• Title, Summary, Keyword: anticancer activity

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Anticancer and Antimutagenic Activities after Simulated Digestion of Ethanol Extracts from White, Red and Yellow Onions

  • Shon, Mi-Yae;Park, Seok-Kyu
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.278-284
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    • 2006
  • The beneficial effects of digested onion extracts have been assessed by antimutagenic and anticancer activities by Ames test and SRB test. The total phenolic acids and flavonoids in onion extracts were determined. Red and yellow onions contain more phenolic acids and flavonoids than those in the white onion. Digested, extracts showed antimutagenic activity and anticancer activity, and it appears that the antimutagenic activity of digested extracts of onion against mutagens and anticancer activities were related to their phenols and flavonoids contents. Moreover, the extracts inhibited the proliferation of four human tumorigenic cell lines such as HT-29 (colon), MCF-7 (breast), DU-145 (prostate) and HepG2 (liver), in a dose-dependent manner. Phenolic acids and flavonoids caused oxidative damage to the cancer cell lines and induced apoptosis. Generally, red onion extracts showed effective antimutagenic and anticancer activity, and the digested red onion extracts elicited stronger antimutagenic activity than those of the onion extracts without digestion.

Anticancer Activity of Natural Products including Salvia miltiorrhiza (단삼 등 천연물의 항암작용)

  • 김옥희;정수연;박만기;류항묵;양지선
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 1999
  • The cellular growth inhibition of 20 natural products was screened using SRB (sulforhodamine B) assay against 4 human cancer cell lines(SNU-1, SNU-C$_{4}$, Hep3B, Kato III). Ethanol extracts of Salvia miltiorrhiza, Saussurea lappa and Chelidonium majus showed potent anticancer activity among them, and further, it was fractionated into methylene chloride, hexane and methanol. Methylene chloride and methanol fraction of Salvia radix showed significant inhibitory activity against 4 human cancer cell lines. The effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza on anticancer activity in vitro models was evaluated with methylene chloride fraction of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Life span of ICR mice implanted with sarcoma-180 was increased by 40-61% and BDF$^{1}$ mice implanted with L1210 was increased by 66-89% upon intraperitoneal administration with methylene chloride fraction of Salvia miltiorrhiza. Based on these result, we suggested that Salvia miltiorrhiza showed anticancer activity on the in vivo and in vitro models

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Antioxidant and Anticancer Activity of Fractions from Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn. Methanolic Extract

  • Yin, Yu;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.329-334
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    • 2007
  • The potential antioxidant and anticancer activities of Hexane, EtOAc (Ethyl acetate), BuOH (n-Buthanol) and water fractions from methanolic (MeOH) extract of Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn. were evaluated in vitro. Tested fractions showed strong antioxidant activity, especially EtOAc fraction had the highest activity ($IC_{50}\;=\;114.01\;{\mu}g/mL$), containing high total phenolics and total flavonoids contents, showed $67.59\;Tan\;{\mu}g/mg$ and $64.95\;Que\;{\mu}g/mg$ respectively. Anticancer activity of these fractions was tested by MTT assay on HT-29 (the human colon carcinoma cells) cell line. BuOH fraction not only showed very high anticancer activity, but also had no cytotoxic effect on 293 (the human normal kidney cells) cell line. Considering these results, we used BuOH fraction of MeOH crude extract from P. quassioides (D.Don) Benn. to do assessment of apoptosis by flow cytometry and the mRNA expression levels of widely established apoptotic-related genes on HT-29 cell line. All the experiments showed that BuOH fraction can induce apoptosis on HT-29 cell line strongly. Taken together, methanolic extract of P. quassioides has potential for antioxidant and anticancer activities products.

Thc Euect of Ginseng Extracts on the Enzyme Activity in the Liver of Swiss Mice (인삼성분이 생쥐 간의 수종 효소활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 박계중;임미재
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 1980
  • This study was prepared to observe some enzyme activities in the liver of mice treated with extracts of Ginseng anticancer compound, separated from the petroleum ether extracts by silicic acid chromatography, has the cytotoxic activity against cancer cells. Swiss mice, 72 heads were used (or this experiment and they were divdied into control, test group I and test group If, that test group I was injected crude extract and test group II was injected anticancer compound, while the control group was injected 0.9% NaCl solution. The injections were carried out 1,2,4 and 8 times once a day for 1-8 day, respectively. The liver was removed carefully from the mice at 24 hours after drugs injected, and homogenized at 4$^{\circ}C$ for enzyme study. The activities of glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase(GPT) were determined by Reitmen and Frankel method and lactic acid dehydrogenase activity was determined by Wroblewski methods in vitro. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The GOT activity was increased 26%, crude extract and 16%, anticancer compound than those of control at 1st injected groups and decreased gradually according to increase of injection time, at 8th injected groups, the GOT activity was decresed by 16%, crude extract and 12%, anticancer compound. 2. The GPT activity was not changed significantly at 1st and 2nd injected groups, but, at 4th injected groups, the GPT activity was decreased 20%, crude extract and 14%, anticancer compound. While the GPT activity was recovered to normal value at 8th injected groups. 3. At 1st injected groups, the LDH activity was increased 17%, anticancer compound, while those of crude extract was shown normal value. At 2nd injected groups, the LDH activity increased 35yo:, crude extract while those of anticancer compound was showed normal value. And the LOH activity was recovered gradually at 4th and 8th injected groups.

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Anticancer Effect of Ferulic Acid on Cultured Human Skin Melanoma Cells

  • Son, Byoung-Kwan;Choi, Yu-Sun;Sohn, Young-Woo
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.457-461
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    • 2006
  • It is demonstrated that phenolic compound has cytotoxic effect on cancer cells. Recently, ferulic acid is involved in anticancer activity by showing the decrease of cell viability in cancer cells. But, the anticancer mechanism of ferulic acid is left unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the anticancer activity of ferulic acid on NIH3T3 fibroblasts and human skin melanoma cells (SK-MEL-3). The anticancer activity was measured by determining the cytotoxicy of ferulic acid on these cells. The cytotoxicity was measured by cell viability via XTT assay in these cells. In this study, ferulic acid decreased cell viability according to the dose-dependent manners after human skin melanoma cells were treated with various concentrations of ferulic acid for 48 hours. especially, ferulic acid remarkably decreased cell viability at a concentration of $120{\mu}M$ compared with control in human skin melanoma cells. While, ferulic acid did not show the significant decrease of cell viability at concentrations of $30{\sim}120{\mu}M$ in NIH3T3 fibroblasts. These results suggest that ferulic acid showed anticancer activity in cancer cells such as human skin melanoma cells by the decrease of cell viability significantly.

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Evaluation of Anticancer Activity of Curcumin Analogues Bearing a Heterocyclic Nucleus

  • Ahsan, Mohamed Jawed
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1739-1744
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    • 2016
  • We report herein an in vitro anticancer evaluation of a series of seven curcumin analogues (3a-g). The National Cancer Institute (NCI US) Protocol was followed and all the compounds were evaluated for their anticancer activity on nine different panels (leukemia, non small cell lung cancer, colon cancer, CNS cancer, melanoma, ovarian cancer, renal cancer, prostate cancer and breast cancer) represented by 60 NCI human cancer cell lines. All the compounds showed significant anticancer activity in one dose assay (drug concentration $10{\mu}M$) and hence were evaluated further in five dose assays (0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 and $100{\mu}M$) and three dose related parameters $GI_{50}$, TGI and $LC_{50}$ were calculated for each (3a-g) in micro molar drug concentrations (${\mu}M$). The compound 3d (NSC 757927) showed maximum mean percent growth inhibition (PGI) of 112.2%, while compound 3g (NSC 763374) showed less mean PGI of 40.1% in the one dose assay. The maximum anticancer activity was observed with the SR (leukemia) cell line with a $GI_{50}$ of $0.03{\mu}M$. The calculated average sensitivity of all cell lines of a particular subpanel toward the test agent showed that all the curcumin analogues showed maximum activity on leukemia cell lines with $GI_{50}$ values between 0.23 and $2.67{\mu}M$.

Synergistic Anticancer Activity of a Mixture of Anticancer Agent with Proteoglycan from Rhanella aquatilis against Human Colon Cancer Cell HT29 (Rhanella aquatilis 유래 당단백질과 항암제 혼합물에 의한 인체 대장암 HT29세포에 대한 항암상승효과)

  • Park, Hae-Ji;Kim, Kwang-Hyeon
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.379-382
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    • 2013
  • In order to investigate the anticancer activity of an anti-yeast substance (AYS), a proteoglycan produced by Rhanella aquatilis AY2000, the cytotoxicity of the AYS against cancer cells was determined in vitro. The AYS was not cytotoxic to the human Jurkat T cell or the mouse sarcoma 180 cell, but was cytotoxic to the human colon cancer TH20 cell. The AYS was increasingly cytotoxic against human colon cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner at range from 62.5 to 500 ${\mu}g/ml$. Anticancer activity by combination of the AYS and an anticancer agent was also determined. The anticancer agent combined with the AYS was shown to possess greater synergistic anticancer activity against human colon cancer cells, as compared with the anticancer agent alone.

Study on the Antioxidant and Anticancer Effects of Extract of Stamens of Nelumbo nucifera and Kaempferol (연수 추출물과 Kaempferol의 항산화 및 항암작용에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Du-Seok;Jeon, Sung-Woo;Kim, Hyun-Jin
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The present study was performed to clarify the antioxidant and anticancer effects of extract of stamens of Nelumbo nucifera and Kaempferol. Methods : Antioxidant effect was measured by DPPH-radical scavenging activity for electron donating ability (EDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity for SOD and lipid peroxidation. Anticancer effect was assessed by MTT absorbance for cytotoxicity. Results : Vitamin E, Kaempferol and ethyl acetate extract of stamens of Nelumbo nucifera increased SOD-like activity and DPPH-radical scavenging activity dose-dependently. On the contrary, lipid peroxidation was time-dependently decreased. Furthermore, Kaempferol and ethyl acetate extract of stamens of Nelumbo nucifera significantly decreased the growth rate of C6 glioma cells. Conclusions : These results suggest that ethyl acetate extract of stamens of Nelumbo nucifera may be a putative antioxidant or anticancer substance.

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Antioxidant and Anticancer Activities of Extract from Artemisia capillaries (인진쑥 추출물의 항산화 및 항암 활성)

  • Jung, Mee-Jung;Yin, Yu;Heo, Seong-Il;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.194-198
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    • 2008
  • Artemisia capillaries is a major important food and medicinal resource in Korea. In order to confirm the biological activities of Artemisia capillaries, we investigated antioxidant and anticancer activities from in vitro assays. The Artemisia capillaries methanol (MeOH) extracts was used for the evaluation of DPPH scavenging, total phenolic content, total flavonoid content, hydroxyl radical (${\bullet}OH$) scavenging, reducing power assay as antioxidant activity, as well as anticancer activities as MTT assay. As a result, the Artemisia capillaries MeOH extracts showed potent antioxidative activity and anticancer activity in vitro. These results suggest that the Artemisia capillaries MeOH extracts have a potential alleviated oxidation process, cell motility activity, and tumorigenesis.

Differential Effects of Tautomycetin and Its Derivatives on Protein Phosphatase Inhibition, Immunosuppressive Function and Antitumor Activity

  • Niu, Mingshan;Sun, Yan;Liu, Bo;Tang, Li;Qiu, Rongguo
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.145-151
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    • 2012
  • In the present work, we studied the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of tautomycetin (TMC) and its derivatives. Further, we demonstrated the correlation between the immunosuppressive fuction, anticancer activity and protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) inhibition of TMC and its derivatives. We have prepared some TMC derivatives via combinatorial biosynthesis, isolation from fermentation broth or chemical degradation of TMC. We found that the immunosuppressive activity was correlated with anticancer activity for TMC and its analog compounds, indicating that TMC may home at the same targets for its immunosuppressive and anticancer activities. Interestingly, TMC-F1, TMC-D1 and TMC-D2 all retained significant, albeit reduced PP1 inhibitory activity compared to TMC. However, only TMC-D2 showed immunosuppressive and anticancer activities in studies carried out in cell lines. Moreover, TMC-Chain did not show any significant inhibitory activity towards PP1 but showed strong growth inhibitory effect. This observation implicates that the maleic anhydride moiety of TMC is critical for its phosphatase inhibitory activity whereas the C1-C18 moiety of TMC is essential for the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation. Furthermore, we measured $in$ $vivo$ phosphatase activities of PP1 in MCF-7 cell extracts treated with TMC and its related compounds, and the results indicate that the cytotoxicity of TMC doesn't correlate with its $in$ $vivo$ PP1 inhibition activity. Taken together, our study suggests that the immunosuppressive and anticancer activities of TMC are not due to the inhibition of PP1. Our results provide a novel insight for the elucidation of the underlying molecular mechanisms of TMC's important biological functions.