• Title, Summary, Keyword: antihepatotoxic effect

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Chemical constituents and antihepatotoxic effect of the berries of Juniperus Phoenicea Part II

  • Aboul-Ela, Maha;El-Shaer, Nagwa;El-Azim, Tarek Abd
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.240-247
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    • 2005
  • Phytochemical investigation of the berries of Juniperus phoenicea led to the isolation of 4 compounds, namely; scutellarin, isoscutellarin, shikimic acid and the new palmitoyl lactone derivative 16-hydroxy palmitic-1,16-olide. This is the first report for the occurrence of these compounds in the species grown in Libya. The identification of the isolated compounds was based on the application of different spectroscopic techniques. In addition, the antihepatotoxic effect of the aqueous decoction of the berries was investigated.

The Effect of Dimethyl-esculetin on the Serum Transaminase Activity of Rabbit Pretreated with Carbon-tetrachloride (Dimethyl-esculetin이 Carbon-tetrachloride 부하가토혈청 Transaminase 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ton-Il
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.115-118
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    • 1970
  • Antihepatotoxic effect of dimethyl-esculetin, the major constituent of herbal drug Artemisia capillaris $T_{HUNBERG}$ (Compositae) which has long been used as folk medicine for gall stone and hepatitis in Asian country (China and Japan, except Korea) was investigated on the rabbit intoxicated with carbon-tetrachloride. Ten rabbits were divided into two parts, group A and B in five each. The group A was injected with carbon-tetrachloride, 0.1ml per kg at begining of the experiments for control. The group B was injected with carbon-tetrachloride soon after 7 days treatment of dimethyl-esculetin, 30mg per day. The results obtained in this experiment were as follows.: 1) Antihepatotoxic activity of dimethyl esuletin on the rabbits intoxicated with carbon tetrachloride has shown the serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase activity and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase activity decreased respectively. 2) The component of Artemisia capillaris, dimethyl-esculetin, has shown remarkable antihepatotoxic effect.

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Antihepatotokic Activity of Bezoar Bovis and Moschus (우황과 사향의 간세포 보호효과)

  • 최영주;이미경;손여원;이흠숙;김영중;민홍기
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.271-274
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    • 1996
  • The antihepatotoxic activity of Bezoar Bovis and Moschus was investigated by in vitro assay method using galactosamine and carbon tetrachloride-induced cytotoxicity in primary-cultured rat hepatocytes. The antihepatotoxic activity was evaluated by measuring the level of glutamate pyruvate transaminase and sorbitol dehydrogenase which were released from the necrotic hepatocytes to the culture medium. In galactosamine-intoxicated hepatocytes, the chloroform fraction of Bezoar Bovis reduced the level of glutamate pyruvate transaminase and sorbitol dehydrogenase resulting in 65% and 59% protection, respectively. The n-Hexane fraction of Moschus resulted in 45% and 40% protection, respectively in this system. In the case of carbon tetrachloride-intoxicated rat hepatocytes, Bezoar Bovis did not have significant effect and only the aqueous fraction of Moschus showed 42% and 40% protection, respectively.

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Antioxidative and Hepatoprotective Activity of Colured-Scented and Korean Native Rice Varieties Based on Different Layers (특수 유색미, 향류미 및 한국 재래종 벼 종자의 층위별 항산화 및 간보호 활성)

  • 박희준;곽태순;정원태;최종원
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.191-198
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    • 1999
  • Fifteen varieties of Oryza sativa mainly including those of Korean native rice were exactly cutted into three layers such as L1 layer(the outer part of 92% from rice center), L2 layer(the part of 81∼91% from the rice center) and L3 layer(the inner part of 80% from the rice center) We biologically evaluated the antioxidative effect on the every layer(L1, L2 and L3) of all the varieties, by observing malondialdehyde (MDA) produced by galactosamine in the mouse. L1 layer of some varieties showed significant antiox idative effect, while L2 and L3 layer didn't show the activity. It was also suggested that coloured rice(Suwon 425 and Sanggaehangbyeolna) showed stronger activity than other general rices, probably due to high contents of anthocyanins. Successively, we evaluated antihepatotoxic effect, based on the determination of serum ALT and AST activity. Some varieties of only L1 layer, except for L2 and L3 layer, significantly decreased the serum ALT and AST activity. This finding indicate that oral diet of some raw rice are able to protect hepatotoxicities. Among all the samples tested, L1 layer of Suwon 425 showed the strongest antihepatotoxic effect. From quantitative analysis on ferulic acid derivatives, it was found that the more it enters from the surface into the rice center, the more those secondary metabolites contents were highly reduced. These findings above suggested that Suwon 425 could be a promising candidate for the development of health rice food.

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Effects of Some Medicinal Plants for Liver Enzyme Activities (수종(數種) 생약(生藥)이 간(肝) 효소활성(酵素活性)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Tae-Hee;Yang, Ki-Sook;Chang, Eun-Sook;Baik, Sung-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 1984
  • The methanol extracts of five medicinal plant materials selected were tested for antihepatotoxic activity. Protective effects on the liver defect caused by $CCl_4$ can be proved by liver enzyme activities of serum GOT, GPT, LDH and ALP. The curative effects of these materials against $CCl_4-induced$ liver damage in albino rats were compared with those of control groups. It was shown that the extracts of Hepatica asiatica and Stellaria media showed antihepatotoxic effect on $CCl_4-induced$ liver damage; however, the extract of Gleditschia officinalis had no effect.

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Protective Effects of Angelica koreana on Experimentally Induced Liver Injury (실험적 간장해에 대한 강활의 보호효과)

  • Yoon Soo Hong;Ha Hun
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.161-165
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    • 2005
  • The present study was carried out to find the possible protective effects of Angelica koreana water extract on biochemical parameters in benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P)-induced liver injury in rats. B(a)P treatment (0.1 mg/kg, 1.p.) caused a liver damages, which led to biochemical alterations in serum and liver enzyme activities and serum lipid levels. The activities of liver marker enzymes, especially, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were markedly changed in B(a)P treatment. Oral administration of Angelica koreana (50 mg/kg) recovered these biochemical Parameters to near normal levels. Therefore, the present results have revealed that Angelica koreana water extract might have the antihepatotoxic effect and consequently ameliorate liver damage associated with B(a)P in rats.

Antihepatotoxic effect of Heat-treated Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum in $CCl_4-induced$ Rats and the Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Volatile Sulfur Substances

  • Park, Hee-Juhn;Jung, Hyun-Ju;Lim, Sang-Cheol;Jung, Won-Tae;Kim, Won-Bae;Park, Kwang-Kyun;Lee, Jin-Ha;Choi, Jong-Won
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2005
  • The ethanolic extracts of the leaves and bulbs of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum (Liliaceae) collected from Daegwallyoung (D) and Ullung Island (U) in Korea were obtained using three different extracting methods. The first extracts, DL-1 DB-1, UL-1 and UB-1, were obtained from leaves (L) and bulbs (B) dried at $90^{\circ}C$, respectively, and the second extracts, DL-2, DB-2, UL-2 and UB-2, were obtained by extracting the leaves and bulbs of fresh plant parts. The third extracts DL-3, DB-3, UL-3 and UB-3 were obtained by incubating leaves and bulbs at $36^{\circ}C$. The six extracts obtained from A. victorialis var. platyphyllum at Daegwanllyoung (cultivated site) were orally administered to examine for a possible antihepatotoxic effect in $CCl_4-induced$ rats. DL-1 exhibited the most pronounced effect. The extracts inhibited serum ALT, AST, SDH, ${\gamma}-GT$, ALP and LDH activities elevated by $CCl_4$ injection and attenuated decreased glutathione S-transferase, glutatione reductase and ${\gamma}-glutamylcysteine$ synthetase activities and a decreased hepatic glutathione. However, the extracts obtained from Ullung Is. (native site) were less active than the extracts from Daegwallyoung, suggesting that A. victorialis var. platyphyllum from the cultivated site is more useful for functional food than of native site. These results also suggest that the antihepatotoxic effect is due to a higher content of hepatic glutathione. Gas chromatography of the twelve extracts showed significantly different sulfides, disulfides or trisulfides contents belonging to volatile sulfur substances (VSS). Nine components were identified on the basis of their mass spectra, namely, dimethyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide, diallyl disulfide, dipropyl disulfide, allyl methyl sulfide, allyl methyl trisulfide, 2-vinyl-4H-1,3-dithiin, 3,4-dihydro-3-vinyl-1,2-dithiin, and allithiamine. Extract DL-1 had the highest VSS content. Dried plant materials contained larger amounts of the VSSs than other extracts, and the leaves contained larger amount than the bulbs. These results suggest that heat treatment increases the antiheaptotoxic ability of A. victorialis var. platyphyllum by increasing the proportion of VSSs.

Antihepatotoxic effect of Artemisia Iwayomogi methanol extract on acute hepatic injury by carbon tetrachloride in rat (사염화탄소에 의한 랫드의 간손상에 대한 인진호메타놀추출물의 억제효과)

  • Kim, Kil-soo;Park, Joon-hyoung
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.619-626
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of present study was to examine pharmacological effect of Artemisia Iwayomogi methanol extract(AIME) on biochemical parameters(activities of AST, ALT, LDH, and ALP, contents of total bilirubin, total protein, albumin and A/G ratio in serum and levels of hepatic microsomal lipid peroxide and glucose-6-phosphatase activities) against hepatic injury by carbon tetrachloride($CCl_4$) in rats. Increased AST, ALT and LDH activities by $CCl_4$ were decreased in AIMS treatment group at 48 or 72 hours. Together, increased ALP activity by $CCl_4$ almost returned toward normal value in AIME treatment group at 72 hours. Serum total bilirubin contents increased to 87, 79 and 31% compared with normal group by $CCl_4$ which were decreased to 64, 42 and 26% in AIME treatment group at 24, 48 and 72 hours, respectively. Decreased contents of total protein and albumin, and A/G ratio by $CCl_4$ were recovered in AIME treatment group. Hepatic microsomal lipid peroxide levels(nmol malonic dialdehyde/100mg protein) increased to 140, 95 and 78% compared with normal group by $CCl_4$ which were decreased to 107, 74 and 65% in AIME treatment group at 24, 48 and 72 hours, separately. Hepatic microsomal glucose-6-phosphatase activities decreased to 60, 50 and 53% compared with normal group by $CCl_4$ at 24, 48 and 72 hours, respectively, which were increased at 72 hours in AIME treatment group. In conclusion, AIME enhanced the amelioration process from $CCl_4$-induced lipid peroxidation, degeneration of liver cell, and impairment of protein and bilirubin metabolisms.

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Antihepatotoxic Activity of Cassia tora Leaf Extract

  • Maity, Tapan K.;Mandal, Subhash C.;Pal, M.;Saha, B.P.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.226-229
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    • 1998
  • Methanolic extract of Cassia tora leaves was evaluated for its hepatoprotective activity in rats by inducing hepatotoxicity with paracetamol (acute model). The extract at a dose of 400 mg/kg orally exhibited significant protective effect by lowering the serum levels of transaminase (SGOT and SGPT), bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). The effects produced were comparable to that of a standard hepatoprotective agent.

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Protective Effect of Ginseng Polysaccharide Fraction on CCl4-induced Hepatotoxicity in vitvo ana in vivo (인삼 다당분획의 in vitro, in vivo에서 사염화탄소 유발 간독성에 대한 보호효과)

  • Kim, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.108-113
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    • 1995
  • Effect of ginseng polysaccharide fraction was examined for $CCl_4$-induced hepatotoxicity in vitro and in vivo. In $CCl_4$-injured primary cultured rat hepatocytes, treatment of the polysaccharide fraction (0.1, 0.3, 1.0 mg/ml) significantly Inhibited the release of LDH and GOT into the culture medium in a dose-dependent manner. Oral administration of the polysaccharide fraction (100, 200 mg/kg) inhibited the decrease of body weight and the increase of the ratio of liver to body weight in $CCl_4$-intoxicated rats. Elevation of GOT, GPT and ALP activity in the serum by $CCl_4$-induced hepatotoxicity was suppressed by administration of ginseng polysaccharide fraction. MDA levels increased in the serum as well as in the liver tissue by treatment with $CCl_4$ showed a tendency to be 연w in the rats given to the polysaccharide fraction. These results suggest that the polysaccharide fraction may be active substance responsible for antihepatotoxic effect of Panax ginseng.

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