• Title, Summary, Keyword: antimicrobial activity

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Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts against Streptococcus mutans II

  • Eum, Jin-Seong;Park, Young-Doo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.865-869
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to research antimicrobial agents from medicinal plants, Pueraria thunbergiana, Sophora flavescens, Lonicera japonica, Pinellia ternata, Dictamnus dasycarpus, Paeonia lactiflora, Angelica dahurica, Spirodela polyrhiza, Cryptotympana pustulata, Pinus densiflora, Cimicifuga heracleifolia, Bupleurum falcatum, Magnolia kobus, Artemisia princeps, Houttuynia cordata, Forsythia koreana, Arctium lappa, Castanea crenata, Aster tataricus, Citrus unshiu, Gardenia jasminoides, Ledebouriella seseloides, Hovenia dulcis, Prunus sargentii. The ethanol extracts of 24 medicinal plants were tested for the antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans. The extracts of Sophora flavescens, Pinus densiflora, Cimicifuga heracleifolia, Gardenia jasminoides and Ledebouriella seseloides showed antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans. The extracts of Pinus densiflora and Sophora flavescens among these medical plants showed significant antimicrobial activity against Streptcoccus mutans. These results suggested that the extracts from Pinus densiflora and Sophora flavescens could be the potential source of antimicrobial agents against S. mutans.

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De Novo Design and Their Antimicrobial Activity of Stapled Amphipathic Helices of Heptapeptides

  • Dinh, Thuy T.T.;Kim, Do-Hee;Lee, Bong-Jin;Kim, Young-Woo
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.35 no.12
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    • pp.3632-3636
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    • 2014
  • In this study we designed and synthesized several heptapeptides that are enforced to form an amphipathic helix using all-hydrocarbon stapling system and evaluated their antimicrobial and hemolytic activities. The antimicrobial activity showed clear structure-activity relationships, confirming the importance of helicity and amphipathicity. Some stapled heptapeptides displayed a moderate antimicrobial activity along with a low hemolytic activity. To our best knowledge, although not highly potent, these stapled peptides represent the shortest helical amphipathic antimicrobial peptides reported to date. The preliminary data obtained in this work would serve as a good starting point for further developing short analogs of amphipathic helical antimicrobial peptides.

Effect of Inhibition on Glucosultransferase and Antimicrobial Activity of Polyphenol Fraction of Gallnut and Red Grape Husk (오배자와 적포도과피 폴리페놀 분획물의 항균성 및 Glucosyltransferase 저해효과)

  • 안봉전
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 2001
  • The antimicrobial and glucosyltransferase(GTase) inhibition activity were searched for 30 species of various folk drugs and by products of food industry. Among them, two species, gallnut and red grape husk water extracts, were selected for the powerful antimicrobial and GTase inhibition activity. The polyphenol fractions of gallnut and red grape husk were showed very greater antimicrobial activity on both Gram(+) and (-), B. subtilis and E. coli. The minimum antimicrobial activity of gallnut polyphenol fraction were 1.0mg for B. subtilis and 3,0mg for E. coli. Red grape husk was 2.0mg for B. subtilis and 3.0mg for E coli. The polyphenol fractions of gall nut and red grape husk were showed powerful GTase inhibition activity. The concentrations of these fractions for 80% inhibition of GTase activity were 1.08$\times$10$\^$-3/mg/㎖ and 1.08$\times$10$\^$-2/mg/㎖, respectively. The most abundant compound in these fraction seems to be polyphenol derivatives. From these results, we think that the gallnut and the red grape husk polyphenol fraction had more antimicrobial and anti-plaque activities than artificial synthetic preservatives as an economic point of view.

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Antimicrobial Activity in 2 Angelica Species Extracts (당귀속 2종 식물의 항균활성)

  • 윤경원;최성규
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.278-282
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    • 2004
  • We investigated antimicrobial activity of methanol extract from Angelica gigas and A. acutiloba against three gram-positive bacteria(Bacilius cereus, B. subtilis, and Staphylococcus aureus), two gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas fluorescens), and one yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). The antimicrobial activity was shown in only ethyl acetate fraction of shoot and root extracts from A. gigas. The activity of the fraction of shoot extract was remarkably potent against S. aureus. The ethyl acetate fraction of root extract showed great antimicrobial activity against B. subtilis and E. coli. The n-hexane fraction of shoot extract and the water fraction of root extract from A. acutiloba were not showed antimicrobial activity, in contrast, the ether fraction of shoot and root extracts showed great antimicrobial activity. S. cerevisiae was not inhibited by any fractions and species.

Effect of Ethyl Acetate Extract of the Dried Prunus mume on the Growth of Staphylococcus aureus (오매의 에틸아세테이트 추출물이 Staphylococcus aureus의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • 양미옥;배지현
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.241-248
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    • 2002
  • The dried Prunus mume, an alkaline food abundant in organic acids (citric acid, malic acid and tartaric acid), has been largely used in both folklore remedies and Chinese herbal medicine for a long time. This study was performed to investigate the antimicrobial activity of the dried Prunus mume. The fractionation of the methanol extracts from Prunus mume was conducted using petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and butanol, respectively. The antimicrobial activity of the Prunus mume extracts was then determined against food-borne pathogens using a paper disc method. The ethyl acetate extract showed the strongest antimicrobial activity against the eigth food-born pathogens used in this present study. Diaion HP 20 column chromatography was performed to remove some sugars that might inhibit the antimicrobial activity of Prunus mume. The strongest antimicrobial activity of ethyl acetate fraction of Prunus mume was shown against Staphylococus aureus. The growth inhibition curve was determined using ethyl acetate extracts of Prunus mume against Staphylococus aureus, which showed the growth inhibition up to 72 hours at 1,000 ppm concentration.

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Screening of Antimicrobial Activity against Enterohemorrhagic escherichia coli 0157 : H7 from Plants in Korea

  • Park, One-Kyun;Insun Joo;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Sung, Chang-Keun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.324-328
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    • 1998
  • We screened the methanol extracts from 133 plant species growing in Korea for antimicrobial activity against enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli 0157 : H7. Those are selected from three plant grouping ; traditional medicinal herbs, edible plants, and flowers. They were tested by disk diffusion assay. From evaluation of the inhibition zone diameter of microbial growth, we found that the flower extract of Rhododendron Schilpenbachii Max had the most significant antimicrobial activity against this bacteria. Extracts from most of the vegetables and plants did not show antimicrobial activity except for the leaves of Ginkgo biloba L. and seeds of Prunus Dallicina L. did not show antimicrobial activity except for the leaves of Ginkgo biloba L. and the seeds of Prunus sallicina L.

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In vitro Retention of Antimicrobial Activity of Ciprofloxacin-incorporated Central Venous Catheters

  • Jeon, Sung-Min;Kim, Mal-Nam
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2007
  • In vitro ciprofloxacin (CFX)-release study and bioassay using microorganisms were performed to estimate the retention of the antimicrobial activity of the CFX-incorporated central venous catheters (CFX-CVCs). The release experiments were carried out under the optional CFX-release conditions to mimic the in vivo environment. The release of CFX experienced an initial burst followed by a slow and steady matrix-diffusion controlled release. The 1.0CP (polyurethane catheter containing 1.0% (w/w) of CFX) under dynamic condition showed a near zero-order CFX release profile, which is beneficial for the long-tenn antimicrobial activity. The modified Kirby-Bauer method was performed employing S. aureus and E. coli to evaluate the retention of antimicrobial activity of the catheters retrieved from the release experiments. The 1.0CP showed the long-term antimicrobial activity (${\geq}\;21$ days) against both S. aureus and E. coli. These results indicate that 1.0CP is useful as a long-tenn indwelling CVC.

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Antimicrobial Activity of the Extracts of Forsythia suspensa and Dendranthema indicum

  • Li, Xing-Quan;Zhang, Xin-Feng;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.29-31
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    • 2005
  • Antimicrobial activities of extracts of Forsythia suspensa fruits and Dendranthema indicum buds and flowers against bacteria; Escherichia coli, Staphyloccus aureus, and Bacillus subtilis, and fungi; Aspergillus flavusn, Rhizopus stolonifer, Penicillium citrinum, Aspergillus niger, and Saccharomyces carlsbergensis, were investigated. The plants were extracted with 70% ethanol and the extracts were used for antimicrobial activity assay. All extracts exhibited significant inhibition activity against microorganisms at concentrations ranged from 1.66 to $100\;{\mu}l/ml$. The inhibition activity by the extract of D. indicum buds was stronger than by the extract of F. suspensa fruits and D. indicum flowers. D. indicum buds showed antimicrobial activity against S. aureus which was comparable to other medicinal plants. F. suspensa fruits and D. indicum flowers was suggested to be valuable sources as antimicrobial ingredients in food industry.

Antimicrobial Activity of Hwangryunheadok-tang, and Scutellariae Radix Extract, Phellodendri Cortex Extract, Coptis Rhizoma Extract, Gardenia Jasminoides Extract against Staphylococcus aureus (황련해독탕(黃連解毒湯), 황련(黃連), 황금(黃芩), 황백(黃柏), 치자(梔子)의 Staphylococcus aureus에 대한 항균효과)

  • Kim, In-Soo;Oh, Hyun-Seung;Shin, Min-Koo;Lee, Young-Su
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.455-471
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This experiment was done for investigating antimicrobial activity of Hwangryunheadok-tang and Scutellariae Radix extract, Phellodendri Cortex extract, Coptis Rhizoma extract, Gardenia Jasminoides extract against Staphylococcus aureus. Methods: After administering S. aureus on a bacterial culture media plate, antimicrobial activity was tested by dripping $80{\mu}l$ diluted Hwangryunheadok-tang and Scutellariae Radix extract, Phellodendri Cortex extract, Coptis Rhizoma extract, and Gardenia Jasminoides extract (100%, 50%, 10%, 1%) on plates that were cultivated for a span of time from 16 to 72 hours. Also, minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) was tested by dripping the minimum dilution density solution that has antimicrobial activity between $80{\mu}l$ and $20{\mu}l$ ($80{\mu}l$, $60{\mu}l$, $40{\mu}l$, $20{\mu}l$) in measure of density. Antimicrobial activity of Hwangryunheadok-tang and four kinds of extracts against S. aureus was continually displayed. Results: 1. S. aureus (Standard Microorganism, ATCC) (1) Antimicrobial activity was displayed for Hwangryunheadok-tang, Scutellariae Radix extract, and Phellodendri Cortex extract respectively in the undiluted solution and 50% of diluted magnification. Gardenia Jasminoides extract showed its activity only in the undiluted solution; Coptis Rhizoma extract showed its activity down to 10% of diluted magnification. The antimicrobial activity of the undiluted solution was increased when the volume of inoculation increased. But, there was no difference when time was extended for cultivation. (2) MIC of Hwangryunheadok-tang, Scutellariae Radix extract was 50%, $20{\mu}l$. Coptis Rhizoma extract was 10%, $20{\mu}l$, Phellodendri Cortex extract was 50%, $80{\mu}l$ and Gardenia Jasminoides extract was 100%, $60{\mu}l$. 2. S. aureus isolated from diarrheal patients (1) When compared to standard microorganism, MIC has decreased. As a result, their antimicrobial activity has increased. (2) Antimicrobial activity of Hwangryunheadok-tang and four extracts was continually shown in extending of the time, 16, 24 and 72 hours. Conclusions: The author comes to the conclusion that Hwangryunheadok-tang, and four kinds of extracts have antimicrobial activity against S. aureus. Especially, when comparing standard microorganisms with S. aureus isolated from diarrheal patients, some cases showed that antimicrobial activity of all the extracts were better than antibiotics. Thus, if a further study is performed, the use of Hwangryunheadok-tang, and four kinds of extracts will be valuable and beneficial in clinical treatments.

Comparison of the Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activity of different Varieties and Parts of Dandelions (민들레의 품종과 부위별 항산화 및 항균 활성 비교)

  • 이성현;박홍주;김영인;이승교
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2004
  • Many studies have presented results about the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of Dandelions(Taraxacum officinale). There has yet to be a study which makes comparisons based on the variety or parts of the Dandelion. To compare the physiological activity, antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were measured by using methanol extracts of Korean and Western Dandelions. The Dandelions were taken from Uiryeong in Kyungnam province, and antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of the flower, leaf and root were measured. Antioxidative activities of the methanol extracts were examined with a DPPH test. Antimicrobial activities were examined against 5 microorganisms. Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus served as G(+) microorganisms, while Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Eschrichia coli served as G(-) microorganisms. There was no significant difference in the antioxidative activity of the methanol extracts from leaves and roots between varieties. The antioxidative activity of the flower extracts was higher in the Korean than in the Western samples but the highest level of antioxidant was lower than 70%. No significant difference in antimicrobial activities between the varieties was observed. More research using physiological factors other than antioxidative and antimicrobial activities is needed to identify physiological functions and enhance the utilization of Dandelions.

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