• Title, Summary, Keyword: apple juice

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Changes in Quality of PEF Treated Apple Juice during Storage (고전압 펄스 전기장 처리된 사과주스의 저장중 품질변화)

  • Kim, Kyung-Tack;Kim, Sung-Soo;Lee, Young-Chun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.375-379
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    • 1999
  • This study was designed to develop non-thermal pasteurized fresh apple juice by applying pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment. The effect of non-thermal PEF treatment on physicochemical and sensory properties of apple juice was examined by measuring changes in vitamin C contents, colors, flavors and sensory properties. Color of PEF and heat treated apple juices was not significantly different from each other. Vitamin C content of PEF treated apple juice was close to that of fresh apple juice, but was much higher than that of heat treated apple juice. Heat treated apple juice lost 70% of flavor components, whereas PEF-treated apple juice lost only 15%. Sensory scores of PEF treated apple juice were significantly higher than heat-treated one in flavor, taste and overall acceptability. In conclusion, PEF treated apple juice had superior physico-chemical and sensory properties to heat-treated one.

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Quality Characteristics of Apple Juice according to the Sterilization Methods (저온 및 고온살균 사과주스의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Soo-Jin;Jang, Hye-Lim;Shin, Seung-Ryeul;Yoon, Kyung-Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.178-184
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    • 2012
  • The physiochemical property, nutrient composition, and functionality of apple juice sterilized at a low temperature (LT, $70^{\circ}C$, 30 min) or a high temperature (HT, $100^{\circ}C$, 20 min) were analyzed. The pH of the apple juice that was sterilized at LT (pH 4.72) was higher than that of the apple juice that was sterilized at HT (pH 4.57), and the acidity of the apple juice that was sterilized at HT (8.90%) was higher than that of the other sample. The sugar content of the two apple juice samples was 15 $^{\circ}Brix$, and the apple juice samples had high potassium, malic acid, and glutamic acid contents. The total polyphenol contents of the apple juice samples that were sterilized at LT and HT were 27.39 mg/100 mL and 23.24 mg/100 mL, respectively. The apple juice that was sterilized at LT had a significantly stronger DPPH radical scavenging activity than the apple juice that was sterilized at HT ($p$ <0.01), and the apple juice that was sterilized at LT had a lower hydroxyl radical scavenging activity level than the other apple juice. Finally, the apple juice that was sterilized at LT showed significantly stronger activities that inhibit enzyme-related oxidation than the apple juice that was sterilized at HT ($p$ <0.05).

The Browning Reaction and Inhibition of Apple Concentrated Juice (사과농축액의 갈변현상 및 그 억제)

  • 배수경;이영철;김현위
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.6-13
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    • 2001
  • The study was conducted to investigate the effect of the browning inhibitors such as PVPP(polyvinylpoly-pyrrolidone), A.A.(ascorbic acid) on nonezymatic browning factors [free sugar, total amino acid, organic acid, A.A., HMF (hydroxymethylfurfural)] and enzymatic browning factors [PRO (polyphenoloxidase) activity, polyphenol compounds] in concentrated apple juice during 90 days storage. Considering color value (L value, $\Delta$E), absorbance at 420 nm, concentrated apple juice during 90 days storage. Considering color the effect of browning inhibition. According to the storage period, the changes of nonenzymatic factors in concentrated apple juice added with browning inhibitors were similar to those in control (concentrated apple juice without browning inhibitors), which were the decreased of sucrose(0.24~0.35% at 90 days), the slight increase of glucose and fructose, the decrease of total amino acid (530.4~573.1 mg/10g at 90 days), same value of A.A. at 90 days (38.5~78.6 mg/100g), and the increase of HMF (27.8~30.6 mg/100g at 90 days). On the contrary, enzymatic browning factors were significantly inhibited in concentrated apple juice added with PVPP, judging from the slow increase of PRO activity and the significant decrease of initial value in polyphenol compounds (especially chlorogenic acid). These results suggest that PVPP plays an important role as enzymatic browning inhibitor, that is, a scavenger of polyphenol compounds by adsorption in concentrated apple juice.

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Quality and Antioxidant Properties of Bread Added with 'Fuji' Apple Juice ('후지' 사과즙을 첨가한 반죽 및 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Cha, Seung-Hyeon;Shin, Na-ri;An, Hye-mi;Yoo, Do-Il;Kim, Dae-Il;Hyun, Tae Kyung;Jang, Keum-Il
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.98-105
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    • 2019
  • In this study, bread was prepared using various amount of 'Fuji' apple juice, and quality and antioxidant properties investigated. Bread was prepared with water, butter, yeast, salt, sugar, wheat flour, skim milk powder and 10, 20 and 30% (w/w) 'Fuji' apple juice. Leavening ability and pH of dough were also investigated. Volume, pH, specific volume, baking-loss rate, chromaticity and texture were investigated as quality properties, whereas the total polyphenol content, ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging activity as the antioxidant properties of bread containing various amount of apple juice. The pH and leavening ability of dough were observed to decrease with increasing amount of apple juice. In the quality properties of bread, pH, volume, specific volume, and baking-loss rate decreased. Regarding chromaticity and texture of bread prepared with increasing amount of 'Fuji' apple juice, L (bright) values at crust and crumb of bread decreased, while hardness, chewiness and gumminess increased. Total polyphenol content increased with increasing amount of apple juice, while DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities showed no significant differences. Consequently, these results support the possible use of apple juice for baking foods in food industry, as addition of apple juice enhances the quality and antioxidant properties of bread.

Analysis of Mineral in Korean Apple Juice by Inductively Coupled Plasma (Inductively Coupled Plasma를 이용한 사과주스중의 무기성분 분석)

  • 김성수
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.344-349
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    • 1999
  • The mineral contents were analyzed for apple juices by Inductively Coupled Plasma. The Mg contents of tested commercial apple juices ranged 6.27∼32.91ppm, Ca 15,95∼3.11.76ppm K231∼1148.02ppm Na 39.82∼115.68ppm and P 19.27∼304.02ppm. The mineal contents of model apple juice were Mg 29.83∼45.65ppm Ca 16.98∼30.98ppm K 814.28∼1,256.70ppm Na 19.88∼26.85ppm and P 25.88∼54.71ppm. respectively. Comparing mineral contents of model apple juices and commercial apple juice, Na, Ca and P contents of commercial apple juices were higher but Mg, K contents were lower than that of model apple juices. Among the mineral content of apple juices. K was the major element.

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Analysis of Organic Acid in Korean Apple Juice by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (High Performance Liquid Chromatography에 의한 사과주스의 유기산 분석)

  • 황혜정;김성수;윤광로
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.181-187
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    • 2000
  • The contents of organic acid in Korean apple juice were analyzed by HPLC using YMC-peak ODS-AQ column and enzymatic assay. Model apple juices were prepared at the laboratory and commercial apple juices were purchased from the market. Individual organic acid contents were as follows: DL-malic acid 62~402mg%, L-malic acid 48~360mg%, citric acid 1.81~15.74mg%, fumaric acid nd~0.50mg%. Together, these tests gave useful information about the quality and authenticity of a particular apple juice smaple. The presence of D-malic acid was a clear indication of adulteration because this isomer did not occur naturally. Fumaric acid and citric acid levels above trace amounts were also inconsistent with pure apple juice.

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Superoxide Dismutase-like Activity of Apple Juice Mixed with Some Fruits and Vegetables (몇가지 과실, 채소류를 혼합한 사과주스의 SOD 유사활성)

  • Hong, Hee-Do;Kang, Nam-Kil;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1484-1487
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    • 1998
  • Superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activities of sixteen kinds of fruits, vegetable juice and commercial concentrates were measured by pyrogallol autoxidation method. The changes in SOD-like activity by heat treatment and the increase in SOD-like activity of apple juice mixed with fruits and vegetables were investigated. SOD-like activity of broccoli juice was 41.7%, the highest value among tested sample. SOD-like activities of strawberry juice, carrot concentrate, kiwi juice, radish juice and apple juice were 30.2, 30.0, 27.6, 26.7, 24.1 and 14.6%, respectively. SOD-like activity was increased generally after heat treatment at $95^{\circ}C$ until 20 min. SOD-like activity of apple juice was increased $20{\sim}35%$ by mixing with 20% of carrot concentrate, kiwi juice, strawberry juice, broccoli juice, respectively and particularly was increased 48% by mixing with 20% of raddish juice.

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Effect of Concentration Methods on the Quality of Single and Blended Juice Concentrates

  • Lee, Jun-Ho;Sohn, Kyoung-Suck
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.225-229
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    • 2003
  • Clarified apple, carrot and orange juices were prepared using ultrafiltration and their single and blend juices were further concentrated using ultrafiltration, freeze-drying, and rotary evaporation. Effect of concentration methods on the quality of concentrated single juices and juice blends was investigated. Turbidity values of samples concentrated by evaporation were significantly higher than those prepared by ultrafiltration and vacuum freezing regardless of juice source (i.e., apple, orange or carrot) or blending (p<0.05). The highest soluble solids contents were obtained for the samples concentrated by evaporation process. Concentrated apple juice contained significantly higher amount of vitamin C and soluble solids than concentrated orange and carrot juices regardless of concentration methods (p<0.05). For blended samples, no direct relationships between blend ratio and total amount of vitamin C were found; however, samples contained more apple juice showed the highest value of soluble solids regardless of concentration methods.

Comparison of Physicochemical Properties and Physiological Activities of Commercial Fruit Juices (시판 과일주스의 이화학적 특성 및 기능성 비교)

  • Chung, Hai-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.712-719
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the physicochemical and physiological activities of 10 different commercially available juices (apple juice-A: cloud type; apple juice-B: clear type; blueberry juice; grape juice-A; grape juice-B; orange juice-A; orange juice-B; pineapple juice; pomegranate juice; and tomato juice) were investigated. The average pH, titratable acidity, Brix, and reducing sugar were 3.57, 0.57%, $13.1^{\circ}Brix$, and 57.58%, respectively. The total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were within the ranges of 98.29-878.12 ug/mL and 23.82-156.63 ug/mL, respectively, and pomegranate juice showed the highest content, followed by blueberry juice and apple juice-A. In the DPPH radical scavenging assay, apple juice-A, grape juice-A, and pomegranate juice exhibited the highest activity (greater than 90%) while orange juice-B, pineapple juice and tomato juice showed the weakest. The tyrosinase inhibitory effect was highest in apple juice-A, followed by orange juice-A and blueberry juice. The reducing power was highest in pomegranate juice and lowest in pineapple juice and grape juice-A. The antioxidant activity by reducing power was highly correlated with the total polyphenol content.

Effects of maceration of fresh pulp on apple wine making (Maceration이 과즙(果汁) 및 사과주 양조(釀造)에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Ki-Taek;Song, Hyoung-Ik
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 1977
  • In brewing of apple wine, the effect of maceration of Ralls apple to apple juice quantity and apple wine taste were studied. The results are summerized as follow; 1. The yield of juice was increased by the maceration but maceration decreased acid contents in juice by the action of the enzymes in apple tissues. 2. The quality of apple wine produced from maceration of fresh pulp was found to be equeal or superior to those obtained from none-macereration treatment. 3. During fermentation period, no significant difference in mash components (alcohol, sugar content, acid, pH and color) existed among treatments.

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