• Title, Summary, Keyword: antibacterial effects

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Antibacterial Activity of Water Soluble Components of Elfvingia applanata Alone and in Combinations with Quinolones

  • Kim, Young-So;Eo, Seong-Kug;Oh, Ki-Wan;Lee, Chong-Kil;Lee, Young-Nam;Han, Seong-Sun
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.11-14
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    • 2001
  • A preparation of water soluble components(EA) was made from carpophores of Elfvingia applanata(Pers.) Karst and its in vitro antibacterial activity on a number of bacterial species was examined by macrobroth dilution assay. Among 16 species of bacteria tested, the most potent antibacterial activity was observed against Staphylococcus epiderrnidis and Proteus vulgaris, of which MICs were 1.25 mg/ml. To investigate the antibacterial effects in combinations of EA with quinolone antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin, enoxacin, lomefloxacin, norfloxacin, and ofloxacin, the fractional inhibitory concentrations(FICs) and the fractional inhibitory concentration indices(FICIs) for four bacterial strains were determined by macrobroth dilution checkerboard assay. Combinations of EA and quinolones exhibited either additive or indifferent effects of antibacterial activity in most instances. However, both synergistic and antagonistic effects were not observed in any cases.

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In Vitro Antibacterial Effects of Yeonkyokeumpae-jeon against Escherichia coli (연교김패전(連翹金貝煎)의 Escherichia coli에 대한시험관내 항균력 평가)

  • Han, Sang-Kyum;Kim, Dong-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.29-45
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The object of this study was to observe the in vitro antibacterial effects of Yeonkyokeumpae-jeon (YKKPJ) have been used for treating various gynecological diseases including mastitis in Korea, and individual six kinds of herbal composition aqueous extracts - Forsythiae Fructus (FF), Millettiae Caulis (MC), Lonicerae Flos (LF), Fritillaria Thunbergii Bulb (FT), Taraxci Herba (TH) and Prunellae Spica (PS) against E. coli. Methods: Antibacterial activities against E. coli of YKKPJ, FF, MC, LF, FT, TH and PS aqueous extracts were detected using standard agar microdilution methods. In addition, the effects on the bacterial growth curve were also monitored at MIC and $MIC{\times}2$ levels. The effects on the intracellular killing and bacterial invasion of individual test materials were also observed using Raw 264.7 and MCF-7. The results were compared with ciprofloxacin, a second generation of quinolone antibiotics in the present study. Results: MIC of YKKPJ, FF, MC, LF, FT, TH, PS aqueous extracts against E. coli were detected as $0.039{\pm}0.013mg/ml$, $0.064{\pm}0.033mg/ml$, $0.108{\pm}0.053mg/ml$, $0.078{\pm}0.027mg/ml$, $16.250{\pm}8.385mg/ml$, $15.625{\pm}9.375mg/ml$, $0.254{\pm}0.131mg/ml$, repectively. YKKPJ, FF, MC, LF, FT, TH, PS aqueous extracts showed antibacterial effects against to E. coli, except for FT and TH, which were showed negligible antibacterial effects, respectively. In addition, ciprofloxacin with YKKPJ, FF, MC, LF and PS aqueous extracts also showed marked dosage-dependent inhibition of bacterial growth, and favorable inhibitory effects on the both bacterial invasion and intracellular killing assays using MCF-7 and Raw 264.7 cells were detected in this experiment. Conclusions: The results obtained in this study suggest that traditional polyherbal formula YKKPJ aqueous extracts showed more favorable antibacterial activities as compared to individual six kinds of herbal composition aqueous extracts. The antibacterial effects of YKKPJ against E. coli considered as results of complicated synergic effects of their six kinds of herbal components rather than simple antibacterial effects of single herbal components. It means, YKKPJ aqueous extracts may show potent anti-infectious effects against E. coil for mastitis.

In Vitro Antibacterial Effects of Tunong-san and Kwaruwoobang-tang Aqueous Extracts against Staphylococcus aureus (투농산(透膿散) 및 과루우방탕(瓜蔞牛蒡湯)의 Staphylococcus aureus에 대한 In Vitro 항균력 평가)

  • Jang, Se-Ran;Park, Young-Sun;Kim, Dong-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: Recently Ciprofloxacin, used in the treatment of mastitis, showed many serious side effects. The object of this study was to recognize whether TNS and KWT can be used in the treatment of mastitis by observing the in vitro antibacterial effects of TNS and KWT aqueous herbal extracts against S. aureus. Methods: Antibacterial activities of TNS and KWT aqueous extracts against S. aureus ATCC 25923 were detected using standard agar microdilution methods. In addition, the effects on the bacterial growth curve were monitored at MIC and $MIC{\times}2$ levels. The effects on the intracellular killing and bacterial invasion of individual test materials were also observed using Raw 264.6 and MCF-7. The results were compared with Ciprofloxacin, a second generation of quinolone antibiotics in the present study. Results: MIC of aqueous extracts of TNS and KWT against S. aureus were detected as ($0.313{\pm}0.107$) and ($0.137{\pm}0.053$) mg/ml, respectively. MIC of Ciprofloxacin was detected as ($0.469{\pm}0.297$) ${\mu}g/ml$ at same conditions. In addition, TNS, KWT aqueous herbal extracts and Ciprofloxacin were also showed marked dosage-dependent inhibition of bacterial growth, and dramatical inhibitions on the both intracellular killing assays and bacterial invasion using Raw 264.6 and MCF-7 cells were detected. Conclusions: The results obtained in this study suggest that TNS and KWT aqueous herbal extracts showed antibacterial effects against S. aureus, and they also showed dosage-dependent inhibitory effects on the bacterial growth. And they showed the significant intracellular killing and bacterial invasion effects. It means, KWT and TNS may show more potent anti-infectious effects against S. aureus in vivo.

Development of new antibacterial materials for manufacturing functional corrugated board for agricultural products (농산물용 기능성 골판지 제조를 위한 신규 항균재료 개발에 대한 연구)

  • Yoon, Hee-Youl;Oh, Seok-Ju;Lee, Ji-Young;Kim, Byeong-Ho;Lim, Gi-Baek;Choi, Jae-Sung;Kim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.34-40
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    • 2012
  • In this study, new antibacterial materials were developed to manufacture a functional corrugated board. Sulfur solution, a new antibacterial solution made from inorganic sulfur in the laboratory, and other antibacterial mat erials were adopted to treat the surface of a linerboard. We measured the antibacteriocidal and bacteriostatic activities, as well as the fungal resistance of the surface-treated linerboards, to identify the antibacterial properties. The mechanical properties of the surface-treated linerboard were also determined in order to identify the effects of the antibacterial materials on linerboard properties. Linerboard treated with sulfur solution, PVOH, and sodium metasulfite showed the highest antibacterial activity, while linerboard treated with sulfur solution and nano sulfur showed the highest fungal resistance. It was identified that sulfur solution has effective antibacterial properties. The antibacterial materials did not affect the mechanical properties of the surface-treated linerboard, but the binder showed significant effects in terms of the burst strength, the compressive strength, and the stiffness of the linerboard.

The Functional Properties of Cellulose Fabric Treated with TiO2 - Focusing on Antibacterial activity, Deodorization & UV cut ability - (광촉매를 이용한 셀룰로오스섬유의 기능화에 관한 연구 - 항균·소취성 및 자외선 차폐성을 중심으로 -)

  • Kwon, Oh-Kyung;Moon, Jae-Gi;Son, Bu-Hun;Choi, Young-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.395-398
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    • 2003
  • In this study, we measured the antibacterial activities, deodorization, UV cut ability, whiteness and SEM, according to the size($5{\mu}m$, $15{\mu}m$) of $TiO_2$, concentration(3%, 5%, 10%) and dipping temperature($50^{\circ}C$, $70^{\circ}C$) with using anatase type of $TiO_2$ photocatalyst. Photocatalyst is the substance which carries out functions, such as decomposition, removal, deodorization, antibacterial, etc. of a contaminant, in a place with light based on an oxidation-reduction reaction. The results of this study were as follow. Antibacterial activities are increased with increasing of the $TiO_2$'s concentration, and $TiO_2$ has high antibacterial activities for Staphylococcus aureus but it has low antibacterial activities for Klebsiella pneumoniae. The deodorization and UV cut ability is very good, therefore be able to get good effects with using only 3% of $TiO_2$. Every effects are increased by using small size of $TiO_2$ and high dipping temperature.

Effects of Storage Temperature and pH on the Stability of Antibacterial Effectiveness of Garlic Extract against Escherichia coli B34

  • Kim, Myung-Hee;Kang, Young-Dong;Kyung, Kyu-Hang
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.720-723
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    • 2001
  • The effect of long-term storage on garlic antibacterial activity was investigated. A concentration of 5% or more garlic was found to be necessary to completely inhibit Eschrichia coli growth in tryptic soy broth. This value is substantially higher than the minimum inhibitory concentration of 1% for E. coli reported previously. pH-modified garlic extract was stored at different temperatures to investigate the impact of storage conditions (i.e., temperature, pH, period of storage) on the stability of the antibacterial activity of the garlic extract used against E. coli B34. The antibacterial effectiveness of the garlic extract against E. coli remained stable when both the storage temperature and the pH of the extract were kept low. When the garlic extract was stored at $40^{\circ}C and above, most or all of the garlic antibacterial activity disappeared after a 24-h storage period, regardless of the storage pH. The antibacterial activity was weakened when the pH of the garlic extract was adjusted to 8, and at low temperatures.

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Antibacterial Phytosterols and Alkaloids from Lycoris radiata

  • Lee, Dong Gu;Lee, Ah Young;Kim, Sun-Ju;Jung, Yong-Su;Lee, Dong-Hyouk;Cho, Eun Ju;Lee, Sanghyun
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2014
  • This research aimed to investigate the antibacterial activity of Lycoris radiata. The methanol extract and solvent fractions from L. radiata exhibited antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Helicobactor pylori. Open-column chromatography was used to isolate phytochemical constituents from L. radiata; spectroscopic analysis elucidated their structures as ${\beta}$-sitosterol (1), daucosterol (2), O-methyllycorenine (3), lycorenine (4), lycoricidinol (5), lycorine (6), and lycoricidine (7). Further testing of compounds 1 - 7 revealed antibacterial effects against E. coli, S. aureus, and H. pylori, which suggested the potential of these substances as antibacterial agents. We determined that compounds 1 and 2, isolated from the n-hexane fraction, were more effective against S. aureus and H. pylori. Compound 4, isolated from the methylene chloride fraction, exhibited noticeable antibacterial effects against E. coli. This study is the first report on the antibacterial activities of phytochemical constituents from L. radiata against E. coli, S. aureus, and H. pylori.

Antibacterial Activity and Synergism of Hydnocarpi Semen Extracts with Ampicillin or Oxacillin against Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

  • Joung, Dae Ki;Shin, Dong Young;Kwon, Dong Yeul;Shin, Dong Won
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.699-703
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    • 2016
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a serious clinical and an urgent problem worldwide. Few new drugs are available against MRSA, because MRSA has the ability to acquire resistance to most antibiotics, which consequently increases the cost of medication. In the present study, the antibacterial activity of Hydnocarpi Semen was investigated. The most effective method is to develop antibiotics from the natural products without having any toxic or side effects. Therefore, there is a need to develop alternative antibacterial drugs for the treatment of infectious diseases. Five Clinical isolates (MRSA) were obtained from five different patients at Wonkwang University Hospital (Iksan, South Korea). The Other 2 strains were ATCC 33591 (Methicillin-resistant strain) and ATCC 25923 (Methicillin-susceptible strain). Antibacterial activity (Minimal Inhibitory Concentrations, MICs) was determined by broth dilution method, disk diffusion method, MTT test, and checkerboard dilution test. Antibacterial activity of n-hexane fraction was remarkable, and had a MICs ranging from $31.25-125{\mu}g/m{\ell}$. FICI values for HFH+AM and HFH+OX were 0.13-0.19 and 0.04-0.29, showing the increase of synergistic effect. When combined together, these antibacterial effects were dramatically increased.

Characteristics of the antibacterial substances produced by Lactobacillus casei subsp. and Streptococcus faecium (Lactobacillus casei subsp. 및 Streptococcus faecium이 생산한 항균성물질의 성상)

  • Kang, Kyoung-koo;Mah, Jum-sool
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.393-406
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    • 1993
  • Antibacterial substances produced by Lactobacillus casei subsp. and Streptococcus faecium were examined for its antibacterial effects against some pathogenic bacteria. They were partially purified with ammonium sulfate precipitation, methanol-acetone extraction, G-50 gel filtration and examined its characteristics. When L casei subsp. and Str faecium were cultivated in MRS broth, stationary phase of L casei is until 24 hours and Str faecium is 20 hours. pH change of the cultured medium was both decreased after 12 hours and then constant at pH 4.5~4.6 after 28 hours. MRS broth culture fluids of L casei subsp. and Str faecium appeared the antibacterial effects by the spot-on-the-lawn method against ETEC, Sal pullorum and Sta aureus. Culture filtrates of L casei subsp. and Str faecium also appeared the antibacterial effects by the disc diffusion method. Culture filtrates of L casei sub. rhamnosus 7469 produced 0.032M of lactic acid and 0.01M of acetic acid. Str faecium 27273 also produced 0.027M of lactic acid and 0.01M of acetic acid. Protein concentrations of culture filtrates produced by L casei sub rhamnosus 7469 and Str faecium 27273 was $495{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ and $594{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, respectively. Antibacterial substances which are partially purified by ammonum sulfate precipitation, methanol-acetone extraction and G-50 gel filtration inhibit the growth of ETEC, Sal pullorum and Sta aureus. Characteristics of purified antibacterial substances was examined. Its molecular weight was about 31Kd, stabilized at $100^{\circ}C/20min.$ and some of proteolytic enzyme treatment.

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Antibacterial and therapeutic effects of a combination of Sophora flavescens and Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer ethanol extracts on mice infected with Streptococcus pyogenes

  • Yu, Eun-Ah;Cha, Chun-Nam;Park, Eun-Kee;Yoo, Chang-Yeul;Kim, Suk;Lee, Hu-Jang
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.189-192
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    • 2014
  • This study evaluated the antibacterial effects of a mixture of Sophorae radix and Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fischer (1 : 1) ethanol extracts (SGE) on mice infected with Streptococcus (S.) pyogenes. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration of SGE necessary for antibacterial effects against S. pyogenes were $20{\mu}g/mL$. Based on the time-kill curves for S. pyogenes, SGE was effective at $4{\times}$ MIC after 16 h. On Day 12 after challenge, the survival rate of mice treated with 2.0 mg/kg SGE was 60%. In conclusion, SGE had potent in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities against S. pyogenes.