• Title, Summary, Keyword: antibiotic resistance

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Antibiotic Resistance Survey of Gram Negative Bacilli in Daejeon Area (대전지역에서 그람음성간균의 항생제 내성률 조사)

  • Yook, Keun-Dol
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.178-182
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    • 2007
  • During 2006, the antibiotic resistance rate were investigated in gram negative bacteria. Resistance to piperacillin were detected at 60% in Escherichia coli, and 37% in Klebsiella pneumoniae. Ceftriaxone were detected 58% in Enterobacter cloacae, 52% in Acinetobacter baumannii, 43% in Enterobacter aerogenes and 76% were detected in Serratia marcescens. Between 1998 and 2007 antibiotic resistance rate were decreased in seven types antibiotic drugs. but, ceftazidime were increased from 12 to 20% during this times. In addition, E. coli, E. cloacae, A. baumannii and E. aerogenes were more isolated from May to June and K. pneumoniae and S. marcescens were more isolated from July to September. We should monitor and control antibiotic use and regularly survey antibiotic resistance patterns among pathogens in the hospital.

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Detection of Antibiotic Resistance and Resistance Genes in Enterococci Isolated from Sucuk, a Traditional Turkish Dry-Fermented Sausage

  • Demirgul, Furkan;Tuncer, Yasin
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.670-681
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study was to isolate enterococci in Sucuk, a traditional Turkish dry-fermented sausage and to analyze isolates for their biodiversity, antibiotic resistance patterns and the presence of some antibiotic resistance genes. A total of 60 enterococci strains were isolated from 20 sucuk samples manufactured without using a starter culture and they were identified as E. faecium (73.3%), E. faecalis (11.7%), E. hirae (8.3%), E. durans (3.3%), E. mundtii (1.7%) and E. thailandicus (1.7%). Most of the strains were found resistant to rifampin (51.67%) followed by ciprofloxacin (38.33%), nitrofurantoin (33.33%) and erythromycin (21.67%). All strains were found susceptible to ampicillin. Only E. faecium FYE4 and FYE60 strains displayed susceptibility to all antibiotics. Other strains showed different resistance patterns to antibiotics. E. faecalis was found more resistant to antibiotics than other species. Most of the strains (61.7%) displayed resistance from between two and eight antibiotics. The ermB, ermC, gyrA, tetM, tetL and vanA genes were detected in some strains. A lack of correlation between genotypic and phenotypic analysis for some strains was detected. The results of this study indicated that Sucuk manufactured without using a starter culture is a reservoir of multiple antibiotic resistant enterococci. Consequently, Sucuk is a potential reservoir for the transmission of antibiotic resistance genes from animals to humans.

Consumers' knowledge and attitudes toward antibiotic resistance (항생제 내성에 대한 소비자의 지식 및 태도)

  • Chae, Su-Mi;Park, Eun-Ja;Park, Sylvia
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.365-380
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to investigate the association between socio-demographic factors and attitudes toward antibiotic resistance and consumer's knowledge on antibiotic use for common cold. Telephone survey was conducted between June 24 and July 2, 2009, among 1,015 adults who were randomly stratified by age, sex and area. A total of 921 respondents were included in the analysis. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influence of socio-demographic factors on knowledge and attitudes. A total of 452 respondents(49.1%) recognised that they knew about antibiotic resistance and 769 respondents(83.5%) worried that antibiotic resistance is a serious problem in Korea. A total of 577 respondents(62.7%) had adequate knowledge on antibiotic use and resistance. Multiple logistic regression showed that younger age and higher education level were associated with adequate knowledge. The odds ratio of appropriate knowledge among persons with college degrees was 5.25(95% CI, 2.78-9.90) compared to those with elementary or less education. Sex and income variable were not predictors of adequate knowledge on antibiotic use and resistance. This study showed that consumers with less education had inadequate knowledge on antibiotic use for common cold. Even though consumers in their 40s and 50s thought they knew about antibiotic resistance, there is a need to improve their knowledge. Education campaigns for appropriate antibiotic use have to be differentiated among consumers with different socio-demographic characteristics.

Antibiotic sensitivity and resistance of bacteria from odontogenic maxillofacial abscesses

  • Kang, Sang-Hoon;Kim, Moon-Key
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.324-331
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study investigated the types and antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria in odontogenic abscesses. Materials and Methods: Pus specimens from 1,772 patients were collected from affected areas during incision and drainage, and bacterial cultures and antibiotic sensitivity tests were performed. The number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria was analyzed relative to the total number of bacteria that were tested for antibiotic susceptibility. Results: Bacterial cultures from 1,772 patients showed a total of 2,489 bacterial species, 2,101 gram-positive and 388 gram-negative. For penicillin G susceptibility tests, 2 out of 31 Staphylococcus aureus strains tested showed sensitivity and 29 showed resistance. For ampicillin susceptibility tests, all 11 S. aureus strains tested showed resistance. In ampicillin susceptibility tests, 46 out of 50 Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae strains tested showed resistance. Conclusion: When treating odontogenic maxillofacial abscesses, it is appropriate to use antibiotics other than penicillin G and ampicillin as the first-line treatment.

Characterization of Plasmids from Multiple Antibiotic Resistant Vibrio sp. Isolated from Molluscs and Crustaceans

  • Manjusha, Sayd;Sarita, Ganabhat Bhat
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.197-207
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    • 2012
  • This study investigated the role of plasmids and their relationship with the multiple antibiotic resistance of 30 Vibrios sp. isolated from molluscs and crustaceans sampled from the Kerala coastal waters of India. The biochemical identification and antibiotic resistance profiles were determined, followed by the plasmid profiles, conjugation and transformation efficiencies. The results showed a considerable difference in the level of bacterial resistance to various antibiotics; while all 30 strains were found to be MAR Vibrios sp. and their resistance patterns varied. All the strains were resistant to amoxycillin, ampicillin and carbeniciliin. 87% were resistant to rifampicin; 74% to cefuroxime; 67 to streptomycin; 53% to norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin and 47% to furazolidone and nalidixic acid. In addition to their antibiotic resistance, the plasmid DNA of the MAR Vibrios strains isolated from the molluscs and crustaceans was also studied. Nine strains isolated from crustaceans and molluscs were found to harbor 1-3 plasmids with sizes varying from 5. 98 kb to 19. 36 kb. The average transformation efficiency was about $5{\times}10^{-8}$ and the conjugation efficiency varied from $2.1{\times}10^{-3}$ to $10^{-9}$. A further study of antibiotic resistance patterns may be useful to test the extent of drug resistance in seafoods and help to devise a nationwide antibiotic policy.

Prevalence of Antibiotic Residues and Antibiotic Resistance in Isolates of Chicken Meat in Korea

  • Lee, Hyo-Ju;Cho, Seung-Hak;Shin, Dasom;Kang, Hui-Seung
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.1055-1063
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    • 2018
  • The aim of study was to investigate the correlation between the level of 17 antibiotic residues and 6 antibiotic resistances of Escherichia coli isolates in chicken meats. A total of 58 chicken meats were collected from retail grocery stores in five provinces in Korea. The total detection rate of antibiotic residues was 45% (26 out of 58). Ten out of 17 antibiotics were detected in chicken meats. None of the antibiotics exceeded the maximum residue level (MRLs) in chicken established by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS). The most detected antibiotics were amoxicillin (15.5%), followed by enrofloxacin (12.1%) and sulfamethoxazole (10.3%). In a total of 58 chicken meats, 51 E. coli strains were isolated. E. coli isolates showed the highest resistance to ampicillin (75%), followed by tetracycline (69%), ciprofloxacin (65%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (41%), ceftiofur (22%), and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (12%). The results of study showed basic information on relationship between antibiotic residue and resistance for 6 compounds in 13 chicken samples. Further investigation on the antibiotic resistance patterns of various bacteria species is needed to improve food safety.

Analysis of the anti-microbial susceptibility of Clostridium isolated on clinical specimens from captive wild animals in Seoul Zoo (서울동물원 야생동물의 임상 검체 내 Clostridium 균의 항생제 내성 분석)

  • Lee, Hany;Yeo, Yong-Gu;Ahn, Sangjin;Kim, Jong-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2020
  • Clostridial bacteria are zoonotic agents, which cause severe necrotizing enteritis, pseudo-membrane colitis, enterotoxemia to both humans and animals. The objective of this study was to monitor the antibiotic resistance of Clostridium isolates on clinical specimens from wild animals in Seoul zoo for 5 years. Clostridium isolates were verified by using Vitek2 compact machine. Antibiotic susceptibility was assessed by antibiotic disc diffusion test, which was followed by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion test method. The frequency of Antimicrobial resistance of Clostridium isolate was the greatest in gentamicin (87%), then in order of amikacin (80%). There were 55.6% of Clostridium isolates showed multiple drug resistance (MDR). These results showed that a lot of Clostridial bacteria from wild animals in Seoul zoo were acquired antibiotic resistance. Because of the wild animal's aggressive manner, it has been hard to collect clinical samples from wild animals in a zoo to exam antibiotic susceptibility. For these reasons, empirical use of antibiotics has been performed in frequently. It may cause to increase the emergence of antibiotic resistance bacteria. In addition, the antibiotic resistance bacteria from zoo animals can be spread to other wild animals which inhabit around the zoo. Therefore, regular monitoring of antibiotic resistance Clostridial bacteria is important to protect animals and humans from Clostridial diseases.

Antibiotic Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus Isolated in Busan (부산에서 분리된 황색포도상구균의 항생제 내성 양상)

  • Lee, Jae-Yoon;Park, Jung-Hee;Moon, Kyung-Ho
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.164-168
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    • 2007
  • Antibiotic resistance patterns of 21 antibiotics were studied for 50 strains of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from a hospital in Busan from July 2005 to December 2006. All strains showed antibiotic resistance to more than one antibiotic and 3 strains showed resistance to 17 different antibiotics. The strains isolated between 2005 and 2006 had lower resistance rate to 12 antibiotics (other than vancomycin and ampicilin) than the strains isolated between 1989 and 1990. In particular, no chlorarmphenicol resistant strain was found in this study which is contrasted with 34.8% resistant rate obtained in the study conducted between 1989 and 1990. In respect of vancomycin, no resistant strain was found in this study which is the same result obtained in the 1989 to 1990 study; All strains investigated in this study showed 100% resistance rate to ampicillin compared to 69.6% in the previous study.

Clinical Study of Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli in Urinary Tract Infection in Children: A 9-year Retrospective, Single Center Experience

  • Seo, Eun Young;Cho, Seung Man;Lee, Dong Seok;Choi, Sung Min;Kim, Doo Kwun
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance of Escherichia coli in urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 212 inpatients aged 18 years or younger with UTIs treated at the Pediatric Department of Dongguk University Gyeongju Hospital between January 2008 and December 2016. For comparison, patients were divided into three groups according to age as follows: group 1, ${\leq}1$ month; group 2, >1 month to ${\leq}12$ months; and group 3, ${\geq}13$ months. The antibiotic resistance rates from January 2008 to December 2012 (study period 1) and from January 2013 to December 2016 (study period 2) were analyzed statistically by group. Results: As the patient age increased, the antibiotic resistance rate to ampicillin (P=0.013), levofloxacin (P=0.050), piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) (P<0.001), and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (P=0.002) increased. The frequency of extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing E. coli showed a significant difference from 5 cases (4.6%) in study period 1 and 16 cases (15.8%) in study period 2 (P=0.007). The antibiotic resistance rate of E. coli was compared between the two time periods and we found that the antibiotic resistance rate to cefotaxime was significantly increased from 5.4% to 16.8% (P=0.008) and that to TZP was significantly decreased from 40.5% to 7.9% (P<0.001). Conclusion: Over the past 9 years, the resistance rate to cefotaxime has increased but the resistance rate to TZP has decreased. Thus, it is important to continue to investigate the antibiotic resistance rates of bacteria in the community.

The CT values Comparisons for Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria and Resistant Genes by Chlorination (항생제 내성균 및 유전자제거를 위한 염소 CT 값 비교)

  • Oh, Jun-Sik;Kim, Sungpyo
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.269-274
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to compare CT (disinfectant concentration * time) values in removing the antibiotic resistance bacteria, antibiotic resistance gene and transfer of antibiotic resistance genes. Different concentration of chlorine(C) and contact time(T) according to the removal of antibiotic resistance was calculated for each. As a result, for the 90% removal of antibiotic resistant bacteria, around 176~353 mg min/L CT values are needed. For the removal of the antibiotic resistance gene, 195~372 mg min/L CT values are required. For the 90% reduction of antibiotic resistance gene transfer by chlorine disinfection, 187~489 mg min/L CT values are needed. Based on our results, higher CT value was required for removing antibiotic resistant genes rather than antibiotic resistance bacteria.