• Title/Summary/Keyword: antimicrobial activity

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Isolation and Antimicrobial Activity of Antimicrobial Substance Obtained from Leaf Mustard(Brassica juncea) (갓(Brassica juncea)의 항균물질의 분리 및 항균성)

  • 강성구
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.695-701
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    • 1995
  • The ethanol extract of leaf mustard(Brassica juncea) exhibiting high antimicrobial activities was fractionated in the order of hexane, chloroform, ethylacetate and butanol fractions to test antimicrobial activity. The highest antimicrobial activity for the bacteria tested was found in the ethylacetate fraction, but a lesser extent in the butanol fraction. In contrast to antimicrobial activity for the bacteria, both ethylacetate and butanol fractions showed weak antimicrobial activity for yeasts. Unknown compound A in the ethylacetate fraction which exhibited a strong antimicrobial activity was isolated by silica gel column chromatography and HPLC, and exhibited 9 times more antimicrobial activity than the ethylacetate fraction.

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Screening of Antimicrobial Activity against Enterohemorrhagic escherichia coli 0157 : H7 from Plants in Korea

  • Park, One-Kyun;Insun Joo;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Sung, Chang-Keun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.324-328
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    • 1998
  • We screened the methanol extracts from 133 plant species growing in Korea for antimicrobial activity against enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli 0157 : H7. Those are selected from three plant grouping ; traditional medicinal herbs, edible plants, and flowers. They were tested by disk diffusion assay. From evaluation of the inhibition zone diameter of microbial growth, we found that the flower extract of Rhododendron Schilpenbachii Max had the most significant antimicrobial activity against this bacteria. Extracts from most of the vegetables and plants did not show antimicrobial activity except for the leaves of Ginkgo biloba L. and seeds of Prunus Dallicina L. did not show antimicrobial activity except for the leaves of Ginkgo biloba L. and the seeds of Prunus sallicina L.

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Effect of Ethyl Acetate Extract of the Dried Prunus mume on the Growth of Staphylococcus aureus (오매의 에틸아세테이트 추출물이 Staphylococcus aureus의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • 양미옥;배지현
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.241-248
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    • 2002
  • The dried Prunus mume, an alkaline food abundant in organic acids (citric acid, malic acid and tartaric acid), has been largely used in both folklore remedies and Chinese herbal medicine for a long time. This study was performed to investigate the antimicrobial activity of the dried Prunus mume. The fractionation of the methanol extracts from Prunus mume was conducted using petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and butanol, respectively. The antimicrobial activity of the Prunus mume extracts was then determined against food-borne pathogens using a paper disc method. The ethyl acetate extract showed the strongest antimicrobial activity against the eigth food-born pathogens used in this present study. Diaion HP 20 column chromatography was performed to remove some sugars that might inhibit the antimicrobial activity of Prunus mume. The strongest antimicrobial activity of ethyl acetate fraction of Prunus mume was shown against Staphylococus aureus. The growth inhibition curve was determined using ethyl acetate extracts of Prunus mume against Staphylococus aureus, which showed the growth inhibition up to 72 hours at 1,000 ppm concentration.

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In vitro Retention of Antimicrobial Activity of Ciprofloxacin-incorporated Central Venous Catheters

  • Jeon, Sung-Min;Kim, Mal-Nam
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2007
  • In vitro ciprofloxacin (CFX)-release study and bioassay using microorganisms were performed to estimate the retention of the antimicrobial activity of the CFX-incorporated central venous catheters (CFX-CVCs). The release experiments were carried out under the optional CFX-release conditions to mimic the in vivo environment. The release of CFX experienced an initial burst followed by a slow and steady matrix-diffusion controlled release. The 1.0CP (polyurethane catheter containing 1.0% (w/w) of CFX) under dynamic condition showed a near zero-order CFX release profile, which is beneficial for the long-tenn antimicrobial activity. The modified Kirby-Bauer method was performed employing S. aureus and E. coli to evaluate the retention of antimicrobial activity of the catheters retrieved from the release experiments. The 1.0CP showed the long-term antimicrobial activity (${\geq}\;21$ days) against both S. aureus and E. coli. These results indicate that 1.0CP is useful as a long-tenn indwelling CVC.

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Antimicrobial Activity and Components of Extracts from Agastache rugosa during Growth Period

  • Song, Jong-Ho;Kim, Min-Ju;Kwon, Hyuk-Dong;Park, In-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.10-15
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    • 2001
  • Antimicrobial activities of volatile flavor, water and methanol extracts from Agastache rugosa were investigated. The volatile flavor extract was obtained from A. rugosa by simulataneous distillation-extraction (SDE) method. Antimicrobial activity was investigated by disc diffusion method against several microorganisms, four species of Gram positive, three species of Gram negative and tow species of yeast. The volatile flavor extracts had strong antimicrobial activity againstc. utilisand S. cerevisiae. During the growth period, a difference in antimicrobial activity among volatile flavor extracts from A. rugosa was not shown. The water extract of above 10 mg/disc showed antimicrobial activity. Methanol extracts from A. rugosa harvested in June showed antimicrobial activity against tested Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, showed weak antimicrobial activity against the bacteria from those harvested in July and August. In particular, antimicrobial activity against V. parahaemolyticus was stronger than that against other bacteria. Water and methanol extracts did not inhibit yeast. C. utilis and S. cerevisiae. To further elucidate the effective components, volatile flavor extracts was analyzed by GC/MS. harvested in June, the components included 8 phenols (93.031%), 18 terpenes (5.230%), 12 alcohols (1.300%) 8 alkanes (0.181%), 1 ester (0.056%), 2 ketones (0.033%), 2 aldehydes (0.011%) and 1 pyrrole (0.007%). In July, the components included 6 phenols (94.366%), 19 terpenes (3.394%), 11 alcohols (2.045%), 1 ester (0.039%), 2 ketones (0.028%), 1 furan (0.005%) and 1 aldehyde (0.005%). And in August, the components included 7 phenols (95.270%), 19 terpenes (2.951%), 13 alcohols (1.399%), 1 ester (0.063%), 2 aldehydes (0.016%), 2 ketones (0.011%), 1 alkane (0.006%), 1 acid (0.005%) and 1 pyrrole (0.005%). The major component of volatile flavors was estragole, a phenolic compound.

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Investigation of Antimicrobial Activity of Rutaceae Fruit Ethanol Extracts Against Microorganisms-induced Skin Inflammation

  • Kim, Mee-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.26 no.12
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    • pp.237-245
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    • 2021
  • This study investigated the Antimicrobial activity of Rutaceae fruit ethanol extracts against microorganisms-induced skin inflammation in cosmetic materials. Rutaceae fruits were separated in two parts of whole fruit (pulp, pulp fegment membrane, peel) and peel, and extracted with 70% ehtanol. The results demonstrated that Rutaceae fruit ethanol extracts showed antimicrobial activity in 5 strains except Staphylococcus aureus. In particular, the antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis was the best in fresh lemons whole fruit. The antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli was shown only in fresh lemon peel and fresh trifoliate peel. Additionally, antimicrobial activity against Propionibacterium acnes was shown only in the dried lemon peel. In the results of antimicrobial activity against Pityrosporum ovale, in the case of fresh fruits, citron whole fruits showed the highest effect, followed by lemon whole fruits and mandarin orange peel. And in the case of dried fruits, orange peel showed the highest effect, followed by trifoliate peel, mandarin orange peel and lemon peel. Therefore, it is considered that lemon, which shows antimicrobial activity against all skin inflammation-causing microorganisms, can be used as a natural material for improving skin inflammation in cosmetics.

Antimicrobial Activities of Commercially Available Tea on the Harmful Foodborne Organisms (식품유해균에 대한 차류 추출물의 항균효과)

  • 오덕환;이미경;박부길
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.100-106
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    • 1999
  • Use of chemical preservative for controlling harmful microorganisms in food products has been debated due to public concerns about food quality because of perceived toxic and carcinogenic potential. Thus, use of non toxic natural antimicrobial agents has become essential. This study was investigated to determine the antimicrobial activity of water or ethanol extract of commercially available tea, and of solvent fractionated ethanol extracts obtained from steamed green tea. Both of water and ethanol extracts of green tea(steamed or roasted), oolong tea and black tea exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against gram positive and negative bacteria, but not effective against yeast and mold. Also, antimicrobial activity of ethanol extract of 4 different kinds of tea was stronger than that of water extract. Among 4 different tea, ethanol extract of steamed green tea was further fractionated. One thousand g/disk buthanol extract had the strongest antimicrobial activity against bacteria and mold. The concentration of the antimicrobial activity of buthanol extract in tested microorganisms ranged from 125~1000 g/disk except for Rhizopus javanicus. Antimicrobial activity of buthanol extract of steamed green tea was not destroyed by heating at 100oC for 60 min and at 121oC for 15 min, which is very stable over heat treatment. The inhibitory effect of the buthanol extract on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus was investigated. Growth of both strains was started in the presence of 250 and 500 g/ml after 12 and 24 hour respectively, whereas complete inactivation of both strains was occurred in the presence of 1000 g/ml.

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Study of Antimicrobial Activity of New Zealand’s Tea Tree Essential Oil , Grapefruit Seed Extract and its major Component.

  • Han, Chang-Giu;Lee, Young-Woon;Zhoh, Choon-Koo;Kim, Byung-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
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    • 1999.10a
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    • pp.17-41
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    • 1999
  • Manuka oil sometime named New Zealand's tea tree oil is soluble in oil and come from nature. The $\alpha$-pinene extracted from Manuka oil and R-limonene which is one of the component of extracted Citrex from Grapefruit were used to estimate the antimicrobial activity and to improve the capability of antiseptic. Disk diffusion and broth dilution methods were used to measure the antimicrobial activity Escherichia coli which is gram-negative bacteria and Staphylococcus aureus which is gram-positive bacteria were used as strain. The antimicrobial activity of Manuka oil and $\alpha$-pinene for Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus is similar when the concentration of Manuka oil and $\alpha$-pinene is 10${mu}ell$. However, Antimicrobial activity of Manuka oil for EscherEchta coli, Staphylococcus aureus is better than that of $\alpha$-pinene when the concentration of Manuka oil and $\alpha$-pinene is low. Antimicrobial activity of Citrex is superior to that of R-limonene. The proper ratio of Maunka oil and Citrex can Improve the antimicrobial activity. The proper ratio obtained from studies was 75% of Maunka oil and 25% Citrex for Escherichia coli, 25% of Maunka oil and 75% Citrex for Staphylococcus aureus.

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Study of Antimicrobial Activity of New Zealand's Tea Tree Essential Oil, Grapefruit Seed Extract and its major Component.

  • Han, Chang-Giu;Lee, Young-Woon;Zhoh, Choon-Koo;Kim, Byung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.25 no.4 s.34
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    • pp.17-41
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    • 1999
  • Manuka oil sometime named New Zealand's tea tree oil is soluble in oil and come from nature. The $\alpha$-pinene extracted from Manuka oil and R-limonene which is one of the component of extracted Citrex from Grapefruit were used to estimate the antimicrobial activity and to improve the capability of antiseptic. Disk diffusion and broth dilution methods were used to measure the antimicrobial activity. Escherichia coli which is gram-negative bacteria and Staphylococcus aureus which is gram-positive bacteria were used as strain. The antimicrobial activity of Manuka oil and $\alpha$-pinene for Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus is similar when the concentration of Manuka oil and $\alpha$-pinene is $10{\mu}l$. However, Antimicrobial activity of Manuka oil for Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus is better than that of $\alpha$-pinene when the concentration of Manuka oil and $\alpha$-pinene is low. Antimicrobial activity of Citrex is superior to that of R-limonene. The proper ratio of Maunka oil and Citrex can improve the antimicrobial activity. The proper ratio obtained from studies was 75% of Maunka oil and 25% Citrex for Escherichia coli, 25% of Maunka oil and 75% Citrex for Staphylococcus aureus.

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Antimicrobial Activity in 2 Angelica Species Extracts (당귀속 2종 식물의 항균활성)

  • 윤경원;최성규
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.278-282
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    • 2004
  • We investigated antimicrobial activity of methanol extract from Angelica gigas and A. acutiloba against three gram-positive bacteria(Bacilius cereus, B. subtilis, and Staphylococcus aureus), two gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas fluorescens), and one yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). The antimicrobial activity was shown in only ethyl acetate fraction of shoot and root extracts from A. gigas. The activity of the fraction of shoot extract was remarkably potent against S. aureus. The ethyl acetate fraction of root extract showed great antimicrobial activity against B. subtilis and E. coli. The n-hexane fraction of shoot extract and the water fraction of root extract from A. acutiloba were not showed antimicrobial activity, in contrast, the ether fraction of shoot and root extracts showed great antimicrobial activity. S. cerevisiae was not inhibited by any fractions and species.