• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant

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Antioxidant Activity and Phenolic Content of Different Parts of Lotus and Optimization of Extraction Condition using Response Surface Methodology

  • Jang, Jae Young;Ahn, Jong Hoon;Jo, Yang Hee;Hwang, Bang Yeon;Lee, Mi Kyeong
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.44-48
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    • 2019
  • Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. (Nymphaeaceae) is commonly called lotus and its leaves are widely been used as functional ingredients due to its antioxidant activity. For maximum efficacy, optimized extraction condition was established using response surface methodology. The high F-values, low p-values and insignificant p-value for lack-of-fit supported the fitness of the model and yielded the second-order polynomial regression for the antioxidant activity. The optimized extract was obtained by the extraction of 1 g of lotus leaves with 40 mL of 50% MeOH at $10.0^{\circ}C$, which exerted 70.1% antioxidant activity. Close correlation between phenolic content and antioxidant activity suggested phenolic compounds as active constituents of lotus leaves. In addition, comparison of different parts of lotus demonstrated the most potent antioxidant activity of flowers, followed by leaves and roots. Taken together, these results provide useful information about lotus leaves for the development as antioxidant ingredients. In addition, flowers and roots as well as leaves are suggested as good sources for antioxidant activity.

Antioxidant Activity and Total Phenolic Compounds in Grain Extracts of Wheat, Barley, and Oat

  • Seo, Yong-Weon;Bu, So-Young;Jeon, Woong-Bae;Kim, Dong-Sub;Heo, Hwa-Young
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.102-107
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    • 2002
  • Cereal grains are rich in phenolic compounds that give beneficial effect in human health. Although several research works have been reported on the effects of phytochemicals of plant origin, such as fruits, vegetables, few studies have examined the antioxidative effects of whole cereal grains. The objective of this study was to determine total antioxidant capacity of 80% ethanolic extracts of cereal grains by testing the ability of the extracts to inhibit UV -induced lipid peroxidation in vitro using linoleic acid in comparison to well-known antioxidant such as ascorbic acid and tannic acid. The total phenolic content of the cereal grain (80% ethanolic extracts) investigated in this study varied from 2.1 mg/g (wheat cv. Olgeurumil) to 10.4 mg/g (barely cv. Seodunchalbori). Highly positive relationship between total phenol compounds and antioxidant activity was found. When the antioxidant activities of all investigated extracts were measured with application of same quantity of phenol compounds, oat grain extracts showed similar antioxidant activity of barely cultivars. However, barely extract appeared as the most potent antioxidant activity of inhibition of UV -induced lipid peroxidation. This indicated that factors such as phenolic compound composition and their individual antioxidant activity could playa crucial role in the total antioxidant activity of cereal grains.

Antioxidant Components of Gardenia Fruit (치자의 항산화 활성성분에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Yong-Nam;Oh, Hee-Kyung;Hwang, Keum-Hee;Lee, Mie-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.226-232
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    • 1994
  • An antioxidant activity of Gardenia Fruit (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) which has been used for food coloring was studied. The antioxidant activity was determined by measuring lipid peroxide produced when a mouse liver homogenate was exposed to the air at $37^{\circ}C$, using 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA). Both water and methanol extracts of Gardenia Fruit showed the antioxidant activity. On solvent fractionation, the antioxidant activity was removed into the ethyl acetate and butanol soluble fractions. And the final water soluble fraction also showed the antioxidant activity in the low concentration, but it promoted the lipid peroxidation in the high concentration. Two compounds (I and II) having the antioxidant activity were isolated from the butanol fraction, and compound I also occurred in the ethyl acetate fraction. The antioxidant activity of compound II was more potent than that of I. By analyzing data for UV, IR and $^1H-NMR$, compounds I and II were identified as geniposide and crocin, respectively.

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Variation of antioxidant activity in Korea-native weedy rice germplasm

  • Cho, Ei Ei;Kim, Ji-Young;Chung, Nam-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.278-278
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    • 2017
  • Brown rice grains are increasingly attended by consumers due to their potential health benefits of antioxidant capacity. Therefore, this research was carried out to evaluate the antioxidant activity of brown rice in Korea-native weedy rice germplasm. Two hundred and twenty one accessions of weedy rice used in this study were received from the National Agrobiodiversity Center of RDA, and were regenerated in the experimental field of Chonbuk National University. The sampled seeds were extracted using methanol and the extracts were analyzed using the 1, 1-dipheny-2-picrylhydrasyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay for antioxidant capacity determination. Among the all germplasm, the samples of seed coat in red colour, white colour, red -white mixing colour and brown colour were 171 (81%), 26 (12%), 12 (6%) and 2 (1%), respectively. The antioxidant activity values of all samples were varied in the range from 22.31% to 95.53 % and mean value was 82.09%. Depend on the seed coat colour, the average antioxidant activity of the extract of weedy rice seeds indicated that the following order in seed coat colour: red colour (89.11%) > the red-white mixing colour (70.67%) > brown colour (53.16%) > white colour (45.99%). The antioxidant activity of red coloured weedy rice were significantly higher than those of the others. It is suggested that Korea-native weedy rice accessions with high antioxidant activity could be developed as a potential functional food material by further research of component analysis.

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Isolation of antioxidant peptide from sandfish (Arctoscopus japonicus) roe hydrolysate

  • Jang, Hye Lim;Shin, Seung Ryeul;Yoon, Kyung Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.542-549
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    • 2017
  • In this study, a peptide exhibiting antioxidant activity was isolated from sandfish (Arctoscopus japonicus) roe hydrolysate (SRH) in order to evaluate their practical uses as materials for manufacturing functional foods. The A. japonicus roe protein was hydrolyzed using Collupulin MG, and isolation of antioxidant peptide was performed using ultrafiltration (UF), prep-HPLC, and RP-HPLC. The SRH with a molecular weight below 3 kDa constituted about 38% of the whole hydrolysate, and the fraction with a molecular weight below 3 kDa showed significantly greater antioxidant activity compared to the original SRH and other fractions. The isolation fold of the antioxidant peptide isolated from SRH throughout the four-step procedure was 7.11-fold, and protein yield was 14.8%. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of isolated antioxidant peptide was above 90% at a concentration of 1.0 mg/mL, which was similar to that of the Trolox at a concentration of 0.1 mg/mL. These results suggested that the antioxidant peptide derived from A. japonicus roe could be a useful additive for producing functional foods and protein supplements. However, it is necessary to perform further study the structural characteristics of this antioxidant peptide isolated from A. japonicus roe.

The Antioxidative Effects and Isolation and Characterization of the Extracts from Morus alba L. (뽕잎 추출물의 항산화 효과와 항산화 성분 분리 및 동정에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Ye-Sook;Kim, Mi-Won
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.94-100
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    • 2011
  • This study identified the formula of the antioxidant substance separated from the ethyl acetate and the butanol extract and tested the antioxidant properties with the electron donating ability(EDA). Each phase with the fractionated methanol extract from mulberry leaf was screened in advance for the antioxidant substance with EDA. As the result, activity appeared in the ethyl acetate and butanol phase and the antioxidant component was separated. As the consequence, 2 components from the ethyl acetate phase and 1 from the butanol phase were separated, among which the structures of the components from ethyl acetate were determined by wogonin and linarin, whereas the structure of the component from the butanol phase was determined by pectolinarin. In the screening of antioxidant activity by the scavenging effect of the DPPH radical, the wogonin and linarin components from ethyl acetate phase showed more powerful antioxidant property than the component from butanol. The results from this study indicate that the chemical compound separated from the ethyl acetate extract has more powerful antioxidant property than the one separated from the butanol extract. The components separated from the ethyl acetate extract were wogonin and linarin, which are flavonoids, whereas the component from butanol was pectolinarin. Therefore, this study suggested that the feasibility of mulberry leaf as a functional food additive and its value as a natural antioxidant is very high.

Antioxidant Activity of Cooking Juice Irradiated with Gamma-ray (감마선 조사된 수산자숙액의 항산화 활성 연구)

  • Choi, Jong-Il;Kim, Jae-Hun;Song, Beom-Seok;Kim, Jae-Kyung;Park, Jong-Heum;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.165-168
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    • 2011
  • The antioxidant activity was analyzed in gamma-irradiated cooking juices. Because the activities of antioxidants have been attributed to various mechanisms, different assay methods including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), have been conducted and compared. All of these antioxidant assay showed that the antioxidant activity of cooking juice was increased by gamma-irradiation. To investigate this increase of antioxidative activity, the protein was extracted from cooking juices and its antioxidant activity was measured. From the results, it was thought that the modification of protein in cooking juiced by irradiation caused the increase of antioxidant activity of cooking juice. Therefore, gamma irradiation could be an promising method for a sterilization of cooking juice with increased antioxidant activity.

Chlorogenic Acid, an Antioxidant Principle from the Aerial Parts of Artemisia iwayomogi that Acts on 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl Radical

  • Kim, Soon-Shin;Lee, Chung-Kyu;Sam, Sik-Kang;Jung, Hyun-Ah;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.148-154
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    • 1997
  • The antioxidant activity of Artemisia iwayomogi was determined by measuring the radical scavenging effect on 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical. The methanol extract of A. iwayomogi showed strong antioxidant activity, and thus fractionated with several solvents. The antioxidant activity potential of the individual fraction was in the order of ethyl acetate > n-butanol > water > chloroform > n-hexane fraction. The ethyl acetate and n-butanol soluble fractions exhibiting strong antioxidant activity were further purified by repeated sitica get and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Antioxidant chlorogenic acid was isolated as one of the active principles from the n-butanol fraction, together with the inactive components, 1octacosanol, scopoletin, scopolin, apigenin $7, 4^{I}$-di-O-methylether, luteolin $6, 3^{I}$-di-O-methylether (jaceosidin), apigenin methylether (genkwanin), 2, 4-dihydroxy-6-methoxyacetophenone $4-O-{\beta}-$D-glucopyranoside and quebrachitol. The antioxidant activity of chlorogenic acid was comparable to that of L-ascorbic acid, which is a well known antioxidant.

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Preparation and Characterization of Antioxidant Peptides from Fermented Goat Placenta

  • Hou, Yinchen;Zhou, Jiejing;Liu, Wangwang;Cheng, Yongxia;Wu, Li;Yang, Gongming
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.769-776
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    • 2014
  • The goat placenta was fermented by Bacillus subtilis and the optimal fermentation parameters of strongest antioxidant capacity of peptides were obtained using response surface methodology (RSM). The effects of fermentation time, initial pH value and glucose content on the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging capacity of the goat peptides were well fitted to a quadric equation with high determination coefficients. According to the data analysis of design expert, the strongest DPPH radical scavenging capacity value was obtained with the following conditions: content of glucose was 2.23%, initial pH value was 7.00 and fermentation time was 32.15 h. The DPPH radical scavenging capacity commonly referring antioxidant activity showed a concentration dependency and increased with increasing peptide concentration. The effects of temperature and pH were assessed to determine the stability of antioxidant peptides prepared from goat placenta. Antioxidant peptides showed good stabilities when temperature was lower than $70^{\circ}C$. However, the antioxidant peptides lost antioxidant activities rapidly under alkaline and excessive acid condition. Ultrafiltration technique was performed to separate fermentation broth with different Mw (molecular weight). It was found that peptides in the range of < 3 KDa mainly accounted for the antioxidant activities.

Effects of Various Extracts from Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) on Antioxidant Activity

  • Kim, Gyeong-Hwuii;Duan, Yishan;Kim, Han-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.521-528
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    • 2016
  • The antioxidant activity of 70% methanol, 70% ethanol and chloroform-methanol (CM, 2:1, v/v) extracts from turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) was investigated in this study. The antioxidant potential of various extracts of turmeric was evaluated by using different antioxidant tests, namely DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging activity, ABTS [2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt] radical scavenging activity, ferric reducing antioxidant power and ${\beta}$-carotene bleaching assays as well as total phenol content and total flavonoid content. All extracts exhibited abundant total phenol content, total flavonoid content and strong antioxidant activity. Particularly, higher activity was exhibited by CM extract with $46.32{\pm}0.35mgCAE/g$ and $15.58{\pm}0.39 mgQE/g$ of total phenol content and total flavonoid content. Generally, antioxidant activity of various extracts from turmeric increased in the following order: 70% methanol extract, 70% ethanol extract and CM extract, respectively. Results suggested that turmeric could be widely used as a source of antioxidant and a kind of functional material in food.