• Title, Summary, Keyword: appearance

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Effect of Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance and Appearance Comparison on Appearance Management Behavior of Adolescents (청소년의 외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도와 외모비교가 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soo Jin;Wee, Eun Hah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the effect of sociocultural attitude toward appearance and appearance comparison on appearance management behavior by adolescents. The study examines the differences of the effect relationships among the three variables according to adolescents' sex and school grade. The questionnaire was administrated to 575 middle school and high school students in Gwangju from September 2-8, 2011. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis, frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and regression analysis by SPSS for WIN program. The results were as follows. First, the sociocultural attitude toward appearance was composed of two factors: internalization and awareness. Adolescent's appearance management behavior was composed of four factors: hair and style, face, weight, and neatness. There are significant differences on sociocultural attitude toward appearance and appearance management behavior by gender, age (girl/middle, boy/middle, girl/high, boy/high). Second, the sociocultural attitude toward appearance significantly influenced appearance management behavior with significant differences among groups. Third, the sociocultural attitude toward appearance significantly influenced the appearance comparison and there are significant differences among groups. Fourth, appearance comparison significantly influenced appearance management behavior with significant differences among groups. Fifth, the sociocultural attitude toward appearance mediated by appearance comparison statistically did not influence appearance management behavior.

Study on the Relationship of Appearance Instrumentality and Appearance-related Variables of College Students (대학생의 외모유용성과 외모 관련 변인들과의 관련성 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ok;Ku, Yang-Suk
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.30-39
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    • 2017
  • This study examines on the relationship of appearance instrumentality and appearance-related variables (appearance concern, appearance management behavior) of college students. Questionnaires were administered to 313 college students living in Daegu. The SPSS 20.0 package was utilized for data analysis which included frequency analysis, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, factor analysis, cluster analysis, cross tabulation analysis and t-test. Three factors of appearance instrumentality(love relationship, social achievement, interpersonal relationship), two groups of appearance concern(high, low) and five factors of appearance management behavior(skin care/cosmetics usage behavior, body management behavior, plastic surgery behavior, hair management behavior, fashion management behavior) were utilized for the problem analysis of the study. The results of this study were: First, there was no significant differences in the appearance concern group according to appearance instrumentality. Second, appearance instrumentality had a significant differences on appearance management behavior. Social achievement showed a significant differences in plastic surgery behavior. And love relationship showed a significant differences on plastic surgery behavior and fashion management behavior. Third, the appearance concern had a significant differences on all of appearance management behavior. High group of appearance concern showed a higher average than low group of appearance concern in fashion management behavior, skin care/cosmetics usage behavior, hair management behavior, plastic surgery behavior, body management behavior.

Directional Internalization of Sociocultural Values Related to the Appearance of Body Image and Self-Esteem (외모에 대한 사회문화적 가치의 내면화가 신체이미지와 자아존중감에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Tai Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.260-269
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    • 2013
  • This study verifies the direct and indirect causal relationship of sociocultural values related to appearance effect appearance evaluation, body area satisfaction, appearance orientation, and self-esteem that are variables involved in body images. This paper is expected to empirically support the information regarding the path and the relative influence among related-variables and their relational structures. A survey was conducted on 230 women from the ages of 20 to 29 who live in Daegu and Gyeongbuk areas. The data analysis was performed through programs such as AMOS 19.0 and SPSS 19.0 for Windows. The findings are as follows: First, Sociocultural values relating to appearance affect directly body image - appearance evaluation, body area satisfaction, and appearance orientation. Appearance evaluation and appearance orientation were influenced positively; however, body area satisfaction received egative effects. In addition, sociocultural values related to appearance exert relatively stronger influence on appearance orientation. Second, among body images, appearance evaluation and body area satisfaction directly effect self-esteem; however, appearance orientation did not show any direct influence. Appearance evaluation influenced relatively higher on self-esteem. Third, it appeared that appearance evaluation directly affected Appearance orientation. Forth, sociocultural values related to appearance affect self-esteem through body images-appearance evaluation, body area satisfaction, and appearance orientation - as mediators. This confirmed the mediator role of body image between sociocultural values related to appearance and self-esteem.

Media Involvement on Appearance Evaluation, Appearance Stress, and Appearance Management Behavior (미디어 관여도가 외모평가, 외모스트레스, 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Jun, Ji-Hyun;Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.518-527
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the effect of media involvement on appearance evaluation, appearance stress, and appearance management behavior. Data were collected from 315 female university students in Daejeon and Chungnam from May to June 2013. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, path analysis using the SPSS-WIN 20.0, AMOS 20.0 program. The results of this study were as follows. First, media involvement were classified into low and high groups. There were significant differences in appearance evaluation by level of involvement. The low group of media involvement indicated a more positive appearance evaluation than the high group. Second, there were significant differences in the appearance management behavior by level of involvement. Third, media involvement directly affected appearance evaluation and appearance management behavior. Appearance evaluation affected appearance stress and appearance management behavior. This study verified the structural relationship of media involvement, appearance stress, and appearance management behavior as outward behavior variables.

The Influences of Appearance Concern and Body Satisfaction on the Appearance Management Behavior of Male College Students (남자 대학생의 외모관심과 신체만족이 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hea-Woon;Chung, Myung-Sun
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.1119-1132
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of appearance concern and body satisfaction on the appearance management behavior of male college students. For data collection, a questionnaire was administrated to 538 male college students in Gwangju city, Korea, from June 1 to June 20, 2011. To analyze the data, the SPSS 18.0 statistics package was used, and descriptive statistical analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis(Cronbach' ${\alpha}$), regression analysis, path analysis, and t-test were conducted. The results were as follows. First, it appeared that concern of appearance had positive influences on the appearance management behavior. Also, there was a significant difference between the high-appearance-concern group and the low-appearance-concern group, as the high-appearance-concern group generally conducted greater appearance management behaviors than the low-appearance-concern group. Second, it appeared that concern of appearance had positive influences on body satisfaction, especially, on the aspect of face-satisfaction. Further, the results showed that the high-appearance-concern group seemed to have a higher body satisfaction than the low-appearance-concern group. Third, the result suggested that body satisfaction generally had positive influences on the aspects of appearance management behavior. Fourth, it was found that appearance concern had direct impact on the appearances management behavior without mediation body satisfaction.

Influence of Youth-Pursuing on Appearance Concern and Appearance Management Behavior -Focus on Middle-Aged Women- (젊음추구가 외모관심과 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향 -중년여성을 중심으로-)

  • Jun, Ji-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.705-717
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    • 2014
  • The interest and importance of appearance can be expanded by changes in social awareness about appearance, the extension of life expectancy, and the development of science, technology and technology and medicine. Especially, down-aging syndrome through a variety of mediums, amplifies consumer's interest in youth-pursing. This study discusses the relationship of youth-pursuing, appearance concern and appearance management behavior focused on the middle-aged. Data were collected from 300 females aged 40-65 in the areas of Seoul, Daejeon and Chungbuk areas. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, factor analysis, regression analysis, using the SPSS-WIN 20.0 program. Youth-pursuing formed social, psychological, and appearance factors. Each of these three dimensions influenced the appearance concern; consequently, appearance had the highest influence. Only appearance influenced appearance management behavior in the regression analysis of youth-pursuing and appearance management behavior. Appearance concern affected significantly appearance in the management behavior of the dimension regression analysis results for the appearance concern and appearance management behavior.

The effects of Talent Types and Self-Appearance Perception on Make-up and Hair Appearance Management Behaviour (재능유형, 자기외모인식이 화장, 헤어외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Koo, Insook
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2012
  • This study aims to examine the effect of talent types and self-appearance perception on make-up and hair appearance management behaviour in 367 adults(female and male). The present study is the first to consider both human talent type and the self-appearance perception on make-up and hair appearance management behaviour correlates to appearance management behaviour. Correlation analysis showed that there were statistically significant correlation between the talent types, the self-appearance perception and the make-up and hair appearance management behaviour, appearance managing reason, appearance managing area, and consulting with doctor related to appearance unsatisfaction. Also, regression analysis revealed that the effects of interpersonal talent, bodily kinesthetic talent among 8 talent types on the make-up and hair appearance management behaviour were significant, and that the effects of real and ideal self-appearance perception factors on the make-up and hair appearance management behaviour were significant.

The Influence of Male College Students' Extent of Mass Media Exposure on Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance and Appearance Orientation (남자 대학생의 대중매체노출도가 외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도와 외모지향성에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Keum-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.1149-1159
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    • 2008
  • This study aims at examining how male college students' extent of mass media exposure affects their sociocultural attitude toward appearance and appearance orientation. It also investigates how these variables show difference depending on the individual's self-efficacy. For the study, data were collected from 397 male students by means of stratified random sampling. The results are as follows: 1. Male college students 'sociocultural attitude toward appearance was shown in two factors of appearance internalization and appearance awareness. Appearance orientation was shown in two factors of interest in appearance and interest in body weight. 2. Male college students were exposed to mass media in order of videos, movies, TV entertainment shows, music and movie magazines. The influence of video media was strong. 3. Male college students' extent of mass media exposure exerted indirect influence through sociocultural attitude toward appearance rather than exerting direct influence on appearance orientation. 4. Male college students' appearance orientation varied depending on the extent of self-efficacy, and higher self-efficacy showed higher appearance orientation and appearance attitude. Especially the group with higher self-efficacy showed higher appearance attitude when the extent of exposure to mass media increased.

The Effects of Sociocultural Attitude toward Appearance and Objectified Body Consciousness on Male Consumer'Appearance Management Behavior (외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도와 객체화 신체의식이 남성 소비자의 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance and objectified body consciousness on male consumer' appearance management behavior. The subjects were 648 males aged from 20 to 59 years old, and the questionnaire consisted of sociocultural attitude toward appearance, objectified body consciousness, appearance management behavior, and subject' demographic characteristics. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, factor analysis, and regression analysis. The results were as follows. Three dimensions(appearance importance awareness, slimness importance awareness, and internalization) were emerged on sociocultural attitude toward appearance. Three dimensions(body shame, body surveillance, and control belief) were emerged on objectified body consciousness. Five dimensions(skin, hair, body, fashion, and plastic surgery management) were emerged on appearance management behavior. In sociocultural attitude toward appearance dimensions, appearance importance awareness and internalization had important effects on appearance management behavior. In objectified body consciousness dimensions, body shame and control belief had important effects on appearance management behavior. This results concluded that sociocultural attitude toward appearance and objectified body consciousness are important variables to understand on male consumer' appearance management behavior.

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The Effect of Media and Appearance Concern on Appearance Management of Workers (미디어 및 외모관심도가 직장인의 외모관리에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Byung-Sook;Paik, In-Sun;Lee, Eun-Jin;Park, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.624-632
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze whether a degree of media and appearance concern have an effect on appearance management of workers, and to analyze difference of appearance management with worker's men and women. A survey was conducted from September 20 to October 2 in 2006, among worker's men and women. The 538 subjects were used to statistics, and the statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, reliability analysis, factor analysis, t-test, and multiple regression analysis. First, a degree of media concern factors were determined to be media-advertisement concern, media-information concern. And a degree of appearance concern factors were determined to be appearance-styling concern, appearance-management concern. Second, a degree of media and appearance concern factors had an effect on appearance management of workers. Therefore, the more a degree of media and appearance concern was higher, the more appearance management was higher. Third, worker's women than men were shown to have many concern about media, appearance concern and appearance management.