• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidant activity

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Antioxidant Activity of Low Molecular Weight Laminarin Prepared with Gamma Irradiation (감마선 조사된 저분자 laminarin의 항산화 활성 연구)

  • Choi, Jong-Il;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.565-568
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    • 2011
  • In this study, it was investigated the antioxidant activity of laminarin degraded by gamma irradiation. Because the activities of antioxidants have been attributed to various mechanisms, different assay methods have been conducted and compared. 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, ferric reducing antioxidant power, and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity of degraded laminarin were measured and compared with non-degraded. All of these results showed that the antioxidant activity of laminarin degraded by irradiation was increased depending on the absorbed dose. Therefore, gamma irradiation could be an alternative method for the preparation of degraded laminarin with higher antioxidant activity.

Antioxidant activity of medicinal plant extracts cultivated in Jecheon (제천산 약용식물 추출물의 항산화 특성)

  • Lee, Bo-Ram;Min, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.336-341
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    • 2007
  • Antioxidant activity of Astragalus membranaceus, Polygonatum stenophyllum, Angelica gigas, Acanthopanax sessiliflorus and Angelica pubescens extracts cultivated in Jecheon prepared with different solvents were determined by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrzyl(DPPH) radical scarvenging ability and thiocyanate method . The highest hydroxy radical scarvenging activity was shown in Acanthopanax sessiliflorus, while the lowest was in Polygonatum stenophyllum. Angelica gigas showed strong antioxidant activity by thiocyanate method. Methanol extracts and water extracts showed higher antioxidant activities than ethanol extracts. Angelica pubescens showed the highest polyphenol contents and Acanthopanax sessiliflorus showed the highest flavonoid contents. Direct correlation between the hydroxy radical scavenging activity and polyphenol contents or flavonoid contents was established by simple regression(r>0.8) in each solvent extracts. Among medicinal plants cultivated in Jecheon, Acanthopanax sessiliflorus and Angelica pubescens showed strong antioxidant activities. These results suggest that methanol or water extracts of several medicinal plant cultivated in Jecheon could be used as natural antioxidants.

Increasement of Eleutherosides and Antioxidant Activity in Eleutherococcus senticosus Adventitious Root by Jasmonic acid

  • Ahn, Jin Kwon;Park, Youngki;Lee, Wi Young;Park, So-Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.96 no.5
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    • pp.539-542
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to investigate the impacts of jasmonic acid (JA) on adventitious root culture of Eleutherococcus senticosus. Adventitious root of E. senticosus were treated with jasmonic acid (JA) and cultured for 30 days. JA inhibited the root growth but increased eleutherosides accumulation, total phenolic contents and antioxidant activity. Among various concentrations of JA, 1.0 mg/L JA increased the total phenolic contents in E. senticosus adventitious root to $39.81{\mu}g/g$, about 2.6 times higher than that of the control. Consequently, high accumulation of total phenolic contents led to increase the antioxidant activity to 82.41%. The antioxidant activity of control was 37.89% at $2500{\mu}g/mL$. A linear correlation ($R^2$ = 0.9937, 0.9648 and 0.9883) was also shown between antioxidant activity (at 1250, 1875, and $2500{\mu}g/mL$) and total phenolic contents of adventitious root of E. senticosus.

Effect of Red Pepper Seed on Kimchi Antioxidant Activity During Fermentation

  • Sim, Ki-Hyeon;Han, Young-Sil
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.295-301
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    • 2008
  • In this study, the antioxidant activities of red pepper seed kimchi extracts were examined. The extracts were evaluated by various antioxidant assays that included determinations of total phenolic and flavonoid contents, DPPH radical scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging, nitric oxide scavenging, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, metal chelating activity, and reducing power. All the kimchi extracts showed strong antioxidant activities by the tested methods. The 7% red pepper seed kimchi that was fermented for 6 days possessed the highest activity according to the performed tests. Yet, the highest scavenging activity was exhibited against nitrite, by extracts from kimchi for 0 day of fermentation rather than 6 days. All the activities for the kimchi fermented for 0 day with the addition of 7% red pepper seed increased markedly with an increase in concentration. With the exception of metal chelating and SOD activities, for the antioxidant properties assayed, the red pepper seed kimchi extracts were found to be highly effective.

Bioactive Compound Contents and Antioxidant Activity in Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa ) Leaves Collected at Different Growth Stages

  • Thi, Nhuan Do;Hwang, Eun-Sun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.204-212
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    • 2014
  • The bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of aronia leaves at different stages of maturity were identified and evaluated. Young and old leaves were approximately 2 months of age and 4 months of age, respectively. The young leaves contained more polyphenols and flavonoids than the old leaves. Three phenolic compounds (i.e., chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, and rutin) were detected by HPLC. Antioxidant activity was measured using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical, and superoxide anion radical scavenging assays. The reducing power of aronia leaf extracts increased in a concentration-dependent manner ($0{\sim}100{\mu}g/mL$). The antioxidant activity of the 80% ethanol extract was greater than that of distilled water extract. The high phenolic compound content indicated that these compounds contribute to antioxidant activity. The overall results indicate that aronia leaves contain bioactive compounds, and that younger aronia leaves may be more favorable for extracting antioxidative ingredients because they contain more polyphenols.

In vitro and Cellular Antioxidant Activity of Arginyl-fructose and Arginyl-fructosyl-glucose

  • Lee, Jung-Sook;Kim, Gyo-Nam;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Kim, Eui-Su;Ha, Kyoung-Soo;Kwon, Young-In;Jeong, Heon-Sang;Jang, Hae-Dong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1505-1510
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    • 2009
  • Arginyl-fructose (AF) and arginyl-fructosyl-glucose (AFG) were chemically synthesized and purified. Their in vitro and cellular antioxidant activity was investigated using oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and cellular antioxidant activity assay, respectively. The peroxyl radical scavenging activity of AF was much higher than that of AFG, which was in good agreement with their reduction capacity to donate electrons or hydrogen atoms. On the other hand, the hydroxyl radical scavenging activity of AF was weaker than that of AFG, which was consistent with their metal chelating activity, suggesting that AFG-$Cu^{2+}$ complex may be less redox-active than AF-$Cu^{2+}$ complex due to 1 glucose molecule attached. The cellular antioxidant activity of AF and AFG appeared to depend on both their permeability into cell membrane and the scavenging activity on peroxyl or hydroxyl radicals. These results indicate that AF and AFG, Maillard reaction products, may have a high potential as a material for the development of nutraceutical food with antioxidant activity.

Antioxidant Activity of Diarylbutanes

  • Lee, Jung-Yun;Han, Yong-Bong;Woo, Won-Sick;Shin, Kuk-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.270-273
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    • 1990
  • Antioxidant activity of diarylbutane type lignans was evaluated in TBA-reactant assay to elucidate the structure-activity relationship. The antioxidant potency of lignans increased with increasing the number of hydroxyl groups, with the exception of macelignan(I), which showed a more potent activity than demethyl meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid(III).

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Antioxidant and Nicotine Degradation Effects of Medicinal Herbs

  • Lee, Ho-Jae;Hur, Sung-Ho;Shin, Eui-Cheol;Lee, Yang-Bong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.289-293
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    • 2003
  • Antioxidant activity and nicotine degradation activity (NDA) of 21 medicinal herbs were determined by using a 1,1-diphenol-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and a PLC/PRF5 human liver cell line method, respectively, to develop an anti-smoking aid. The highest and lowest antioxidant activities represented by $IC_{50}$/ value were 30 $\mu$g/mL of Eugenia caryophyllus and 3,270 $\mu$g/mL of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, respectively. Antioxidant activity of Eugenia caryophyllus was equal to 38.0$\pm$1.2 mg VCEAC(vitamin C equivalent antioxidant capacity)/ g herb. The highest and lowest NDA values were 1.81 of Astrgalus membranaceus Bunge and 1.01 of Raphani seed and Lespedeza tomentosa Sieb, respectively. Eleven medicinal herbs with high antioxidant activity and/or NDA were selected to make an herbal tea. The herbal tea had high antioxidant activity (50 $\mu$g/mL $IC_{50}$/ and 22.4$\pm$1.4 mgVCEAC/g) and NDA (1.243). The medicinal herb tea could help smokers quitting smoking by degrading and exhausting nicotine accumulated in body and removing reactive oxygen species.

Evaluation of the Antioxidant Activity of Cooked Gomchwi (Ligularia fischeri) Using the Myoglobin Methods

  • An, Sejin;Park, Hee-Sook;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2014
  • This study evaluated the influence of cooking methods (blanching, pan-frying, and microwaving) on the antioxidant activity of Ligularia fischeri (LF) using myoglobin methods against five different reactive oxygen species (ROS) (i.e., 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hypochlorite ions, hydroxyl radicals, peroxyl radicals, and peroxynitrite ions). With respect to DPPH scavenging activity, the antioxidant activities of blanched LF and pan-fried LF were significantly higher (P<0.05) than that of fresh LF for all cooking times. Pan-fried LF and microwaved LF showed higher antioxidant activities against hydroxyl radicals and peroxyl radicals than uncooked LF, while the protective effect of blanched LF was low, except for the at the 3 min cooking time point. Microwaved LF showed high antioxidant activity against all ROS at the 2 min cooking time point. Interestingly, LF that had been microwaved for 2 min and 3 min had high antioxidant values, whereas blanched LF and pan-fried LF had low antioxidant values. The activities of cooked LF against five different ROS were characterized comprehensively by 5-axe cobweb charts.

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata) Phytochemicals with Antioxidant and Anti-inflammatory Potential

  • Rokayya, Sami;Li, Chun-Juan;Zhao, Yan;Li, Ying;Sun, Chang-Hao
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6657-6662
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    • 2013
  • Background: The objective of this study was to investigate antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of cabbage phytochemicals. Materials and Methods: Color coordinates were evaluated by colorimetry, and the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities were analyzed by spectrophotometer for some common cabbage varieties. Results: Red heads had the highest total antioxidant contents followed by Savoy, Chinese and green heads. The Chinese variety had the highest ABTS (2,2-azino-di-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-sulfonic acid) antioxidant activity, was 5.72 ${\mu}mol$ TE/g fw (Trolox equivalent). The green variety had the highest DPPH (free radical scavenging activity) antioxidant activity, which was 91.2 ${\mu}mol$ TE/g fw. The red variety had the highest FRAP (ferric reducing antioxidant power) antioxidant activity, which was 80.8 ${\mu}mol$ TE/g fw. The total phenol amounts were 17.2-32.6 mM trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and the total flavonoid amounts were 40.0-74.2 mg quercetin per gram. Methanolic extracts of different cabbage heads showed different anti-inflammatory activity values. Chinese, Savoy and green heads had the highest anti-inflammatory activity, while red heads had the lowest. Conclusions: The results suggest that these varieties of cabbage heads could contribute as sources of important antioxidant and anti-inflammatory related to the prevention of chronic diseases associated to oxidative stress, such as in cancer and coronary artery disease.