• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant activity

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The Antioxidant Activity of Ecklonia stolonifera

  • Lee, Ji-Hyeon;Park, Jong-Cheol;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.223-227
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    • 1996
  • The antioxidant activity of Ecklonia stolonifera was determined by measuring lipid peroxide produced when a mouse liver homogenate was exposed to the air at $37^{\circ}C$ using 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and the radical scavenging effect on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical. The methanol extract of Ecklonia stolonifera showed strong antioxidant activity. And the methanol extract was fractionated with several solvents. With regard their fractions, the antioxidative activity were in the order of ethyl acetate>dichloromethane insoluble intermediated phase>dichloromethane>n-butanol>water fraction. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction exhibiting the strongest antioxidant activity was further purified by repeated silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Antioxidant phloroglucinol was isolated and identified by$ ^1H-NMR\; and\; ^{13}C-NMR$. Its antioxidant activity was simlilar to that of L-ascorbic acid.

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Antioxidant and Free Radical Scavenging Activity of Different Fractions from Hawthorn Fruit

  • Park, Jae-Hyo;Li, Chunmei;Hu, Weicheng;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 2010
  • Hawthorn fruit is a conventional medicine used in treating cardiovascular diseases. Its therapeutic effects may relate to its antioxidant compounds. In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant activity of $CH_2Cl_2$, EtOAc, n-butanol and water fractions from 70% methanolic hawthorn fruit extract by total phenolic and flavonoid contents, total antioxidant activity, DPPH free radical scavenging activity, superoxide radical scavenging activity, reducing power assay, lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity and protective effect against hydroxyl-radical-induced DNA damage. Results showed that the EtOAc fraction contained significantly greater antioxidant activities than other fractions, which suggests that the potent EtOAc fraction should be used for further studies to identify the antioxidant compounds.

Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Extracts of Marine Green-algae Enteromorpha intestinalis (거대녹조류 창자파래 추출물의 항균, 항산화 활성)

  • Kim, Dong-Hyun;Jeong, Gwi-Taek
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.92-97
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    • 2014
  • In this study, we investigate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of extracts of Enteromorpha intestinalis. To evaluate the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, three solvents (hexane, chloroform and methanol) were applied to obtain extracts. The extraction yields are hexane (A) 1.11%, chloroform (B) 0.94%, and methanol (C) 8.2%. Also, the contents of total phenolic compounds of extract A, B, C are 4.03%, 8.15%, and 2.33%, respectively. In the results of antimicrobial activity, extract A and B have higher activity than that of extract C. Especially, Vibrio vulificus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli are more sensitive than others. In antioxidant activity, extract A and B present the higher DPPH activity than that of control (BHA and ascorbic acid). The DPPH radical scavenging activity and SOD-like activity are ordered as B>C>A. However, extract C show high value in ferric reducing antioxidant power assay. In nitrite scavenging activity, extract A is relatively higher than others. However, the antioxidant activities are lower than that of controls (ascorbic acid and BHA). The antioxidant activities are presented the increasing pattern of increasing by the increasing of extract concentration.

Antioxidant and Antidiabetic Activities of Ulmus davidiana Extracts

  • Guo, Jia;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2007
  • The antioxidant activities of water, ethanol, methanol, and chloroform extracts of Ulmus davidiana were evaluated using various antioxidant assays: DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-pricrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging; hydroxyl radical scavenging; lipid peroxidation scavenging; and reducing power assays. All extracts, except the chloroform extract, demonstrated strong antioxidant activity in all assays. The chloroform extract had the highest hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, and its activity was equivalent to $\alpha$-tocopherol at a concentration of 0.5 mg/mL. Additionally, the antidiabetic activity of their extracts was also evaluated using a rat intestinal $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibition assay. Among all extracts investigated, the methanol extract had the highest $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibitory activity, although its activity was less than acarbose at $0.5\;{\mu}g/mL$. This result suggested that U. davidiana extracts may have antidiabetic activity. Total phenolic compounds and flavonoids were also measured. Phenolic compounds such as tannic acid, p-coumatric acid, and kaempferol were detected by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). These results suggest that U. davidiana extracts may be useful as a potential source of antioxidant and antidiabetic materials.

Morphological Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity Changes in 'Autumn Sense' Hardy Kiwi (Actinidia arguta) as Honey Plant during Fruit Ripening

  • Park, Youngki
    • Journal of Apiculture
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.327-332
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we studied the changes in antioxidant activity of Actinidia arguta fruit of Autumn Sense cultivar during fruit ripening. The aim of this investigation was to find the knowledge of the changes of physiochemicals associated with fruit quality, antioxidant properties (free-radical scavenging activity and reducing power), total phenolics and vitamin C during fruit ripening. The highest free-radical scavenging activity (at $100{\mu}g/ml$) and reducing power (at $100{\mu}g/ml$) in A. arguta fruit were 78.57% and 0.22, respectively. Total phenolic content and vitamin C content in fruit of 10 days after fruit set were $639.48{\mu}g/g$ and $1052.2{\mu}g/g$, respectively. In general, the antioxidant activity and the related parameters, including total phenolic content and vitamin C content decreased during fruit ripening. These results improve knowledge of the effect of ripening on the antioxidant activity and related compounds contents that could help to establish the optimum A. arguta fruit harvest data for various usages.

Antioxidant Activity and Phenolic Content of Different Parts of Lotus and Optimization of Extraction Condition using Response Surface Methodology

  • Jang, Jae Young;Ahn, Jong Hoon;Jo, Yang Hee;Hwang, Bang Yeon;Lee, Mi Kyeong
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.44-48
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    • 2019
  • Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. (Nymphaeaceae) is commonly called lotus and its leaves are widely been used as functional ingredients due to its antioxidant activity. For maximum efficacy, optimized extraction condition was established using response surface methodology. The high F-values, low p-values and insignificant p-value for lack-of-fit supported the fitness of the model and yielded the second-order polynomial regression for the antioxidant activity. The optimized extract was obtained by the extraction of 1 g of lotus leaves with 40 mL of 50% MeOH at $10.0^{\circ}C$, which exerted 70.1% antioxidant activity. Close correlation between phenolic content and antioxidant activity suggested phenolic compounds as active constituents of lotus leaves. In addition, comparison of different parts of lotus demonstrated the most potent antioxidant activity of flowers, followed by leaves and roots. Taken together, these results provide useful information about lotus leaves for the development as antioxidant ingredients. In addition, flowers and roots as well as leaves are suggested as good sources for antioxidant activity.

Antioxidant Components of Gardenia Fruit (치자의 항산화 활성성분에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Yong-Nam;Oh, Hee-Kyung;Hwang, Keum-Hee;Lee, Mie-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.226-232
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    • 1994
  • An antioxidant activity of Gardenia Fruit (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) which has been used for food coloring was studied. The antioxidant activity was determined by measuring lipid peroxide produced when a mouse liver homogenate was exposed to the air at $37^{\circ}C$, using 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA). Both water and methanol extracts of Gardenia Fruit showed the antioxidant activity. On solvent fractionation, the antioxidant activity was removed into the ethyl acetate and butanol soluble fractions. And the final water soluble fraction also showed the antioxidant activity in the low concentration, but it promoted the lipid peroxidation in the high concentration. Two compounds (I and II) having the antioxidant activity were isolated from the butanol fraction, and compound I also occurred in the ethyl acetate fraction. The antioxidant activity of compound II was more potent than that of I. By analyzing data for UV, IR and $^1H-NMR$, compounds I and II were identified as geniposide and crocin, respectively.

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Variation of antioxidant activity in Korea-native weedy rice germplasm

  • Cho, Ei Ei;Kim, Ji-Young;Chung, Nam-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.278-278
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    • 2017
  • Brown rice grains are increasingly attended by consumers due to their potential health benefits of antioxidant capacity. Therefore, this research was carried out to evaluate the antioxidant activity of brown rice in Korea-native weedy rice germplasm. Two hundred and twenty one accessions of weedy rice used in this study were received from the National Agrobiodiversity Center of RDA, and were regenerated in the experimental field of Chonbuk National University. The sampled seeds were extracted using methanol and the extracts were analyzed using the 1, 1-dipheny-2-picrylhydrasyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging assay for antioxidant capacity determination. Among the all germplasm, the samples of seed coat in red colour, white colour, red -white mixing colour and brown colour were 171 (81%), 26 (12%), 12 (6%) and 2 (1%), respectively. The antioxidant activity values of all samples were varied in the range from 22.31% to 95.53 % and mean value was 82.09%. Depend on the seed coat colour, the average antioxidant activity of the extract of weedy rice seeds indicated that the following order in seed coat colour: red colour (89.11%) > the red-white mixing colour (70.67%) > brown colour (53.16%) > white colour (45.99%). The antioxidant activity of red coloured weedy rice were significantly higher than those of the others. It is suggested that Korea-native weedy rice accessions with high antioxidant activity could be developed as a potential functional food material by further research of component analysis.

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Antioxidant Activity of Hawthorn Fruit in vitro

  • Li, Chunmei;Han, Woong;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.8-12
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    • 2010
  • The antioxidant activity of hawthorn fruit (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge var. typica Schneider) extracts was investigated by several in vitro antioxidants properties, including DPPH free radical scavenging activity, total phenolic and flavonoid contents, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, reducing power activity, iron-chelating capacity and nitrite scavenging activity. Among the extracts in this study, the 70% EtOH extract showed higher antioxidant activity than the others. The $IC_{50}$ value of DPPH free radical scavenging activity was $99.26\;{\mu}g/mL$. Furthermore, the 70% EtOH extract also showed significantly high total phenolic and flavonoids contents and reducing power activity. However, the MeOH extract exhibited stronger effects on hydroxyl radical scavenging activity, iron-chelating capacity and nitrite scavenging activity. All the results implicated that, the hawthorn fruit may has the available potential to be utilize as a potential source of natural antioxidant.

Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory and Cytotoxicity on Human Lung Epithelial A549 Cells of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) Tuber

  • Zhang, Qin;Kim, Hye-Young
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.305-311
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated in vitro antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxicity on human lung epithelial A549 cells of different solvent extracts from Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) tuber. The EtOH extract contained amounts of phenolics (22.20 tannic acid equivalent ㎎/ɡ) and exhibited the highest antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory activity. Several methods were employed for measure the antioxidant activity: 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity (IC50 = 206.79 ㎍/㎖), reducing power activity (21.26 ascorbic acid equivalent ㎎/ɡ) and total antioxidant activity (19.05 ascorbic acid equivalent ㎎/ɡ). Meantime, the EtOH extract inhibited the NO production completely with a concentration of 800 ㎍/㎖. Besides, the H2O extract exhibited more potent effect on human lung epithelial A549 cells. This study suggested that Jerusalem artichoke tuber had antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxicity on human lung epithelial A549 cells.