• Title, Summary, Keyword: antioxidative effect

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A Study on the Antioxidative Activities of Korean Soybeans (국산 대두의 항산화 효과)

  • Bae, Eun-A;Moon, Gap-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.203-208
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    • 1997
  • To investigate the antioxidative effect of Korean soybeans, four kinds of soybeans(yellow, brown, black and small black bean) were selected and determined their antioxidative activities in vitro by POV method. Dark colored soybeans such as brown, black and small black soybean showed stronger antioxidative effect than pale yellow one. When compared the antioxidative effect of these soybeans in hull and dehulled condition, in dehulled soybeans, they showed the same antioxidative effect in each soybeans, but in soybean hull, dark colored soybeans showed stronger antioxidative effect than yellow soybean hull, which means the pigments of soybeans play important roles in their antioxidative activities. To separate the main components showing antioxidative effect in soybeans, these soybeans were extracted with hexane, methanol and water. The methanol extract showed the strongest antioxidative effect among them, which means the major antioxidative effect materials contained in methanol extract.

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Antioxidative Effects of Ethanol Extract Obtained from Rooibos Tea(Aspalathus linearis) and It's Application of Food (Rooibos Tea(Aspalathus linearis)에탄올 추출물의 항산화 효과 및 식품에 대한 응용)

  • 하해춘;김희숙;류병호
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2000
  • This study was designed the antioxidative effect of the ethanol extract obtained Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) on various kinds of oil, and examined the synergistic effect of Rooibos tea extract by addition of citric acid to the antioxidation activity and also investigate to antioxidation effect of the extract in food production and storage peroids. The antioxidative activity of 0.2mg of Rooibos tea extract was showed similar to same doses of $\alpha$-tocopherol, BHA and BHT in linolieic acid-ethanol system. The antioxidative effect of the mixture with 0.1% Rooibos tea extract on lard was more effective than that of the mixture with same doses of $\alpha$-tocopherol, BHA and BHT. The antioxidative effect of Rooibos tea extract was showed slightly effects on lard or soybean oil. Antioxidative effects of Rooiboe tea extract in addition of citric acid as synergist showed more effective in linoleic acid-ethanol system, but did not showed in the other oils. In the application of Rooibos tea extract to food prodctuction and storage period, the antioxidative effect was more effective in biscult, preparation added lard mixed with 0.1% Rooibos tea extract.

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Effect of Enzymatic Hydrolysate from Egg Yolk Protein on the Activity of Antioxidative Enzyme in Cultured Hepatocytes (Chang) (배양 간세포 (Chang)에서 황산화작용 및 항상화요소 활성에 미치는 계란 놀느자 단백질 가수분해물의 영향)

  • 박표잠;송병권;남경수;김세권
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.475-483
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    • 2000
  • Normally, aerobic cells are protected from the damage of free radicals by antioxidative enzymes such as catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) peroxidase and GSH-S-transferase. In this study, we have investigate the effect of egg yolk protein hydrolysates on antioxidative activity and the activity of antioxidative enzyme in cultured hepatocytes (Chang). Without the pretreatment with hydrolysate, about 50% of the hepatocytes were killed within 2h by 225$\mu$M tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP). By contrast, fewer than 20% of the 5 K hydrolysate (permeate from 5 kDa membrane and not passed through 1 kDa membrane)-pretreated hepatocytes were killed by the same concentrations of t-BHP. In addition, the activities of catalase, GSH peroxidase and GSH-transferase were significantly increasing with the treatment of 5 K hydrolysate. These results suggest that 5 K hydrolysate exerts antioxidative effect by increasing activity of antioxidative enzymes.

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Effect of Kefir Extract on th Growth of Serum-Free Mouse Embyro (SFME) Cells

  • Jang, Hae-Dong;David Barnes
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.225-229
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    • 2000
  • The antioxidative and protective activities of kefir, low-fat dry milk (NFDM) extract and fractions on SFME cells in serum-free medium were investigated. Kefir and low-fat kefir and NFDM extract were made by solubilizing the freeze dried powder forms in deionized water, filtering through glass prefilter, 12 ㎛ and 2 ㎛ membrane, and demineraling with chelating resin. Kefir, low-fat kefir and NFDM extract were fractioned into dialyzate and retentate by dialysis with membrane tube having the molecular cut-off of 3,500 Dalton. An antioxidative activity was analyzed by the in vitro model system using a linoleic acid. In the case of kefir an antioxidative activity was detected only in the retentate of kefir extract. On the other hand NFDM showed an antioxidative activity in extract, demineralized extract, dialyzate and retentate. The retentate of kefir extract had the higher antioxidative activity than that of NFDM extract. Kefir showed the protective effect of SFME cells in serum-free medium in extract, demineralized extract and retentate, but low-fat kefir didn't. NFDM had the similar protective effect on SFME cells as extract, demineralized extract and retentate of kefir.

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Antioxidative Effect of Different Kinds of Kimchi on the Lipid Oxidation of Cooked Meat (가열쇠고기 지방질 산화에 대한 김치종류별 항산화작용)

  • 최홍식;송은승;전영수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.993-997
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out to investigate the antioxidative effect of different kinds of kimchi on the lipid oxidation of cooked meat in model systems. Model systems of cooked ground meat(CGM), CGM-Chinese cabbage kimchi(CK), CGM-radish kimchi(RK), and CGM-mustard leaf kimchi(MLK) were prepared and their oxidation were evaluated during the storage at 4$^{\circ}C$ for 5 weeks. Thiobarbituric acid(TBA) values of CGM significantly increased with the storage at 4$^{\circ}C$ for 5 weeks. Thiobarbituric acid(TBA) values of CGM significantly increased with the storage time, however, TBA value of CGM-CK, CGM-RK, and CGM-MLK lowered and that of CGM-MLK was lowest. Antioxidative effect of CGM-MLK increased with the addition levels of kimchi in the system. And also in the model systems which were prepared with CGM and MLK in different fermentation periods, the antioxidative effect was highest in the properly fermented-kimchi.

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Antioxidative Activity of Mugwort extracts(Artemisia Princeps Var. Orientalis) on Human Low Density Lipoprotein (쑥 추출물의 사람 Low Density Lipoprotein에 대한 항산화능)

  • 강정옥
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.623-628
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    • 2000
  • The antioxidative effect of mugwort extracts was measured by DPPH and LDL with four different solutions (70% acetone, ethanol, hot water, cold water). Mugwort extracts contained 3.2% of polyphenol, 380 RE/l00 g of vitamin A, 16.2 mg/100 g of vitamin C, and 5.1 ${\alpha}$-TE/100 g of vitamin E. DPPH revealed the effect in the order of 70% acetone, hot water, ethanol, and cold water. In particular, 70% acetone showed outstandingly stronger activity than the control group. Also, when 10 ${\mu}\ell$ was added, the effect was well noticed. But the antioxidative activity was hardly seen at 15 ${\mu}\ell$. LDL exhibited the same order of strength in proportion to mugwort's concentration. Against the control group, the activity of 70% acetone was 7 times, hot water and ethanol 6 times, and cold water 2 times. This result is attributable to the antioxidative increase of polyphenol and antioxidative vitamins.

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Antioxidative Effect of Kimchi on the Lipid Oxidation of Cooked Meat (우육지방질의 산화에 미치는 김치의 항산화작용에 관한 연구)

  • 최홍식;이영옥
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.1005-1009
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    • 1995
  • This study was carried out to investigate the antioxidative effect of kimchi on the lipid oxidation of cooked meat in model systems. Four model systems of cooked ground meat(CGM). CGM-water(W), CGM-brine(B) and CGM-kimchi(K) were prepared and their oxidation behaviours were evaluated during the storage at 4$^{\circ}C$ for 5 weeks. Thiobarbituric acid values and peroxide values of the systems of CGM, CGM-B and CGM-W increased significantly with the storage time, however, those values of CGM-K were hardly changed during the time of 5 weeks storage. Antioxidative effect of CGM-K increased with the addition level of kimchi in system. And also in the model systems which were prepared with cooked ground meat and kimchi whose fermentation period is different, the antioxidative effect of well ripened and properly fermented kimchi was higher than that of unripened kimchi during the lipid oxidation process of model systems. These results suggested that kimchi especially the properly femented kimchi in the systems plays an important roles as an antioxidative activity on the lipid oxidation of cooked ground meat.

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The Antioxidative Effects of Maillard Reaction Mixtures of Oligosaccharides (올리고당의 Maillard 반응물질의 유지에 대한 항산화효과)

  • Lee, Su-Mi;Ahn, Myung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 1997
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the Maillard reactions of some oligosaccharides with lysine and the antioxidative effects of the ethanol extracts from their reaction mixtures on the soybean oil. The Maillard reactions were carried out of 2% oligosaccharides such as palatinose (PN), fructooligosaccharide (FO), isomaltooligosaccharide (IMO) with 2% lysine (L) for 24 hours heating at 60, 80, $100^{\circ}C$. The color intensity of Maillard reaction mixtures were determined by UV-VIS spectrophotometer upon reaction time and temperature. And the antioxidative effects on the soybean oil of each ethanol extract from Maillard reaction mixture of each oligosaccharide were measured by peroxide value (POV). POV's of soybean oil including reaction extracts were determined regularly every 2 days during 20 days storaged at $60{\pm}1^{\circ}C$. The results were obtained as follows: 1. The color intensity of the Maillard reaction mixtures were raised highly as the browning temperature and time increased. The color intensity of PN L browning mixture was the highest. The order of high color intensity at $100^{\circ}C$ was PN L>FO L>Glu L>IMO L. 2. Comparing the antioxidative effect of Maillard reaction product (at $100^{\circ}C$, for 12 hours) of each oligosaccharide to that of BHT and TBHQ, the order of high antioxidative effect was TBHQ>IMO L>BHT>Glu L>PN L>FO L. 3. From these results, it was known that PN L shown as high brown color intensity was appeared low antioxidative effect, while IMO L shown as low brown color intensity was appeared high antioxidative effect. So, it was recognized that there was no relation between brown color intensity and antioxidative effect.

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Physiological Activity and Antioxidative Effect of Methanol Extract from Onion (Allium cepa L.) (양파 메탄올 추출물의 생리활성 및 항산화효과)

  • 김현구;곽희진;권영주;정필호;권중호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.349-355
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    • 2000
  • Onion was extracted by methyl alcohol and some physiological activities and antioxidative effect of the extracts on soybean oil, corn oil, lard and shortening were compared with commercial antioxidants such as $\alpha$-tocopherol and BHT. The electron donating ability was about 70% at concentration above of 30mg/mL. Nitrite scavenging effects of all concentrations diminished at higher pH, while in the case of pH 1.2, it showed a nitrite scavenging effect of more than 80% af concentration above of 30mg/mL. And also, the angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory effect was good above 80%. The soybean oil, corn oil, lard and shortening containing different levels of the onion extract were stored at 6$0^{\circ}C$ to evaluate the antioxidative activity of onion extracts. Peroxide value, acid value and TBA value of each oil were detected. Onion extract was very effective to retard oxidation of soybean oil, corn oil and lard, and especially, the very high antioxidative effect was observed for lard.

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Antioxidative Activity and Protection of Oxidative Chromosomal Damage by Vegetables, Fruits Extract and Their Functional Liquid Formulation (야채 및 과일추출물의 항산화작용과 산화적 염색체손상에 대한 억제효과)

  • 이승철;허찬;이승현;김현표;허문영
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2004
  • The ethanol extracts of mixed vegetables (Bioactive Vegetables, BV), mixed fruits (Bioactive Fruits, BF) and their liquid formulation (Chungpae Plus , CP) were evaluated for their antioxidative and antigenotoxic activities. They were shown to possess the significant free radical scavenging effect against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazine (DPPH) radical generation and were revealed to show the inhibitory effect of lipid peroxidation as measured by malondialdehyde (MDA) formation although the potencies were not higher than those of vitamin C. They did not possess any pro-oxidant effect on bleomycin-Fe(III) dependent DNA degradation, whereas vitamin C showed strong pro-oxidant effect. Furthermore, oral administration of BV and BF inhibited micronucleated reticulocyte (MNRET) formation of mouse peripheral blood induced by KBrO3 treatment in vivo. CP also showed significant inhibition under same experimental condition. Therefore, the liquid formulation (CP) containing BV and BF may be a useful natural antioxidative and antigenotoxic agent by scavenging free radicals, inhibition of lipid peroxidation and protecting chromosomal damage.