• Title/Summary/Keyword: antioxidant

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Antioxidant potential of a soft cheese (paneer) supplemented with the extracts of date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars and its whey

  • Qureshi, Tahir Mahmood;Amjad, Aniqa;Nadeem, Muhammad;Murtaza, Mian Anjum;Munir, Masooma
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.10
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    • pp.1591-1602
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    • 2019
  • Objective: The present study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant potential of paneer, a soft cheese supplemented with various water soluble date extracts during storage. Further, the whey obtained from all the paneer samples was also investigated for its antioxidant potential. Methods: The date cultivars were evaluated for their physico-chemical characteristics and date extracts were assessed for their antioxidant potential. Physico-chemical evaluation, microbiological quality and further antioxidant potential of the prepared paneer were carried out during storage period (0 to 8 days, $5^{\circ}C$). Results: All the date extracts were found to have considerable antioxidant activity due to presence of total phenolics and flavonoids. Owing to the presence of phenolics and flavoinds in date extracts, supplemented paneer showed higher trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, reducing power and 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity than control paneer. Paneer supplemented with Rabi extracts had the highest total phenolics ($190.7{\mu}g$ gallic acid equivalent/g paneer), DPPH radical scavenging activity ($928.1{\mu}mol$ equivalent of Trolx/g paneer) and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity ($9.2{\mu}mol$ equivalent of Trolx/g paneer). The whey obtained from control paneer showed lower values of total phenolics, total flavonoids, DPPH, trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity and reducing power as compared to the values of whey obtained from paneer supplemented with date extracts. Conclusion: Paneer supplemented with date extracts and its whey may offer potent antioxidant activity.

Purification and Characterization of Thiol-Specific Antioxidant Protein from Human Liver: A Mer5-Like Human Isoenzyme

  • Cha, Mee-Kyung;Kim, Il-Han
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.236-240
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    • 1996
  • A 23-kDa molecular mass of antioxidant protein was purified from human liver. This protein exhibited the preventive effect against the inactivation of glutamine synthetase by a metal-catalyzed oxidation system. This antioxidant activity was supported by a thiol-reducing equivalent such as dithiothreitol in a similar manner to that of the 25-kDa thiol-specific antioxidant protein (TSA) from human red blood cells (HR). However, a thioredoxin-linked peroxidase activity of thiol-specific antioxidant protein of human liver (HLTSA) (0.91 ${\mu}mol/min/nmol$ of HLTSA) was much lower than that of thiol-specific antioxidant protein of human red blood cells (HRTSA) (16.4 ${\mu}mol/min/nmol$ of HRTSA). This HLTSA is also immnologically distinct from HRTSA Amino acid sequences of the three tryptic peptides (P1, P2, P3) of HLTSA were found to be completely homologous to segments of the known Mer5-like protein, which belongs to the known TSA family.

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Assessment of Allelopathic Potential and Antioxidant Activity of Leaf Extracts from Three Compositae Plants

  • Chon, Sang-Uk;Park, Seong-Kyu
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.303-307
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    • 2003
  • Some Compositae plants are known to contain biologically active substances that are allelopathic to weeds species as well as antioxidant to foods. Aqueous extracts from leaves of 3 plant species, Cirsium japonica, Kalimeris yomena, and Lactuca saliva, were bioassayed against alfalfa (Medicago saliva) to determine their allelopathic effects. The extracts applied on filter paper in bioassay significantly inhibited root growth of alfalfa. Extracts of 20 g dry tissue $\textrm{L}^{-1}$ from Lactuca sativa showed the most inhibitory effect on alfalfa seedling growth and followed by Cirsium japonica and Kalimeris yomena. Oxidative stability by Rancimat method and antioxidant activity by TBA method for the ground samples were the greatest in Lactuca sativa although were less than that of a commonly used antioxidant, 1% ascorbic acid. Antioxidant activity of methanol extracts on storing meat was stably kept for 28days and was excellent compared to control. These results suggest that three Compositae plants have potent allelopathic and antioxidant effects, and that their activities differ, depending on plant species.

Variations in total phenols, total anthocyanins, and antioxidant activity levels in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) fruits subjected to dry and moist heat treatments

  • Kim, Hekap;Mai, Thu Thi Hoai
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.503-509
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    • 2020
  • The present study investigated the effects of dry and moist heat treatments on total phenols, total anthocyanins, and antioxidant activity levels in black chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) fruits. Lyophilized chokeberry powder samples were heated in a drying oven at 60, 100, 160, 180, and 200℃ for 20, 40, or 60 min. Finely ground fresh chokeberry fruits were heated in water at 60, 80, and 100℃ for 20 min, and bioactive compound and antioxidant activity levels were measured. The bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity decreased with increasing temperature and treatment duration. Antioxidant activity was preserved at 160℃ or lower without significant loss for dry heating, whereas moist heat treatment increased both bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity with increasing temperature.

Comparison of Antioxidant Potentials in Methanolic Extracts from Soybean and Rice Fermented with Monascus sp.

  • Pyo, Young-Hee
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.451-456
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    • 2007
  • The potential antioxidant activities of methanolic extracts from soybean and rice fermented with Monascus sp. were investigated. M. pilosus IFO 480 and M. anka IFO 478 were screened as a suitable strain to promote the antioxidant activities in soybean- and rice- fermentation. The methanol extracts from soybean and rice after fermenting for 20 days at $30^{\circ}C$ resulted in a significant increase in the antioxidant capacities expressed as radical (ABTS and DPPH) scavenging assay and peroxidation inhibition (%) by thiocyanate method and increased (p<0.01) by a 2.6 to 3.1-fold compared with those of the unfermented products. The average antioxidant potentials of Monascus-fermented soybean extracts (MFSE) were significantly (p<0.01) stronger than Monascus-fermented rice extracts (MFRE). A linear correlations between free radical scavenging activity of MFSE and the total phenolics content (r=0.84) and total flavonoids content (r=0.81) were observed. These results indicated that MFSE exhibited stronger (p<0.01) antioxidant activity and contained significantly higher levels (p<0.05) of phenolics than MFRE.

Antioxidant and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Different Fractions from Hawthorn Fruit

  • Park, Jae-Hyo;Li, Chunmei;Hu, Weicheng;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 2010
  • Hawthorn fruit is a conventional medicine used in treating cardiovascular diseases. Its therapeutic effects may relate to its antioxidant compounds. In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant activity of $CH_2Cl_2$, EtOAc, n-butanol and water fractions from 70% methanolic hawthorn fruit extract by total phenolic and flavonoid contents, total antioxidant activity, DPPH free radical scavenging activity, superoxide radical scavenging activity, reducing power assay, lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity and protective effect against hydroxyl-radical-induced DNA damage. Results showed that the EtOAc fraction contained significantly greater antioxidant activities than other fractions, which suggests that the potent EtOAc fraction should be used for further studies to identify the antioxidant compounds.

Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory and Cytotoxicity on Human Lung Epithelial A549 Cells of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) Tuber

  • Zhang, Qin;Kim, Hye-Young
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.305-311
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated in vitro antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxicity on human lung epithelial A549 cells of different solvent extracts from Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) tuber. The EtOH extract contained amounts of phenolics (22.20 tannic acid equivalent ㎎/ɡ) and exhibited the highest antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory activity. Several methods were employed for measure the antioxidant activity: 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 206.79 ㎍/㎖), reducing power activity (21.26 ascorbic acid equivalent ㎎/ɡ) and total antioxidant activity (19.05 ascorbic acid equivalent ㎎/ɡ). Meantime, the EtOH extract inhibited the NO production completely with a concentration of 800 ㎍/㎖. Besides, the H2O extract exhibited more potent effect on human lung epithelial A549 cells. This study suggested that Jerusalem artichoke tuber had antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxicity on human lung epithelial A549 cells.

Melt-Grafting of Maleimides Having Hindered Phenol Group onto Polypropylene

  • Kim, Taek-Hyeon;Lee, Nam-Gun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.24 no.12
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    • pp.1809-1813
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    • 2003
  • Monomeric antioxidant 1 was prepared by the reaction of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol with N-[4-(chlorocarbonyl)phenyl]maleimide in the presence of imidazole. Monomeric antioxidant 2, bearing carbamate group, was synthesized from the reaction of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol and azidomaleimide. Antioxidant 3 was prepared by the reaction of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)maleimide and 3-(3,5-ditert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) propionic chloride in the presence of triethylamine. These reactive antioxidants were grafted onto polypropylene (PP) by melt-processing with free radical initiators in a mini-max moulder. From the infrared spectra of the grafted PP, it was found that the monomeric antioxidants were grafted onto PP. IR spectroscopic methods were used for the quantitative determination of the extent of grafting of monomeric antioxidant. To optimize the reaction conditions, the influences of the concentration of DCP, monomeric antioxidant, reaction time and temperature on the extent of grafting were studied.

The Antioxidant Activity of Ecklonia stolonifera

  • Lee, Ji-Hyeon;Park, Jong-Cheol;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.223-227
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    • 1996
  • The antioxidant activity of Ecklonia stolonifera was determined by measuring lipid peroxide produced when a mouse liver homogenate was exposed to the air at $37^{\circ}C$ using 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and the radical scavenging effect on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical. The methanol extract of Ecklonia stolonifera showed strong antioxidant activity. And the methanol extract was fractionated with several solvents. With regard their fractions, the antioxidative activity were in the order of ethyl acetate>dichloromethane insoluble intermediated phase>dichloromethane>n-butanol>water fraction. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction exhibiting the strongest antioxidant activity was further purified by repeated silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Antioxidant phloroglucinol was isolated and identified by$ ^1H-NMR\; and\; ^{13}C-NMR$. Its antioxidant activity was simlilar to that of L-ascorbic acid.

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Antioxidant Activity and Protective Effects of Extracts from Sambucus williamsii var. coreana on t-BHP Induced Oxidative Stress in Chang cells (접골목 추출물에 의한 항산화 활성이 정상 간세포의 t-BHP 유발 산화스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kitae
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.275-286
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    • 2013
  • In the present study, antioxidant activity and protective effect of extracts from Sambucus williamsii var. coreana stems (SWC) were evaluated on tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) induced oxidative stress in human liver (Chang) cells. Antioxidant activities of the SWC extracts were determined by various radical scavenging activities, such as DPPH, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethybenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging activity and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. SWC extracts showed strong antioxidant effect on various assay. To determine the hepatoprotective effects of SWC on t-BHP induced oxidative damage, cell viability was measured using MTT assay. Pretreatment of SWC extracts showed increasing cell viability, decreasing ROS and restoring mitochondria membrane potential on t-BHP induced oxidative stress in Chang cells. Our findings suggest that SWC extracts may be considered a potential agent for therapeutic protective effect from oxidative stress through its antioxidant activity.