• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant

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Comparison of antioxidant activities in Korean black soybean landraces

  • Baek, Da-Young;Lee, Kyung Jun;Lee, Gi-An;Cho, Yang-Hee;Ma, Kyung-Ho;So, Yoon-Sup;Lee, Jung-Ro
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.219-219
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    • 2017
  • Black soybean with the anthocyanin in the seed coat is known to have higher antioxidant activity than the yellow soybean. This study was carried out to evaluate antioxidant activity of 231 Korean black soybean landraces which conserved at RDA gene bank. Antioxidant activities were measured using DPPH, TPC, TFC, ABTS, and FRAP assay. DPPH showed wide variations, ranging from 16.4 to 200.4($IC_{50}$). TPC, TFC, ABTS, and FRAP were ranged from 0.8 to 13.2 mg gallic acid equivalent/g (mg GAE/g), 0.15 to 0.82 mg quercetin equivalent/g (mg QE/g), 2.0 to 8.3 mg ascorbic acid/g (mg ASC/g) and 0.2 to 3.1 mg ASC/g, respectively. Among 231 Korean black soybean landraces, IT177715 showed the highest antioxidant activity in DPPH assay. In TPC, TFC, ABTS, and FRAP assays, IT274975, IT274551, IT167725, and IT178047 showed the highest antioxidant activity, respectively. In Relative Antioxidant Capacity Index (RACI), IT178047 showed the highest antioxidant activity, while IT177197 the lowest. This study will be able to provide useful data to select black soybean landraces with high antioxidant activity.

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A Mixture of Curcumin, Vitamin C, and E Prolongs the Antioxidant Effect to Beyond That of Each Component Alone in Vivo

  • Jeon, Hee-Young;Kim, Jeong-Kee;Lee, Ji-Eun;Shin, Hyun-Jung;Lee, Sang-Jun
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1151-1155
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    • 2008
  • This study aimed to investigate the alterations in plasma antioxidant activity after the consumption of a single oral dose of curcumin, vitamin C, and E administered individually or in combination to (i) assess possible synergies or antagonism between the antioxidants and (ii) determine the optimal composition of the antioxidant mixture such that the duration of action is prolonged to beyond that of individual antioxidants. Each antioxidant was administered to male Sprague-Dawley rats, and blood samples were drawn at different time points up to 180 min to measure the plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC). Five antioxidant compositions (M1-M5) were evaluated to assess the possible synergies or antagonisms among them and to determine the optimal composition of the antioxidant mixture. Blood samples were collected up to 360 min post-consumption. A single oral dose of individual antioxidants significantly increased the TAC values; however, the time to reach the peak TAC value varied. Among the 5 antioxidant compositions, M2 exhibited the highest and most prolonged antioxidant effect in plasma; this was greater than the proportional sum of the effects of the individual antioxidants in the composition. This result indicates a synergistic interaction among antioxidants in the optimal composition M2.

(+)-Catechin, an Antioxidant Principle from the Leaves of Pinus densiflora that Acts on 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl Radical

  • Choi, Jin-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Sook;Jung, Mee-Jung;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2001
  • The antioxidant activity of Pinus densiflora was determined by measuring the radical scavenging effect on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. The methanol extract of P. densiflora showed strong antioxidant activity, and thus fractionated with several solvents. The antioxidant activity potential of the individual fraction was in the order of ethyl acetate>n-butanol>water>dichloromethane> n-hexane fraction. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction exhibiting strong antioxidant activity was further purified by repeated silica gel column chromatography. Antioxidant (+)-catechin was isolated as one of the active principles from the ethyl acetate fraction, together with the inactive components, dihydrokaempferol and 1-O-benzoylglucose. The radical scavenging effect of (+)-catechin on DPPH radical exceeded to that of L-ascorbic acid which is a well known antioxidant.

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Assessment on In Vitro Antioxidant Properties of Common Thistle (Cirsium pendulum Fisch.) Plant Parts

  • Chon, Sang-Uk;Boo, Hee-Ock;Lee, Sook-Young
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.82-86
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    • 2006
  • Antioxidant activity of the extract fractions from leaves, stems, roots and flowers of Cirsium pendulum Fisch. was investigated. The results showed the greatest antioxidant activities in leaves by Rancimat, TBA and DPPH methods. Extracts of common thistle plants dose-dependently increased DPPH free radical scavenging activity, The extract from flowers and its hexane fraction showed the strongest antioxidant activity. HPLC analysis showed that BuOH fraction of the leaves had the highest amount of antioxidant chlorogenic and p-coumaric acids at 5.38 and 9.71 mg $100\;g^{-1}$, respectively. It implies that common thistle plants had potent antioxidant activity, and their activities were differently exhibited depending on plant part and solvent fraction.

The Effect of Antioxidant-complex on Oxygen Free Radical Generating and Scavenging System in Rats

  • Doh Seong-Tak;Lee Sang-Il
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.49-52
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    • 2006
  • To elucidate the effect of antioxidant complex containing $\beta-carotene$, vitamin E, vitamin C, Ginkgo Biloba leaf extract and selenium on oxygen :tree radical production and detoxification system, rats were fed normal diet and normal diet with antioxidant complex 0.1%, 0.3% and 0.5% for 3 weeks. Feed efficiency ratio, changes in body weight, weight gain and amounts of feces of rat are similar in four groups. Liver weight per body weight and hepatic lipid peroxide weight increased in 0.5% group. However, hepatic glutathione contents in all antioxidant complex added groups were significantly increased compare with normal control group. On the other hand, the activity of xanthine oxidase was a little increased due to the amounts of antioxidant complex. Superoxide dismutase and gutathione peroxidase activity of 0.1% antioxidant complex added group were increased about $10{\sim}20%$ in comparison to normal control group. These results suggest that the supplementation of antioxidant complex 0.1% to basal diet may reduce the hepatic damage caused by free radicals.

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Antioxidant Activities of Colored Sweet Potato Cultivars by Plant Parts

  • Boo, Hee-Ock;Chon, Sang-Uk;Kim, Sun-Min;Pyo, Byung-Sik
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.177-180
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    • 2005
  • Antioxidant activity of crude extracts from colored sweet potato cultivars by plant parts such as root, stem and leaf was evaluated. The highest TBARS values were obtained from root samples of sweet patato, and followed by stems and leaves, indicating that leaf sample showed the strongest antioxidant activity. Sweet potato cultivars with yellow flesh and leaf part exhibited strong antioxidant activities. Antioxidant activities of leaf and stem extracts were maintained for 21 days and were a little lower than that of BHT. The DPPH radical scavenging activity was the highest in "Sinhwangmi" leaf, and followed by "Jami" root. Chlorogenic acid was detected as the most abundant antioxidant substance among all fractions. These results suggest that the antioxidant activity of sweet potato differs depending on plant part and cultivar.

Targeting Cellular Antioxidant Enzymes for Treating Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease

  • Kang, Dong Hoon;Kang, Sang Won
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2013
  • Atherosclerotic vascular dysfunction is a chronic inflammatory process that spreads from the fatty streak and foam cells through lesion progression. Therefore, its early diagnosis and prevention is unfeasible. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play important roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic vascular disease. Intracellular redox status is tightly regulated by oxidant and antioxidant systems. Imbalance in these systems causes oxidative or reductive stress which triggers cellular damage or aberrant signaling, and leads to dysregulation. Paradoxically, large clinical trials have shown that non-specific ROS scavenging by antioxidant vitamins is ineffective or sometimes harmful. ROS production can be locally regulated by cellular antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutases, catalase, glutathione peroxidases and peroxiredoxins. Therapeutic approach targeting these antioxidant enzymes might prove beneficial for prevention of ROS-related atherosclerotic vascular disease. Conversely, the development of specific antioxidant enzyme-mimetics could contribute to the clinical effectiveness.

A Study on Antioxidant System in Cataract Patients (한국인 백내장환자의 항산화 체계에 관한 연구)

  • 고영숙;홍영재;정혜연;김수연;이양자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 2002
  • Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness worldwide and are characterized by increased opacity of the lens that significantly diminishes visual acuity. It has been suggested that increased risk of lens opacities are associated with age, exposure to sunlight, diabetes, smoking, and poor nutrition. Antioxidant nutrients have born demonstrated to protect the lens membrane and protein against damage due to oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidant system in the blood of cataract patients. The status of the blood antioxidant system was evaluated based on the levels of antioxidant vitamins and minerals as well as glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and malondialdehyde (M7A) activity in 34 patients with cataracts (17 male and 17 female) and 45 control subjects (20 male and 25 female). After adjusting for age, the results showed significantly lower levels of antioxidant vitamins such as lycopene (M : p < 0.05, F: p < 0.01), zeaxanthin (F: p < 0.01), ${\gamma}$-tocopherol (F: p < 0.01) and ascorbic arid (M: p < 0.05) in the cataract patients than in the control subjects. In contrast, the concentration of cryptoxanthin (F : p < 0.07) showed a significantly higher value in the cataract patients. The serum level of the antioxidant mineral Zn (M : p < 0.01) was found to be significantly lower in the cataract patients while the ratio of cu/zn appeared significantly higher (M : p < 0.05). Significantly higher (M : p < 0.01, F: p < 0.05) concentrations of MDA in serum was found in the cataract patients as compared to the control subjects. GSH-Px activity was significantly lower (F: p < 0.05) in 71e cataract patients. In conclusion, the antioxidant system may play an important roll in cataract creation. Further studies are needed to clarify the mechanisms underlying these findings and to establish preventive measures with an emphasis on antioxidant nutrition for cataract patients.

The Manufacture of Antioxidant Filter and Removal Efficiency of the Free Radicals in Mainstream Smoke (항산화 필터 제조 및 주류연중 free radicals 제거 효과)

  • Kim, Soo-Ho;Cha, Sung-Je;Shim, Weon-Tack;Cheong, Bong-Su;Seo, Man-Seok;Song, In-Beom;Jang, Hang-Hyun;Shin, Chang-Ho;Kim, Jong-Yeol;Kim, Chung-Ryul;Choi, Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.18-28
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    • 2009
  • This study describes the manufacturing method of antioxidant filter and evaluate the reduction of free radical and biological activity from mainstream smoke. When we used spray-brush for the application of antioxidant solution to the filter, cv(coefficient of variation) levels of antioxidant added to filter ranged within 3 %, which means stable and constant feeding process. 0.3~0.5mg per cigarette of antioxidant were sprayed to acetate and active carbon part in the filter plug, respectively. It was considered that the use of antioxidant added filter resulted in the reduction of the gaseous compounds of free radicals from 17 % to 19 % in the mainstream smoke. Variation for removal efficiency of free radical in antioxidant filter added to acetate part was more pronounced than that of filter added to active carbon part. Smoking deliveries of tar, nicotine for the antioxidant added filters were similar when comparing to the non-antioxidant added filter, but the delivering amounts of isoprene were significantly reduced. The estimation of consumed GSH(glutathion) showed that the gaseous toxicity of the antioxidant added filter was 14 % ~ 23 % lower than that of non-antioxidant added filter. No significant differences were observed for the total taste quality in sensory evaluation.

Lipid oxidation and antioxidant mechanisms in different matrix (매질(matrix)에 따른 지방산화 및 산화방지능 메커니즘)

  • Yi, BoRa;Kim, Mi-Ja;Lee, JaeHwan
    • Food Science and Industry
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2018
  • The action of antioxidants was different depending on the environments where antioxidants were located. Although basic mechanisms of lipid oxidation and antioxidants were related each other, their contribution on the degree of oxidation was different. In thisreview, terminology on antioxidant properties were defined such as antioxidant activity and antioxidant capacities. In addition, antioxidant mechanisms including primary and secondary antioxidants or hydrogen donating or electron transferring antioxidants were introduced. Also, the impact of physical points of view and antioxidant polar paradox were introduced. Depending on the types of food matrice including bulk oil, oil-in-water emulsion (O/W), or solid state, antioxidant actions showed different degree and this point was explained in detail.