• Title, Summary, Keyword: anti-metastatic

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Ginseng Intestinal Bacterial Metabolite IH901 as a New Anti-Metastatic Agent

  • Hideo Hasegawa;Sung, Jong-Hwan;Huh, Jae-Doo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.539-544
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    • 1997
  • Anti-metastatic activities of IH901, an intestinal bacterial metabolic derivative formed from Ginseng protopanaxadiol saponins, was determined in vitro and in vivo. Under in vitro conditions, IH901 inhibited the migration of bovine aortic endothelial cells 25 times stronger than suramin and suppressed the invasion of HT1080 human fibrosarcoma cells into reconstituted basement membrane components of Matrigel 1000 times stronger than RGDS peptide. IH901 also showed inhibitory effect on type-IV collagenase secretion from HT 1080 cells and platelet aggregation. When the anti-metastatic activity of IH901 was evaluated in comparison with that of 5-FU using a spontaneous lung metastatic model of Lewis lung carcinoma, the administration of IH901 (10 mg/kg p. o.) to tumor-bearing mice led to a significant decrease in lung metastasis (43% of untreated control), which was slightly more effective than that obtained with 5-FU (56% of control). Thus, IH901 seems to exhibit its anti-metastatic activity partly through the inhibition of tumor invasion which results from the blockade of type IV collagenase secretion and also through anti-platelet and anti-angiogenic activities.

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Antitumor and Anti-metastatic Effect of Mineral Powder (광물석분의 항암 및 항전이 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Song Gyu Yong;Bae Ki Whan;Myung Chang-Seon;Jin Wen Yi;Park Yong Jin;Yun Mi Young;Kim Dong Hee
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.1011-1015
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    • 2005
  • Antitumor and anti-metastatic effects of mineral powder(MP) were studied. In the present study, MP did not exhibit the any cytotoxic activity against leukemic cells such as L1210 and U937 tumor cell lines in vitro. Also, MP did not exhibit the any cytotoxic activity against solid cells such as A549 and B16-BL6 tumor cell lines in vitro. However, in vivo, MP exhibit a significant antitumor activity in BDF1 mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma cells(LLC) with inhibition rates of 46 and $23\%$ at 200 and 100 mg/kg/day, respectively. Furthermore, in pulmonary colonization assay, MP exhibit the inhibitory effect of tumor metastasis. From these results, it was concluded that MP had antitumor and anti-metastatic activity suggesting its application for the prevention and treatment of cancer.

Anti-metastatic Effects of Celastrus orbiculatus Extract in B16F10 Melanoma Cells

  • Jeon, Hoon
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2011
  • Celastrus orbiculatus has been widely used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of many diseases including rheumatoid arthritis and odontalgia. In the present study, anti-metastatic activity of a methanolic extract from C. orbiculatus (MCO) was studied. A gelatin zymographic assay revealed that MCO has potent inhibitory effects on MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities in B16F10 melanoma cells. Moreover, MCO attenuated MMP expression via down-regulation of NF-${\kappa}$B translocation to the nucleus. Melanoma cell migration and invasion were also down-regulated by MCO. In addition, MCO significantly suppressed lung metastasis in an in vivo model. These results strongly suggest that MCO may possibly be used as a valuable anti-metastatic agent for cancer treatment.

Inhibitory Effect of Ligularia Stenocephala on the Cancer Metastasis

  • Lee, Dong-Keon;Kim, Jin-Kyu;Kim, Jong-Soo;Park, Kyoung-Jae;Cha, Dong-Seok;Jeon, Hoon
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2012
  • Ligularia stenocephala has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of asthma, arthritis, jaundice, and hyperpiesia. In this study, we investigated the anti-metastatic and hypnotic effects of the methanolic extract of L. stenocephala (MLS). Gelatin zymographic analysis revealed that MLS suppresses matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 activities in B16F10 cells. The gene expressions of MMPs were also down-regulated by MLS treatment in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, cancer cell invasion and migration were attenuated by MLS via suppression of NF-${\kappa}B$ activation. The in vivo lung metastasis of B16F10 melanoma cells was also inhibited by the treatment of MLS. These findings show that MLS has anti-metastatic properties, and, therefore, it might be applicable as a valuable anti-metastatic agent.

Anti-cancer Effects by Saussurea lappa Clarke in Highly-metastatic MDA-MB-231 Breast Cancer Cells (전이성 유방암 세포주에 대한 당목향의 항암효과탐색)

  • Kim, Chi-Hong;Choi, Youn-Kyung;Kim, Woo-Young;Shin, Yong-Cheol;Ko, Seong-Gyu
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.968-974
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    • 2011
  • Saussurea lappa Clarke is a well-known transitional medicine in Asia including Korea, China and Japan. It has been reported that Clarke has diverse effects such as anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer in human gastric cells and human prostate cancer cells. However, the anti-cancer effects and the mechanism of actions of Saussurea lappa Clarke are still unknown in breast cancer. In this study, we observed that Saussurea lappa Clarke inhibits the cell growth in a dose- and time-dependent manner in highly-metastatic MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. In order to examine whether Saussurea lappa Clarke suppresses cell growth inducing apoptosis cell death or cell cycle arrest, we analyzed DNA contents and cell cycle distribution using a flow cytometer and western blotting in MDA-MB-231 cells. We suggest that Saussurea lappa Clarke dose not induced apoptosis and induced G2/M phase cell cycle arrest. Moreover, Saussurea lappa Clarke also decreased the expression level of metastasis-angiogenesis releated protein such as VEGF. However, dose not changed the expression level of metastasis related protease MMP-1 in highly-metastatic MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Therefore, Saussurea lappa Clarke might be good and useful chemotherapy agent highly-metastatic breast cancer patients.

D. candidum has in vitro anticancer effects in HCT-116 cancer cells and exerts in vivo anti-metastatic effects in mice

  • Zhao, Xin;Sun, Peng;Qian, Yu;Suo, Huayi
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.487-493
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: D. candidum is a traditional Chinese food or medicine widely used in Asia. There has been little research into the anticancer effects of D. candidum, particularly the effects in colon cancer cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the anticancer effects of D. candidum in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS/METHODS: The in vitro anti-cancer effects on HCT-116 colon cancer cells and in vivo anti-metastatic effects of DCME (Dendrobium canidum methanolic extract) were examined using the experimental methods of MTT assay, DAPI staining, flow cytometry analysis, RT-PCR, and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: At a concentration of 1.0 mg/mL, DCME inhibited the growth of HCT-116 cells by 84%, which was higher than at concentrations of 0.5 and 0.25 mg/mL. Chromatin condensation and formation of apoptotic bodies were observed in cancer cells cultured with DCME as well. In addition, DCME induced significant apoptosis in cancer cells by upregulation of Bax, caspase 9, and caspase 3, and downregulation of Bcl-2. Expression of genes commonly associated with inflammation, NF-${\kappa}B$, iNOS, and COX-2, was significantly downregulated by DCME. DCME also exerted an anti-metastasis effect on cancer cells as demonstrated by decreased expression of MMP genes and increased expression of TIMPs, which was confirmed by the inhibition of induced tumor metastasis in colon 26-M3.1 cells in BALB/c mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated that D. candidum had a potent in vitro anti-cancer effect, induced apoptosis, exhibited anti-inflammatory activities, and exerted in vivo anti-metastatic effects.

Anti-Metastasis Effects of Ginsenoside Rg3 in B16F10 Cells

  • Lee, Seul Gi;Kang, Young Jin;Nam, Ju-Ock
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.25 no.12
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    • pp.1997-2006
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    • 2015
  • Ginsenoside Rg3 is a bioactive ginseng constituent that has been reported to have diverse pathological and physiological effects, including anti-inflammatory and anti-metastatic activities. Metastasis is one of the most important factors involved in patients with melanoma. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the anti-metastatic activities of Rg3 in malignant melanoma cancer has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we have evaluated that Rg3 effectively inhibits metastasis of B16F10 melanoma cancer cells. We found that Rg3 significantly suppresses the migration, invasion, wound healing, and colony-forming abilities of B16F10 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that Rg3 suppresses B16F10 cell metastasis by inhibiting MMP-13 expression. These results indicate that Rg3 suppresses the metastasis of B16F10 mouse melanoma cancer cells via MMP-13 regulation. Importantly, MMP-13 downregulation may influence the migration and invasion capabilities of melanoma cells and has been correlated with melanoma progression. Therefore, Rg3 is a potential therapeutic candidate that could be used to treat patients with metastatic melanoma.

Morin, a Flavonoid from Moraceae, Inhibits Cancer Cell Adhesion to Endothelial Cells and EMT by Down-regulating VCAM-1 and N-cadherin

  • Lee, Jeong-Hee;Jin, Hana;Lee, Won Sup;Nagappan, Arulkumar;Choi, Yung Hyun;Kim, GonSup;Jung, Jin-Myung;Ryu, Chung Ho;Shin, Sung Chul;Hong, SoonChan;Kim, Hye Jung
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.3071-3075
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    • 2016
  • Morin, a flavonoid found in figs and other Moraceae species, displays a variety of biological actions, exerting anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic effects. Here, we investigated the anti-cancer activity of morin focusing on anti-adhesive influence. We performed experiments with MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Morin inhibited TNF-induced cancer cell adhesion to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) without showing any toxicity. It further inhibited the expression of VCAM-1 on MDA-MB-231 cells as well as HUVECs. Morin also decreased the expression of N-cadherin on MDA-MB-231 cells. In addition, there was apparent anti-metastatic activity in vivo. In conclusion, this study suggested that morin inhibits cancer cell adhesion to HUVECs by reducing VCAM-1, and EMT by targeting N-cadherin, and that it features anti-metastatic activity in vivo. Further investigation of possible anti-metastatic activity of morin against human breast cancer cells is warranted.

Protein Profiles Associated with Anoikis Resistance of Metastatic MDA-MB-231 Breast Cancer Cells

  • Akekawatchai, Chareeporn;Roytrakul, Sittiruk;Kittisenachai, Suthathip;Isarankura-Na-Ayudhya, Patcharee;Jitrapakdee, Sarawut
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.581-590
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    • 2016
  • Resistance to anoikis, a cell-detachment induced apoptosis, is one of the malignant phenotypes which support tumor metastasis. Molecular mechanisms underlying the establishment of this phenotype require further investigation. This study aimed at exploring protein expression profiles associated with anoikis resistance of a metastatic breast cancer cell. Cell survival of suspension cultures of non-metastatic MCF-7 and metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells were compared with their adherent cultures. Trypan blue exclusion assays demonstrated a significantly higher percentage of viable cells in MDA-MB-231 than MCF-7 cell cultures, consistent with analysis of annexin V-7-AAD stained cells indicating that MDA-MB-231 possess anti-apoptotic ability 1.7 fold higher than MCF-7 cells. GeLC-MS/MS analysis of protein lysates of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells grown under both culture conditions identified 925 proteins which are differentially expressed, 54 of which were expressed only in suspended and adherent MDA-MB-231 but not in MCF-7 cells. These proteins have been implicated in various cellular processes, including DNA replication and repair, transcription, translation, protein modification, cytoskeleton, transport and cell signaling. Analysis based on the STITCH database predicted the interaction of phospholipases, PLC and PLD, and 14-3-3 beta/alpha, YWHAB, with the intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic signaling network, suggesting putative roles in controlling anti-anoikis ability. MDA-MB-231 cells grown in the presence of inhibitors of phospholipase C, U73122, and phospholipase D, FIPI, demonstrated reduced ability to survive in suspension culture, indicating functional roles of PLC and PLD in the process of anti-anoikis. Our study identified intracellular mediators potentially associated with establishment of anoikis resistance of metastatic cells. These proteins require further clarification as prognostic and therapeutic targets for advanced breast cancer.

Lycopene Inhibits Proliferation, Invasion and Migration of Human Breast Cancer Cells

  • Koh, Min-Soo;Hwang, Jin-Sun;Moon, A-Ree
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.92-98
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    • 2010
  • Breast cancer has been estimated as one of the most common causes of cancer death among women. The major cause of death from breast cancer is the metastatic spread of the disease from the primary tumor to distant sites in the body. Lycopene is one of the major carotenoids in fruits and vegetables including tomatoes. Epidemiological studies have shown that the dietary intake of lycopene is associated with decreased risk of cancer. Although mounting evidence shows the chemopreventive effect of lycopene, the role of lycopene in the prevention of metastatic potential of breast cancer has not been determined yet. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of lycopene on invasive and migratory phenotypes of two highly aggressive breast cancer cell lines, H-Ras-transformed MCF10A human breast epithelial cells (H-Ras MCF10A) and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Here, we report that lycopene significantly inhibits invasion and migration as well as proliferation of H-Ras MCF10A and MDA-MB-231 cells. This study suggested an in vitro anti-cancer and anti-metastatic potential of lycopene. We also showed that activations of ERKs and Akt were inhibited by lycopene in H-Ras MCF10A cells, suggesting that the ERKs and Akt signaling pathways may be involved in lycopene-induced anti-proliferative and/or anti-invasive/migratory effects in these cells. Taken in conjunction with the fact that breast cancer metastasis is one of the most lethal malignancies in women, our findings may provide useful information for the application of lycopene in establishing strategy to prevent the metastatic breast cancer.