• Title/Summary/Keyword: antifungal activity

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Studies on the Antifungal Activity of Capsaicine for 'Ganjang' Soy Sauce (Capsaicine의 간장방미효과에 관한 연구)

  • 심길순
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.69-73
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    • 1964
  • Cayenne pepper used traditionally as hot seasoning and for antifungal agent in "Ganjang" soy sauce in Korea. However the correlation between its component and antifungal activity has been unknown. CApsaicine is known as hot component of cayenne pepper. Antifungal activity of capsaicine in 'Ganjang' soy sauce was studied and the results are as follows; 1) In 'Ganjang' soy sauce, antifungal activity of capsaicine were strong in same degree with butyl-p-hydroxybenzoate. 2) Antifungal activity of capsaicine were intensified by the addition of sodium chloride. 3) The antifungal activity of capsaicine was increased by lower pH (pH 5.5-4.5) of 'Ganjang' soy sauce.

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Identification of a Gene Encoding Adenylate Kinase Involved in Antifungal Activity Expression of the Biocontrol Strain Burkholderia pyrrocinia CH-67

  • Lee, Kwang Youll;Kong, Hyun-Gi;Lee, Seon-Woo
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.373-380
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    • 2012
  • Burkholderia pyrrocinia CH-67 is a biocontrol bacterium with strong antifungal activity against several plant pathogenic fungi. Transposon mutagenesis was performed to identify the genes responsible for the antifungal activity of B. pyrrocinia CH-67. Of the 2,500 mutants tested using the Fulvia fulva spore screening method, a mutant deficient in antifungal activity, M208, was selected. DNA sequence analysis of the transposon-inserted region revealed that a gene encoding an adenylate kinase-related kinase was disrupted in M208. Antifungal activity was restored in M208 when a full-length adenylate kinase gene with its promoter was introduced in trans. The deduced amino acid sequence of adenylate kinase from CH-67 was 80% identical to that of B. cenocepacia MCO-3. Adenosine diphosphate supplementation or high levels of adenosine triphosphate and adenosine monophosphate together restored antifungal activity in M208, suggesting that adenylate kinase of B. pyrrocinia CH-67 is involved in antifungal activity expression.

Screening of the Antifungal Activity from Natural Products against Candida albicans and Penicillium avellaneum (Candida와 Penicillium 속 진균에 대한 천연물의 항진균 효과 검색)

  • Min, Byeong-Seon;Bang, Gyu-Ho;Lee, Jun-Seong;Bae, Gi-Hwan
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.582-590
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    • 1996
  • For the research of antifungal active constituents from natural products, 226 plants were extracted with ether and methanol, separately, and screened antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Penicillium avellaneum cells. The results demonstrated that 30 samlpes showed antifungal activity in ether or methanol extracts and 17 samples in ether extracts and 20 samples in methanol extracts against C. albicans. Against P. avellaneum, 19 samlpes showed antifungal activity in ether or methanol extracts and 17 samples in ether extracts and 11 samples in methanol extracts, respectively. The antifungal activity of natural products against C. albicans were showed more sensitive than P. avellaneum, and the polarity of the solvent was not specific in antifungal activity.

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Synergistic Antifungal Activity of Magnoliae Cortex and Syzyii Flos against Candida albicans

  • YOON, Jeemin;KIM, Tae-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.142-153
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    • 2021
  • Candida albicans is a dermal fungus of the human body that is known to cause oral candidiasis, vaginal candidiasis, and bloodstream infections in immunocompromised people or in certain environmental conditions. As cases of strains resistant to antifungal agents in C. albicans have been reported, studies using plant materials as safe antifungal agents are being actively conducted. In this study, a total of 17 edible plant extracts showed antifungal activity against C. albicans as a result of evaluating a 280-plant extract library using paper disk diffusion method. Among them, the four extracts with the strongest antifungal activity (Cinnamomi Cortex, Cinnamomi Ramulus, Magnoliae Cortex, and Syzygii Flos) were selected and evaluated for synergistic antifungal activity against C. albicans. The combination of Magnoliae Cortex and Syzygii Flos showed a synergistic activity. The antifungal activity was evaluated based on the concentrations of magnolol and eugenol, the respective components of Magnoliae Cortex and Syzygii Flos. Magnolol and eugenol showed synergistic antifungal activities at the concentration ratio of 1:25 - 1:61. The antifungal activity of these two compounds contributes 28 to 48% to the synergistic antifungal activity of the combination of Magnoliae Cortex and Syzygii Flos extract. In this study, we propose that a combination of Magnoliae Cortex and Syzygii Flos can effectively inhibit the growth of C. albicans and that magnolol and eugenol are the responsible inhibitory compounds.

First Report: Diversity of Endophytic fungi Possessing Antifungal Activity Isolated from Native Kougoed (Sceletium tortuosum L.)

  • Sishuba, Anathi;Leboko, Jessica;Ateba, Collins Njie;Manganyi, Madira Coultyne
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.89-94
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    • 2021
  • Forty-three (n = 43) endophytic fungi with different morphologic characteristics were from a medicinal plant Sceletium tortuosum, were utilized to investigate their antifungal effectiveness against pathogenic fungi. All fungal isolates exhibited antifungal activity against one or more pathogens in the dual culture test whereas only 33 fungal culture filtrates (77%) showed decent antifungal effect. Fusaria and Aspergillus were the dominate genus that displayed significant antifungal activity. Isolates GG02, GG09, ND15, and ND17 showed the broadest spectrum of antifungal activity. Furthermore, culture filtrate of Fusarium sp. DR08 exhibited a broad range of antifungal activity against all the pathogens. The results suggest endophytic fungi isolated from medicinal plant might be a source of novel bioactive molecules. To the best our knowledge, this is the first report on endophytic fungi isolated from native kougoed exhibiting antifungal activity against plant fungal pathogens.

Synergistic Antifungal Activity against Disseminated Candidiasis by Combination Therapy of Crataegi Fructus Extract and Fluconazole (전신성 캔디다증에 대한 산사자 추출물과 Fluconazole의 병용요법에 의한 항진균 상승효과)

  • Han, Yongmoon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.59 no.6
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    • pp.259-265
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    • 2015
  • In recent, there are increasing reports about pharmacological activities of Crataegi Fructus which has been used for many centuries as medicinal and food sources in East Asia. However, its antifungal efficacy needs to be investigated. Thus, in the current study, we determined synergistic antifungal activity of the Crataegi Fructus extract (CFE) when combined with fluconazole (FLC) against disseminated candidiasis due to Candida albicans. This fungus is one of the most problematic fungal pathogens. Data resulting from a microdilution susceptibility test showed that CFE had a dose-dependent antifungal activity. When the extract was combined with FLC, the activity was synergistic. For example, the antifungal activity by the combination of CFE at $20{\mu}g/ml$ plus FLC at $0.1{\mu}g/ml$ was 4 times more effective than antifungal activity by FLC alone at the same concentration (P<0.05). In the murine model of disseminated candidiasis, the combination therapy potentiated resistance of mice, resulting in 80% of C. albicans-infected animals surviving the entire period of 40 days observation, whereas mice given CFE alone or FLC alone all died with 17 and 23 days, respectively, although they survived longer than the untreated control animals (P<0.05). The CFE's antifungal activity seemed to be related to the blockage of hyphal production of C. albicans yeast cells. In summary, CFE has a synergistic antifungal activity, which can be produced by combining CFE with FLC. Thus, our data strongly indicate that CFE may be a potential candidate as an antifungal agent for combination therapy.

Effects of Compost Tea Making from Differently Treated Compost on Plant Disease Control

  • Tateda, Masafumi;Yoneda, Daisuke;Sato, Yukio
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.91-98
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    • 2007
  • Antifungal activity of compost teas was evaluated in vitro and in vivo experiments. In vitro test, fourteen compost teas were produced using five different composts and through six different methods for compost tea production. Eleven pathogenic fungi were used as indicators of antifungal activity of compost teas. In vivo test, one of the compost teas used in vitro test was sprayed to cucumber leaves which were infected with powdery mildew in order to evaluate antifungal activity of compost tea. From the results of the tests, it was found that all compost teas used this study showed antifungal activity and the proper application of compost teas against pathogenic fungi for obtaining optimal effects was important to know.

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Chemical Constituents of the Fruiting Bodies of Clitocybe nebularis and Their Antifungal Activity

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Lee, In-Kyoung;Seok, Soon-Ja;Yun, Bong-Sik
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.110-113
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    • 2008
  • During a continuing search for antimicrobial substances from Korean native wild mushroom extracts, we found that the methanolic extract of the fruiting body of Clitocybe nebularis exhibited mild antifungal activity against pathogenic fungi. Therefore we evaluated the antifungal substances and other chemical components of the fruiting body of Clitocybe nebularis, which led to the isolation of nebularine, phenylacetic acid, purine, uridine, adenine, uracil, benzoic acid, and mannitol. Nebularine showed mild antifungal activity against Magnaphorthe grisea and Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and phenylacetic acid potently inhibited the growth of Pythium ultium and displayed moderate antifungal activity against Magnaphorthe grisea, Botrytis cinerea, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The other isolated compounds showed no antimicrobial activity.

Antifungal activity and house dust mite repellent effect of fabric dyed with Juniperus chinensis heartwood extracts (향나무 심재 추출물로 염색된 직물의 방미성과 집먼지 진드기 기피효과)

  • Nam, Ki Yeon;Lee, Jung Soon
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.687-699
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate the antifungal activity and house dust mite repellent effect of cotton and silk fabrics dyed with Juniperus chinensis heartwood extracts by hot-water and methanol. The chemical composition of Juniperus chinensis heartwood extracts by hot-water and methanol was analyzed by GC-MS. In the case of antifungal activity, dyed fabrics with hot water extract had no effect against chaetomium globosum fungus. But showing no growth in fabrics dyed with methanol extract, dyed fabrics with methanol extract showed very excellent antifungal activity. Silk fabric dyed with methanol extract showed excellent house dust mite repellent effect of 94.3%~96.0% against dermatophagodes farinae. The composition of Juniperus chinensis heartwood extracts from hot-water and methanol was different. There were no terpene and its analogue peaks in hot-water extract. However there were terpene and its analogue peaks in methanol extract. From these GC-MS results, terpene was identified in methanol extract of Juniperus chinensis heartwood. Efficient ingredient of antifungal activity and house dust mite repellent effect was assumed terpene.

Melittin-Hybrid 합성 펩타이드가 Fusarium oxysporum의 성장에 미치는 저해효과

  • Lee, Dong-Gun;Shin, Song-Yub;Lee, Sung-Gu;Lee, Myung-Kyu;Hahm, Kyung-Soo
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.529-533
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    • 1996
  • Melittin (ME) from honeybee venom has a broad range of strong antimicrobial activity, but it has hemolytic activity against eukaryotic cells. In order to design peptides with powerful antifungal activity without cytotoxic property of ME and understand structure-antifungal activity relationships, the hybrid peptides derived from the sequences of ME and cecropin A (CA) or magainin 2 (MA), MA(10-17)ME(1-12) and CA(1-8)ME(1-12). were synthesized by solid phase method. MA(10-17)ME(1-12) showed potent antifungal activity comparable to ME against Fusarium oxysporum with no hemolytic activity against human red blood cells. The hybrid peptides showed strong inhibi- tion of (1, 3)-$\beta$-D-glucan synthase. This result indicates that the antifungal activity of the hybrid peptides against Fusarium oxysporum is attributed to the inhibition of cell wall synthesis. The results therefore showed a successful design of a peptide having antifungal activity without hemolytic property.

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