• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant activity

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Antioxidant activity and analysis of proantbocyanidins from pine (Pinus densiflora)needles

  • Park, Yong-Soo;Jeon, Min-Hee;Hwang, Hyun-Jung;Park, Mi-Ra;Lee, Sang-Hyeon;Kim, Sung-Gu;Kim, Mi-Hyang
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.281-287
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    • 2011
  • In this study, we evaluated the antioxidant activity of pine needle extracts prepared with hot water, ethanol, hexane, hot water-hexane (HWH), and hot water-ethanol (HWE), using the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical method. The hot water extract possessed superior antioxidant activity than the other extracts. We also compared the antioxidant activity of pine needle extracts through ROS inhibition activity in a cellular system using MC3T3 E-1 cells. The hot water extract exhibited the lowest ROS production. The pattern of HPLC analysis of each extract indicated that the hot water extract contained the highest proanthocyanidin level. The pine needle hot-water extract was then isolated and fractionated with Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography to determine the major contributor to its antioxidant activity. The No.7 and 12 fractions had high antioxidant activities, that is, the highest contents of proanthocyanidins and catechins, respectively. These results indicate that the antioxidant activity of procyanidins from the hot water extract of pine needles is positively related to not only polymeric proanthocyanidins but also to monomeric catechins. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of the pine needle hot water extract was similar to well-known antioxidants, such as vitamin C. This suggests that pine needle proanthocyanidins and catechins might be of interest for use as alternative antioxidants.

Growth and Antioxidant Production of Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD in Whey Protein Concentrate (WPC)-based Medium (유청단백질농축물을 기본 배지로 한 Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD균의 생육과 항산화물질 생산)

  • Choi, Gooi-Hun;Lee, Jang-Hyun;Jo, Mi-Na;Yoon, Yo-Chang;Paik, Hyun-Dong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.105-108
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    • 2008
  • The cell growth and antioxidant activity of Bacillus polyfermenticus SCD were studied in tryptic soy broth (TSB) medium and whey protein concentrate (WPC)-based medium. Overall, higher lactose contents in WPC-35 medium (up to 2.0%), and longer culture times correlated with greater cell viability. In WPC-35 medium with 1.5% and 2.0% lactose, the cell growth of B. polyfermenticus SCD was similar to growth in TSB medium. The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picyrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity of culture supernatant of B. polyfermenticus SCD in WPC-35 medium was measured to assess antioxidant activity. The antioxidant activity increased up to 32 hr of culture, reaching a maximum of 75.57% DPPH radical scavenging activity. The antioxidant activity seemed to follow the typical kinetics of primary metabolite synthesis. The antioxidant activity of B. polyfermenticus SCD supernatant in WPC-35 medium was more effective and stable than supernatant from TSB medium. These results suggest that WPC-35 medium is effective for the production of antioxidant by B. polyfermenticus SCD.

Comparison of antioxidant activities in Korean black soybean landraces

  • Baek, Da-Young;Lee, Kyung Jun;Lee, Gi-An;Cho, Yang-Hee;Ma, Kyung-Ho;So, Yoon-Sup;Lee, Jung-Ro
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.219-219
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    • 2017
  • Black soybean with the anthocyanin in the seed coat is known to have higher antioxidant activity than the yellow soybean. This study was carried out to evaluate antioxidant activity of 231 Korean black soybean landraces which conserved at RDA gene bank. Antioxidant activities were measured using DPPH, TPC, TFC, ABTS, and FRAP assay. DPPH showed wide variations, ranging from 16.4 to 200.4($IC_{50}$). TPC, TFC, ABTS, and FRAP were ranged from 0.8 to 13.2 mg gallic acid equivalent/g (mg GAE/g), 0.15 to 0.82 mg quercetin equivalent/g (mg QE/g), 2.0 to 8.3 mg ascorbic acid/g (mg ASC/g) and 0.2 to 3.1 mg ASC/g, respectively. Among 231 Korean black soybean landraces, IT177715 showed the highest antioxidant activity in DPPH assay. In TPC, TFC, ABTS, and FRAP assays, IT274975, IT274551, IT167725, and IT178047 showed the highest antioxidant activity, respectively. In Relative Antioxidant Capacity Index (RACI), IT178047 showed the highest antioxidant activity, while IT177197 the lowest. This study will be able to provide useful data to select black soybean landraces with high antioxidant activity.

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Antioxidant Activities of Ginseng Seeds Treated by Autoclaving

  • Bae, Hye-Min;Kim, Sung-Soo;Cho, Chang-Won;Yang, Deok-Chun;Ko, Sung-Kwon;Kim, Kyung-Tack
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.411-417
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    • 2012
  • Ginseng seeds were treated with different autoclaving temperatures and autoclaving times, and extracted with 80% methanol to measure changes in antioxidant activity. The antioxidant activity of ginseng seeds treated by autoclaving was measured by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity, 2,2'-aziono-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid radical scavenging activity, superoxide dismutase SOD-like activity, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and total phenolic compound content. As autoclaving temperature and time were increased, the L lightness value decreased and the redness value tended to increase. Total phenolic compound content was about three times higher in ginseng seeds treated with autoclaving at 130°C than in ginseng seeds that were not treated. DPPH radical scavenging activity and ABTS radical scavenging activity increased as autoclaving temperature and time were increased. In particular, when the concentration was 100 ppm, the ABTS radical scavenging activity was 91.80% in ginseng seeds treated by autoclaving at $130^{\circ}C$, which was the highest antioxidant activity. FRAP and SOD-like antioxidant activity tended to increase significantly as autoclaving temperature and time were increased.

(+)-Catechin, an Antioxidant Principle from the Leaves of Pinus densiflora that Acts on 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl Radical

  • Choi, Jin-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Sook;Jung, Mee-Jung;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2001
  • The antioxidant activity of Pinus densiflora was determined by measuring the radical scavenging effect on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. The methanol extract of P. densiflora showed strong antioxidant activity, and thus fractionated with several solvents. The antioxidant activity potential of the individual fraction was in the order of ethyl acetate>n-butanol>water>dichloromethane> n-hexane fraction. The ethyl acetate soluble fraction exhibiting strong antioxidant activity was further purified by repeated silica gel column chromatography. Antioxidant (+)-catechin was isolated as one of the active principles from the ethyl acetate fraction, together with the inactive components, dihydrokaempferol and 1-O-benzoylglucose. The radical scavenging effect of (+)-catechin on DPPH radical exceeded to that of L-ascorbic acid which is a well known antioxidant.

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Antioxidative Activity of Lichen Thamnolia vermicularis in vitro

  • Luo, Heng;Ren, Meirong;Lim, Kwang-Mi;Koh, Young-Jin;Wang, Li-Song;Hur, Jae-Seoun
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.124-127
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    • 2006
  • This study was aimed at evaluating the antioxidant activities of methanol extract of Thamnolia vermicularis. The antioxidant activity, reducing power, superoxide anion radical scavenging and free radical scavenging activities were studied. The antioxidant activity of the extract correlated with its concentration ($0.2{\sim}2\;mg/ml$) in the reaction mixtures containing linoleic acid. Upto 67% of lipid peroxidation was inhibited by 2 mg/ml of the lichen extract. The extract showed strong free radical scavenging activity similar to that of BRA (positive control) in a manlier of concentration dependent. The lichen extract also showed moderate effects on superoxide anoin scavenging activity and reducing power, which was not so effective as that of Quercetin and BHA used as positive controls. This study suggests that T. vermicularis lichen can be used as a novel source of natural antioxidant.

Assessment of Radical Scavenging Activity and Phenolic Compounds of Xanthium occidentale

  • Chon Sang-Uk;Kim Dong-Kwan
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.336-339
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    • 2005
  • Common thistle contains water-soluble substances that are antioxidative to foods. Antioxidant activities measured by DPPH method for the ground samples were the greatest in leaves, although was less than that of commonly used antioxidants, BHT and ascorbic acid. Methanol extracts and fractions from Xanthium occidentale plants dose-dependently increased DPPH free radical scavenging activity, in vitro test. The extracts from leaves showed the strongest antioxidant activity. DPPH scavenging activity of the individual fraction was in order of n-butanol>water>ethyl acetate>n-hexane fraction. By means of HPLC analysis, leaf samples of Xanthium occidentale had the highest amount of phenolic compounds, related with antioxidant activity, and followed by stems and roots. Total content of these antioxidant phenolic com­pounds for leaves extracts were detected in water fraction (36.7 mg 100 $g^{-1}$) as the greatest amount, especially chlorogenic acid (39.4 mg 100 $g^{-1}$) was the greatest component. These results suggest that Xanthium occidentale plants had potent antioxidant activity, and their activities were differently exhibited depending on plant part and fraction.

Antioxidant and Antidiabetic Activities of Aralia elata Seeds

  • Hu, Weicheng;Jung, Mee-Jung;Heo, Seong-Il;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2008
  • Aralia elata seeds were successively extracted with water, methanol, ethanol, acetone and chloroform. The crude extracts were investigated for antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. The antioxidant properties of various extracts were evaluated by antioxidant tests, such as DPPH free radical-scavenging activity, hydroxyl radical-scavenging assay, metal-chelating activity, lipid peroxidation inhibition activity and reducing power assay. The 70% methanol extract exhibited the highest activity in the in vitro models of DPPH free radical-scavenging activity, metal-chelating activity, and reducing power assay. Acetone extract showed good effects on lipid peroxidation inhibition and hydroxyl radical-scavenging assay at a low concentration. In addition, the $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibition assay showed that 70% methanol extract had the highest activity. These results indicate the high possibility of using A. elata seeds for medical application due to their efficient antioxidant properties.

Antioxidant Activity of Some Yogurt Starter Cultures

  • Kim, H.S.;Chae, H.S.;Jeong, S.G.;Ham, J.S.;Im, S.K.;Ahn, C.N.;Lee, J.M.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.255-258
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    • 2005
  • Several commercial yogurt starter cultures (L. acidophilus LA5, L. casei 01, L. acidophilus LA100, L. bulgaricus LB207 and L. rhamnosus GG744) were investigated for antioxidant activity by using in vitro assays. From the results of the present work, all strains tested showed varying degrees of antioxidant activity. L. bulgaricus LB207 showed the highest antioxidant activity, with a linoleic acid peroxidation inhibition of 81.3%. Hydroxy radical scavenging activity, ferrous iron chelating activity, reducing power and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were also studied. L. bulgaricus LB207 showed the highest hydroxy radical scavenging activity and L. casei 01 showed the highest chelating activity. L. bulgaricus LB207 and L. acidophilus LA100 showed good reducing power. All the strains in this study showed low SOD activity. The results of the present work suggest that antioxidant activity of L. bulgaricus LB207 due to its strong hydroxy radical scavenging activity and reducing power.

Antioxidant Activity from the Stem Bark of Albizzia julibrissin

  • Jung, Mee-Jung;Chung, Hae-Young;Kang, Sam-Sik;Choi, Jin-Ho;Bae, Kae-sun;Choi, Jae-Sue
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.458-462
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    • 2003
  • The antioxidant activity of the stem bark from Albizzia julibrissin was evaluated for its potential to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals, to inhibit the generation of the hydroxyl radical ($\cdot OH$), total reactive oxygen species (ROS) and to scavenge authentic peroxynitrites ($ONOO^{-}$). The methanol extract of A. julibrissin exhibited strong antioxidant activity in the tested model systems. Therefore, it was further fractionated using several solvents. The antioxidant activity of the individual fractions were in the order of ethyl acetate (EtOAc) > n-butanol (n-BuOH) > dichloromethane ($CH_2 CI-2$) > and water ($H_2O$). The ethyl acetate soluble fraction, which exhibited strong antioxidant activity, was further purified by repeated silicagel, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-18 gel column chromatography. Sulfuretin (1) and 3 ,4 ,7-trihydroxyflavone (2) were isolated as the active principles. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited good activity in all tested model systems. Compound 1 exhibited five times more inhibitory activity on the total ROS than Trolox. Compound 2 showed six times stronger DPPH radical scavenging activity than L-ascorbic acid. These results show the possible antioxidant activity of the A. julibrissin crude extract and its major constituents.