the crude proteoglycan part of S. aspratus showed the anti-complementary activity, and the $IC_{50}$ value was $50\;{\mu}l/ml$.

The Effect of Nutrients on the Production of Anti-Complementary Polysaccharide by Flammulina velutipes (Flammulina velutipes 항보체 활성다당의 생산에 미치는 영양원의 효과)

  • Lee, Hyun-Kyung;Shin, Kwang-Soon;Song, Chi-Hyeun;Sung, Ha-Chin;Yang, Han-Chul
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.360-367
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    • 1994
  • The effect of various nutrients for the production of the anti-complementary polysaccha- ride by Flammulina velutipes, was examined and the partial purification of the polysaccharide was carried out. The culture conditions and medium compositions considerably influenced the anti-complementary activity of the polysaccharides. When a culture was carried out at 23$\circ$C and pH 5.5 for 6 days in the synthetic medium supplemented with galactose and NaNO$_{3}$, the production of the anti-complementary polysaccharide was maximized. The crude polysaccharide, FV-1 was isolated from the culture broth and partially purified into two fractions, FV-1-II and FV-1-III by gel filtration using Sephadex G-100. FV-1-II was mainly consisted of xylose, mannose, galactose and glucose, and rhamnose, mannose and galactose, for FV-1-III. Also, the anti-complementary activity of FV-1-III was reduced partially in the absence of the Ca ion. When crossed immunoelect- rophoresis using anti-human C3 serum was carried out after incubation of normal human serum with the FV-1-III in the Ca ion free condition, a cleavage of C3 precipitin line was observed. These results indicate that the mode of complement activation by polysaccharide from Flammulina velutipes is via not only the classical pathway but also the alternative pathway.

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Studies on Bioactive Polysaccharide Isolated from Agaricus bisporus (양송이 버섯의 생물활성 다당류에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, En-Jung;Sung, Ha-Chin;Kweon, Mee-Hyang
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 1998
  • During the screening for anti-complementary activity from 10 kinds of edible mushrooms, an alkali extract of Agaricus bisporus showed the highest activity through the complement fixation test. The crude anti-complementary material(AB-0) from Agaricus bisporus was obtained by the alkali extraction using 1 N NaOH containing 5% urea$(65^{\circ}C)$, followed by methanol reflux, dialysis and lyophilization. The fraction AB-O showed potent anit-complementary and anti-tumor activity against sarcoma-180 injected mice. The fraction AB-0 was divided into 5 fractions(AB-20, AB-40, AB-60, AB-80, AB-A) by gradual acetone precipitation. Among them fraction AB-20 having the highest activity and yield was found to contain 39% carbohydrate and 46% protein. The anti-complementary protein-bound polysaccharide AB-20 consisted of glucose, arabinose, xylose, galactose and mannose in a molar ratio of 6.49 : 1.98 : 1.24 : 1.00 : 0.71, respectively and its main component amino acids were alanine(20.59%), isoleucine(16.85%), glutamine+glutamic acid(14.12%) and leucine (13.83%). The anti-complementary activity of AB-20 was decreased greatly by periodate oxidation, but decreased slightly by pronase digestion. This indicates that polysaccharide moiety is corelated with the anti-complementary activity and that protein is also involved in the activity.

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Characterization of Anti-complementary Polysaccharide from Teucrium viscidum var. miquelianum

  • Min, Jin-Gi;Kim, Tae-Jin;Lee, Doo-Seog;Ch, Sang-Won;Yoon, Ho-Dong;Park, Jeong-Heum
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.137-141
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    • 2001
  • Water-soluble crude polysaccharide (TM-1) prepared from the leaves of Teucrium viscidum var. miquelianum was fractionated into three polysaccharide fractions, TM-2, TM-3 and TM-4 by the addition of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. The major polysaccharide fraction, TM-2, consisted of glucose, galactose, rhamnose, mannose, glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid, and all fractions contained galactose and glutose as the major neutral sugars. TM-4 showed the highest anti-complementary activity. When TM-4 was futher fractionated by anion exchange chromatography, TM4- II a and TM4-II b showed the most Potent anti-complementary activity. TM4- II a was composed mainly of galactose, arabinose and glucose in the molar ratios of 2.13 : 0.94 : 1.00 respectively, and contained a small amount of galacturonic acid and glucuronic acid.

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Screening of Complement-System Activating Polysaccharide from Edible Plants and Its Action Mode (식물성 식품재료로부터 보체계 활성화 다당의 검색 및 그 활성검토)

  • Shin, Kwang-Soon;Ra, Kyung-Soo;Sung, Ha-Chin;Yang, Han-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.197-203
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    • 1993
  • Screenings were performed on edible plants to examine their complement-system activating ability (anti-complementary activity) by hemolytic complement assay $(TCH_{50})$. Among 38 kinds of plant extracts, 5 kinds showed relatively strong anti-complementary activity which decreased $TCH_{50}$ more than 60% comparison with control and the order of activity was Zingiber officinale>Colocasia antiquorum>Capsella bursapastoris>Ginkgo biloba>Alium monanthum in $1000{\mu}g/ml$. The anti-complementary activity of ZR-1 prepared from the root of Zingiber officinale which was showed the most potent activity, did not change by pronase treatment, but decreased greatly by periodate oxidation. These results indicate that not protein moiety but carbohydrate moiety in ZR-1 fraction may also contribute to the anti-complementary activity. Also, the anti-complementary activity of ZR-1 was reduced partially in the absence of the $Ca^{2+}$ ion. When crossed immunoelectrophoresis using anti-human C3 serum was carried out after incubation of normal human serum with the ZR-1 in $Ca^{2+}$ free condition, a cleavage of C3 precipitin line was observed. Furthermore this polysaccharide fraction considerably inhibited $ACH_{50}$. These results also indicate that the mode of complement activation by polysaccharide from Zingiber officinale is via not only the classical pathway but also the alternative pathway.

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