• Title, Summary, Keyword: anticarcinogenic activities

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Antimutagenic and Anticarcinogenic Potency of Green Tea(Camellia sinensis)

  • Kinae, Naohide
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.94-94
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    • 2003
  • Tea is the most popular beverage in the world, especially green tea (Camellia sinensis) is daily taken by Asian people including Japanese. In last two decades, a variety of biological effects of tea components such as antioxidative, antimutagenic, anticarcinogenic, antibacterial and radical scavenging activities on bacteria, cultured cells and mammals have been elucidated.(omitted)

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Induction of Anticarcinogenic Enzymes of Waxy Brown Rice Cultured with Phellinus igniarius 26005

  • Park, Ki-Bum;Ha, Hyo-Cheol;Kim, So-Yeun;Kim, Hyo-Jeong;Lee, Jae-Sung
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.213-218
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    • 2002
  • The induction of NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase(QR), glutathione S-transferase(GST), and glutathione(GSH) levels in hepa1c1c7 cells(murine hepatoma) by waxy brown rice cultured with Phellinus igniarius to induce anticarcinogenic enzymes were measured. In addition, the inhibition of polyamines metabolism was tested with the growth of Acanthamoeba castellanii. The result shows that QR, GST activities, and GSH levels of experimental animals were increased much more by feeding the methanol extract of waxy brown rice cultured with Phellinus igniarius than those of the rats received the ethanol of uncultured brown rice. The growth of A. castellanii was inhibited mostly at 40 mg/3 ml concentration of methanol extract of waxy brown rice cultured with P. gniarius. The results suggested that waxy brown rice cultured with P. igniarius possess chemopreventive activity by inducing anticarcinogenic enzymes and inhibiting polyamine metabolism.

The Anticarcinogenic and Antioxidative Activity of Hemicentrotus pulacherrimus Fractions in Various Cancer Cells. (말똥성게 분획물에 의한 항 발암 및 항산화 효과)

  • Shin, Mi-Ok;Bae, Song-Ja
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.607-614
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the anticarcinogenic and antioxidative activities of Hemicentrotus pulacherrimus (HP). HP was extracted with methanol (HPM), which was then further fractionated into four sub-fractions by using the solvent partition method, affording methanol (HPMM), hexane (HPMH), butanol (HPMB) and aqueous (HPMA) soluble fractions. We determined the anticarcinogenic activities of these four fractions in four kinds of cancer cell lines, such as HepG2, HT29, MCF-7 and B16-F10, by MTT assay. Among various fractions from HPM, the HPMH showed the strongest growth inhibition effect. We also determined the inductive effect on quinone reductase (QR) of HP fractions. HPMB fraction exhibited strong inductive effects in HepG2 cells at a level of 90 ${\mu}g/ml$, showing inductive indexes of 2.26 compared to the control value of 1.0. The antioxidant activities of fractions from HP were also investigated by measuring the scavenging activities of HP against reactive oxygen speicies (ROS), peroxynitrite (ONOO-) and NO. Among the various solvent fractions, HPMH fractions displayed marked antioxidative activities.

Antiproliferative and Anticarcinogenic Enzyme-Inducing Activities of Green Tea Seed Extract in Hepatoma Cells

  • Lim, Hyun-Ae;Jang, Chan-Ho;Kim, Jang-Hoon;Kim, Ju-Ryoung;Ha, Young-Ran;Song, Young-Sun;Kim, Young-Kyoon;Kim, Jong-Sang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.914-919
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    • 2006
  • We investigated the catechin content in green tea leaf (GTL) and green tea seed (GTS), the antiproliferative and detoxifying phase II enzyme-inducing activities of the methanolic (80%, v/v) extracts from GTL and GTS. GTL and GTS contained $8,685{\pm}1,061$ and $108{\pm}32\;{\mu}g/g$ epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), $11,486{\pm}506$ and $116{\pm}72\;{\mu}g/g$ epigallocatechin (EGC), $3,535{\pm}308$ and $821{\pm}95\;{\mu}g/g$ epicatechin gallate (ECG), and $1,429{\pm}177$ and $37{\pm}44\;{\mu}g/g$ epicatechin (EC), respectively. The methanolic extract of GTS showed a greater increase in quinone reductase activity and antiproliferation potential against mouse hepatoma cells than GTL extract did. GTS treatment resulted in the accumulation at sub-G1 phase of mouse hepatoma hepa1c1c7 cells as assessed by flow cytometry. Enhancement of phase II enzyme activity by GTS extract was shown to be mediated, directly or indirectly, via interaction with the antioxidant response element (ARE) sequence in the genes encoding the phase enzymes. As the catechin content in GTS was significantly lower than that in GTL, components other than catechins appear to be responsible for the anticarcinogenic activity of the seed. In summary, these results suggest that the 80% methanolic extract of GTS deserves further study to evaluate its potential as an anticarcinogenic agent and to investigate its mechanism of action.

Beneficial Biological Activities of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA의 생물학적 기능)

  • Ha, Yeong L.;Kim, Jeong O.;Kim, Young S.
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.965-973
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    • 2017
  • Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a group of positional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid with conjugated double bonds at C9,C11 and C10,C12 positions. Of possible CLA isomers, a naturally occurring CLA isomer is c9,t11-CLA which is produced from linoleic acid by linoleate isomerase from various rumen and lactic bacteria, and mushroom mycelia. Meanwhile, synthetically prepared CLA contained an equal amount of c9,t11-CLA and t10,c12-CLA isomers, and other isomers as minor constituents. CLA was firstly mentioned in 1939 during the elaidinization reaction of linoleic acid. Thereafter, CLA was not an attractant to scientists because it was not scientifically interested any more. However, since the anticarcinogenic action was driven from 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced mouse skin carcinogenesis in 1987, CLA-related researches were drastically elevated, resulting in approximately 6,100 research papers in literature, so far. CLA exhibited the significant biological activities: anticarcinogenic, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, antiatherosclerotic, body-fat reducing, antioxidative, antiinflammatory, testosterone producing and other activities. Interestingly, two major CLA isomers, c9,t11-CLA and t10,c12-CLA, exhibited different biological activities. Meanwhile, t,t-CLA isomers which is minor constituent of chemically synthesized CLA from linoleic acid exhibited more potent anticarcinogenic activity in carcinogen-induced animal models and cancer cell lines than other CLA isomrs. In the present review, the significant biological activities of CLA were discussed along with historical studies of CLA since 1939.

Anticarcinogenic and Antioxidant Effects of Rhodiola sachalinensis (홍경천의 항산화 · 항발암 효과 연구)

  • Bae, Song-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.1302-1307
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    • 2005
  • In this study, we investigated the anticarcinogenic and antioxidative activities of Rhodiola sachalinensis (RS). Hexane (RSMH), ethylether (RSMEE), ethylacetate (RSMEA), butanol (RSMB), aqueous (RSMA) fractions and methanol extract (RSM) were screened for their growth inhibition effects using 3- (4,5-dimethyl-thiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay on HepG2, HeLa, MCF-7 and HT-29 cells. The anticarcinogenic effects of RSMEE was most significant when tested on MCF-7 and HepG2 cell lines at the concentration of $500{\mu}g/mL$ which resulted about $84\%\;and\;90\%$ on MCF-7 and HepG2 cells, respectively. The quinone reductase (QR)-inducing activity of RSMH on HepG2 cells was 3.5 times higher compared with the control at the concentration of $200{\mu}g/mL$. Antioxidative activities of RSM, RSMEE, RSMEA and RSMB showed about $80\%$ of electron donating activity (EDA) which were very similar to that of vitamin C as a control. We observed morphological changes of shrinking and the blebbing of HepG2 cancer cell membranes depending on the concentration of RSMEE.

Antimicrobial- and Anticarcinogenic Activities of Amphitrite albicostatu Fractions (따개비 분획물의 항균 및 항암 효과)

  • Shin, Hye-Jung;Shin, Mi-Ok
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.1505-1510
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    • 2010
  • In this study, we investigated antimicrobial- and anticarcinogenic activities of Amphitrite albicostatu (AA) fractions. AA was extracted with methanol first and then further fractionated into four different types: hexane (AAMH)-, methanol (AAMM)-, buthanol (AAMB)- and aqueous (AAMA) partition layers. In the paper disk test, the antimicrobial activity of AA fractions increased in proportion to concentration. Among the various solvent fractions, only AAMB showed antimicrobial activity. We also determined the growth inhibition and quinone reductase (QR) induced effects of AA fractions on cancer cells. The growth inhibition effects of AA fractions on HepG2 and B16F10 cells were evaluated by MTT assay. AAMM showed the strongest growth inhibition effects on HepG2 and B16F10 cells. The quinine reductase (QR) induced effects of AAMM on HepG2 cells at 100 ug/ml concentration indicated it to be 2.04 times higher than the control values of 1.0. Although further studies are needed, the present work suggests that Amphitrite albicostatu (AA) could have a potential use as a food preservative and chemopreventive agent.

Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Activities of Methanol Extracts from Leafy Vegetables Consumed in Korea

  • Kim, Hoi-Kyung;Bang, Chan-Sook;Choi, Young-Min;Lee, Jun-Soo
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.802-806
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    • 2007
  • There has been growing interest in the antioxidative and anticarcinogenic effects of vegetables. This study was aimed at evaluating the antioxidative and antiproliferative activities of 13 leafy vegetables consumed in Korea. New-beet and ornamental kale contained >1,000 mg of polyphenolics/100g fresh weight (FW), which was the greatest amount among the test vegetable extracts. Ornamental kale also contained the greatest amount (232.84 mg/100g FW) of flavonoids. With the exception of chicory, values of 1.1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging activities showed similar trends. New-beet was found to be the greatest antioxidant among the test vegetable extracts. New-beet exhibited the highest antiproliferative activity (>60%) against all tumor cells. No relationship was found between antiproliferative activity and antioxidant contents or antioxidant activities among samples.