• Title, Summary, Keyword: antimicrobial activity

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Antimicrobial Effect of Sophora angustifolia Extracts on Food-Borne Pathogens

  • Bae, Ji-Hyun
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.311-316
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to investigate the antimicrobial effect of Sophora angustifolia extracts against food-borne pathogens. First, Sophora angustifolia was extracted with methanol at room temperature, and the methanol extracts from Sophora angustifolia were fractionated using petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate, and methanol. The antimicrobial activity of the Sophora angustifolia extracts was determined using the paper disc method against food-borne pathogens and food spoilage bacteria. The methanol extracts of Sophora angustifolia showed the highest antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhimurium. A synergistic effect was found in the combined extracts of Sophora angustifolia and Portulaca oleracea, compared to the activity of each extract alone. Finally, the growth inhibition curve was determined using the methanol extracts of Sophora angustifolia against Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhimurium. The methanol extract of Sophora angustifolia showed strong antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus at a concentration of 5,000 ppm. The 5,000 ppm methanol extract from Sophora angustifolia retarded the growth of S. aureus for more than 24 hours and of Salmonella typhimurium for up to 12 hours.

Screening of Korean Traditional Medicines and Medicinal Herbs for Antimicrobial Activity Against Pathogenic Bacteria

  • Kim, Yun-Jin;Park, One-Kyun;Kim, Yong-Seong;Kim, Hong-Kyoon;Kim, Wan-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.386-396
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    • 2002
  • This study screened 76 Korean traditional patent medicines and 58 medicinal herbs for antimicrobial activity against pathogenic bacteria. Among the prescriptions methanol and hot water extracts of Samsoum, Chujunghwang-yont'ang, and Sashinhwan showed antimicrobial activities against E. coli and Chujunghwang-yont'ang showed the strongest antimicrobial activity. Among the medicinal herbs, hot water and methanol extracts of Terminalia chebula, Caesalpinia sappan, and Coptis chinensis showed the strongest antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli O157, Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella flexnery, Shigella sonnei and Salmonella typhimurium. An interesting characteristic of the traditional medicines such as Samsoum, Chujunghwang-yont'ang, and Sashinhwan was that both methanol and hot water extracts were active. Chujunghwang-yont'ang exhibited the strongest antimicrobial activities against the microorganisms tested. Water and methanol extracts of Terminalia chebula, Caesalpinia sappan, and Coptis chinensis showed the strong of inhibitory effects on the growth of all microorganisms tested.

Antimicrobial Ceramic Hybrid Polyethylene Films with Chamomile Extracts for Feed Packaging

  • Lee, Hye Sun;Chang, Jeong Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.228-234
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    • 2017
  • This work was achieved on the preparation of antimicrobial ceramic hybrid polyethylene films with natural chamomile extracts. The antimicrobial activity and various physicochemical properties of the prepared films were evaluated. Various natural products demonstrated antimicrobial activity. Among them, chamomile extracts showed strong activity and no cytotoxicity rather than that of the natural extracts. Porous ceramic materials were synthesized and demonstrated loading and controlled release of natural antimicrobial extracts. Furthermore, chamomile loaded ceramic hybrid films showed antimicrobial activity that was maintained for over 15 days.

Antimicrobial Activity and Characteristics of Amblytropis pauciflora Kitagawa Extract (털새동부 추출물의 항균효과 및 특성)

  • 김현수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.993-999
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    • 1998
  • Methanol extract of roots of Amblytropis pauciflora Kitagawa showed the antimicrobial activity to three test strains. Antimicrobial spectra of various extracts of Amblytropis pauciflora Kitagawa were tested against 24 strains of bacteria and fungi. The crude methanol extract inhibited the growth of 12 strains of bacteria and Asp. fumigatus with the exception of yeasts. The properties of the antimicrobial substance were very stable under heat(at 12$0^{\circ}C$), acid(pH 3.0) and alkali(pH 11.0) treatment. Only the root harvested in spring showed the antimicrobial activity. Among the components extracted by butanol, ginseng saponin Rg1 and various saponin-like materials were detected by TLC analysis using a plate of silica gel 60F254. The antimicrobial compound was purified by methanol extraction, activated charcoal column chromatography, Sep-pak(C18) pretreatment and reverse phase HPLC. The purified compound was detected at 13.520 min as a single peak(about 98% purity) through the HPLC analysis.

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Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

  • Eum, Jin-Seong;Park, Young-Doo
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to examine antimicrobial substances from medicinal plants, the ethanol extracts of 38 medicinal plants were tested for the antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 43300. The extracts of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Sophora flavescens, Dryopteris crassirhizoma, and Pinas densiflora showed significant antimicrobial activities against both S. aureus ATCC 25923 and methicillin-resistant S. aureus ATCC 43300. The extract of Dryopteris crassirhizoma among these medical plants showed the highest antimicrobial activity. These results suggested that the extracts from Dryopteris crassirhizoma, Sophora flavescens, Pinas densiflora, and Glycyrrhiza uralensis could be the potential source of antimicrobial agents against methicillin-resistant S. aureus and S. aureus.

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Antimicrobial Activity on Respiration Diseases Inducing Bacteria and Antioxidant Activity of Water Extracts from Wild Edible Vegetables (산채류 추출물의 항산화 활성 및 호흡기 질환을 유발하는 세균에 대한 항균활성)

  • Lee, In-Soon;Moon, Hae-Yeon
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.114-120
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    • 2012
  • To investigate the antimicrobial activity on bacteria causing a respiration disease and antioxidant effects of water extracts from 12 kinds of wild edible vegetables, we extracted the water extracts for 72 h in $7^{\circ}C$ using distilled water as solvent. The water extracts except Ixeris dentate and Allium monanthum had high concentrations of phenol compounds and flavonoids. Liguraia fischeri specially had the highest level on total phenol compounds and flavonoids with 205 ${\mu}g/mL$ and 98. 86 ${\mu}g/mL$, respectively. The each 0.05% extracts of Sedum sarmentosum and Liguraia fischeri had high effect on the DPPH radical scavenging activity among wild edible vegetables and the most extracts promoted antioxidant activity with increasing concentration of extract. The catalase activity of Erysimum aurantiacum and Aralia elata showed more than 150 units per g of fresh tissue. The effect of antimicrobial activity on water extracts showed characteristic activity. Only Staphylococcus aureus KCTC 1928 and Corynebacterium diptheriae KCTC 3075 were inhibited cell growth on the other hands, the remainder of bacteria was not inhibited cell growth. Nevertheless, the extracts of wild edible vegetables had specific concentration as MIC for antimicrobial activity respectively. In case of the extract of Aster scaber, Erysimum aurantiacum, and Allium monanthum had over 30% antimicrobial activity on the bacteria causing a respiration disease. In results, the wild edible vegetables include high concentrations of total phenol compounds and flavonoids that give a good antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activity. Therefore the wild edible vegetables are functional food for anti-aging and physiological activation.

Establishment of the Expiration Date of Herbal Formula Decoction Pouch by Antimicrobial Activities Against Microorganisms (미생물에 대한 항균효과를 이용한 한약 전탕팩의 유효기한 연구)

  • Ha, Hyekyung;Choi, Soon-Yong;Seo, Chang-Seob;Lee, Nari;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: To establish the expiration date of herbal decoction pouch, the change in antimicrobial activities was measured according to storage temperature and period. Methods: Five herbal formulas, Gyeji-tang, Jakyakgamcho-tang, Saengmaek-san, Paljung-san, and Dangguisu-san, with antimicrobial activity were selected from 51 herbal formulas commonly used in traditional Korean medical institutions. Five herbal formula decoction pouches were prepared and stored at room temperature (RT) or 4℃ from 0 to 12 weeks to evaluate the antimicrobial activity against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, or Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The antimicrobial activities were evaluated by the disk diffusion method (disk size: 10 mm). Results: The decoction pouches of Gyeji-tang and Jakyakgamcho-tang maintained antimicrobial activity against V. parahaemolyticus from week 0 (14 mm) to week 12 (14 mm) at both temperatures. Saengmaek-san pouch had antimicrobial activities against V. parahaemolyticus and B. cereus from week 0 (19 mm and 20 mm) to week 12 (both 18 mm), respectively. At RT and 4℃, the antimicrobial activity of Paljung-san pouch was maintained week 0 (17 mm) to week 12 (both 13 mm) against B. cereus. Against L. monocytogenes, the antimicrobial activity of Dangguisu-san pouch showed 27 mm at week 0 and 23 mm (RT) and 24 mm (4℃) at week 12, respectively. Conclusion: According to increase of the storage duration, the antimicrobial activities of 5 herbal formula decoction pouches decreased slightly but remained up to 12 weeks. These results can be used as important data to establish the expiration date of herbal formula decoction pouches.

Antimicrobial activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts against Streptococcus mutans

  • Eum, Jin-Seong;Park, Young-Doo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.980-981
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to research antimicrobial agents from medicinal plants, Lonicera japonica, Pinellia ternata, Dictamnus albus, Cryptotympana pustulata, Pinus densiflora, Bupleurum falcatum, Forsythia saxatilis, Castanea crenata, Hovenia dulcis, Prunus sargentii. The ethanol extracts of 10 medicinal plants were tested for the antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans. The extracts of Pinus densiflora showed significant antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus mutans. These results suggested that the extract from Pinus densiflora could be a candidate for new antimicrobial agents against Streptococcus mutans.

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Antimicrobial Activity of Gluten Hydrolysate with Asp. saitoi Protease (밀 단백 효소 가수분해물의 항균활성)

  • Lee, Sang-Duk;Joo, Jeong-Hyeon;Lee, Gyu-Hee;Lee, K.T.;Oh, Man-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.745-751
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate whether peptide produced from wheat protein by enzyme hydrolysis can be used as a natural antimicrobial agent. Antimicrobial peptide was obtained from wheat protein hydrolyzed by 7 of pretense. The produced antimicrobial peptide was purified through ultrafiltration, membrane filtration and HPLC and molecular weight and amino acid sequence of the purified antimicrobial peptide were determined. Among hydrolysate produced from wheat protein by 7 of protease, antimicrobial activity was observed for the peptide obtained from Asp. saito protease. The Asp. saito protease did produce antimicrobial hydrolysate showing the highest antimicrobial activity at reaction condition of 37$^{\circ}C$ and pH 6.0, but not at reaction condition above 5$0^{\circ}C$. Wheat protein hydrolysate was fractionated by membrane filtration and showed antimicrobial activity between molecular weight 1,000~3,000. The antimicrobial activity fraction obtained by membrane filtration was separated through HPLC and showed antimicrobial activity in the peak of retention time 31.1~31.8 min. We could convince this hydrolysate as heat-stable peptide since antimicrobial activity was maintained after treated with heat for 15 min at 121$^{\circ}C$. Molecular weight of antimicrobial peptide identified by MALDI-mass was 1,633. Amino acid sequence of antimicrobial peptide was cysteine, glycine, prolin, prolin, prolin, valine, valine, alanine, alanine and arginine.

Antimicrobial Activity and Mechanism of Silver (은(Ag)의 미생물 불활성화 특성 및 기작)

  • Kim, Jee Yeon;Kim, Taeyoung;Yoon, Jeyong
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.251-257
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    • 2009
  • Recently, there is much interest in the antimicrobial activity of silver since silver has known to be safe and effective as a disinfectant or an antimicrobial agent against a broad spectrum of microorganisms. Although silver has been applied to various kinds of products due to the effective antimicrobial activity, the quantitative antimicrobial activity or detailed mechanism of silver is not clearly investigated yet, causing the controversy and confusion. In this review paper, we summarized the characteristics, antimicrobial activities and mechanisms, synergistic effects with other antimicrobials, and applicability of silver.