• Title/Summary/Keyword: antibacterial action

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EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES OF DILUTE FORMOCRESOL AND EUGENOL AND PROPYLENE GLYCOL (희석 Formocresol과 Eugenol의 살균효과에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Yoon, Soo-Han
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 1981
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the antibacterial effect of Dilute Formocresol and Eugenol and Propylene glycol. The experimental drugs are Formocresol in Propylene glycol (5, 10, 20%) and Eugenol in Propylene glycol (50, 75, 100%) and Propylene glycol. The organisms selected for study were Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Bacillus subtilis which are found in infected root canals and are highly resistant to antiseptics. Isolated bacteria were inoculated on blood agar plate and the plates were incubated at $37^{\circ}C$ for 18 hours and the zones of inhibition then measured. The results were as follows ; 1. The antibacterial action of Formocresol was effective even at 5-10 percent and the action increased when higher concentration was used. 2. The antibacterial action of Eugenol was not effective and the action decreased when higher concentration was used. 3. Propylene glycol itself possessed some antibacterial properties and showed that the antibacterial action of Propylene glycol might be almost the same as that of Eugenol. 4. Among the experimental organisms, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found to be the most resistant to all the experimental drugs.

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Cleavable Complex Formation as a Major Cellular Process in the Antibacterial Action of Quinolones

  • Park, Ji-Soo;Park, Sang-Hee;Lee, Yeon-Hee;Kong, Jae-Yang;Kim, Wan-Joo;Koo, Hyeon-Sook
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.464-470
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    • 1995
  • Quinolone antibiotics are DNA gyrase inhibitors, but their bactericidal action seems to involve more than the inhibition of DNA gyrase activity. Hence, the potentially crucial factors among possible mechanisms of quinolone action; cleavable complex formation, inhibition of DNA synthesis, and induction of SOS response were investigated. These parameters were measured in an Escherichia coli strain exposed to quinolones in the logarithmic growth phase, and correlated with the bactericidal activity of quinolones. Cleavable complex formation proved to be the factor most related to bactericidal action. Inhibition of DNA synthesis was substantially correlated with bactericidal activity, but induction of SOS response was least correlated with bactericidal activity. Therefore, it was concluded that quinolones exert bactericidal action primarily through cleavable complex formation, and subsequent unknown cellular processes together with inhibition of DNA synthesis contribute to the bactericidal activity of quinolones.

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Studies on the synthesis and antibacterial action of $N^4$-furoylsulfonamides ($N^4$-furoylsulfanamide류의 합성및 항균작용에 관한 연구)

  • 고현기
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.13 no.2_3
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    • pp.62-66
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    • 1969
  • Ten new N$^{4}$-furoylsulfonamides were synthesized such as N$^{4}$-furoyl-N$^{1}$-(4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide (I), N$^{4}$-furoylsulfanilamide (II), N$^{4}$-furoyl-N$^{1}$-(2,6-dimethoxy-4-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide (III), N$^{4}$-furoyl-N$^{1}$-(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide (IV), N$^{4}$-furoyl-N$^{1}$-(6-methoxy-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide (V), N$^{4}$-furoyl-N$^{1}$-2-pyrimidinylsulfanilamide (VI), N$^{4}$-furoyl-N$^{1}$-(3,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) sulfanilamide (VII), N$^{4}$-furoyl-N$^{1}$-2-thiazoilysulfanilamide (VIII), N$^{4}$-furoyl-N$^{1}$-(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide (IX) and N$^{4}$-furoyl-N$^{1}$-(2,6-dimethyl-4-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide (X). They were obtained by the action of N$^{1}$-(4,6-dimethyl-2-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide, N$^{1}$-(2,6-dimethoxy-4-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide, N$^{1}$-(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide, N$^{1}$-(6-methoxy-3-pyridazinyl) sulfanilamide, N-2-pyrimidinyl sulfanilamide, N$^{1}$-(3,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl) sulfanilamide, N$^{1}$-2-(thiazolysulfanilamide), N$^{1}$-(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide and N$^{1}$-(2,6-dimethyl-4-pyrimidinyl) sulfanilamide with furoyl chloride in 4% NaOH solution. Of the above ten compounds, N$^{4}$-furoylsulfathiazole exhibited a good antibacterial action against Staphylococeus aureus and Escherichia coli.

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Antibacterial Activity of Garlic Extract against Escherichia coli (마늘즙액의 대장균 생육 저해 작용)

  • Kim, Youn-Soon;Park, Kyung-Suk;Kyung, Kyu-Hang;Shim, Sun-Taek;Kim, Hyun-Ku
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.730-735
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    • 1996
  • Antibacterial action of garlic extract against Escherichia coli was investigated. When the survival of E. cloi in tryptic soy broth (TSB) containing 50% garlic extract was compared with those of Lactobacillus plantarum, Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli was the most sensitive to garlic antibacterial action. When E. coli was inoculated into TSB with different concentrations of garlic extract, viable cell number decreased continuously during the test period even at 1% garlic extract. When E. coli was inoculated into pH-adjusted TSB containing 0.5% garlic extract, viable cell number of E. coli decreased continuously at initial pH of 5.2 and 6.2, while it decreased initially but increased to $8.0{\times}10^{7}\;CFU/ml at 48 hr at pH 7.2. With larger initial populations $(10^{6}\;CFU/ml), E. coli grew without apparent inhibition, while with smaller initial populations $(<10^{5}\;CFU/ml), viable cell number decreased initially but later increased. Thiol compounds like cysteine and glutathione, with free SH group (s), helped E. coli to grow or survive better in TSB with inhibitory level (5%) of garlic extract. The possibility of eliminating E. coli by using garlic extract from foods like kimchi of which garlic is one of regular ingredients is suggested.

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The Antibacterial Component from Cinnamomi Cortex against a Cariogenic Bacterium Streptococcus matans OMZ 176

  • Bae, Ki-Hwan;Ji, Jong-Myung;Park, Kyung-Lae
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.239-241
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    • 1992
  • The methanol extract of Cinnamoni Cortex showed antibacterial action against cariogenic bacterium, Streptococcus mutans OMZ 176. The active principle of the extract was identified to be trans-cinnamaldehyde, which was bactericidal in the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of $100\;\mu$g/ml against the strain. From the results of antibacterial activity of cinnamaldehyde and its derivatives, the acrolein group in the cinnamaldehyde was elucidated to be an essential element for the activity.

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Sythesis of O-(p-Aminosalicylyl)-inositols and Their Antibacterial Test (O-(p-Aminosalicylyl)-inositol류의 합성과 항균시험)

  • 박정섭
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 1974
  • Four stereoisomers of inositol p-aminosalicylate, that is hexaris-O-(p-aminosalicylyl)-myo-inositol, hexaris-O-(p-aminosalicylyl)-muco-inositol were synthesized by p-aminosalicylyl chloride with myo-, epi-, scyllo-, and muco-inositol respectively. Their antibacterial activity was tested against human type tubercle bacilli $H_{37}$/Rv, in contrast to 1.25.gamma./ml of p-aminosalicylic acid used as control. Hexaris-O-(p-aminoslicylyl)-muco-inositol showed the strongest antibacterial action at 0.625.gamma./ml, the other compounds more or less active than p-aminosalicylic acid.

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Screening of Leaves of Higher Plants for Antibacterial Action

  • Bae, Ki-Hwan;Byun, Jae-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 1987
  • The methanol and benzene extracts of the leaves of 55 higher plants in Korea were tested for their antibacterial activity against three Gram positive bacteria, Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis, and one Gram negative bacterium Escherichia coli. Among them, the methanol extract of the leaves of Liriodendron tulipifera showed remarkably potent antibacterial activity against both Gram positive and negative bacteria.

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Synergistic Antibacterial Effect and Antibacterial Action Mode of Chitosan-Ferulic Acid Conjugate against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

  • Eom, Sung-Hwan;Kang, Shin-Kook;Lee, Dae-Sung;Myeong, Jeong-In;Lee, Jinhwan;Kim, Hyun-Woo;Kim, Kyoung-Ho;Je, Jae-Young;Jung, Won-Kyo;Kim, Young-Mog
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.784-789
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    • 2016
  • We evaluated the synergistic antibacterial effect in combination with the chitosan-ferulic acid conjugate (CFA) and β-lactam antibiotics, such as ampicillin, penicillin, and oxacillin, against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) using fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) indices. CFA clearly reversed the antibacterial activity of ampicillin, penicillin, and oxacillin against MRSA in the combination mode. Among these antibiotics, the combination of oxacillin-CFA resulted in a ΣFICmin range of 0.250 and ΣFICmax of 0.563, suggesting that the oxacillin-CFA combination resulted in an antibacterial synergy effect against MRSA. In addition, we determined that CFA inhibited the mRNA expression of gene mecA and the production of PBP2a, which is a key determinant for β-lactam antibiotic resistance, in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, the results obtained in this study supported the idea on the antibacterial action mechanism that oxacillin will restore the antibacterial activity against MRSA through the suppression of PBP2a production by CFA.

Systemic Analysis of Antibacterial and Pharmacological Functions of Scutellariae Radix (시스템 약리학적 분석에 의한 황금의 항균효과)

  • Kim, Hyo Jin;Bak, Se Rim;Ha, Hee Jung;Kim, Youn Sook;Lee, Boo Kyun;An, Won Gun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.184-190
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    • 2020
  • This study was performed to find antibacterial substances contained in Scutellariae Radix (SR) using a systems pharmacological analysis method and to establish an effective strategy for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. Analysis of the main active ingredients of SR was performed using Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology (TCMSP) Database and Analysis Platform. 36 active compounds were screened by the parameter values of Drug-Likeness (DL), Oral Bioavailability (OB), and Caco-2 permeability (Caco-2), which were based on the drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion indicators. The UniProt database was used to obtain information on 159 genes associated with active compounds. The main active compounds with antibacterial effects were wogonin, β-sitosterol, baicalein, acacetin and oroxylin-A. Target proteins associated with the antibacterial action were chemokine ligand 2, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor, caspase-8,9 and mitogen-activated protein kinase 14. In the future, systems pharmacological analysis of traditional medicine will be able to make it easy to find the important mechanism of action of active substances present in natural medicines and to optimize the efficacy of medicinal effects for combinations of major ingredients to help treat certain diseases.