• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidative activity

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Comparison of the Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Activity of different Varieties and Parts of Dandelions (민들레의 품종과 부위별 항산화 및 항균 활성 비교)

  • 이성현;박홍주;김영인;이승교
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2004
  • Many studies have presented results about the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of Dandelions(Taraxacum officinale). There has yet to be a study which makes comparisons based on the variety or parts of the Dandelion. To compare the physiological activity, antioxidative and antimicrobial activities were measured by using methanol extracts of Korean and Western Dandelions. The Dandelions were taken from Uiryeong in Kyungnam province, and antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of the flower, leaf and root were measured. Antioxidative activities of the methanol extracts were examined with a DPPH test. Antimicrobial activities were examined against 5 microorganisms. Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus cereus served as G(+) microorganisms, while Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus, and Eschrichia coli served as G(-) microorganisms. There was no significant difference in the antioxidative activity of the methanol extracts from leaves and roots between varieties. The antioxidative activity of the flower extracts was higher in the Korean than in the Western samples but the highest level of antioxidant was lower than 70%. No significant difference in antimicrobial activities between the varieties was observed. More research using physiological factors other than antioxidative and antimicrobial activities is needed to identify physiological functions and enhance the utilization of Dandelions.

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Antioxidative Activity of the Extracts of Japanese Apricot (Prunus mume Siebe. et Zucc.)

  • Yoon Jae-Ho;Yang Deok-Chun;Song Won-Seob
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.188-193
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    • 2005
  • In order to discern the possibility of functional food product or ingredient of a new medicine, the leaf parts and fruit parts of Prunus mume was partitioned with various solvents and their antioxidative activity was measured. When the antioxidative activity of MeOH extracts of leaf parts and fruit parts of Korea and China was compared, all of them showed the highest antioxidative activity in EtOAc fraction. In case of Korean Prunus mume leaf parts showed that quantity required for $RC_{50}$ to be $27.04{\mu}g$ in EtOAc fraction and in case of China Prunus mume leaf parts, it was $23.31\;{\mu}g$ which is similar to that of ${\alpha}$-tocopherol ($22.14\;{\mu}g$) and showed the highest activation. In case of Prunus mume fruit parts MeOH extract, Korean fruit showed $29.16\;{\mu}g$, and Chinese fruit showed $31.21\;{\mu}g$ in EtOAc fraction and thus Korean fruit extract showed a higher activity of antioxidant than the Chines fruit extract. When the antioxidative activity between the fruit parts and leaf parts of Prunus mume was compared, the leaf parts showed a higher antioxidative activity.

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Varietal Variation in Antioxidative Activity of Rice Grain by DPPH and TBA Methods

  • Chung, Ill-Min;Kim, Kwang-Ho;Ahn, Joung-Kuk;Lee, Jin-Ohk
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.261-266
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    • 2000
  • This study was to investigate antioxidative activity of rice grain using 1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method and germination ability for screening rice varieties with high antioxidative activities on korean native and foreign rice varieties harvested in 1998 and 1999. The average antioxidative activity of foreign rice varieties (DPPH 63.5% and TBA 55.2%) was significantly higher than that of native rice varieties (DPPH 47.2% and TBA 45.6%) on varieties harvested in 1999. The promptness index (PI) of native rice varieties was higher in stored rices for three months (mean PI=160.7) than that of stored rices for a year (mean PI=141.6). On the other hand, the PI of foreign rice varieties was higher in stored rices stored for a year (mean PI=176.7) than that of stored rices for three months (mean PI=157.5). Varieties with high redness of hulled rice (a-value) showed significant lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity to DPPH in a stored rices for a year (r=${0.5744}^**$) and stored rices for three months (r=${0.5630}^**$) . These results indicate that the pigments of hulled rice varieties may play important antioxidative roles and colored rice varieties with higher antioxidative potentials can be developed and also may provide information with rice breeder to breed rice variety with a high antioxidative activity for a rapid screening of a small amounts of a large number of samples using color value.

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Screening for Antioxidative Activities of Yeasts on Fish Oil (어유에 대한 효모와 항산화효과)

  • 류병호;김혜성;정종순;이상훈;지영애
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 1987
  • A general screening test for the expression of antioxidative activity was performed on over 36 cultures belong to yeast isolated from soy sauce, Makkuli, and molasses. Antioxidative activities of yeasts were examined by measuring oxidation such as peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid value in fish oil. Of these cultures, Saccharomyces cerevisiae IFO 2114 were found to have strong antioxidative activity. Saccharomyces rouxii and Torulopsis etchellsii isolated from soy sauce showed the strongest antioxidative activity among yeasts. Pichia ohmerii isolated from Makkuli showed the strongest antioxidative activity and Candida versatilis isolated from molasses showed also relative strong antioxidative activity.

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Antioxidative Activity and Anti-inflammatory Effects on the Murine Macrophages of Methanol Extracts of Amphibians

  • Kim, Sang-Bum;Chang, Min-Ho;Han, Sang-Hyun;Oh, Hong-Shik
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 2012
  • Oxidative stress has been reported to be one of causes of neuritis. This study examined antioxidative activities of methanol extracts of six amphibian species known to be medicinal animals (Rana catesbeiana, R. coreana, R. rugosa, R. dybowskii, R. nigromaculata, and Hyla japonica) and investigated their effects of inhibiting nitric oxide (NO) production and cytotoxicity on the murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells. As inflammation is closely associated with reactive oxygen species, assays on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity, superoxide anion radical scavenging activity and NO scavenging activity of the extracts of the six species were performed to investigate their antioxidative activity. The results obtained were as follows; All extracts showed antioxidative activity, and the activity of R. dybowskii was the highest in comparison among those. Anti-inflammatory effects of the extracts were also examined, the five extracts except that of R. rugosa did not show cytotoxicity for RAW264.7 cells at the maximal concentration ($1,000{\mu}g\;mL^{-1}$). Selectivity index, meaning NO scavenging activity compared to cytotoxicity, showed the highest level in the extract of R. dybowskii. These results will be very useful basic data for future studies on prevention and treatment of human diseases to understand the biological roles of amphibian extracts throughout the antioxidative or anti-inflammatory pathways.

Effect of Enzymatic Hydrolysate from Egg Yolk Protein on the Activity of Antioxidative Enzyme in Cultured Hepatocytes (Chang) (배양 간세포 (Chang)에서 황산화작용 및 항상화요소 활성에 미치는 계란 놀느자 단백질 가수분해물의 영향)

  • 박표잠;송병권;남경수;김세권
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.475-483
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    • 2000
  • Normally, aerobic cells are protected from the damage of free radicals by antioxidative enzymes such as catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) peroxidase and GSH-S-transferase. In this study, we have investigate the effect of egg yolk protein hydrolysates on antioxidative activity and the activity of antioxidative enzyme in cultured hepatocytes (Chang). Without the pretreatment with hydrolysate, about 50% of the hepatocytes were killed within 2h by 225$\mu$M tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP). By contrast, fewer than 20% of the 5 K hydrolysate (permeate from 5 kDa membrane and not passed through 1 kDa membrane)-pretreated hepatocytes were killed by the same concentrations of t-BHP. In addition, the activities of catalase, GSH peroxidase and GSH-transferase were significantly increasing with the treatment of 5 K hydrolysate. These results suggest that 5 K hydrolysate exerts antioxidative effect by increasing activity of antioxidative enzymes.

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A Simple and Accurate Method for Determining Antioxidative Activity

  • Bae, Jin-Woo;Lee, Moo-Hong
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.275-278
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    • 2003
  • Antioxidative activity is an important factor in inhibiting oxidative stress. The usual methods for determining antioxidative activity are time-consuming and cumbersome. They are also indirect processes that use biological material such as brain or liver microsome. This study therefore proposed a new method. Redoxpotential was determined using galvanic cell with or without the addition of various antioxidants or herbal extracts in zinc sulfate solution. The result was compared with the results from the TBA method and the peroxide value from sodium thiosulfate titration. All methods showed significant and dose-dependent enhancement of antioxidative activity by adding ascorbic acid, quercetin, ginseng, or gingko biloba extract. The result of redox potential using galvanic cell showed the smallest standard deviation and took the shortest time among the three methods. Therefore, the antioxidative potential of chemical substances and herbal extracts can be determined simply, directly and accurately in a short period of time using galvanic cell.

Effect of Kefir Extract on th Growth of Serum-Free Mouse Embyro (SFME) Cells

  • Jang, Hae-Dong;David Barnes
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.225-229
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    • 2000
  • The antioxidative and protective activities of kefir, low-fat dry milk (NFDM) extract and fractions on SFME cells in serum-free medium were investigated. Kefir and low-fat kefir and NFDM extract were made by solubilizing the freeze dried powder forms in deionized water, filtering through glass prefilter, 12 ㎛ and 2 ㎛ membrane, and demineraling with chelating resin. Kefir, low-fat kefir and NFDM extract were fractioned into dialyzate and retentate by dialysis with membrane tube having the molecular cut-off of 3,500 Dalton. An antioxidative activity was analyzed by the in vitro model system using a linoleic acid. In the case of kefir an antioxidative activity was detected only in the retentate of kefir extract. On the other hand NFDM showed an antioxidative activity in extract, demineralized extract, dialyzate and retentate. The retentate of kefir extract had the higher antioxidative activity than that of NFDM extract. Kefir showed the protective effect of SFME cells in serum-free medium in extract, demineralized extract and retentate, but low-fat kefir didn't. NFDM had the similar protective effect on SFME cells as extract, demineralized extract and retentate of kefir.

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Antioxidative Activity of Mugwort extracts(Artemisia Princeps Var. Orientalis) on Human Low Density Lipoprotein (쑥 추출물의 사람 Low Density Lipoprotein에 대한 항산화능)

  • 강정옥
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.623-628
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    • 2000
  • The antioxidative effect of mugwort extracts was measured by DPPH and LDL with four different solutions (70% acetone, ethanol, hot water, cold water). Mugwort extracts contained 3.2% of polyphenol, 380 RE/l00 g of vitamin A, 16.2 mg/100 g of vitamin C, and 5.1 ${\alpha}$-TE/100 g of vitamin E. DPPH revealed the effect in the order of 70% acetone, hot water, ethanol, and cold water. In particular, 70% acetone showed outstandingly stronger activity than the control group. Also, when 10 ${\mu}\ell$ was added, the effect was well noticed. But the antioxidative activity was hardly seen at 15 ${\mu}\ell$. LDL exhibited the same order of strength in proportion to mugwort's concentration. Against the control group, the activity of 70% acetone was 7 times, hot water and ethanol 6 times, and cold water 2 times. This result is attributable to the antioxidative increase of polyphenol and antioxidative vitamins.

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Comparison of Antioxidative Activity on Fish and Bovine Skin Gelatin Hydrolysates Produced in a Three-Step Membrane Enzyme Reactor (3단계 막효소반응기에서 연속적으로 생산된 어피 및 우피 젤라틴 가수분해물의 항산화활성 비교)

  • 김세권;박표잠;송병권;김종배
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.635-643
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    • 2000
  • To compare the antioxidative activities of fish skin and bovine skin gelatin hydrolysate, gelatin hydrolysates from Alaska pollack and bovine skin were prepared by various enzymatic hydrolysis methods (1st step, Alcalase; 2nd step, pronase E; 3rd step, collagenase) using a continuous three-step membrane reactor. The molecular weight distributions of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd step hydrolysates were 7∼10 kDa, 2∼5 kDa and 0.7∼0.9 kDa, respectively. The antioxidative activity of fish skin gelatin hydrolysate was stronger than that of bovine skin gelatin hydrolysate, and in particular, both of 2nd step hydrolysates showed more antioxidative activity than hydrolysates of any other step. The optimum antioxidative activity concentration of the 2nd step hydeolysates of fish and boving skin were 1% (w/w) in a linoleic acid water-alcohol emulsion. In cultured cells exposed to t-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP), the 2nd step hydrolysate of fish skin gelatin delayed cell death most. These results suggest that the antioxidative activity of fish skin gelatin hydrolysate is higher than that of bovine skin gelatin hydrolysate because of their different amino acid contents.

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