• Title, Summary, Keyword: anti-osteoarthritis

Search Result 106, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

Effect of fermented Achyranthes japonica (Miq.) Nakai extract on osteoarthritis

  • Kang, Hyo Seok;Lee, Hee Seop;Yu, Heui-Jong;Jang, Seon Hyeong;Seo, Yoonhee;Cho, Hong Yon;Choe, Soo Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.49 no.1
    • /
    • pp.104-109
    • /
    • 2017
  • The present study was conducted to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic effects of fermented Achyranthes japonica (Miq.) Nakai extract (FAJE). The FAJE was effective in nitrogen oxide (NO) scavenging in RAW264.7 cells. In the case of experimental Sprague Dawley (SD) rats injected with monosodium iodoacetate (MIA), the levels of $TNF-{\alpha}$ and $IL-1{\beta}$ in blood increased in the osteoarthritis-induced group while decreasing in the group administered with FAJE. In addition, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in cartilage tissues increased in the osteoarthritis-induced group, but decreased in the group treated with FAJE. Cartilage examination indicated that the osteoarthritis-induced group exhibited cartilage erosion and cell degeneration, but in the FAJE administered group the tissue, conditions were recovered and cartilage proteoglycan was increased. Therefore, FAJE clearly showed anti-inflammatory effects and this suggests it is effective for recovery from osteoarthritis induced by MIA.

Effects of Kyejiinsam-tang in MIA-Induced Osteoarthritis Rats (계지인삼탕(桂枝人蔘湯)이 MIA로 유도된 골관절염 유발 Rat에 미치는 영향)

  • An, Soon-Sun;Heo, Dong-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.34 no.3
    • /
    • pp.69-85
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objectives: This study investigated the anti-osteoarthritic effects of Kyejiinsam-tang (hereinafter referred to KIT) on the monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis rats. Methods: Anti-oxidative effects of KIT were measured by scavenging activities of DPPH, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (NO). Scavenging activities of anti-oxidation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 cells were also measured for inhibitory effects against the production of inflammatory mediators (tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$, interleukin-$1{\beta}$, interleukin-6). Osteoarthritis was induced in rats by injecting MIA in the knee joint. Rats were divided into a total of 4 groups (n=6). The normal group were not treated at all without inducing osteoarthritis whereas the control group were induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and oral medicated physiological saline per day. The positive comparison group was injected with MIA and after 7 days, 2 mg/kg of Indomethacin. The experimental group was injected with MIA and after 7 days was medicated with 34 mg/kg of KIT. Indomethacin and KIT were orally-medicated for each substance a total of 4 weeks, once per day. Weight-bearing on hind legs was measured every week after MIA injection. At the end of the experiment (5 weeks after MIA injection), micro CT (computed tomography)-arthrography and histopathological examinations on the articular structures of knee joint were performed. The effect on inflammatory cytokines and immunological cells in synovial fluid was measured. Volume of cartilage was measured by micro CT-arthrography. Injury to synovial tissue was measured by H & E (hematoxylin and eosin), Safranin-O immunofluorescence. Results: 1. Cytotoxicity against hFCs was insignificant. 2. KIT showed the potent full term for DPPH. 1. NO was significantly reduced by KIT (at 100, $200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$) and ROS was also reduced, but not significantly, by KIT (at $200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$). 2. IL-6 and IL-$1{\beta}$ were significantly reduced by KIT (at 100, $200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$) and TNF-${\alpha}$ was also reduced, but not significantly, by KIT (at $200{\mu}g/m{\ell}$). 1. In hind legs weight-bearing measurement, level of weight increased. 2. Functions of liver and kidney were not affected. 3. IL-$1{\beta}$ was significantly reduced and TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-6 were also reduced but not significantly. 4. PGE2 (prostaglandin E2), LTB4 (leukotriene B4) were significantly reduced in the KIT group. 5. MMP-9 (matrix metalloproteinase-9), TIMP-1 (tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1) and Osteocalcin were significantly reduced in the KIT group. 6. Destruction of cartilage on micro CT arthrography was reduced but had no significant differences. 7. Histopathologically, injury to synovial membrane of the KIT group was decreased and proteoglycan content of KIT group was increased. Conclusions: According to this study, Kyejiinsam-tang has inhibiting effect on the progression of arthritis in MIA-induced osteoarthritis rat. Kyejiinsam-tang has anti-oxidants and anti-inflammation effects, and is related to inhibiting the activity of inflammatory cytokine and injury of volume in cartilage.

Effects of Curcuma longa Rhizoma on MIA-induced Osteoarthritis in Rat Model (강황(薑黃)이 MIA 유도 골관절염 모델에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young Jun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.40 no.3
    • /
    • pp.35-58
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of Curcuma longa rhizoma extract in an experimental rat model of osteoarthritis. Methods: Osteoarthritis was induced in rats by injecting monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) into the knee joint cavity of rats. The rats were divided into 5 groups (Normal, Control, positive comparison, low (CL) and high (CH) concentration groups). Rats in the low concentration (CL) group had MIA-induced osteoarthritis; they were treated with Curcuma longa rhizoma extract at a dose of 50mg/kg body weight. Rats in the high concentration (CH) group had MIA-induced osteoarthritis; they were treated with Curcuma longa rhizoma extract at a dose of 100mg/kg body weight. Hind paw weight distribution and ROS levels were measured. At the end of all treatments, changes in alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine levels were analyzed. In addition, inflammatory protein levels were evaluated by western blot analysis. Results: In this study, hind paw weight distribution significantly improved in the CL and CH groups, while. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production significantly decreased in both. The levels of ALT, AST, BUN, and creatinine did not significantly change in either group. The production of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase 4 (NOX4), $p47^{phox}$, and Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (RAC1) decreased in both. Catalase, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) significantly increased in the CL and CH groups, respectively. Nuclear factor erythroid 2 (Nrf2) increased, but there were no significant differences between the experimental and control groups. Inflammatory cytokines, including nuclear factor-kappa Bp65 (NF-${\kappa}Bp65$), interleukin-1beta (IL-$1{\beta}$), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$), decreased significantly in both the CL and CH groups. Conclusions: Our results showed that Curcuma longa rhizoma extract has anti-inflammatory effects. Anti-inflammatory activity is regulated by the inhibition of inflammatory cytokines and mediators, such as NF-${\kappa}B$, therefore, it suppresses cartilage damage as well.

Anti-inflammation and Anti-oxidation Effects of Gamikyejakjimo-tang Herbal Acupuncture on Pathologic Factor and MIA-induced Osteoarthritis Rat (가미계작지모탕약침(加味桂芍知母湯藥鍼)이 퇴행성관절염 병리인자 및 동물병태 모델에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jae;Park, Jung-Oh;Oh, Min-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1-20
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives This study was intended to clarify the anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation effects of gamikyejakjimo-tang herbal acupuncture (GKHA) for osteoarthritis. Methods Osteoarthritis was induced by injection of MIA into right knee joint cavities of rats. Rats were divided into a total of 4 groups (n=8). The 4 groups were normal group, control group, positive comparison group and expeimental group. Indomethacin and GKHA were medicated for a total of 4 weeks. After that, functions of liver and kidney by AST, ALT, creatinine, BUN, DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging activity, ROS (reactive oxygen species) production, NO (Total Nitric oxide), IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, TNF-${\alpha}$ production, weight changes in the hind legs of MIA-induced osteoarthritis rat, serum PGE2, TIMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-9, LTB4, hs-CRP, and white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes were measured. The volume of cartilage was observed by micro CT arthrography. H&E and Safranin-O staining were used to examine the injury of synovial tissue. Results 1. In the hind leg weight bearing measurement, level of weight was increased. 2. AST, ALT, BUN, creatinine were decreased. 3. The production of total white blood cell was decreased, and the production of neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes were significantly decreased. 4. The production of NO, PGE2, TIMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-9, LTB4 were significantly decreased, and the production of hs-CRP was also decreased but with no significance. 5. The cartilage volume was significantly increased. 6. In H&E staining and Safranin-O staning, the cartilage cell appeared to be proliferated, and proteoglycans appeared to be increased. Conclusions Based on the results above, Gamikyejakjimo-tang Herbal Acupuncture has anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation effects, which leads to suppressing the underlying causes and the progression of osteoarthritis.

Effects of Curcumae Longae Rhizoma Pharmacopuncture on Monosodium Iodoacetate-induced Osteoarthritis Rats (강황(薑黃) 약침이 Monosodium Iodoacetate 유도 골관절염 흰쥐에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jong-Hoon;Woo, Chang-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.115-133
    • /
    • 2019
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture on the monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis rats. Methods Osteoarthritis was induced by injection of MIA ($50{\mu}L$ with 80 mg/mL) into knee joint cavity of rats. Rats were divided into 6 groups. Normal group was injected by normal saline into knee joint cavity only. Control group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and orally administered with distilled water. Normal Saline group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and injected with normal saline $100{\mu}L$. Positive comparison group was injected with MIA and orally administered with indomethacin 5 mg/kg. Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture low concentration (CL) group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and injected with Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture low concentration $100{\mu}L$. Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture high concentration (CH) group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and injected with Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture high concentration $100{\mu}L$. Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture was injected at ST35 and EX-LE4 each group (CL, CH). After that, hind paw weight distribution was measured and oxidative stress biomarker in serum, liver function biomarker in serum, western blot analysis were measured. Histological analysis of knee joint tissue was performed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, Safranin-O staining and Masson's trichrome staining. Results Hind paw weight distribution was significantly improved in both group. alanine aminotransferanse and aspartate aminotransferase were decreased significantly in CH group compare with Indomethacin threated group. Antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase, Catalase and heme oxygenase-1 were increased in CH group compare with control group. Inflammatory cytokine cyclooxygenase-2, inducible nitric oxide synthase and interleukin-1 beta were decreased significantly in CH group. Histological analysis result shows that protective effects of joint and cartilage were observed in both CH and CL groups in a concentration-dependent. Conclusions The result suggest that Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture has anti-oxidation effect, anti-inflammatory effect and also can prevent progression of osteoarthritis and protect joint cartilage.

Comparison of Piroxicam Pharmacokinetics and Anti-Inflammatory Effect in Rats after Intra-Articular and Intramuscular Administration

  • Park, Chan Woong;Ma, Kyung Wan;Jang, Sun Woo;Son, Miwon;Kang, Myung Joo
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.260-266
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study evaluated the pharmacokinetic profile and therapeutic efficacy of piroxicam (PX), a long acting non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the treatment of arthritis, following intra-articular (IA) injection in comparison to the pharmacokinetic profile and therapeutic efficacy of PX after intramuscular (IM) injection. In the pharmacokinetic study in rats, systemic exposure and pharmacokinetic parameters of PX after a single IA dose were compared with systemic exposure and pharmacokinetic parameters of PX after administration of the same dose IM (0.6 mg/kg). The anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of IA PX were evaluated simultaneously in a monoiodoacetate-induced osteoarthritis rat model. The plasma PX concentration rapidly rose following IA injection, and it was comparable to the plasma PX concentration following IM injection, suggesting the rapid efflux of the drug molecule from the joint cavity. However, in the efficacy study, the IA PX administration significantly reduced the knee swelling by reducing the level of prostaglandin $E_2$ in the joint, compared to that following administration of IA vehicle and after administration of the IM PX dose. In addition, we found that the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive efficacies of IA PX were synergistically increased upon co-treatment with hyaluronic acid (HA), a potent agent for the treatment of osteoarthritis, at the weight ratio of 1:1 or 1:2, and these effects were more pronounced than those following administration of HA or PX alone. In conclusion, this study demonstrated the efficacy of the IA use of PX alone and/or in combination with HA in osteoarthritis.

A study on the effect comparative of acanthopanax stem bark (ASB) and acanthopanax root bark (ARB) on the monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis rats (오가피(五加皮) 수피(樹皮)와 근피(根皮)의 MIA 유도 골관절염 흰쥐에 미치는 영향 비교)

  • Sim, Woo-Hyung;Seo, Bu-Il
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
    • /
    • v.33 no.5
    • /
    • pp.53-66
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objectives : This study was designed to compare the effects of acanthopanax stem bark (ASB) and acanthopanax root bark (ARB) on the monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis rats. Methods : The antioxidant activities were evaluated through radical scavenging assays using 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radicals and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. Also, we examined total poly phenol and flavonoids contents. Osteoarthritis was caused by injection MIA($50{\mu}{\ell}$ with $80mg/m{\ell}$) into the knee joint cavity of rats. Rats were divided by 4 groups (normal group, control group, ASB treated group, ARB treated group, each n=6). The changes in the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in serum were analyzed after experiment. Also, the anti-oxidant, inflammatory protein levels were investigated western blot analysis. Knee joint tissue, histopathological observation hematoxylin & eosin staining and safranin-O staining were measured. Results : In the present study, ARB treated group showed superior inhibitory effects on the inflammatory parameters than the ASB treated group. ARB aqueous extract was effective in antioxidant measurements. The administration of ARB showed a significant reduction of changes in relative hind paw weight distribution. Morever, it decreased ROS, ALT and AST levels in serum, compared with those of the control rats. The ARB administration inhibited the biomarkers of inflammatory in tissues. Conclusions : ASB aqueous extract and ARB aqueous extract have a great effect on osteoarthritis, and ARB aqueous extract has excellent effect on osteoarthritis through antioxidant and anti-inflammation.

Effects of Clematidis Radix Pharmacopuncture on MIA induced Osteoarthritis Rat (위령선 약침이 MIA 유도 골관절염에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yong Eun;Lee, Yun Kyu;Kim, Jae Soo;Lee, Hyun Jong
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
    • /
    • v.33 no.2
    • /
    • pp.35-49
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the anti-osteoarthritic effects of clematidis radix pharmacopuncture on the MIA-induced osteoarthritis rats. Methods : The subjects were divided into 4 groups ; Normal rat group(N, n=5), MIA-induced osteoarthritis control rat group(C, n=5), MIA-induced osteoarthritis rat group injected with normal saline at ST36(NS, n=5), and MIA-induced osteoarthritis rat group injected with clematidis radix pharmacopuncture at ST36(CR, n=5). The experiment was conducted over a period of 21 days after injecting MIA. We analyzed body weight, hind paw weight distribution, liver and renal function, immunocytes, cykokines, inflammatory mediators, inflammatory proteins and mRNA expressions, as well as histopathological changes. Results : The CR group showed a significant increase in the hind paw weight distribution, and significant decreases in IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-6, $PGE_2$, $LTB_4$, osteocalcin, deoxypyridinoline level, the protein expression of COX2, arachidonate 5 lipoxygenase, and the mRNA expression of COX2, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-$1{\beta}$, and NOS-II. In terms of the joint damages induced by osteoarthritis, the CR group showed a greater protective effect than group C in histopathologic observation (H&E, Safranin-O staining). Conclusion : These results demonstrated that clematidis radix pharmacopuncture had anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. In addition, these results showed that it inhibited the progression of osteoarthritis.

Research Trends on the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis in Korean Medicine (퇴행성 슬관절염의 한의학적 치료에 관한 연구동향)

  • Yoh, Sang-Bum;Sul, Jae-Uk;Shin, Mi-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.139-155
    • /
    • 2011
  • Objectives : To research trends of studies on treatments of knee osteoarthritis in Korean medicine. Methods : Domestic theses, published from 2000 to 2010, mentioning the treatments of knee osteoarthritis in Korean medicine were reviewed and analyzed. This study researched 79 theses and classified again according to the fields of the treatment. Results : The results were obtained as below ; 1. Studies on pharmacoacupuncture account for 41% of the total (32cases/79cases). The target of treatments had changed from pain alleviation and anti-inflammation to cartilage-protection since 2006. 2. Herbal Drug, Bee Venom, Cervi Cornu Parvum pharmacoacupuncture, Taping Therapy and Tai-Chi Exercise program were more effective than others. Moreover research on exercise program such as Tai-Chi has been increasing. 3. Some Herbal Drug (Glycyrrhizae Radix, Angelicae Gigantis Radix, Achyrantis Radix, Paeoniae Radix, Eucommiae Cortex and so on) were mainly used to investigate the effect on cartilage protection, pain relief and anti-inflammation in laboratory test. 4. Acupuncture including individualized, local acupoints and constitution acupuncture were effective than others in pain alleviation and symptom relief. 5. Pharmacoacupuncture Bee Venom were effective in recovery of joint function and pain relief while Buthus martensii Karsch, Homnis Placenta and Cervi Cornu Parvum were effective in cartilage protection and recovery. 6. Moxibustion was efficient to reduce joint pain and partly increase ROM (range of motion) of knee joint, but was not efficient to recover the function of knee joint. Conclusions : These results indicate that research trends on knee osteoarthritis were changed from symptomatic treatment (pain alleviation and anti-inflammation) to conservative treatment (cartilage protection and recovery).

Anti-inflammatory Effect of Herbal Complex HP-04 on Degenerative Osteoarthritis (해동피를 포함한 생약복합제제 HP-04의 퇴행성 골관절염에 대한 항염효과)

  • Jo, Hyoung-Kwon;Kim, Dae-Sung;Kim, Jung-Young;Park, Young-Mi;Shin, Dong-Yeop;Lee, Hak-Yong;Kim, Hoon;Lee, Dong-Sung;Cho, Seong-Wan
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
    • /
    • v.51 no.2
    • /
    • pp.122-130
    • /
    • 2020
  • To investigate the anti-inflammatory effect on Degenerative Osteoarthritis, Male sprague-Dawley rats were randomized and classified into three different concentration groups. We measured weekly weight change, dietary intake, drinking water intake, blood analysis like TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-α), IL-6 (interleukin 6), TIMP-1 (tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease-1), MMP-2 (matrix metalloprotease-2), MMP-9 (matrix metalloprotease-9) and micro CT analysis. The results suggest that the treatment with herbal complex HP-04 improved the Monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) induced degenerative osteoarthritis and it could be applicable for the improvement of arthritic symptoms as a new therapeutic agent.