• Title, Summary, Keyword: antimicrobial effect

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Antimicrobial Characterictics of Antimicrobial Agent (Antibiotics) and Reduction Effect on Mal-ordour. (항균제의 항균특성 및 악취제거 효과)

  • Shin, Choon-Hwan;Kim, Jong-Hyun;Han, Sun-Hong
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 1994
  • Various antimicrobial agents are widely used for the purpose of antimicrobial process. We investigated antimicrobial activity and reduction efficiency of mal-ordour by the diphenyl ether compound (2,4,4'- trichloro -2'- hydroxy diphenyl ether) against Sraphylocom aureus(S.aureus and Proton vulgaris(p.vulgaris causing the mal-ordour, Especially, the diphenyl ether compound is not restricted to the regulation of water-contamination. In this research, we found that the optimum concentration of diphenyl ether compound was 1.5w% for both strains and antimicrobial expressions were c0.38t= 2.56 for S.aureus, c0.38t=2.67 for P.vulgaris. We found also that -OH group played the role of antimicrobial functional group. Lastly, reduction effect of mal-ordour was more than 90% for both strain at the optimum conditions. Key Words : antimicrobial agents, antimicrobial activity, reduction effect of mal-ordour, antimicrobial expression, antimicrobial functional group.

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Isolation of Antimicrobial Substance from the Korean Traditional Leaf Mustard, Brassica juncea Coss.

  • Kang Seong-Koo
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.145-154
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    • 2005
  • The antimicrobial effect of each fraction after fractionation of an ethanol extract of leaf mustard was examined in terms of nucleic acid, chloroform, ethylacetate, and butanol. The ethylacetate fraction, which showed the strongest level of antimicrobial effect among the different ethanol extract fractions of leaf mustard, was isolated and purified using silica gel column chromatography and HPLC, respectively, to obtain a single antimicrobial substance called KLM-1. The antimicrobial effect of this substance was 10 times higher than that of the ethylacetate fraction. A further study is on the way to confirm the structure of the antimicrobial substance KLM-1 through LC/Mass and NMR.

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A STUDY ON THE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT OF IRRIGATION SOLUTIONS (근관세척액의 항균효과에 관한 연구)

  • Im, Mi-Kyung;Lee, Jung-Sik
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.187-200
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate antimicrobial effect of several irrigation solutions on 7 anaerobes and 2 aerobes, which are found frequently in infected root canals. The antimicrobial effects of normal saline, 3% $H_2O_2$, 0.5% & 3.5% NaOCl, 10% & 50% citric acid and mixed solutions of 3% $H_2O_2$ plus 3.5% NaOCl were compared. No. 80 paper points dipped in bacterial broth were soaked in each irrigation solutions and moved into thioglycolate broth, subcultured in agar plate for bacterial growth. The results were as follows: 1. Normal saline had no antimicrobial effect. 2. Mixed solutions of 3% $H_2O_2$ plus 3.5% NaOCl, 10% citric acid had relatively weak antimicrobial effect. 3.3% $H_2O_2$, 50% citric acid, 0.5% NaOCl showed relatively strong antimicrobial effect. 4. 3.5% NaOCl had the strongest antimicrobial effect among used 7 irrigation solutions.

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Antimicrobial Effect of the Wood Vinegar from Cryptomeria japonica Sapwood on Plant Pathogenic Microorganisms

  • HWANG YOUNG-HEE;MATSUSHITA YOH-ICHI;SUGAMOTO KAZUHIRO;MATSUI TAKANAO
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.1106-1109
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    • 2005
  • The antimicrobial effect of the wood vinegar of C. japanica sapwood and its constituents was evaluated against Ralstonia salanacearum, Phytophthora capsid, Fusarium oxysporum, and Pythium splendens. Phenols and guaiacols had a strong antimicrobial effect against four kinds of microorganisms, but methanol and acetic acid exhibited little or no antimicrobial activity.

Antimicrobial Effect and Cytotoxicity of Chinensis Galla (오배자의 항균활성 및 세포독성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seong-Jin;Yang, Ha-Young;Lee, Seon-Goo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.412-415
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    • 2009
  • Chinensis galla has been used as an multi-functional herb, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-virus, and antitumor agent. This study was performed to antimicrobial and cytotoxicity effect in vitro. The results were summarized as follows : Chinensis galla was antimicrobial effect on Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus epidermidis. Chinensis galla was antimicrobial effect on Kocuria rhizophila, Corynebacterium ammoniagenes. The extracts of Chinensis galla exhibited cytotoxicity on human dermal fibroblast at $10\;{\mu}{\ell}$ but not at $5\;{\mu}{\ell}$, and the same results was known under a microscope. Accordingly the results show Chinensis galla could antimicrobial effect but exhibited cytotoxicity on human dermal fibroblast at high concentration and it needs more research.

Antimicrobial Effect of Bamboo (Phyllosrachys Bambusoides) Essential Oil on Trichophyton and Pityrosporum (무좀균과 비듬균에 대한 대나무 기름의 항균효과)

  • Lee, Sook-Kyung
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.113-117
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    • 2003
  • In order to develop a antimicrobial agent, bamboo oil was extracted by high temperature suction from dired bamboo truk and then antimictobial activities against Trichophyton and Pityrosporum are investigated. 1. Bamboo oil showed the strongest antimicrobial effect on Trichophyton mentagrophytes > Epidermophyton floccusum > Trichophyton rubrun. Bamboo oil showed the strongest antimicrobial activity on Trichophyton mentagrophytes. 2. Bamboo oil showed the strongest antimicrobial effect on Pityroporum ovale 75 > Pityrosporum ovale 77. Bamboo oil showe the strongest antimicrobial activity on Pityroporum ovale 75.3 Antimicrobial effect in 50%-ethanol extracts of bamboo oil are similar to 100%-bamboo oil.

A Study on the Antimicrobial Activity and Preservative Effect of Thiamine Dilauryl Sulfate in Cosmetics (티아민 디라우릴 황산염이 함유된 화장품의 항균활성 및 방부효과에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Kyu;Kim, Hyuk-Soo;Cho, Kyung-Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.212-218
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    • 2005
  • Most of cosmetics are emulsion products that contain the source of nutrition vegetable oil, mineral oil, natural extract and carbohydrate etc. There are many possibilities to be contaminated by microbials. We investigated the effect of antimicrobial and minimum inhibitory concentration(MIC) with thiamine dilauryl sulfate(TDS), which was prepared to use cosmetic lotion formulation. Staphylococcus aureus(S. aureus) and Escherichia col(E. coli) were used as test organism. MIC value of TDS was determined aganist microorganism for the growth inhibition by concentration of TDS. From the MIC results, antimicrobial effect of TDS was generally more effective to gram positive than gram negative. Antimicrobial effect with pH value against some microorganism appeared in the following order : pH 5 > pH 6 > pH 7. It showed strong antimicrobial activities against S. aureus, and weak antimicrobial activities against E. coli. If it was possible to determine the formulations with TDS, it would be effective to reduce the artificial preservatives.

Antimicrobial effect of calcium hydroxide as an intracanal medicament in root canal treatment: a literature review - Part I. In vitro studies

  • Kim, Dohyun;Kim, Euiseong
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.241-252
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    • 2014
  • The goal of endodontic treatment is the prevention and control of pulpal and periradicular infections. Calcium hydroxide ($Ca(OH)_2$) has been widely used in endodontics as an intracanal medicament to eliminate the remaining microorganisms after chemomechanical preparation. The purpose of this article is to review the antimicrobial properties of $Ca(OH)_2$ as an intracanal medicament in root canal treatment. The first part of this review details the characteristics of $Ca(OH)_2$ and summarizes the results of in vitro studies related to its antimicrobial effect. The antimicrobial effect of $Ca(OH)_2$ results from the release of hydroxyl ions when it comes into contact with aqueous fluids. $Ca(OH)_2$ has a wide range of antimicrobial effects against common endodontic pathogens, but is less effective against Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans. The addition of vehicles or other agents might contribute to the antimicrobial effect of $Ca(OH)_2$.

Antimicrobial Activity of Oleanolic Acid, Ursolic Acid, and Sophoraflavanone G against Periodontopathogens

  • Park, Soon-Nang;Kook, Joong-Ki
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2013
  • In general, oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA) have antimicrobial effect against Gram-positive bacteria but not Gram-negative bacteria whereas sophoraflavanone G has antimicrobial activity against both bacterial types. However, the antimicrobial effects of OA, UA, and sophoraflavanone G against periodontopathogens have not been studied to any great extent. The aim of this study was to investigate antimicrobial effect of OA, UA, and sophoraflavanone G against 15 strains (5 species) of oral Gram-negative bacteria, which are the major causative bacteria of periodontal disease. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) determinations. OA and UA showed antimicrobial effects against all of the Porphyromonas gingivalis strains tested and also Prevotella intermedia ATCC $25611^T$. Interestingly, P. intermedia ATCC 49046 showed greater resistance to OA and UA than P. intermedia ATCC $25611^T$. In contrast, sophoraflavanone G had antimicrobial activity against all strains, with MIC and MBC values below $32{\mu}g/ml$, except Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. These results indicate that sophoraflavanone G may have potential for use in future oral hygiene products such as dentifrices and gargling solution to prevent periodontitis.

Antimicrobial and Cell Viability Measurement of Hypochlorous Acid against Streptococcus. mutans and Aggregatibacter. actinomycetemcomitans (미산성 차아염소산수의 S. mutans와 A. actinomycetemcomitans에 대한 살균 효과)

  • Song, Jiyeon;Kim, Jiyoung;Lee, Kyunghee
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.141-151
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : Hypochlorous acid (HOCl), a major inorganic bactericidal compound of innate immunity, is effective against a broad range of microorganisms. In particular, HOCl is well-known as a non-antibiotic antimicrobial substance. However, effects of HOCl as an antimicrobial agent are still needed to study these functions against various specific type of microorganisms. In this study, we investigated the antimicrobial effect of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) in S. mutans and A. actinomycetemcomitans to cause dental caries and periodontal disease. Experiments were conducted to observe whether HOCl become effective replacement of disinfectant. Methods : To observe antimicrobial effect of HOCl, stabilized HOCl is prepared in the form of a physiologically balanced solution in pre-conditioned and post-conditioned HOCl solution. As a control, commercially available disinfectant MAXCLEAN was used as positive control. Moreover, S. mutans and A. actinomycetemcomitans distribution in gagrin, filtered tap water, and culture media. Cell viability were measured by viable cell count methods and disk diffusion test. Results : Our results showed that treatment of HOCl have no effect against antimicrobial effect compare to control group especially gagrin in disk diffusion test. HOCl tended to reduced viability against S. mutans in group of post-conditioned than pre-conditioned of HOCl solution however, there was no significant difference as well as no effect in A. actinomycetemcomitans. Conclusion : HOCl showed tendency to reduce viability against S. mutans in group of post-conditioned of HOCl solution and no effect of antimicrobial effect. Although HOCl is well known as effective against a broad range of microorganisms, HOCl seems to have diversity following type of species to be used as antimicrobial drug following our results. Therefore, it is necessary to be rigidly controlled and regulated in using HOCl solution clinically.